Inside story of being hanged: How did Li Dazhao die?
Li Dazhao is one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, but one of his special identities has not been recognized for a long time. It is he who announced at the first National Congress of the Kuomintang that he was originally a member of the International Communist Party, which is different from the members of the Communist Party of China.
As we know, there is a famous conclusion: socialism cannot succeed in a country, only the international socialist movement can succeed. After the October Revolution in Russia, the Communist International under the leadership of the Communist Party of Russia carried out the policy of world revolution and export revolution, but after the failure of the Communist movement in Germany and other European countries, the Communist Party of China began to look to the East. It was under Li Dazhao's earliest association with the Communist International personnel that the Communist International sent a special envoy to help establish. Li Dazhao did not appear at the front desk. He actually had the role of an agent of the Comintern in China.
At the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China, there were serious disagreements between the Communist Party of China and Ma Lin, the international representative, on whether the Communist Party of China would become a branch under the leadership of the Communist International, which could be solved at the second National Congress of the next year. Li Dazhao, however, has been trying to make this happen from the standpoint of the Communist International. In the north, Li Dazhao contacted directly with the Soviet ambassador to China Yue Fei and his successor ambassador, galahan, the actual head of the Communist International in China.
Li Dazhao's mission is also basically aimed at the general strategy of the Communist International and the national interests of Soviet Russia. For example, he has always been an important contact in the communication work of the Kuomintang communist cooperation and the relations between local warlords and Soviet Russia. He does not only appear as a representative of the Communist party, but also communicates as an agent of the Soviet government and the Communist International. In the Communist movement, it is difficult to identify the identity that obscures the concept of state.
Li Dazhao once participated in the secret negotiations between the Soviet Union and the warlords of Wu Peifu's lineage, which once turned Wu to the left. However, the most successful secret activity of Li Dazhao was to convert Feng Yuxiang to support the southern national government. Feng Yuxiang and Li Dazhao had worked together during this period. They secretly planned the anti Qing uprising and forged a deep friendship. The Soviet Union had been expecting Feng Yuxiang, the northern warlord, mainly because of Li Dazhao's work.
In 1924, during the war of Zhifeng warlords, Feng, with the support of the southern Kuomintang and Soviet Russia, suddenly launched a coup in Beijing and took control of the political situation. However, due to his weak power, he invited him to come to power. However, Feng insisted on promoting the north. At that time, Soviet Russia had great expectations for the establishment of a red regime in China and invested heavily in military assistance.
The first five marshals awarded by Soviet Russia were sent to China one after the other. One was the famous general Galen. Later, the northern expedition was basically under the command of this man. The other was a military officer stationed in China with the rank of Marshal in charge of the northern military of China. Since 1924, Soviet Russian military assistance has continuously supported Feng Yuxiang and sent him to the military advisory group. Deng Xiaoping was then sent directly from the Soviet Union to Feng's army in the name of Deng Xixian. Li Dazhao was the most important contact between Feng and Soviet Russia. Feng's Chihua tendency aroused the unanimous opposition of the Northern Warlords. At the beginning of 1926, Feng's lineage and Wu's lineage united to expel Feng's army, and the two sides fought a war. At the same time, the Kuomintang began its northern expedition, and the whole country entered a full-scale mixed war.
In April 1926, Zhang's FengSi army controlled Beijing and established the Anguo government. As an important contact with Feng Yuxiang's army and the Kuomintang government in the south, as well as the head of the Communist Party of China in the north and the agent of the Soviet Union Communist International, Li Dazhao was certainly an important target to be arrested. Li Dazhao and his family immediately hid in the former Russian barracks in the Soviet embassy in dongjiaomin lane.
According to the xinchou treaty, the Chinese military and police in the embassy area are not allowed to enter the country and enjoy extraterritorial jurisdiction. In the past, those in, Chao, and later in the process of restoration all went there to avoid difficulties and never had problems. This time, Li Dazhao actually moved the Kuomintang and the Communist Party's organs in Beijing together to the Soviet embassy, which is not very reasonable in international law.
This phenomenon first aroused the dissatisfaction and suspicion of the embassies of other countries in China. The Japanese Embassy and the French Embassy successively found that the Chinese in the Soviet embassy barracks frequently communicated with each other, and often argued loudly and held meetings at night. They secretly reported to Zhang zuolin's Anguo government, and soon the Beijing police department sent spies, pretended to be tricycle drivers and other investigators, and followed up relevant personnel, and soon arrested the important suspect Li Bohai. Li Bohai, a student of Li Dazhao in Peking University, joined the party in 1923 and held the post of propaganda minister of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China. After Li Dazhao hid in the Soviet embassy, he was directly responsible for the communication between Li Dazhao and the outside world.
After being arrested, Li Bohai cooperated very much, confessing all the internal conditions of the Soviet Union military barracks in exchange for secret release. At that time, the civil war was in a state of civil war. Li Dazhao's Secret organs engaged in a lot of military intelligence work, and hid some weapons. Moreover, the Soviet Union was deeply involved in the Chinese civil war, which posed a great threat to the northern regime. Zhang zuolin wrote to the foreign consular corps. Because the unequal treaties were abolished after the Soviet revolution, the consular corps believed that the Soviet embassy was not protected by the Treaty of sinchou and tacitly allowed Zhang's military and police officers to arrest the rioters.
On April 6, 1927, the Beijing police department sent more than 300 people to raid the Soviet embassy barracks. Li Dazhao and others were apparently arrested without prevention. The military and police obtained seven truck files containing a large number of evidence and instructions from the Soviet government and the Comintern on the contact of various factions in China.
Later, Zhang zuolin found someone to translate and compile the compilation of Soviet conspiracy documents, mainly including "detective of military secrets" and "funds used by Soviet Russia in China". Among them: according to the translation of the record of the military conference on January 30, 1927; according to the translation of the record of the military conference on January 30, 1927; according to the translation of the Soviet Union's report on the use of Feng Yuxiang's plan; according to the translation of the record of the military conference on March 13, 1927; the letter from the accounting office of the Soviet embassy in Beijing to the Guangdong military adviser Galen Zhang zuolin believed that he had obtained the reasons for killing Li Dazhao: first, during the civil war, Li participated in military espionage; second, evidence of Li's collusion with the Soviet government to participate in China's civil war; third, the secret relationship between Li and Feng Yuxiang's national army; fourth, Li's subversion of the government as the leader of the Kuomintang and the northern part of the Communist Party. After Li Dazhao was arrested, he confessed to many facts, and "the full confession of Li Dazhao" was kept in Beijing archives.
After Li Dazhao's arrest, because he is a famous professor of Peking University, all parties have rescue operations, especially the former senior officials of the Beiyang government, such as Zhang Shizhao, Yang Du, Liang Shiyi and the president of Peking University, etc., all came forward to express their feelings. Zhang zuolin also hesitated
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