刘伯温是哪个朝代的 历史上刘伯温是怎么死的?-看世界

刘伯温是哪个朝代的 历史上刘伯温是怎么死的?

      朱元璋多次称刘基为:“吾之子房也。”在文学史上,刘基与宋濂、高启并称“明初诗文三大家”。中国民间广泛流传着“三分天下诸葛亮,一统江山刘伯温;前朝军师诸葛亮,后朝军师刘伯温”的说法。他以神机妙算、运筹帷幄著称于世。刘伯温是中国古代的一位传奇人物,至今在中国大陆、港澳台乃至东南亚、日韩等地仍有广泛深厚的民间影响力。

  刘伯温简介——刘基(1311年7月1日-1375年4月16日)字伯温,谥曰文成,元末明初杰出的军事谋略家、政治家、文学家和思想家,开国元勋,汉族,浙江文成南田(原属青田)人,故时人称他刘青田,明洪武三年(1370)封诚意伯,人们又称他刘诚意。武宗正德九年追赠太师,谥号文成,后人又称他刘文成、文成公。刘基通经史、晓天文、精兵法。他辅佐完成帝业、开创明朝并尽力保持国家的安定,因而驰名天下,被后人比作诸葛武侯。

Brief introduction to Liu Bowen: Liu Ji (July 1, 1311-april 16, 1375) was born as Wencheng, an outstanding military strategist, politician, litterateur and thinker at the end of Yuan Dynasty and the beginning of Ming Dynasty. He was born in Nantian (formerly Qingtian) of Wencheng, Zhejiang Province. Therefore, he was called Liu Qingtian at that time. In the third year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1370), he was granted Chengxin Bo. People also called him Liu Chengxin. In the ninth year of Zhengde's reign, Wuzong posthumous title was Wencheng. Later generations also called him Liu Wencheng and Wencheng Gong. Liu Ji has a good command of classics, history, astronomy and military skills. He assisted in the completion of imperial business, the founding of the Ming Dynasty and tried to maintain the stability of the country, which made him famous in the world and was compared to Zhuge Wuhou by later generations.

      朱元璋多次称刘基为:“吾之子房也。”在文学史上,刘基与宋濂、高并称“明初诗文三大家”。中国民间广泛流传着“三分天下,一统江山刘伯温;前朝军师诸葛亮,后朝军师刘伯温”的说法。他以神机妙算、运筹帷幄著称于世。刘伯温是中国古代的一位传奇人物,至今在中国大陆、港澳台乃至东南亚、日韩等地仍有广泛深厚的民间影响力。

Zhu Yuanzhang repeatedly called Liu Ji "my son's house." In the history of literature, Liu Ji, Song Lian and Gao are called "three great poets in the early Ming Dynasty". There is a widespread saying among the Chinese people that "three parts of the world unify Liu Bowen of Jiangshan; Zhugeliang, the former military division, and Liu Bowen, the later military division". He is famous for his mastermind and mastermind. Liu Bowen, a legendary figure in ancient China, still has a wide and profound folk influence in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, Japan and South Korea.

  刘基是大明王朝的开国元勋之一,但朱元璋大封功臣时,刘基却不求名利,不以功臣自居,一再谦让,故官爵比其他功臣低,授御史中丞兼太史令、弘文馆学士、开国翊运守正文臣、资善大夫、上护军,封诚意伯。年俸禄240石,也比其他受封伯爵的大臣低。但即便如此,由于他嫉恶如仇,刚正不阿,敢于直言,不久便得罪了丞相、等人,并逐渐失云朱元璋信任。洪武四年(1371),刘基请求告老还乡,退出政治舞台,时年61岁。

Liu Ji was one of the founding fathers of the Ming Dynasty, but when Zhu Yuanzhang granted the title of a meritorious official, Liu Ji did not seek fame and wealth, did not regard himself as a meritorious official, and repeatedly conceded, so the officials and the lords were lower than other meritorious officials, and he was awarded the official of Zhongcheng and Taishiling, the Bachelor of hongwenguan, the official of kaiguoyi, the gifted official, the superior guard, and the sincere uncle. The annual salary is 240 stone, which is also lower than other ministers of the earl. But even so, because he was jealous of evils, upright and outspoken, he soon offended the prime minister and others, and gradually lost the trust of Zhu Yuanzhang. In the fourth year of Hongwu (1371), Liu Ji asked to return to his hometown and quit the political arena at the age of 61.

  刘基还乡后,虽然不与地方官来往,从来不讲自己的功劳,唯棋酒诗文自娱,行为十分谨慎,但仍遭丞相胡惟庸暗算,指使人诬陷他在家乡强占有"王气"的坟地,引起朱元璋疑忌,被夺去俸禄,致使刘基引咎京,不敢回家。后忧郁成疾,吃了胡惟庸派来的太医药后,病情加重,朱元璋遣使护送回家。不久,便不明不白死去了。这一天是洪武八年(1375)夏历四月十六日,享年65岁。

After Liu Ji returned to his hometown, although he did not contact with local officials and never spoke of his own merits, he only entertained himself with chess, wine, poetry and literature, and behaved cautiously, but he was still accused by Prime Minister Hu Weiyong, who accused him of occupying the tomb with "Wang Qi" in his hometown, which aroused Zhu Yuanzhang's suspicion and robbed his salary, which made Liu Ji take the blame of Beijing and dare not go home. After the depression, he became ill. After eating the Tai medicine sent by Hu Weiyong, his illness became worse. Zhu Yuanzhang sent his emissary to escort him home. Soon, he died. It was the 16th of April in 1375, the eighth year of Hongwu. He was 65 years old.

  上面是正载的。

It's on board.

  但是也有传说是刘伯温在南京时,胡惟庸曾派太医为刘伯温诊病送药,但刘伯温吃了他的药后,病情加剧。因此,当时人们怀疑刘伯温是胡惟庸下毒致死。此种说话似乎也有道理,御医毕竟是御医,不可能吃药后反而病情转重吧。所以胡惟庸毒害刘伯温似乎也有道理。但反过来说一个胡惟庸敢毒死刘伯温么,不敢,所以最终来说似乎凶手是朱元璋。就像死一样,一个敢杀了岳飞么,不敢,岳飞是天下人敬仰的,只有后面有更强大的人支持才敢害死岳飞,那就是高宗。

However, it is also said that when Liu Bowen was in Nanjing, Hu Weiyong once sent a doctor to diagnose Liu Bowen and give him medicine. However, Liu Bowen's condition worsened after taking his medicine. Therefore, at that time, people suspected that Liu Bowen was killed by Hu Weiyong. It seems that this kind of talk is also reasonable. After all, the royal doctor is the royal doctor. It's impossible for him to get seriously ill after taking the medicine. So it seems reasonable that Hu Weiyong poisoned Liu Bowen. But on the contrary, does Hu Weiyong dare to poison Liu Bowen? So it seems that the murderer is Zhu Yuanzhang in the end. Just like death, a person dare to kill Yue Fei? No, Yue Fei is respected by people all over the world. Only with the support of more powerful people can he dare to kill Yue Fei. That is Gaozong.

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