光武帝刘秀的皇后是谁?东汉刘秀和阴丽华的情史-看世界

光武帝刘秀的皇后是谁?东汉刘秀和阴丽华的情史

  阴丽华(4年—64年),南阳新野人,传为管仲之后,刘秀结发妻,建武十七年(41年)被立为皇后。

  导读:汉光武帝刘秀是中国历史上为数不多的用情比较专一的帝王之一,他是一个值得女人终身托付的好男人,他一生最重要的两个女人是和。但刘秀并不是把心分成两半,一半给阴丽华,一半给郭圣通。无论是白衣飘飘的少年,还是绿林好汉山大王,还是九五之尊的光武大帝,刘秀对阴丽华的爱始终如一。而与郭圣通的结合则是历史强加给他的一场政治婚姻,在爱情上,郭圣通是个可怜的女人,但是她又是中国被废的后妃群中最幸运的一个,她是唯一一个没有被打入冷宫的废后,不但如此,刘秀对她的家人也都善待,而她本人也过着自由、富足、安稳的生活

Introduction: Liu Xiu, the emperor of the Han Dynasty, is one of the few emperors in the history of China. He is a good man worthy of a woman's lifelong trust. The two most important women in his life are he. But Liu Xiu doesn't divide his heart into two parts, one for Yin Lihua and the other for Guo Shengtong. Liu Xiu's love for Yin Lihua is consistent, whether it's a young man in white, a great king in green forest, or the Emperor Guangwu. The combination with Guo Shengtong is a political marriage imposed on him by history. In love, Guo Shengtong is a poor woman, but she is also the luckiest one among the abandoned imperial concubines in China. She is the only one who has not been beaten into a cold palace. Not only that, Liu Xiu treats her family well, and she also lives a free, rich and stable life.

  阴丽华(4年—64年),南阳新野人,传为之后,刘秀结发妻,建武十七年(41年)被立为皇后。

Yin Lihua (4-64 years), a new savage in Nanyang, was passed down as the empress of Liu Xiujie in the 17th year of Jianwu (41 years).

  阴丽华是开国刘秀的皇后。她出生于南阳新野,是当地有名的美人儿。在南阳,阴家先世是辅佐“九合诸侯,一匡天下”的管仲一脉,传到第七代管修,以医术传名于世,后来从齐国迁居楚国,被封为阴大夫,以后便以“阴”为姓名。秦汉之际,阴氏子孙在南阳新野为生。

Yin Lihua is the queen of Liu Xiu. Born in Xinye, Nanyang, she is a famous local beauty. In Nanyang, the Yin family was the Guanzhong branch of Guanzhong who assisted the "nine princes, one Kuang the world" in the past. It was passed on to the seventh generation of Guanxiu. It was famous for its medical skills. Later, it moved to the state of Chu from the state of Qi and was named Yin doctor. Later, it was named Yin. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the descendants of the Yin family lived in Xinye, Nanyang.

  年轻的刘秀对阴丽华一见钟情,当时还是一介布衣的刘秀有两大人生目标:“仕宦当做执金吾,娶妻当得阴丽华。”这一理想在当时看来是不着边际的空想,简直是天方夜谭。有人就说:“刘秀穷得买不起镜子,也不撒泡尿看看,癞蛤蟆想吃天鹅肉!”当时汉代已经历了12帝,总计213年,帝裔子孙众多,更何况当时已经称尊,刘氏子孙更受到无情的摧残,刘秀一家早失去贵族的身份,在乡里的财势与声望上,刘家远比不上阴家。刘秀虽然熟知阴丽华貌美,想娶阴丽华为妻,但真正能把她娶过来作为自己的妻子,还是一件十分渺茫的事,当时只是心里想想而已。

Young Liu Xiu fell in love with Yin Lihua at first sight. At that time, Liu Xiu, who was still a cloth clothes maker, had two major goals in her life: "when an official holds the throne, she becomes Yin Lihua when she gets a wife." At that time, this ideal seemed to be an endless fantasy, which was just a fantasy. Some people said, "Liu Xiu is so poor that she can't afford a mirror or pee. Toads want to eat swan meat!" At that time, the Han Dynasty had experienced 12 emperors, with a total of 213 years. There were many descendants of emperor origin. What's more, they were respected at that time. The descendants of Liu family were more mercilessly destroyed. Liu Xiuyi family lost the status of nobility early. In terms of wealth and reputation, Liu family was far less than Yin family. Although Liu Xiu was familiar with the beauty of Yin Lihua and wanted to marry her, it was a very remote thing to be able to marry her as his wife. At that time, she just thought about it.

  “执金吾”相当于现在的首都卫戍司令,刘秀当时在政治上最大的追求也就如此而已,然而想不到时势造英雄,后来刘秀竟成了中兴汉室的光武帝。

"Holding the throne" is equivalent to the present commander of the capital garrison. Liu Xiu's greatest pursuit in politics at that time was nothing more than that. However, he did not expect that the current situation created heroes. Later, Liu Xiu became the Guangwu emperor of the Han Dynasty in Zhongxing.

  刘秀称帝的第二年,议立皇后。有一个阴氏,又有个郭氏,于是在册立皇后的问题上就出现了一个问题,是立郭氏为后呢,还是立阴丽华为后。一边是郭氏——与刘秀患难相随的红粉知己,在戎马倥偬中,郭氏一直追随左右,恩爱有加,并已身怀六甲,这时只得了一个贵人的称号,显然地位很低;一边是阴丽华——这个刘秀梦寐以求,终于如愿以偿的结发妻子。刘秀一心一意要把皇后的位置留给她,星夜派侍中傅俊将她迎来洛阳。不料阴丽华却说:“困厄之情不可忘,而况郭贵人已经生子。”坚持不肯接受皇后的册封,光武帝迫不得已,只好立郭氏为后,封阴丽华为贵人。

In the second year of Liu Xiu's reign, he proposed to establish a queen. There is a Yin surname and a Guo surname, so there is a question about the establishment of the queen in the book. Is it to establish Guo as the queen or to establish Yin Lihua as the queen. On the one hand is Guo family, a red confidant accompanying Liu Xiu in distress. In the war, Guo family has been following the left and right, loving each other better and cherishing each other. At this time, Guo family has only got the title of a noble person, obviously with a low status. On the other hand is Yin Lihua, the wife of Liu xiumeng, who finally achieved her wish. Liu Xiu is determined to leave the Queen's position to her, and Fu Jun, the servant of star night sect, welcomes her to Luoyang. However, Yin Lihua said, "you can't forget the feeling of hardship, and Kuo GUI has given birth to a son." Insisting on refusing to accept the Queen's canonization, Emperor Guangwu had no choice but to appoint Guo as the empress and to appoint Yin Lihua as a noble man.

  阴丽华的谦德与她的家风是密不可分的。天下初定,阴丽华的哥哥阴识因随军征战有功,刘秀本拟破格封赏,以示对阴丽华的补偿,然而却受到阴识的谢绝,他说;“天下初定,将帅有功的多,臣托属外戚的关系,不能示天下以不公。”这是建武二年的事。又过了两年,阴丽华随侍光武帝征讨彭宠,在河北生下一子,就是后来的汉明帝。阴丽华的另一个兄弟阴兴当时为黄门侍郎,指挥武骑,随军征伐,算是刘秀的贴身侍卫长,每次出入,都拿一个小盖伞为刘秀遮风蔽雨。建武九年,刘秀升迁他为侍中,赐爵关内侯,印绶已经准备妥当,阴兴却坚决辞让:“臣未有先登临陷之功,而一家数人并蒙爵赏,转令天下失望,诚所不愿。”事后,阴丽华私下问兄弟为什么要那样说,遭到阴兴的反唇相讥:“贵人不读书吗!亢龙有悔,盛极则衰,外戚家苦不知谦退耳!”

Yin Lihua's modesty is closely related to her family style. At the beginning of the world, Yin Zhi, Yin Lihua's elder brother, had meritorious service in the army. Liu Xiuben planned to break the rules to reward Yin Lihua for his compensation. However, Liu Xiuben was rejected by Yin Zhi. He said, "at the beginning of the world, there are many generals who have meritorious deeds, and the relationship between the officials and their relatives cannot show that the world is unfair." This is the second year of Jianwu. After another two years, Yin Lihua followed Emperor Guangwu to capture Peng Chong and gave birth to a son in Hebei Province, the later emperor of Han and Ming Dynasty. Yin Xing, another brother of Yin Lihua, was the servant of Huangmen. He commanded Wuqi and fought with the army. He was Liu Xiu's bodyguard chief. Every time he went in and out, he took a small umbrella to shield Liu Xiu from the wind and rain. In the ninth year of Jianwu's reign, Liu Xiusheng moved to be his servant and gave him the Marquis of Guannei. The signboard was ready, but Yinxing firmly resigned: "I didn't have the first time to land on the throne, but a few people were rewarded by the Marquis, which made the world disappointed, and I really don't want to." After the event, Yin Lihua privately asked his brother why he said that, and was rebuffed by Yin Xing: "don't you read! If the dragon is strong, it will regret; if it is strong, it will decline; if the Waiqi family is bitter, it will not be humble! "

  在称帝后的十年之中,刘秀恩威并济,终于使天下归心,成就了大一统的局面,转而偃武修文。休养吏民,保全勋臣,崇尚义节,阴丽华也陆续生养了五名子女,终于在建武十七年,刘秀废掉郭皇后,册立阴丽华为皇后。

In the ten years after becoming the emperor, Liu xiuen and Weiji finally brought the world back to the center of mind and achieved the situation of great unity, turning to the end of martial arts. In the 17th year of Jianwu, Liu Xiu abandoned empress Guo and named Yin Lihua as empress.

  刘秀亲自草拟诏书,说明废郭皇后,立阴丽华的道理,“皇后郭氏,怀执怨怼,数违教令,不能抚循他子,训长异室,宫帏之内,若见鹰鹯,既无关睢之德,而有吕霍之风,岂可托以幼孤,恭承明祀?今遣大司徒戴涉,宗正刘吉持节,缴上皇后印缓。阴贵人乡里良家,归自微贱,先是固辞后位,长久恭谨廉让,宜奉宗庙,为天下母。异常之事,非国之弱,不得上寿称庆。”刘秀对阴丽华长久的歉疚,终于得到补偿的机会。阴丽华虽然真的没有当皇后的念头,但由此也明白了刘秀对她的真情厚意,心中自然是十分满足。但她仍一本初衷,恭俭仁厚,谦让自抑,不喜笑谑,事上谨慎柔顺,处下矜惜慈爱,天下都称她为贤后。

Liu Xiu personally drafted an imperial edict to explain the principle of abolishing empress Guo and setting up a yin and Lihua. "The empress Guo, with resentment and several violations of the orders, could not follow his son, train him to live in a different room, or in the palace curtain, if he saw the eagle Bunting, it had nothing to do with the moral of fault, but with the wind of Luhuo, how could he entrust the young orphans to accept the sacrifice of Ming Dynasty? Today, Dai Si, a senior official, is sent to Liu Ji. Liu Ji, the founder of the sect, holds a high position and submits it to the empress for approval. The good family of Yin noble people comes from humble family. First, they quit and then take their place. They are respectful and honest for a long time. They should serve as the mother of the world. Unusual things, not the weakness of the country, can not be celebrated as longevity Liu Xiu feels sorry for Yin Lihua for a long time, and finally gets the chance to compensate. Although Yin Lihua really didn't want to be a queen, she also understood Liu Xiu's kindness to her from this. Naturally, she was very satisfied. But she still had the original intention of being polite, thrifty, benevolent, self restrained, not fond of laughter and banter, being cautious and gentle in matters, being reserved and loving. She was called the queen of virtue by the world.

  刘秀在位三十二年,每日凌晨起临朝处理朝政,直至日已西移方休,午后常召集公卿郎将,讲论经书的道理,入夜还秉烛诵读,直到更阑夜深。皇太子一次利用刘秀休息的时间加以劝说:“陛下有禹汤之明,而失黄老养生之福,愿颐养精神,优游自宁。”刘秀微笑说道;“我自乐此不疲!”

Liu Xiu has been in power for thirty-two years. He has dealt with the government of the Dynasty from the early morning of each day until he has moved to the West. In the afternoon, he often calls for gongqinglangjiang to talk about the truth of the Scriptures. At night, he recites them by candlelight until the night is even longer. The crown prince once used Liu Xiu's rest time to persuade him: "Your Majesty has the wisdom of Yu Tang, but loses the blessing of Huang Lao's health preservation. He is willing to take care of his own spirit and enjoy his own peace." Liu Xiu said with a smile, "I'm not tired!"

  阴丽华一生谦德可风,相夫教子,主理后宫,不曾干预朝政,更能约束家人,使刘秀无后顾之忧,专心国事,才出现了与“”并称的“光武中兴”时代。刘秀死后,阴丽华的儿子即位,就是汉明帝,尊阴丽华为皇,又过了七年,阴丽华死,享年六十岁,合葬在刘秀的原陵。

Yin Lihua lived a life of modesty, virtue and grace. He met his husband and taught his son. He was in charge of the harem. He did not interfere with the government, but was more able to restrain his family, so that Liu Xiu could not worry about the future and concentrate on the state affairs. The era of "light and military prosperity" came into being. After Liu Xiu's death, Yin Lihua's son ascended the throne, that is, Emperor Ming of the Han Dynasty. After another seven years, Yin Lihua died at the age of 60, and was buried in Liu Xiu's original mausoleum.

  皇帝的婚姻,鲜有幸福圆满的结果,而刘秀、阴丽华却和谐得令人羡慕,这固然是由于刘秀的宽仁厚德,惜念旧情,而阴丽华的貌美德高与安分守己,更是最重要的因素。

The emperor's marriage seldom has a happy and complete result, but Liu Xiu and Yin Lihua are enviably harmonious. This is due to Liu Xiu's kindness and virtue, cherishing the old love, and Yin Lihua's beauty, virtue and self-discipline are the most important factors.

  尽管有阴丽华这样的皇后开了头,但东汉最终还是亡于外戚,窦太后、邓太后通过自己的父兄把持朝政,形成东汉后期外戚与宦官交替专权的局面,这是刘秀和阴丽华始料不及的。

Although empresses like Yin Lihua opened their heads, they died in their relatives in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Empress Dou and empress Deng controlled the government through their father and brother, forming a situation in which their relatives and eunuchs alternated dictatorship in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, which Liu Xiu and Yin Lihua did not expect.

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