朝鲜历史上的肃宗李焞 朝鲜第19代王肃宗简介-看世界

朝鲜历史上的肃宗李焞 朝鲜第19代王肃宗简介

  人物生平

  ,朝鲜肃宗,字明普,李氏朝鲜第十九代君主,公元1674年至1720年时在位。父亲为朝鲜显宗李棩,母亲明圣王后金氏,继位者为世子李昀,即朝鲜景宗。肃宗为显宗独子,继承王位较为轻松,后长期执政达46年。肃宗本人善于权术,为了社会安定,通过改革放缓了对良民和贱民的掠夺。但在肃宗朝,困扰朝鲜王朝百年的朋党政治也达到最高峰,为平衡各方势力,肃宗不断转换执政派系,通过扶弱抑强的方法强化王权,但由此使党派斗争空前激烈,内耗了大量国力。肃宗在位期间正值中国年间,清与朝鲜在图们江及鸭绿江边界曾发生过领土纠纷。

, suzong of Korea, Mingpu, the 19th king of Korea of the Li family, reigned from 1674 to 1720 A.D. His father was Li Yue, a famous Korean emperor, and his mother was Jin Shi, the queen of the Ming Dynasty. His successor was Li Yun, the son of the emperor, the king of Korea. Suzong was the only son of a prominent emperor, and it was easy to inherit the throne. After that, suzong had been in power for 46 years. Suzong himself was good at power and technology. For the sake of social stability, he slowed down the plunder of the good and the poor through reform. However, in suzong Dynasty, the party politics that had plagued the Korean Dynasty for a hundred years also reached the peak. In order to balance the forces of all parties, suzong constantly transformed the ruling factions and strengthened the royal power by supporting the weak and restraining the strong, which made the party struggle unprecedented fierce and consumed a lot of national strength. During the reign of suzong in China, there were territorial disputes between Qing Dynasty and North Korea on the border of Tumen River and Yalu River.

  人物生平

Life of characters

  朝鲜肃宗名李焞,字明普。显宗二年(1661年)八月十五日,生于庆德宫之会祥殿,为显宗独子。八年(1667年)受册为王世子。十二年(1671年)与大臣金万基之女(仁敬王后)行嘉礼。十五年(1674年)八月二十三日即位。

The name of suzong in North Korea is Li Yun, with the word Mingpu. Born on August 15, 1661, the second year of Xianzong in Huixiang Hall of Qingde palace, he was the only son of Xianzong. In the eighth year (1667), he was named king's son. Twelve years (1671) and Minister of the daughter of Jin Wanji (ren Jing queen) Jiali. August 23, 1674.

  肃宗六年(1680年)王妃仁敬王后金氏罹患了天花而过世,肃宗听从母亲明圣王后之意在隔年册立大臣闵维重之女闵氏为王妃(仁显王后)。但肃宗因非常宠爱后宫,再加上张氏生下他期盼已久的子嗣而贵为王妃的闵氏则长期无子,于是在肃宗十五年(1689年)下旨废王妃闵氏为庶人,同年册立张氏为王妃。

In the sixth year of suzong's reign (1680), King's wife, Renjing, died of smallpox. Suzong obeyed his mother, the empress of Mingsheng, to set up the daughter of minister min Weizhong as Princess (Renxian queen) every other year. However, in the 15th year of suzong's reign (1689), Emperor suzong made an order to abolish his concubine min as a commoner, and set Zhang as a concubine in the same year book.

  五年后,幡然悔悟的肃宗又将闵氏复位,并把张氏降为禧嫔。七年后王妃闵氏薨逝,此时肃宗发现心有不甘的张氏曾请巫师诅咒闵氏,意图重返王妃之位,因此下旨赐死张氏,并且下达了往后的君主“不得以嫔御登后妃”的旨意。肃宗二十八年再册立大臣金柱臣之女为王妃。

Five years later, the repentant suzong restored min's family and reduced Zhang's family to Xi's concubine. Seven years later, the imperial concubine min died. At this time, suzong found that the unwilling Zhang had asked the sorcerer to curse min and intended to return to the position of the imperial concubine. Therefore, he made an order to kill Zhang and issued the emperor's will that "no concubine should be allowed to ascend the imperial concubine". In the 28th year of suzong's reign, the daughter of jinzhuchen, a minister, was appointed princess.

  为了巩固日渐式微的王权,肃宗利用党派实力,不断转换执政派系以维持平衡,通过扶弱抑强的方法强化王权,因此加剧了党派之争。在个个党派斗得你死我活的时候,肃宗却借机重拾王权,但由此也内耗了大量国力。在肃宗和儿子景宗时期,困扰朝鲜王朝百余年的党派斗争达到了顶峰。

In order to consolidate the declining monarchy, suzong made use of the party's strength, constantly transformed the ruling factions to maintain the balance, and strengthened the monarchy by supporting the weak and restraining the strong, thus intensifying the party struggle. At a time when all parties were fighting to death, suzong took the opportunity to regain the throne, but it also consumed a lot of national strength. During suzong and his son, Jingzong, the party struggle that plagued the Korean Dynasty for more than 100 years reached its peak.

  另外,肃宗在位期间正值中国清朝康熙年间,清与朝鲜在图们江及鸭绿江边界曾发生领土纠纷。据朝鲜《李朝肃宗实录》记载:十七年十一月丙寅:“长白山,胡人(满族人)或称白头山,以长白故也”。可见,“白头山”称谓的发明权属于中国,朝韩是沿用了满族对长白山的称谓。

In addition, during the reign of emperor suzong, during the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty, there were territorial disputes between the Qing Dynasty and the DPRK on the border of the Tumen River and Yalu River. According to the records of suzong in the Li Dynasty of Korea, in November of 2017, Bingyin said: "Changbai Mountain, Hu people (Manchu people) or Baitou mountain, is also known as Changbai". It can be seen that the invention right of the appellation of "Baitoushan" belongs to China, and the appellation of Changbai Mountain is still used by the Manchu in Korea and North Korea.

  肃宗四十六年(1720年)六月八日,于庆德宫之隆福殿升遐,庙号肃宗(),谥号显义光伦睿圣英烈裕谟永运洪仁峻德配天合道休笃庆正中协极神毅大勋章文宪武敬明元孝大王(清朝赐谥僖顺大王),葬于高阳明陵。子李昀继位,是为朝鲜景宗。

On June 8, 1720, suzong was raised in longfu Hall of Qingde palace. Suzong (), the posthumous title of Guanglun and Yumo, the great sage, Yongyun, hongrenjunde, supported by heaven, xiuduqing, the Central Association, the great God, Yi, the great Medal of wenxianwu, the great filial piety king of Mingyuan, was buried in the Ming Mausoleum of Gaoyang. Son Li Yun succeeded as king Zong of Korea.

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