妺喜:历史上第一位美女间谍,却被骂千年-看世界

妺喜:历史上第一位美女间谍,却被骂千年

  妺喜来自有施部落,妲己来自有苏国,褒姒来自褒国。妺喜算是广为人知的中国第一例“红颜祸水”,哪怕不了解她的详细生平,也一定听说过妺喜爱听“裂帛”之声的典故。但妺喜真的是一个单纯的“祸水”吗?她被后人骂了千年,其中是否有更深的原因?

  今天小编就给大家带来的故事,希望能对大家有所帮助。

Today's story will be brought to you by Xiaobian. I hope it can help you.

  妺喜来自有施部落,妲己来自有苏国,来自。妺喜算是广为人知的中国第一例“红颜祸水”,哪怕不了解她的详细生平,也一定听说过妺喜爱听“裂帛”之声的典故。但妺喜真的是一个单纯的“祸水”吗?她被后人骂了千年,其中是否有更深的原因?

Yunxi comes from Youshi tribe, Daji comes from Yousu state and comes from Youshi tribe. As the first well-known case of "beauty and water disaster" in China, even if you don't know her detailed life story, you must have heard the allusion that she likes to listen to the sound of "splitting silk". But is she really a pure "disaster"? Is there a deeper reason why she has been scolded by later generations for thousands of years?

  妺喜是最后一个君主的爱妃,关于她的记载,多半来自《国语》、《列女传》、《帝王世纪》等等。综合众多史料看来,桀得到妺喜之后如获至宝,因为妺喜足够美丽——“妆霓彩衣,袅娜飞兮,晶莹雨露,人之怜兮。”而桀酷爱美色,于是妺喜专宠,十分骄横。

She is the last princess of the monarch. Most of her records come from the national language, biographies of women, the emperor's century and so on. According to a lot of historical materials, Jie is as precious as he gets happiness, because happiness is beautiful enough - "make-up neon colored clothes, curl Na and fly, crystal rain and dew, people's pity." And Jie loves beauty very much, so he likes to be special, very arrogant.

  妺喜的嗜好很特别,她喜欢看大家在酒池里面泛舟、喝酒,桀为了满足她,下令让人建造奢华巨大的酒池,命人在其中畅饮,结果不少人喝醉了,直接淹死;忠臣反对,桀就让人处死他;国内的绢帛生产业刚刚兴起,绢帛珍贵,但妺喜爱听裂帛声音,桀便搜集了国内所有绢帛让人撕给妺喜听,讨她欢心。

Her hobby is very special. She likes to see everyone go boating and drinking in the wine pool. In order to satisfy her, Jie ordered people to build a luxurious and huge wine pool and ordered people to drink in it. As a result, many people were drunk and drowned directly. When loyal officials objected, Jie asked people to put him to death. The silk production industry in China was just rising, and the silk was precious, but she liked to listen to the voice of cracking silk, and Jie collected it All the silk in the country was torn to her heart.

  桀,自以为夏朝是天上太阳,永远不会灭亡,百姓深受苦难,敢怒不敢言,常常背地里骂他:“你这个太阳什么时候才能死?”而那时候,商国已经渐渐强大起来,知道夏朝气运快尽了,便派出去跟妺喜结交,通过妺喜了解到了不少夏朝的机密情报。

Jie, who thinks that the Xia Dynasty is the sun in the sky, will never perish. The people are suffering deeply and dare not speak out. He often scolds him behind his back: "when can you die?" at that time, the Shang state has gradually become stronger and stronger. Knowing that the Xia Dynasty is almost out of gas, he sent out to make friends with him and learned a lot of secret information of the Xia Dynasty through him.

  伊尹两次让商汤出兵攻打夏朝。第一次是做试探,商汤停止向桀纳贡,桀大怒,“起九夷之师”攻商,于是伊尹让商汤暂时恢复纳贡;公元前1601年,伊尹再次让商汤停止纳贡,这回桀虽然生气,却不能调动“九夷之师”攻商了,伊尹抓住机会劝商汤大举进攻,最终灭夏。

Yi Yin twice sent Shang Tang to attack the Xia Dynasty. The first time was to make a test. Shang Tang stopped paying tribute to Jie, and Jie was furious. He started to attack the business with the "master of nine barbarians", so Yi Yin asked Shang Tang to resume paying tribute temporarily. In 1601 BC, Yi Yin asked Shang Tang to stop paying tribute again. Although Jie was angry, he couldn't mobilize the "master of nine barbarians" to attack the business. Yi Yin seized the opportunity to persuade Shang Tang to attack in a big way, and finally destroyed Xia.

  这就是夏朝灭亡的大致过程。那么,妺喜在其中起了什么样的作用呢?根据最早的史料《国语》记载,“妺喜有宠,于是乎与伊尹比而亡夏。”也就是说,妺喜与伊尹有所往来,辅助伊尹灭了夏,从这个层面来说,她算是得以建立的功臣之一,也是中国第一位美女间谍。

This is the general process of the demise of the Xia Dynasty. So, what kind of role did he play in it? According to the earliest historical material Guoyu, "he was favored, so he died in summer compared with Yi Yin." In other words, she had some contacts with Yi Yin and helped Yi Yin kill Xia. From this perspective, she was one of the heroes who was able to establish her, and also the first beautiful spy in China.

  关键在于,妺喜为什么要和伊尹合作?有两种说法:一,妺喜本就是有施部落派出去的卧底角色;二,桀后来宠幸岷的两位美人,妺喜被送到洛水安置。她心生怨恨,正好伊尹找上门来,两人一拍即合,制定了详细的灭夏计划,妺喜作为伊尹内应,暗中给商传递消息。

The point is, why did he cooperate with Yi Yin? There are two opinions: one is that he was originally an undercover agent sent by Shi tribe; the other is that he later favored two beauties of min, who were sent to Luoshui for resettlement. Her heart was filled with resentment, and Yi Yin came to her. The two made a detailed plan to exterminate the summer. As Yi Yin's internal agent, she secretly passed the news to the businessmen.

  所以,妺喜并不像后世演义中所说的那样,是个只知道享乐的女人,她有思想,有谋略,竟能凭借自己的力量使夏朝倾覆。只是后来因为种种原因,妺喜身上多出了“纵情声色、恣意享受、酒池裂帛”等标签,封建文人普遍认为妺喜肆意享乐,才致使夏灭。此后,“美女国之咎,夏亡以妺喜,殷亡以妲己,周亡以褒姒”,逐渐成了历史主流观念。

Therefore, He Xi is not a woman who only knows pleasure, as the later generations said in the romance. She has ideas and strategies, and can overthrow the Xia Dynasty with her own strength. But later, because of various reasons, there were many labels such as "indulgence in sound and color, wanton enjoyment, and cracking silk in wine pools". The feudal literati generally believed that wanton enjoyment of pleasure led to the extinction of summer. Since then, "the country of beauties is to blame, the summer is to rejoice, the Yin is to Daji, the Zhou is to praise" has gradually become the mainstream concept of history.

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