Do you really understand the story of reform? Today's edition brings you a new interpretation~


Reform is a pain for a country, but after the pain, it can make the country stronger than before. In fact, Shang Yang was not the first to change the law, but Li Xuan of the period.


Shang Yang's theoretical knowledge is basically learned from Li's reform. But the theory always stays on the paper, the core point of reform is not theory, but practice.


Only practice can produce true knowledge. Unfortunately, few countries are willing to do these practical explorations. Unlike others, he is willing to explore, but he has no way.


So Shang Yang came into being and became the man who changed the fate of Qin. He has not only the theoretical knowledge of reform, but also the practical ability of reform, which is very important.


Shang Yang's reform made the state of Qin powerful.


Before Qin Xiaogong, there were many Mingjun, but unfortunately, they didn't meet such talents as Shang Yang. So before Qin Xiaogong, the state of Qin was very weak.


Even if they were bullied by powerful forces, even Bashu, Xiongnu and Yiqu did not pay attention to the state of Qin, which was the darkest period of time in the state of Qin.


When Shang Yang came, he persuaded Qin Xiaogong to change his ways. Qin Xiaogong was very prudent, but all the affairs of the reform were left to Shang Yang.


Moreover, Shang Yang has absolute power. In addition to Qin Xiao Gong, he has the final say in Qin state. It's amazing to know that Shangyang is a man, but so many royal families and nobles in Qin need to obey the order of a defender.


When Gongshu died, gongsunyang heard that Duke Xiaogong of Qin ordered those in the state who wanted to be wise to repair Miao's business and invade the land in the East, so he went to Qin in the west, because Duke Xiaogong favored his official Jingjian to seek to see Duke Xiaogong. Xiaogong has seen Weiyang for a long time. He always sleeps and listens. In the next five days, I'll see Yang again. Yang sees filial piety again, benefits more, but does not reach the purpose. Then Xiao Gong gave way to Jing Jian, who also gave way to Yang. Yang sees filial piety again, filial piety is good and useless. Go away. Wei Yang meets Xiao Gong again. Public and language, do not know before the table. The language lasts for days. ---


Many nobles objected, but this was the meaning of Qin Xiaogong. No one can change it. Even after Qin Xiaogong's son has committed a crime, he needs to obey Shang Yang's management.


The most famous one is Ying Qian, the elder brother of Qin Xiaogong. Because he is the teacher of Qin Xiaogong's son, he will be punished for his son. As a result, Ying Qian, the great aristocrat, has been cut off by Shang Yang.


Even so, Qin Xiaogong didn't say a word, and he continued to let Shang Yang reform. We will not mention the specific content of Shang Yang's reform, but it is clear that most of them are aimed at the reform of aristocratic privileges.


Apart from enjoying the splendor and wealth, nobles are not really good for the prosperity of a country. This is what all Shangyang wants to change. Let the noble fall to the altar, and let the talents who have an effect on the country go to the altar.


What he did made Qin stronger. Later, the reason why he had the strength to compete with the six countries was that Shang Yang had laid the groundwork for him during this period.


Why did Qin Xiaogong pass on the throne to Shang Yang before he died?


Shangyang is from Wei state, originally called Weiyang, or gongsunyang. Can such a person be the king of Qin? It's obviously unrealistic.


However, in order to repay Shang Yang's contribution to the Qin state, Qin Xiaogong claimed to pass the throne to Shang Yang. So what is the purpose of Qin Xiaogong? I think it is to force Shang Yang to die.


To say the least, even if Shang Yang is the king of the state of Qin, is he stable? Unless he kills all the people of the Ying family, he will not be allowed to sit in this position.


A patriarchal clan is not allowed to be a subordinate unless it has military merit. In the Ming Dynasty, the rank of nobility and nobility was ranked, and each of them was named after the land and the house, and each of their concubines was named after the family. Those who have done meritorious deeds are proud, while those who have not done meritorious deeds are rich. ---Historical records


I think the real mood of Qin Xiaogong at that time should be like this: your authority in Qin is too great, if you live, my son will not be able to sit in this position at all. But if I want to kill you, I don't think I can find any serious reason, then I can only let my son and brothers kill you.


In fact, Shang Yang's purpose is to refuse. He knew that Qin Xiaogong was going to put him to death, so Shang Yang was begging Qin Xiaogong: I said, king, I've done so many things for Qin country, why do you have to kill me? I'll go home and plant the land. Don't leave this pot to me.


In fact, when Qin Xiaogong said this request, Shang Yang would surely die. Then the mystery case will be solved. It's not the hotel owner or Shang Yang's law that killed Shang Yang, but Qin Xiaogong.


Qin Xiaogong is worried about his son's unstable throne. Killing Shang Yang has long been one of his plans.


Ying Si, the son of Qin Xiaogong, was a very difficult child when he was a child. More than once, Qin Xiaogong almost killed Ying Si and finally exiled him.


But is Qin Xiaogong really willing to give up his son? In fact, he is not. At that time, it was the climax of Shang Yang's reform. If Ying Si committed a crime and was not punished, then the reform would not continue.


This is not the business of Shang Yang, this is the business of Qin Xiaogong's own family. First of all, there is a bottom line. Qin Xiaogong will not cut his son's nose, let alone kill his son.


Therefore, Shang Yang adopted a compromise approach and let Ying Qian take the place of Ying Si to be punished. The king's brother had his nose cut, and all the nobles of Qin began to tremble.


Said: Shang Jun, his talent is mean. It's not the essence to trace the emperor's desire to do filial piety and use imperial skills to hold the floating theory. The reason for this was that he was loyal to his officials and was able to use it. If he did not follow Zhao Liangzhi's advice, he would be able to invent the lack of grace of Shang Jun. I read the book of kaisaigeng, the emperor of Shang Dynasty, which was similar to his actions. A soldier is notorious in the Qin Dynasty. He is also a man! -- records of history


They finally realized that Shangyang was too good to play. In fact, they don't know. What's really powerful is Qin Xiaogong.


If not for Qin Xiaogong's approval, would Ying Qian take the initiative to let Shang Yang cut his nose? Obviously not. Even if Ying Qian was killed, he would not let himself be so humiliated.


But he must live to be punished. Only when he is punished without complaining can he become a model and convince all the nobles of the Qin state.


What they believed was not Shang Yang, but Qin Xiaogong's new deal. After the status of the new deal is stable, that is the matter of inheritance. Shang Yang has finished what he should do, so his authority should not be so high. If he wants to be so high all the time, isn't Qin Xiaogong's son covered by him?


The state of Qin was always surnamed Ying. In order to clear the way for his son, Qin Xiaogong had to make such a decision. He really understood his son's temperament and the aristocracy's temperament. As long as he lost Qin Xiaogong's umbrella, Shang Yang would be finished.


Conclusion: when people are dying, why do we think that maximizing the interests of future generations is equal to our own interests?


Say a more profound philosophical problem. Everyone knows that everyone has only one life, and generally only seven or eight or ten years. After that, it will be.


But why do many people arrange this arrangement for their children before they die? Before they die, they are almost all arranging their future for their children.


Some people want to divide their living property into several children, some want to transfer their real estate to their children, some want to use their last bit of face to help their children find a good job, and some people, although they have nothing to do in their life, also tell their own expectations to their children before they die.


Does it have anything to do with the future generations' good or bad life after their death? Unfortunately, it has nothing to do with it. It is the truth that children are blessed by their grandchildren.


After all, everyone is an individual, born as an individual, and died as an individual. No one can really get something from another life.


It's important to live a good life, rather than trying to work for the welfare of future generations. In the end, you will find that your life is a white one.


Back to the truth, Qin Xiaogong used such a move to kill Shang Yang indirectly before he died. He did so, of course, in order to provide benefits for his descendants. Without an old minister with great achievements, it would be easier for the new monarch to ascend.


This is different from the common people. His family really needs to inherit and have a boy. This is the limitation of that era. I can attribute this mentality to infatuation.


Qin Xiaogong is infatuated that future generations can remember him and post incense on his grave. But can all this change his current situation? Louis 15, the famous tyrant of France, many people may not understand.


But he has a very famous saying: even after my death, the flood is terrible. That is to say, he was printed on the stigma of history. In fact, I think he is one of the few people in history who understands, only 99% of them don't understand.


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