陈胜吴广作为历史上第一次农民起义领导者 他们真的是农民吗-看世界

陈胜吴广作为历史上第一次农民起义领导者 他们真的是农民吗

  陈胜吴广相信大家都了解吧,在我们所接受的历史知识中,陈胜吴广领导的起义,被称为是“中国历史上第一次大规模的农民起义”。他们揭竿而起,点燃了人们心中抗秦的怒火。一时间“云集响应”,让秦王朝的大厦摇摇欲坠。

  嗨又和大家见面了,今天小编带来了一篇关于的文章,希望你们喜欢。

Hi, I have met you again. Today, Xiaobian brought an article about it. I hope you like it.

  陈胜吴广相信大家都了解吧,在我们所接受的历史知识中,陈胜吴广领导的起义,被称为是“中国历史上第一次大规模的农民起义”。他们,点燃了人们心中抗秦的怒火。一时间“云集响应”,让秦王朝的大厦摇摇欲坠。

Chen Shengwu Guang believes that we all know that the uprising led by Chen Shengwu Guang is known as "the first large-scale peasant uprising in Chinese history". They ignited people's anger against Qin. For a while, the building of the Qin Dynasty was crumbling.

  秦朝军队

Qin Army

  在我们所学历史中,给陈胜吴广所定义的是二人皆为农民出生,在秦王朝属于最底层的贫苦农民。为什么给他们定义为贫苦农民呢?原因出自在《》中写的两句话:一是“少时,尝与人佣耕”,还发出了“苟富贵,不相忘”的自我宽慰与哀愁。二是“二世元年七月”,发闾左谪戍渔阳,九百人屯大泽乡,陈胜吴广皆次当行。”

In the history we have learned, what we have defined for Chen Shengwu Guang is that both of them were born as peasants, and they were the poorest peasants in the Qin Dynasty. Why are they defined as poor peasants? The reason comes from two sentences written in the book: one is that when they are young, they try to work with others, and they also express their self relief and sorrow of "being rich and not forgetting". Second, in July of the first year of the second year, he was relegated to Yuyang on the left and stationed in daze Township by 900 people. Chen Sheng and Wu Guang were all in charge

  陈胜吴广起义

Chen Shengwu Guang Uprising

  可是秦时的闾左住的是贫民,闾右住的是富人。古代时候有“凡层以富为右,贫弱为左”的说法。据《史记》了记载,陈胜吴广任“屯长”一职。那么它以这个词来代表陈胜吴广身份地位的词汇对我们判断他们是否是农民非常重要。

But Lu lived in the poor on the left and the rich on the right. In ancient times, there was a saying that "the rich are the right and the poor are the left". According to records in historical records, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang were appointed as "Tunchang". So it is very important for us to judge whether they are farmers or not.

  在《正韵》中说:勒兵而守曰屯。”《陈胜传》注:“人所聚曰屯,其为长,帅也。”即一屯之主将或统帅。是秦代军队中的下级军官,在秦二十级爵位中属于第五级爵位大夫。是享受职俸的,职俸是二百石,所以说这个“屯长”绝对不是一般的贫苦农民可以担任的,在秦代,当官是必须有爵位的。否则当不了官的,是不会随随便便就从闾左贫民中随意挑选的,一般贫民也没有资格担任。所以说在前面也提到过,他们的身份地位是用闾左来代表,那么他们是没有资格被秦王朝充任为“屯长”的,除非有一点,他们要不是地方豪强,就是有爵位的人。

In Zhengyun, it is said that garrison and garrison is called tun "Chen Sheng biography" note: "people gathered called Tun, its long, handsome also That is, the general or commander-in-chief of a village. He was a junior officer in the Qin Dynasty army, and was the fifth rank senior officer in the 20th rank of the Qin Dynasty. It is to enjoy the salary, which is 200 stone, so this "village head" is definitely not for ordinary poor peasants. In the Qin Dynasty, it is necessary to have the title of official. Otherwise, those who can't be officials will not be randomly selected from the poor in lvzuo, and ordinary poor people are not qualified to be officials. Therefore, as mentioned earlier, their status is represented by Lu Zuo, so they are not qualified to be appointed as "Tunchang" by the Qin Dynasty, unless there is a point that they are either local powerful people or people with titles.

  陈胜吴广“揭竿而起”

Chen Shengwu Guang's "rising from the pole"

  另外在《史记》中还有一些出处,透露出来了陈胜吴广还是与普通农民间的巨大身份差异。起义前,陈胜第一句话是“公等遇雨……”这个“公”字,在古代文字来说表示尊敬,“等”字则代表了当时人数众多。同时在陈胜在和对话者身份中还能看出来。是根本不同的。接下来的“藉弟令毋斩……”中的“藉”的含义,是与我们今天所常用的“即使”,“即令”相通。有退让意思,而“弟”则是在众人面前对自己的谦称。这段话完整意思就是“诸位遇到天降大雨,戍边已经失期,按照秦法都得杀头,即使兄弟我下令不斩。你们的前途也十分悲惨,因为戍边的死去的人非常之多”所以在这句话中的“令”字非常关键,没有一定的权势是说不出这样的话得。更何况是“令毋斩”!

In addition, there are some sources in the historical records, revealing that Chen Sheng and Wu Guang still have huge identity differences with ordinary farmers. Before the uprising, Chen Sheng's first sentence was "when the public is in the rain..." The word "Gong" means respect in ancient Chinese, while the word "wait" means a large number of people at that time. At the same time, it can be seen in Chen Sheng's identity as a interlocutor. It's fundamentally different. Next, "don't kill by younger brother..." The meaning of "by" in "by" is interlinked with "even" and "Jiling", which are commonly used today. There is a sense of concession, and "brother" is a humble name for himself in front of all people. When it rained heavily in the sky, you were out of time to defend the border. According to the Qin law, you had to kill your head, even if I ordered you not to. Your future is also very miserable, because there are so many dead people guarding the border. "So the word" Ling "in this sentence is very important. Without certain power, you can't say such a thing. What's more, "don't kill me!"!

  从以上各种史料中可以梳理出他们的人生轨迹,陈胜吴广这样的,在当时一定是有着特殊背景,并且在众人中有话语权和一定掌控权。掌握着将近九百人的戍边农民命运,绝非是那种无地,无宅,无任何地位的普通的贫苦农民这样简单!

From the above historical materials, we can sort out their life path. Chen Sheng and Wu Guang must have a special background at that time, and they have the right to speak and control among the people. The fate of nearly 900 border guards is not that of ordinary poor peasants who have no land, no houses or any status!

  陈胜吴广起义

Chen Shengwu Guang Uprising

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