Why not go to the state of Qin? This is a question that many readers are concerned about. Next, we will work with you to understand and give you a reference.
Fourteen years ago (496 BC), Confucius left his hometown, went to, and began a period of 14 years of "investigation" to the other countries. Confucius led his disciples to the Wei, the,,, the Chen, and other countries, where they met with the monarchs of some countries and expressed their political opinions. Some readers may have such doubts: "why didn't Confucius go to the state of Qin for 14 years?"
Maybe from the words of "other countries", some readers think that Confucius ran all the countries in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, but because there is no record that Confucius has been to the Qin State in the Qin State and the Historical Atlas of Confucius, they will make up the following sentence: "because the Qin state is a small country of barbarians, Confucius, who attaches great importance to the etiquette and music system, doesn't care about going there, so Confucius didn't leave for the Qin state."
But it's not true. First of all, as one of the greatest educators in our country, Confucius likes "teaching" students very much. From his advocacy of "teaching without class", the establishment of private schools and the wide acceptance of students, we can see that he likes to be a "teacher". Therefore, he didn't go to Qin because he despised the Qin people or regarded them as "barbarians" and didn't want to spread them 。 Secondly, it can be seen from the route of Confucius and his disciples traveling around the world in the Historical Atlas of Confucius that his inspection scope is mainly the countries near the state of Lu, and most of them are small countries. It's a bit exaggerated that Confucius and his disciples didn't go to all the vassal states, nor did they go to the state of Qin alone. For example, Confucius just looked at Hesheng and sighed:“ Beautiful! The water is vast, the hills are not good, life is not good! "But even the Yellow River has not crossed.
The figure above shows Confucius' life track, and the number is age
2. There are many battles in the western border, and the road is blocked and long
The state of Qin, which originated in the west, has been in war since it established itself. At that time, he broke Xirong and was granted the ancestral land; at that time, Xianggong had the honor of escorting and moving the capital, which was the land to the west of Qishan and was founded in Qin Dynasty; at that time, "Wengong fought for the army and the army was defeated. When the state of Qin formulated the policy of going east, the rapid development of the state of Qin met the same determined old enemy, Jin State, and the two sides bumped and bumped for another hundred years. It can be said that this country, starting from the western border, has never settled down, but has been "building our spears and swords, and sharing with our children" Robe. "
When Confucius traveled around the world, Qin was the king of Qin Huigong. At that time, the state of Qin was not in a good position. On the one hand, the hegemony created by Qin Mugong was no longer there. The development of Qin was blocked by Jin, and on the other hand, the world was not peaceful. During this period of time, wars happened frequently. Many countries were faced with unstable political situation. Many officials held real power and many countries were in politics To paralyze, Jin Kingdom, the gateway of Qin Dong, is a typical example. Six Qing's power expands and they question each other. Confucius didn't want to go to the state of Qin, but he gave up in the middle of the journey. The root cause is that the journey is too long. Even if Confucius and others walk around the country of Lu, they can encounter accidents. They are either imprisoned maliciously or starved. Let alone go to the state of Qin thousands of miles away. How dangerous the road is is unknown.
Third, to be political and virtuous is not in line with hegemony
Confucius traveled around the world, not only to preach, teach and solve puzzles, but also to show his political ambition under the recognition and reuse of the king of a country, so that his ideal "Datong" society can replace the troubled times. However, the "Rites" and "benevolence" proposed by Confucius were too advanced, and did not meet the background of the merger war at that time. Therefore, Confucius ran into walls everywhere, and many countries he went to were just "respect but not use". Finally, Confucius returned to the state of Lu and devoted himself to the cause of education.
In this period, legalist thought is the most popular among the countries. Through the implementation of reform, the economic and military strength of the whole country can be rapidly improved, and domestic conflicts can be transferred. After all, in this period of time, all countries have been waging wars, big countries annexing small countries, and monarchs depriving the old aristocracy of power. All these are inseparable from the support of legalist thought. The early and late Qin states of the Warring States period are examples of successful reform. Confucius and his disciples advocated "benevolence", "benevolence" and "morality for the government", which were not in line with the tyranny and kingliness advocated by the monarchs. So even if Confucius finally came to Qin, he would be regarded as the guest of honor, but he would never be used again.
Confucius is not only one of the greatest educators in China, but also one of the greatest politicians. During his reign of the state of Lu, the power of the state of Lu was strengthened, and even the powerful were afraid of Confucius' ability. Originally, Confucius would go to Jin when he traveled around the world, but because Chu was afraid of having Confucius Congress to regain hegemony, he secretly blocked. Finally, Confucius returned to the state of Lu to devote himself to teaching and never to be an official again.
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