汉中之战后为什么曹操没有进攻长安 而是选择撤军呢-看世界

汉中之战后为什么曹操没有进攻长安 而是选择撤军呢

  刘备大胜曹操后在忙着对几个空城迁移百姓,搞内政、促发展。哪有精力继续想长安发兵。

  汉中之战为何撤军,这是很多读者都比较关心的问题,接下来就和各位读者一起来了解,给大家一个参考。

Many readers are concerned about why the troops were withdrawn in the Hanzhong war. Next, we will work with you to understand and give you a reference.

  大胜曹操后在忙着对几个空城迁移百姓,搞内政、促发展。哪有精力继续想长安发兵。

After the great victory over Cao Cao, he was busy migrating people to several empty cities, engaging in internal affairs and promoting development. Where has the energy to continue to want Chang'an to send troops.

  汉中之战

Hanzhong war

  汉中之战有很多人说是曹操一生中唯一输给刘备的一次战役。我觉得这要看怎么说了,如果以蜀汉和曹魏的大格局讲,确实是刘备赢了;但是论战役而言只是刘备率军战胜了曹操留守的、等人。

Many people said that the Hanzhong war was the only battle that Cao Cao lost to Liu Bei in his life. I think it depends on how it is said. In terms of the general pattern of Shuhan and Caowei, Liu Bei really won; but in terms of the campaign, Liu Bei led the army to defeat those left behind by Cao Cao.

  正史中记载汉中之战开始,北方发生叛乱,曹操率兵去平叛并不在汉中与刘备过招。曹操平叛返回汉中后,汉中对曹操而言已经没有再继续下去的理由了。双方损失都不小,继续消耗就是劳民伤财。

It is recorded in the official history that the battle of Hanzhong began, and there was a rebellion in the north. Cao Cao led his troops to pacify the rebellion and did not fight with Liu Bei in Hanzhong. After Cao Cao returned to Hanzhong, Hanzhong had no reason for Cao Cao to continue. Both sides have lost a lot. If we continue to consume, we will lose money.

  曹操撤军前的举动

Cao Cao's action before withdrawing the army

  曹操决定撤军时生得一计,让蜀汉止步汉中,并让蜀汉经济后退好几年。

When Cao Cao decided to withdraw from the army, he made a plan to stop Shu Han from moving into Hanzhong, and let Shu Han's economy back for several years.

  曹操撤军前命令部下将领,将所有汉中管内几郡的百部撤走,留几座空城给刘备。蜀汉虽然能和曹魏、东吴行成三足鼎立之势,但蜀汉强大是短暂的,因为人口是蜀汉的短板。经过一场大的战役后,青壮士卒都会减少,人类的繁衍回复至少也要十几年。据历载,曹魏人口在四百万以上、东吴在两百三十万左右、而蜀汉也就九十余万人。

Before Cao Cao withdrew, he ordered his subordinates to withdraw all the hundreds of Hanzhong's counties and leave several empty cities for Liu Bei. Although Shu Han can stand at the same time as Cao Wei and Dong Wu, its power is short-lived because its population is the short board of Shu Han. After a big battle, the number of young and strong soldiers will decrease, and it will take at least ten years for human reproduction to recover. According to the historical records, the population of Cao Wei is more than 4 million, that of Eastern Wu is about 2.3 million, and that of Shu Han is more than 900000.

  曹操撤走几郡百姓,刘备又得迁入百姓发展,而几郡发展需要大量的投资。这也让本来人口稀少蜀汉,再次稀释人口密度和投入大把大把的银子。

When Cao Cao withdrew the common people of several counties, Liu Bei had to move into the common people's development, which required a lot of investment. This also made Shu Han, who was originally sparsely populated, once again dilute the population density and invest a lot of money.

  汉中对蜀汉和曹魏的意义

The significance of Hanzhong to Shuhan and Caowei

  再说曹操为何撤军,汉中对于曹操而言属于鸡肋。因为通过汉中直接进入蜀汉腹地收复蜀国和从祁山进攻蜀地收复蜀国,区别就像简单和中等选择一样。

Besides, why did Cao Cao withdraw? Hanzhong was a chicken rib for Cao Cao. Because the difference between directly entering the hinterland of Shuhan through Hanzhong and attacking Shu from Qishan is like a simple and medium choice.

  然而蜀汉就不同了,一旦汉中失守,那么曹操随时可能。得到汉中,汉中就是蜀汉的第一道防线,无论何时来犯蜀中都会有个缓冲的时间,意义十分重大。

However, Shu Han is different. Once the Han Dynasty is lost, Cao Cao can be at any time. To get Hanzhong, Hanzhong is the first line of defense of Shuhan. Whenever you invade, there will be a buffer time, which is of great significance.

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