A lot of people don't know about the false golden age in history. Let's enjoy it with Xiaobian.
Taizong of Tang Dynasty was born in the Chengji period of Longxi (now Qin'an County, Gansu Province). The second son and mother of an outstanding politician, strategist, strategist and poet.
During the reign of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, he was honest, knowledgeable and good at using; he respected life, self-restraint and accepted advice with modesty; he adopted policies such as agriculture-oriented, strict economy, recuperation, cultural and educational rejuvenation and system improvement, which made the society stable; he made great efforts to pacify foreign invasion, respect border customs, stabilize border areas, and finally achieved the ideal situation of world governance.
At that time, it was named "Zhenguan", which came from the book of changes: the way of heaven and earth, so did Zhenguan That is to say: show people the right way. Therefore, the history of his reign is called.
Later generations have always believed that the governance of Zhenguan was the situation of Qing Ming politics, economic recovery and cultural prosperity during the reign of Emperor Taizong in the early Tang Dynasty.
And there is such a narrative in Zhenguan. The general idea is as follows: "in the four years of Zhenguan, the price of rice on the market is four to five yuan per bushel. People who go out for several months do not need to close their houses. Cattle, horses and other livestock can be seen everywhere on the street. People do not need to store dry food for thousands of miles." It can be seen from this record that in the four years of Zhenguan, the productivity of the Tang Dynasty had reached its peak, at least it had a fundamental recovery from the previous war.
Friends who are familiar with economics all know that it is obviously not accurate or convincing to use grain prices to measure social conditions. To counter it with a sentence in the book of Han, it means that "buying is very expensive, hurting the people; buying is very cheap, hurting the farmers.". People's injuries are scattered, while agriculture's injuries are poor. " If the price of grain is too low and unreasonable, the fundamental interests of farmers will be damaged; if the price of grain is too high, it will even endanger the economic lifeline of society.
Therefore, the price of grain is at an abnormal level, which shows that the achievements of Zhenguan's four-year Dynasty are still unsuccessful, but may cause a large-scale economic crisis. What's more, it's hard for the capital of Tang Dynasty to have the strange phenomenon of four yuan per Dou of rice. To understand the truth, we can continue to take the content of the new Tang Dynasty book as an example.
In a part of the book of the new Tang Dynasty, there is such a record, which means that although the land near Chang'an in the Tang Dynasty was fertile, the land available for cultivation was very scarce, which could not meet the daily needs of the capital at all.
Therefore, Chang'an's grain often needs to be transported from various places by water transport.
As we all know, grain transportation by water costs a considerable amount of freight. Due to the inconvenient transportation in Tang Dynasty, the transportation cost of a bucket of rice is usually about three yuan. According to the saying in the new Tangshu that Chang'an only needs four yuan for a bucket of rice, is it possible that the price of these grains sold in the place of production is only one paper per bucket? Obviously, this is not in line with the common sense, and this is also the contradictory place in the new Tangshu.
The sentence "Mi GUI in Chang'an" is suitable to describe the economy of Chang'an in Tang Dynasty.
In the early years, when I visited my predecessors, I heard such cool words as "rice is expensive in Chang'an, and it's hard to live in a big place". In addition, the highest rice price in Guanzhong was 1000 yuan per bushel. At that time, Taicang, the largest grain storehouse in Chang'an area, only stored food for the sixth palace of the emperor for ten days. From Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, in just a few decades, the price of rice has risen from four yuan to one thousand yuan, which is obviously illogical.
In fact, during the Zhengyuan period, the price of grain in Chang'an region also hit a "new historical low", which is a special case.
According to the relevant historical records, Lu Zhi, the prime minister in the early years of Zhengyuan Dynasty, suggested that the court buy low-cost rice from the people and expand the grain reserve of Taicang. Later, the imperial court purchased a large number of grains in Guanzhong area, and those grains that were not shelled still needed 70 yuan for a fight. At the beginning of Emperor Gaozong's accession to the throne, and during the period of "low price of rice" clearly recorded in historical books, the price of rice had reached 70 yuan a battle, which was far from the price of rice in Zhenguan period mentioned above.
Clear the fog, we may as well continue our deliberation. In the book of the new Tang Dynasty, what does the untrustworthy figures show? The author believes that it is the Historiographer who pretends to act as a fake, so it presents the absurd joke of "rice is worth four coins" for later generations. Through this event alone, we have good reason to suspect that it happened in the early Tang Dynasty.
So, what is the national strength of a country?
It can't be described in detail only by a few historiographers. It needs to see the evaluation of outsiders. At that time, Wang Ju Wentai, who had a good relationship with Tang Dynasty, once said: "when I entered the dynasty, I saw the north of Qin and long, the city was depressed, and there was no comparison between Sui and Sui."
So what does that mean?
In other words, the economic level of the early Tang Dynasty was not comparable to that of the previous dynasty.
实际上，终李世民的一辈子，也没能让唐朝的经济追赶上，在上更是与隋朝相距甚远。在李世民驾崩三年后，某日，曾向户部官员询问今年 的增长量，偶然得知，隋朝时期全国总 有八百余万户，而如今唐朝人口仅有不到四百万户。
In fact, in his whole life, Li Shimin failed to catch up with the economy of the Tang Dynasty and was far away from the Sui Dynasty in terms of population. Three years after Li Shimin's death, one day, he asked the officials of the Ministry of housing about the population growth of this year. He came to know by chance that there were more than 8 million households in the Sui Dynasty, compared with less than 4 million in the Tang Dynasty.
It can be seen that Li Shimin has been fighting for his whole life, but he has not been able to make the country's population catch up with the former dynasty, or even half of it.
In fact, long before Zhenguan, rulers had already paid gold for their own dynasties in this way. In contrast, Tang Dynasty can only be regarded as "the latecomer". In Jin Ji zonglun, the social situation of Taikang period was evaluated as follows:
"The cattle and horses are wild, the surplus grain is mu, and they travel in grass houses. The outer edge is not closed. The people who meet are like relatives. The people who are short of them take money from the road."
So, is Taikang really such a prosperous country? Obviously, it's worth considering. If it's true that Taikang will die for three generations, as mentioned in this paragraph, it's obviously unrealistic.
From this point of view, Li Shimin just copied the way of his ancestors and put gold on his face in the history books.
[zhi41, new Tangshu, Zhenguan politicians, Volume 1, government],]
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