From September 10, 904 to February 22, 954, he was born in Yaoshan, Xingzhou (now west of Longyao County, Xingtai City), with the word Wenzhong and the small name "Guo queer". He was the founder of the Later Zhou Dynasty of the Five Dynasties. Guo Wei was born in a poor family. He read some books and knew the hardships of the people. After assuming the throne, he reduced taxes and severe punishment. He was thrifty and modest, and he was able to look for talents. All the appointed Wei Renpu, Li Hu, Wang Pu, Fan Zhi and others were loyal to their duties, obeyed the law, and the monarchs and ministers worked together to gradually reform some bad policies, so that the economic and political situation in the northern region gradually tended to improve. Guo Wei in the period, is a clean and diligent good. After his death, all his sons were killed by Liu Chengyou, and his wife and nephew Chai Rong succeeded him.
Yao mountain, Xingzhou (now west of Longyao County, Hebei Province). When he was young, he was lonely and poor. At the beginning, he was an officer of the army. In the later Han Dynasty, he was worshipped as a privy deputy.
In 948 A.D., he was ordered to pacify Li ShouZhen's rebellion, and later became the left behind yedU and the commander of Tianxiong army. In 950 ad, Liu Chengyou, the hidden emperor of the later Han Dynasty, suspected him and sent an emissary to kill Guo Wei in Weizhou. Guo Wei set out to fight against Han Dynasty, ordered to invade the capital city, and allowed the soldiers to rob for 10 days. Seven days later, Guo Wei entered Bianjing, plundered by the army, and forced him to be the "supervisor" of the state and win the State Administration. In the first month of 951 A.D., Ding Maori was also called emperor. His country was named the great Zhou Dynasty, and his capital was Bianjing. He was changed to Guangshun and later Zhou Dynasty. Introduce: Guo Weisheng year is not detailed, die in the first year of Zhou Xiande (AD 954). During the Five Dynasties, the founding emperor of the Later Zhou Dynasty and the temple name "Taizu". Guo Wei is Wenzhong, from Yaoshan, Xingzhou. His surname is Chang. When he was a child, his mother took the surname of Guo, so he changed his surname to Guo. Guo Jian, the father, was a governor of shunzhou. Liu Wengong breaks through shunzhou, and Guo Jian is killed. Guo Wei is several years old, and his mother soon dies. Guo Wei has to live on Han's aunt in Luzhou. At the age of 18, he left Luzhou to serve as a soldier under Li Jitao.
Guo Wei is brave and powerful, straightforward and full of courage. He is deeply appreciated by Li Jitao. Once, Guo Wei was drunk and killed. He was detained by the government. Li Jitao secretly let him go, and then recruited him. Later, Li Jitao was killed by the emperor Zhuangzong of Tang Dynasty, and his department was accepted. Guo Wei was promoted to a military official because he had a good command of literature and calligraphy. When the later Jin Dynasty was destroyed by Khitan, Guo Wei was attached to his subordinates. Liu Zhiyuan started his army in Taiyuan and became emperor. He appointed Guo Wei as the deputy in charge of the military affairs. At the end of his life, Liu Chengyou, the crown prince, was entrusted to Guo Wei and Shi Hongzhao. Liu Zhiyuan died of illness after one year in office. The crown prince Liu Chengyou ascended the throne for the hidden emperor of the later Han Dynasty and granted Guo Wei the Privy envoy. At that time, Li ShouZhen, Zhao Siwan and Wang Jingchong, the governors of Hezhong, Yongxing and Fengxiang, supported the army to revolt one after another. The imperial court sent troops to fight for many times, but failed to return.
隐帝刘承祐遂命郭威率兵出征。郭威至河中后立栅筑垒，分兵围困。李守贞屡次突围，均被挫败，相持日久，城中粮草俱尽。郭威遂下令四面攻打，一举攻进城中，李守贞自焚而死。永兴赵思绾、凤翔王景崇相继归降，使风雨飘摇的后汉政权转危为安。 之后，郭威又移师北伐，大败契丹，以功进封邺都留守、天雄军节度使，兼枢密使，诸州郡皆听郭威节制。 后汉隐帝与其宠臣对郭威等有功大将十分疑忌。于是隐帝与亲信李业密谋，诏令马军指挥使郭崇诛杀宣徽使王峻，郭威等;诏令镇宁军节度义诛杀侍卫步军指挥使王殷，以企一举铲除前朝旧将势力。不料李弘义反以诏书密示于王殷。王殷即派人向郭威告急。郭威见事情紧急，即采用谋士魏仁浦之计，伪作诏书，宣称隐帝令郭威诛杀诸位将领。于是群情激愤，推举郭威起兵讨伐，以“清君侧”。
Liu Chengyou, the hidden emperor, ordered Guo Wei to send his troops to the army. Guo Wei built a barricade in the middle of the river and besieged by soldiers. Li ShouZhen broke through the siege many times and was defeated. After a long time of stalemate, all the food and grass in the city were exhausted. Guo Wei then ordered the attack on all sides and attacked the city at one stroke. Li ShouZhen burned himself to death. Yongxing Zhao Siwan and Fengxiang Wang Jingchong returned one after another, which made the precarious regime of the later Han Dynasty safe. After that, Guo Wei moved to the Northern Expedition and defeated Qidan. He was granted the title of yedU garrison, the governor of Tianxiong army, and the emissary. All the counties in Hebei listened to Guo Wei's restraint. Later emperor Yin and his favorite officials were suspicious of Guo Wei and other great generals. So emperor Yin conspired with Li Ye, his close friend, to order the commander of Ma Jun, Guo Chongzhu, to kill Wang Jun and Guo Wei, the commander of xuanhui, and Wang Yin, the commander of bodyguard Bu Jun, the commander of Zhenning army, to eliminate the influence of the old generals of the previous Dynasty. However, Li Hongyi revealed the imperial edict to Wang Yin. Wang Yin sent someone to rush Guo Wei. When Guo Wei saw the emergency, he adopted the plan of Wei Renpu, a counselor, and pretended to make an imperial edict, claiming that the hidden emperor ordered Guo Wei to kill the generals. Therefore, the group was furious and recommended Guo Wei to start a crusade to "clear the monarch's side".
Emperor Yin saw Guo Wei set up a rebellion and sent troops against him. In the battle of qilipo, the army of the later Han Dynasty was defeated, and the hidden emperor was killed by Guo Yunming. Guo Wei led his troops to Beijing, met the empress dowager, and let the Empress Dowager face the court, and pretended to hold Liu Yun as the emperor in Wuling. Then he heard that Qidan was suddenly reported to go south, so he led the army to the north to resist, and through the way of Changzhou, the soldiers turned into yellow robes, and Guo Wei returned to Bianliang, where he was in charge of the country. Soon, he officially became the emperor and changed his name to Dazhou.
Guo Wei was born in the turbulent times. He was good at military service. He was brave and powerful. He was bold and upright. He was a little good at martial arts. He was good at caressing soldiers and moved to the high position of emissary with his military skills. Finally, it was the representative of the military dictatorship in the Five Dynasties with the military strength as the backing and the Han Dynasty as the successor.
In the first month of 954, Guo Wei was seriously ill. He knew it was hard to recover, so he asked his adopted son Chai Rong (later) to say, "I can't do it. Build a mausoleum for me as soon as possible, and don't leave the coffin in the palace for too long. The mausoleum must be simple, don't disturb the people, don't use many craftsmen, don't send palace people to guard the mausoleum, don't need to set up stone people and animals in front of the mausoleum, just use paper clothes to bury, and use tile coffins as coffins. After the burial, 30 households near the mausoleum can be recruited to avoid their corvee and let them guard the mausoleum. In front of the mausoleum, I set up a stone tablet with a few words engraved on it, saying that I was used to thrift all my life, and the imperial edict ordered me to use the yiwa coffin. " He also told Guo Rong, "when I was on the western expedition, I saw that all the 18 mausoleums of the emperor had been excavated and stolen. This was because there were many gold and silver treasures in the mausoleum. However, Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty simply buried them on the baling plain because of his thrift. The mausoleum is still intact today. When you arrive every year, you can send someone to sweep my tomb. If you don't send someone, you can also sacrifice in the capital. However, you need to have a pair of sword armour buried in Hefu (now Hejian County, Hebei Province) and Weifu (now Southeast of Daming City, Hebei Province), a Tongtian crown crimson robe buried in Chenzhou (now Puyang County, Henan Province), and a pingtian crown Dragon Robe buried in Tokyo. You must not forget it. " Then, he appointed Guo Rong to succeed his ministers and said, "I think there are no more literary talents in the world than Fan Zhi and Wang Pu. Now they are both prime ministers. If you have a good prime minister, I will die in peace." That night, Guo Wei died in Zide palace in Bianjing. The temple name of Guo Wei after his death is Taizu.
郭威在位期间，对改革累朝弊政颇有成绩。免除后汉所设额外苛敛以及中唐以来地方官进奉的“羡余物色”;废止了后晋、后汉一些极残忍的刑法;民众与蕃人“一听私便交易”，诸州所差散从亲事官等，一齐遣散;对累朝极为严酷的盐、酒、皮革的禁令稍予放宽;废除京城内无名额的僧尼寺院等。对恢复农业生产，郭威也采取了有效措施。授无主田土给数十万归中原的幽州饥民，放免其差税。以田分给现佃户充永业 ，使编户增加3万多 。无主荒地听任农民耕垦为永业，提高农民生产的积极性。在提倡节俭、严惩贪官、严禁军队扰民等方面，郭威也推行了一些有益的措施，使唐末以来极为混乱的北方社会开始走上安定的道路。
During Guo Wei's reign, he made great achievements in the reform of the North Korea. In the later Han Dynasty, the extra strictness and the "envy and selection" of local officials since the Mid Tang Dynasty were exempted; some extremely cruel criminal laws of the later Jin and the later Han Dynasty were abolished; the people and the Tibetans "listened to the private trade", and the local officials were sent to disperse together; the ban on the extremely harsh salt, wine and leather of the tired Dynasty was slightly relaxed; and the unlimited monasteries and nuns in the capital were abolished. Guo Wei also took effective measures to restore agricultural production. Grant the landless land to hundreds of thousands of hungry people in Youzhou who return to the Central Plains and exempt them from taxes. The land was distributed to the present tenants to fill the permanent estate, which increased the number of households by more than 30000. The landless wasteland allows the farmers to cultivate land for permanent employment, and improves the enthusiasm of farmers' production. In advocating frugality, punishing corrupt officials and forbidding the army to disturb the people, Guo Wei also carried out some useful measures, which made the northern society, which had been in great confusion since the end of Tang Dynasty, embark on the road of stability.
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