唐朝初年著名良相房玄龄简介 李世民的杰出谋臣-看世界

唐朝初年著名良相房玄龄简介 李世民的杰出谋臣

  梁国文昭公房玄龄,唐代初年著名良相、杰出谋臣,大唐“贞观之治”的主要缔造者之一。他是一位出身“书香世家”的纯正儒生,跟随秦王十年艰辛征战;终生“效父清白”的饱学之士,辅佐太宗二十载稳任首宰。房玄龄智能高超、功勋卓越、地位显赫。但他善用伟才、敏行慎吉、自甘卑下、常行让贤。“群星捧月月隐平,治世夜空灿月明”,是对他特有的名臣气度、良相风格的赞言。作为一名雅士,他颇具可佩可学的典范;作为一代勋臣,他堪称可歌可颂的英贤。

  ,唐初、杰出谋臣,大唐“”的主要缔造者之一;,唐初名相。是夺取政权、开创贞观之治中的主要谋臣之一。

He is one of the main founders of the great Tang Dynasty. It is one of the main advisers in seizing power and creating Zhenguan government.

  梁国文昭公房玄龄,唐代初年著名良相、杰出谋臣,大唐“贞观之治”的主要缔造者之一。他是一位出身“书香世家”的纯正儒生,跟随秦王十年艰辛征战;终生“效父清白”的饱学之士,辅佐太宗二十载稳任首宰。房玄龄智能高超、功勋卓越、地位显赫。但他善用伟才、敏行慎吉、自甘卑下、常行让贤。“群星捧月月隐平,治世夜空灿月明”,是对他特有的名臣气度、良相风格的赞言。作为一名雅士,他颇具可佩可学的典范;作为一代勋臣,他堪称可歌可颂的英贤。

Fang Xuanling, a well-known minister in the early Tang Dynasty, is one of the main founders of the "rule of Zhenguan" in the Tang Dynasty. He was a pure Confucian scholar who was born into a "scholar family" and fought hard with the king of Qin for ten years. He was a learned man who "acted for his father and was innocent" all his life and assisted the Emperor Taizong for twenty years. Fang Xuanling is intelligent, meritorious and prominent. But he is good at using great talents, being sensitive and prudent, willing to humble himself, and often giving way to sages. "The stars hold the moon, the moon is hidden, and the sky is bright in the night". It is a praise for his unique style of celebrity and good appearance. As an elegant scholar, he has a model to admire and learn; as a generation of distinguished officials, he can be called a praiseworthy hero.

  房玄龄简介

Fang Xuanling

  房玄龄,(579年~648年),别名房乔,字玄龄(一说名玄龄,字乔松),汉族,齐州临淄人(今山东章丘市)人,是中国时的开国宰相。玄龄博览经史,工书善文,18岁时本州举进士,先后授羽骑尉、隰城尉。隋末大乱,率兵入关,玄龄于渭北投李世民,屡从秦王出征,参谋划策,典管书记,任秦王府记室。每平定一地,别人争着求取珍玩,他却首先为秦王幕府收罗人才。他和杜如晦是秦王最得力的谋士。唐武德九年(626年)他参与的策划,与杜如晦、、尉迟敬德、五人并功第一。唐太宗李世民即位,房玄龄为中书令。贞观三年(629年)二月为尚书左仆射,监修国史。十一年封梁国公。与杜如晦、等同为太宗的重要助手。至十六年七月进位司空,仍综理朝政。曾受诏重撰《晋书》。太宗征高句丽时,他留守京师。二十二年病逝,玄龄公去世后谥号“文昭”,配享太宗庙廷,陪葬昭陵。

Fang Xuanling (579-648), also known as Fang Qiao, was born in Linzi (now Zhangqiu City, Shandong Province) of the Han nationality. He was the founding Prime Minister of China. Xuanling has a good knowledge of classics and history. At the age of 18, he was selected as a Jinshi in the state, and was awarded as Yu Qiwei and Xi Chengwei successively. At the end of the Sui Dynasty, when there was a great disorder, he led his troops to enter the pass. Xuanling invested in Li Shimin in the north of Weihe River. He repeatedly went out from the king of Qin to advise and make plans. He was the Secretary of the Dian management department and was appointed as the record office of the Lord of Qin. Every time he settled down, others were competing for treasures, but he was the first to recruit talents for the shogunate of the king of Qin. He and Du Ruhui are the most powerful advisers of the king of Qin. In the ninth year of Tang Wude's reign (626), he participated in the planning, which was the first with Du Ruhui, Wei Chi Jingde and five people. When Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, came to the throne, Fang Xuanling was a middle school official. In the third year of Zhenguan (629), Zuo pushe, the minister, supervised the history of the state. In the eleventh year, Liang Guogong was sealed. And Du Ruhui, as an important assistant of Taizong. In July of 2016, he was promoted to Sikong and still managed the government comprehensively. He was once ordered to rewrite the book of Jin. When Taizong conquered Koguryo, he stayed in the capital. Twenty two years after his death, xuanlinggong was granted the posthumous title of "Wenzhao" and was buried in Zhaoling.

  贞观前,他协助李世民经营四方,削平群雄,夺取皇位。李世民称赞他有“筹谋帷幄,定社稷之功”。贞观中,他辅佐太宗,总领百司,掌政务达20年;参与制定典章制度,主持律令、格敕的修订,又曾与魏征同修唐礼;调整政府机构,省并中央官员;善于用人,不求备取人,也不问贵贱,随材授任;恪守职责,不自居功。后世以他和杜如晦为良相的典范,合称“房谋杜断”。

Before Zhenguan, he assisted Li Shimin in running the four directions, flattening the heroes and seizing the throne. Li Shimin praised him for his "masterminding strategies and setting the state". In Zhenguan, he assisted Taizong, led hundreds of departments, and took charge of government affairs for 20 years. He participated in the formulation of laws and regulations, presided over the revision of laws and regulations, and practiced Tang rites together with Weizheng. He adjusted government agencies, and provincial and central officials. He was good at employing people, not seeking for people, nor asking about the noble and the humble, and was appointed according to materials. He scrupulously abided by his duties and did not take credit for himself. Later generations take him and Du Ruhui as good examples, collectively known as "Fang plot".

  房玄龄子女

Fang Xuanling's children

  子

Son

  房遗直妻杜氏;房遗爱妻;房遗则妻荆王李元景之女;房遗义妻吴氏

Fang Yizhi's wife Du; Fang Yiai's wife; Fang Yize's wife Li Yuanjing's daughter; Fang Yiyi's wife Wu

  女

Female

  房氏(传说名曰奉珠,韩王李元嘉王妃);房氏嫁莱州刺史兼莱州港造船使郑仁恺

Fang's marriage to the governor of Laizhou and the shipbuilder of Laizhou port Zheng Renkai

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