北齐文宣帝高洋简介 建立北齐政权,北齐开国皇帝-看世界

北齐文宣帝高洋简介 建立北齐政权,北齐开国皇帝

  幼时其貌不扬,沉默寡言,其实大智若愚,聪慧过人,虽偶然被兄弟嘲笑或玩弄,但其才能甚得父亲欣赏。高澄被奴隶刺杀以后,高洋便牢牢地掌握了大权。东魏孝静帝元善见只好封他为丞相、齐王。高洋不甘当傀儡皇帝的大臣,就于550年就废掉了元善见,自立为帝,改元“天保”,建都邺,北齐建立,年仅二十岁。

  显祖文宣(529-559),字子进,因生于晋阳,一名晋阳乐。时期北齐政权的开国皇帝。他是东魏权臣、北齐神武皇帝次子、文襄皇帝的同母弟,母亲为娄氏。出生时有异兆,相貌奇特。幼时其貌不扬,沉默寡言,其实大智若愚,聪慧过人,深沉有大度。虽常被兄弟嘲笑或捉弄,但其才能甚得父亲欣赏。在位初期励精图治,但后期却变得暴虐无度,极尽奢侈。

Xianzu Wenxuan (529-559), the word Zijin, was born in Jinyang, a Jinyang music. The founding emperor of the Northern Qi Dynasty. He was the second son of emperor Shenwu of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the second son of emperor Wenxiang of the Northern Qi Dynasty, and his mother was Lou. Born with strange omens and strange looks. When I was young, I was humble and taciturn. In fact, I was as wise as a fool. I was very intelligent and profound. Although often ridiculed or teased by brothers, his ability is greatly appreciated by his father. In the early days of his reign, he worked hard, but in the later period, he became tyrannical and extravagant.

  幼时其貌不扬,沉默寡言,其实大智若愚,聪慧过人,虽偶然被兄弟嘲笑或玩弄,但其才能甚得父亲欣赏。高澄被奴隶刺杀以后,高洋便牢牢地掌握了大权。东魏孝静帝元善见只好封他为丞相、齐王。高洋不甘当傀儡皇帝的大臣,就于550年就废掉了元善见,自立为帝,改元“天保”,建都邺,北齐建立,年仅二十岁。

When I was young, I was humble and taciturn. In fact, I was as intelligent as a fool. Although I was occasionally laughed at or played with by my brother, my father appreciated his talent. After Gao Cheng was assassinated by slaves, Gao Yang firmly grasped the power. Yuan Shanjian, Emperor Xiaojing of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, had to make him prime minister and king of Qi. Gao Yang was not willing to be the Minister of the puppet emperor. In 550, he abandoned yuan Shanjian, became the Emperor himself, changed yuan "Tianbao", founded ye, the capital of the Northern Qi Dynasty, and was only 20 years old.

  他在位初年,留心政务,削减州郡,整顿吏治,训练军队,加强兵防,使北齐在很短的时间内强盛起来。高洋便出兵进攻柔然、契丹、高丽等国,都大获全胜。同时,北齐的农业、盐铁业、瓷器制造业都相当发达,是同陈、西魏鼎立的三个国家中最富庶的,可谓中国历史上少见年轻有为之君。可是他没过多久就腐败起来,整日不理朝政,沉湎于酒色之中,他在都城邺(今河南安阳)修筑三台宫殿,十分豪华,动用了十万民夫,简直是奢侈至极。高洋在位后期对人民的压迫更重。他虽然是汉人,但是他大肆屠杀汉族人民,维护鲜卑贵族利益,因此北齐便成为了一个黑暗无比的“人间地狱”。朝政的腐败,国势的衰落,使军队也日益削弱。腐化的生活缩短了高洋的寿命。北齐天保十年(559年),高洋死,时年仅31岁,他的谥号为文宣皇帝,庙号为显祖。

In the early years of his reign, he paid attention to the government affairs, cut down the prefectures and counties, reorganized the administration of officials, trained the army and strengthened the defense of troops, which made the Northern Qi Dynasty strong in a short time. Gao Yang then sent troops to attack ruran, Qidan, Gaoli and other countries, and won the victory. At the same time, the agriculture, salt and iron industry, and porcelain manufacturing industry of the Northern Qi Dynasty are all quite developed. They are the richest of the three countries with Chen and the Western Wei Dynasty. They are rare young and promising kings in Chinese history. However, he soon became corrupt, ignored the government and indulged in wine and lust. He built three palaces in the capital ye (now Anyang, Henan Province), which was very luxurious. He used 100000 people, which was the most luxurious. Gao Yang oppressed the people even more in the later period of his reign. Although he was Han, he slaughtered the Han people and safeguarded the interests of Xianbei nobles, so the Northern Qi Dynasty became a dark hell on earth. The corruption of the government and the decline of the state power have weakened the military. The corrupt life shortens Gao Yang's life span. In 559, Gao Yang died at the age of 31. His posthumous title was Emperor Wenxuan and his temple name was Xianzu.

  高洋死后,北齐统治阶级内部愈来愈混乱了。

After Gao Yang's death, the ruling class of the Northern Qi Dynasty became more and more confused.

  人物生平

Life of characters

  早年经历

Early experience

  天平二年,封太原郡公,累迁尚书左仆射。武定五年,为尚书令、中书监、京畿大都督。高澄被奴隶刺杀以后,高洋处变不惊,指挥若定,继高澄之后控制了大权,时年二十岁,为使持节、丞相、都督中外诸军、录尚书事、大行台、齐郡王,食邑一万户。又进封齐王,邑十万户。后任相国,食邑二十万户,加九锡。

In the second year of Tianping, he was granted the title of county magistrate of Taiyuan, and was transferred to Zuo pushe. In the five years of Wuding, he was the minister order, the supervisor of Zhongshu, and the governor of capital city. After Gao Cheng was assassinated by slaves, Gao Yang remained calm and determined to command. After Gao Cheng, he took control of the power. At the age of 20, he lived in 10000 households in order to be a dignitary, prime minister, governor of all the armies at home and abroad, to record books, to go to the stage, and to be the king of Qi. And he entered and granted the king of Qi a hundred thousand houses. Later, he was appointed to the kingdom of Xiangguo. There were 200000 households in the city of Shiyi and Jiuxi.

  登基

Accession to the throne

  高洋于550年逼迫东魏孝静帝元善见禅位,自立为帝,定国号为大齐,改元天保,建都邺,年仅二十一岁,为北齐显祖文宣帝。

In 550, Gao Yang forced emperor Xiaojing of the Eastern Wei Dynasty, yuan Shanjian, to take the throne of Zen, to establish himself as the emperor, and to change his name to Daqi, to Tianbao of the Yuan Dynasty, and to establish Ye as the capital, at the age of 21, as emperor Wenxuan, the Xianzu of the Northern Qi Dynasty.

  去世

Death

  在位前期勤于政事,以法驭下,并能任用杨愔等人,勤于武备,征伐四克。后来神智昏乱,猜忌残暴,虐杀兄弟,饮酒无节制,最后因饮酒过量无法饮食。

In the early period of his reign, he was diligent in political affairs and controlled by law. He was able to appoint Yang Xuan and others, and was diligent in military preparation and expedition. Later, he was confused, suspected of cruelty, tortured his brothers, drank too much, and was unable to eat because of excessive drinking.

  天保十年(559年),高洋去世,时年仅31岁,他的谥号为文宣皇帝,庙号为显祖,太子即位。武成帝曾于天统初,改其谥为景烈,庙号威宗。武平初,赵彦深执政,复帝本谥,庙号仍为显祖。

In 559, Gao Yang died at the age of 31. His posthumous title was Emperor Wen Xuan, his temple name was Xianzu, and the crown prince took the throne. In the early days of Tiantong, Emperor Wucheng changed his posthumous title to jinglie, the temple name of Weizong. At the beginning of Wuping, Zhao Yanshen was in power, and his temple name was still Xianzu.

  为政举措

Political initiatives

  政治

Politics

  高洋还改革了官制,他看到地方上的官吏太多,人浮于事,又加剧了农民的负担。于是他采纳一些大臣的建议,消去州、郡建制。这样,全国的官吏一下子就减少了几万人,贪污腐化现象大大减少,农民们的负担也减轻了很多。为防止北方游牧民族的进攻,高洋还加固长城。每到农闲季节,他就调民工修长城,这对边疆的稳固起了很大的作用。经过一系列的改革和发展。齐国慢慢的强盛起来。

Gao Yang also reformed the official system. He saw that there were too many local officials and too many people, which increased the burden on farmers. So he took the advice of some ministers to eliminate the state and county system. In this way, the number of officials in the whole country has been reduced by tens of thousands, corruption has been greatly reduced, and the burden on farmers has been greatly reduced. In order to prevent the northern nomads from attacking, Gaoyang also strengthened the Great Wall. Every slack season, he sent migrant workers to build the Great Wall, which played a great role in the stability of the border areas. After a series of reform and development. Qi gradually became stronger.

  军事

Military affairs

  高洋还出兵进攻柔然、契丹、高丽等国,都大获全胜。

Gao Yang also sent troops to attack ruran, Qidan, Gaoli and other countries, all winning the victory.

  其他

Other

  同时,北齐的农业、盐铁业、瓷器制造业都相当发达,是同陈朝、西魏鼎立的三个国家中最富庶的,可谓中国历史上少见年轻有为之君。可是他没过多久就腐败起来,整日不理朝政,沉湎于酒色之中,他在都城邺(今河北临漳)修筑三台宫殿,十分豪华,动用了十万民夫,简直是奢侈至极。

At the same time, the agriculture, salt and iron industry and porcelain manufacturing industry of the Northern Qi Dynasty are quite developed. They are the richest of the three countries with the Chen Dynasty and the Western Wei Dynasty. They are rare young and promising kings in Chinese history. But he soon became corrupt, ignored the government and indulged in wine and lust all day long. He built three palaces in the capital ye (now Linzhang, Hebei Province), which was very luxurious. He used 100000 people, which was the most luxurious.

  高洋在位后期对人民的压迫更重。北齐便成为了一个黑暗无比的“人间地狱”。朝政的腐败,国势的衰落。腐化的生活缩短了高洋的寿命。

Gao Yang oppressed the people even more in the later period of his reign. Beiqi became a dark "hell on earth". The corruption of the government and the decline of the state power. The corrupt life shortens Gao Yang's life span.

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