北齐孝昭帝高演简介 北齐难得一见的明君孝昭帝-看世界

北齐孝昭帝高演简介 北齐难得一见的明君孝昭帝

  基本概述

  (535年~561年11月23日),字延安,祖籍渤海调蓨(今河北景县南)。第三位(560年9月8日~561年11月23日在位),孝昭帝。他是东魏权臣的第六子,文襄帝、文宣帝、武成帝同母兄弟。

From 535 to November 23, 561, it is Yan'an, and its ancestral home is Diaoyu (now south of Jingxian County, Hebei Province). The third (from September 8, 560 to November 23, 561), Emperor Xiaozhao. He was the sixth son of the powerful officials of the Eastern Wei Dynasty. Emperor Wenxiang, Emperor Wenxuan and Emperor Wucheng had the same mother and brother.

  基本概述

Basic overview

  北齐孝昭帝高演(535年—561年;在位560年—561年),字延安,北齐第三任皇帝

Gaoyan (535-561; 560-561) was the third emperor of the Northern Qi Dynasty.

  他是北齐神武帝高欢第六子,文宣帝同母弟。美姿貌,有气度。

He is the sixth son of Gao Huan, the God of the Northern Qi Dynasty. Emperor Wen Xuan and his mother and brother. Beautiful appearance, bearing.

  肃宗高演长于政术,善于理解事情的细节;天保朝起开始参预朝政,政治经验逐渐成熟丰富,眼见次兄文宣帝沉湎酒色,大臣趋炎附势,惟高演满脸忧愁,不时直谏。其兄文宣帝临终时,表示必要时皇位可以相让,唯不可伤害。废帝即位,独揽朝政。560年,高演发动政变,废高殷为济南王。高演登上皇帝宝座,改元皇建,时年二十六岁。

Suzong Gao Yan was good at political skills and was good at understanding the details of things; since the beginning of the Tianbao Dynasty, he began to participate in the government, and his political experience has gradually matured. Seeing his second brother, Wen Xuandi, indulge in wine and lust, and his ministers follow suit, Gao Yan was full of sorrow and remonstrated from time to time. When his brother, Emperor Wen Xuan, died, he said that when necessary, the throne could give way, but not hurt. The emperor was abolished and assumed the throne. In 560, Gao Yan launched a coup and abolished Gao Yin as king of Jinan. Gao Yan ascended the throne of the emperor and changed to Emperor Jianyuan at the age of 26.

  肃宗在位期间,文治武功兼盛,‘帝留心于政事,积极寻求及任用贤能为朝廷效力,政治清明;帝关心民生,轻徭薄赋,并下诏分遣大使巡省四方,观察风俗,问人疾苦,考求得失。并亲征亲戎北讨库莫奚,出长城,虏奔遁,分兵致讨,大获牛马。’,在北齐六帝之中,只有肃宗称得上是德才兼备,可惜他在位时间不长,即位翌年,高演便因坠马事故重伤而死,在位仅两年,终年仅27岁。

During suzong's reign, the emperor paid attention to political affairs, actively sought and appointed talents to serve the court, with clear politics; the Emperor cared about the people's livelihood, and sent ambassadors to inspect the four sides of the province, observed customs, asked about people's suffering, and examined gains and losses. He also marched to the north of Qinrong to beg for Kumoxi, went out of the Great Wall, escaped from the Great Wall, sent troops to beg, and won a lot of cattle and horses. " Among the six emperors of the Northern Qi Dynasty, only suzong could be regarded as both virtuous and talented. Unfortunately, he was not in office for a long time. The year after his accession, Gao Yan died of serious injury due to a horse crash. He was only in office for two years and was only 27 years old.

  高殷被废的时候,命儿子高演发誓决不伤害孙子高殷性命,但最终高演还是虑有后患,于次年将高殷秘密杀害。不久高演即出了意外,传说是文宣帝的厉鬼复仇。娄昭君亦对此深感悲愤,不肯原谅高演。为了保住儿子高百年,临终时候高演宣布废掉年幼的太子,传位于弟弟长广王高湛。他的谥号为孝昭皇帝,庙号肃宗。

When Gao Yin was abandoned, Gao Yan, his son, was ordered to swear that he would never hurt his grandson's life, but in the end, Gao Yan was worried about future troubles and killed Gao Yin secretly the next year. Soon Gao Yan had an accident. It is said that it was the Revenge of the fierce ghost of Emperor Wen Xuan. Lou Zhaojun was also deeply indignant and refused to forgive Gao Yan. In order to protect his son Gao Bainian, Gao Yan declared that he had abandoned the young prince at the end of his life. It was said that Gao Zhan was located in his younger brother, Changguang Wang. His posthumous title is emperor Xiaozhao and temple suzong.

  人物生平

Life of characters

  幼时便聪敏过人,有大成之量,得到母亲宠爱。身长八尺,腰带十围,仪表风姿出众。长于政术,善于理解事情的细节。天保初,进爵为常山王。天保五年(554年),除并省尚书令。参预朝政,眼见次兄文宣帝沉湎酒色,高演忧虑,不时直谏。文宣帝答:“但令汝在,我何为不纵乐?”他素来受文宣帝宠信,因此文宣帝临终时,命高演照顾新君、自己的儿子高殷。乾明元年(560年),高演联合母亲娄、弟弟长广王高湛等发动政变,杀杨愔等人,自任大丞相、都督中外诸军、录尚书事,相府佐位一等,掌握军国大政。不久废掉侄子高殷,登上皇位,改元皇建,时年二十六岁。

When I was young, I was smart and had a large amount of success, which was favored by my mother. Eight feet in length, ten girdles in belt, outstanding appearance. Good at politics, good at understanding the details of things. In the early days of Tianbao, he became the king of Changshan. Tianbao five years (554), in addition to the provincial minister decree. Participating in the imperial government, seeing his second brother, Emperor Wen Xuan, indulge in wine and lust, Gao Yan worries, and admonishes directly from time to time. Emperor Wen Xuan replied, "but if you are here, why don't I have fun?" He was always favored by Emperor Wen Xuan, so when he died, he ordered Gao Yan to take care of the new emperor and his son Gao Yin. In the first year of Qianming Dynasty (560), Gao Yan, together with his mother Lou, his younger brother, Changguang Wang Gaozhan, launched a coup, killed Yang Xuan and others, and became the prime minister, the governor of all the Chinese and foreign armies, the recorder of books, and the assistant of the minister's office, so as to master the military and state affairs. Soon after that, Gao Yin, his nephew, was abolished and ascended to the throne. He was then 26 years old and changed to Huangjian.

      齐肃宗高演在位期间,文治武功兼盛,颇留心于政事,积极寻求及任用贤能为朝廷效力,政治清明;关心民生,轻徭薄赋,并下诏分遣大使巡省四方,观察风俗,问人疾苦,考求得失。并亲征北讨库莫奚,出长城,虏亡遁,分兵致讨,大获牛马。事母至孝,友爱诸弟。即位第二年,高演坠马,伤到肋骨。之前高演封废帝高殷为济南王,并约定不杀害他,但后来违反了约定。

During the reign of emperor suzong Gaoyan of Qi, he was full of culture, governance and martial arts. He paid great attention to political affairs, actively sought and appointed talents to serve the court, with clear politics. He cared about the people's livelihood, made light work and light taxes, and sent ambassadors to patrol the Province, observed customs, asked people's sufferings, and examined gains and losses. He marched to the north to beg for Kumoxi, went out of the Great Wall, escaped from the dead, sent troops to beg for it, and won a lot of cattle and horses. She is filial to her mother and loves all her younger brothers. In his second year, Gao Yan fell down and hurt his ribs. Before Gao Yan appointed Gaoyin as the king of Jinan and agreed not to kill him, but later violated the agreement.

      娄太后探病,再三问高殷的所在,高演不应,太后知道高殷已被害,发怒。临终前悔过,叩头求哀。同年去世,在位仅两年,终年二十七岁。为了保住儿子、当时的太子高百年的性命,传位给同母弟高湛。给高湛手书:“宜将吾妻子置一好处,勿学前人也。”希望能使妻子和儿子的性命获全。谥为孝昭皇帝,庙号肃宗,葬于文靖陵。河清三年(564年),百年为高湛所杀,终年十四岁。

The Empress Dowager Lou visited the doctor and asked Gao Yan where he was. Gao Yan should not. The Empress Dowager knew that Gao Yin had been killed and was angry. Repent at the end of one's life, and kowtow to cry. He died in the same year and was only in office for two years, at the age of 27. In order to save the life of his son and then crown prince Gao century, he passed on the throne to Gao Zhan, his mother's younger brother. To Gao Zhan's Calligraphy: "it's better to give my wife an advantage, not to be a preschool." I hope I can make my wife and son's life complete. Posthumous title is emperor Xiaozhao, temple suzong, buried in wenjingling. In the third year (564) of Heqing Dynasty, Gao Zhan killed him for one hundred years. He was 14 years old.

  人物点评

Comments on characters

  高演在位期间,文治武功兼盛,帝留心於政事,积极寻求及任用贤能为朝廷效力,政治清明;帝关心民生,轻徭薄赋,并下诏分遣大使巡省四方,观察风俗,问人疾苦,考求得失。并亲征亲戎北讨库莫奚,出长城,虏奔遁,分兵致讨,大获牛马。即位翌年,高演得重病死,在位仅两年,终年仅27岁;为了保住儿子高百年的性命,传位域长广王高湛。他的谥号为孝昭皇帝,安葬地文靖陵。不愧为北齐难得一见之明君。

During Gao Yan's reign, the emperor paid attention to political affairs, actively sought and appointed talents to serve the court, with clear politics; the Emperor cared about the people's livelihood, and sent ambassadors to visit the provinces, observe customs, ask people's suffering, and examine gains and losses. And personally fight for Kumoxi in the north of Qinrong, go out of the Great Wall, run away, divide the troops to fight, and gain a lot of cattle and horses. In the year after his accession, Gao Yan died of severe illness. He was only two years old and only 27 years old. In order to save his son's life, he passed on the title of domain chief Wang Gaozhan. His posthumous title is emperor Xiaozhao and his burial place is wenjingling. He is worthy of being a rare emperor in the Northern Qi Dynasty.

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