北齐武成帝高湛简介 不思国事沉湎美色的昏君-看世界

北齐武成帝高湛简介 不思国事沉湎美色的昏君

  人物生平

  (537年-568年),小字步落稽,河北景县人,第四任(561年-565年在位),东魏权臣第九子,同母弟,母娄氏。皇建二年(561年),受遗诏即位。河清四年(565年),传位于太子,自为太上皇帝。天统四年(568年),因酒色过度而死,时年三十二。年号太宁、河清,谥号武成帝,庙号世祖。武成帝在位时残害宗室,昏庸无能,沉湎于美色之中,宠信小人,不思国事,北齐岌岌可危。

From 537 to 568, he was born in Jingxian County, Hebei Province. He was the fourth term in office from 561 to 565. He was the ninth son of Quan Chen in the Eastern Wei Dynasty. He was the same as his mother and younger brother, and his mother Lou. In the second year of Huangjian (561), he was summoned to the throne. In the fourth year of the Heqing Dynasty (565), it was said to be located in the prince, who was himself the emperor of the Supreme Court. In the fourth year of Tiantong reign (568), he died of excessive drinking and lust. It was named Taining, Heqing, Wucheng emperor and Shizu temple. When Emperor Wu Cheng was in power, he destroyed the clan, was fatuous and incompetent, indulged in beauty, favored villains, and did not think about state affairs. The Northern Qi Dynasty was in danger.

  人物生平

Life of characters

  早年经历

Early experience

  高湛幼时仪表瑰杰,深得父亲高欢喜爱。东魏元象年间,封长广郡公;北齐天保初年,进爵长广王。与兄长常山王一起谋划诛杀杨愔等人,废掉皇帝。高演继位后,高湛进位为右丞相,权倾朝野。

Gao Zhan's appearance was magnificent when he was young, and he was loved by his father Gao Huan. In the Xiang years of the Eastern Wei and Yuan Dynasties, the Duke of Changguang was appointed; in the early days of Tianbao in the Northern Qi Dynasty, he became the Lord of Changguang. Together with his brother Changshan Wang, he planned to kill Yang Xuan and other people, and to abolish the emperor. After Gao Yan succeeded to the throne, Gao Zhan became Prime Minister of the right, and his power fell into the court.

  不久高演患重病,高湛与族侄高元海及高归彦等人密议,准备发兵,巫师占卜,说“不利举事,静则吉”,高湛才未举事篡逆。高演临死时为了不让自己的儿子高百年落得高殷的命运(高殷乃高洋之子,因父死而继位,高洋临终前命高演辅助高殷。不久,高演通过发动政变,废杀侄儿高殷),决定传位于弟高湛。

Soon Gao Yan was seriously ill. Gao Zhan and his nephews, Gao Yuanhai and Gao Guiyan, had a secret discussion. They were preparing to send troops. The wizard divined and said, "if it's not good, it's good. If it's quiet, it's good." Gao Zhan didn't usurp it. When Gao Yan was dying, in order not to let his son Gao hundred years fall to Gao Yin's fate (Gao Yin was the son of Gao Yang, who succeeded because of his father's death, Gao Yan was assisted by Gao Yan before his death. Soon, Gao Yan decided to kill his nephew Gao Yin by launching a coup and decided to pass it on to his brother Gao Zhan.

  登基

Accession to the throne

  皇建二年(561年),高演驾崩,高湛遗诏入继大统,改元太宁,是为武成帝。封孝昭帝太子高百年为乐陵郡王。立妃胡氏为皇后,子高纬为皇太子。

In 561, Gao Yan died. Gao Zhan's imperial edict was transferred to the Datong and changed to Taining as Emperor Wu Cheng. Gao Bainian, Prince of Xiaozhao, was granted the title of Princess of Leling. Li Fei Hu's family is the queen, son Gao Wei is the crown prince.

  诛杀功臣,宠信奸佞

Kill the meritorious officials and favor the crafty

  文宣帝高洋在位时,囚禁了兄弟永安王高浚与上党王高涣。文宣帝亲临狱所,高浚与高涣为歌,高洋怆然而泣,将要赦免他俩。时为长广王的高湛因与高浚不和睦,趁机说:“猛兽安可出穴。”文宣帝默然。高浚呼高湛小字:“步落稽,皇天见汝!”后来高浚与高涣遇害。

In his reign, Emperor Wen Xuan imprisoned his brothers, Wang gaojun of Yong'an and Gao Huan of Shangdang. Emperor Wen Xuan came to the prison in person. Gao Jun and Gao Huan sang songs. Gao Yang wept sadly and would forgive them. Gao Zhan, who was the king of Changguang at that time, took the opportunity to say, "the beast can go out of the cave." Emperor Wen Xuan was silent. Gao Jun called out Gao Zhan's small words: "step down to Ji, and heaven will see you!" Later Gao Jun and Gao Huan were killed.

  即位初,高湛把迎立他有大功的族叔祖平秦王高归彦外放为冀州刺史。不久,高归彦在冀州造反,高湛派大军围城,擒获高归彦,押至邺城,“载以露车,衔枚面缚,并子孙十五人皆弃市”。

At the beginning of his reign, Gao Zhan put Gao Guiyan, the great uncle of his family, king of Ping and Qin, outside as a governor of Jizhou. Soon after, Gao Guiyan rebelled in Jizhou. Gao Zhan sent a large army to encircle the city, captured Gao Guiyan, and took him to Yecheng. "He carried his car to the open, tied it with a piece on his face, and 15 of his descendants abandoned the city.".

  群臣之中,高湛最宠信侍中。和士开先祖本是西域胡商,原姓素和,后来留居临漳,渐渐定居中原。高湛未即位时喜好握槊(一种棋戏),和士开善于此道,于是两人便为好友。“加以倾巧便僻,又能善谈胡琵琶,因致亲宠”。当时,和士开奉承高湛:“殿下非天人也,是天帝也。”高湛回言:“卿非世人也,是世神也。”当皇帝后,高湛“须臾之间,不得不与士开相见。”和士开谏劝说高湛:“自古帝王,尽为灰土,尧舜贤君,粲纣昏君,死后又有何分别!陛下应该珍惜少壮之年,横行玩乐,一日快活敌千年。国事尽可吩咐大臣,何必自己劳心费神!”高湛大悦,从此以后,三四天才上朝摆摆样子,只是签一个字,“略无言,顺臾罢入”,返回后宫继续玩乐。和士开“奸谄日至,宠爱弥隆,前后赏赐,不可胜记”,并通于高湛的皇后胡氏。

Among all the ministers, Gao Zhan is the most favorite. The ancestors of Heshi were Hu merchants in the western regions. His family name was Suhe. Later, he lived in Linzhang and gradually settled in the Central Plains. Gao Zhan likes to hold the body (a kind of chess play) before he ascends the throne. He and Shikai are good at it, so they are good friends. "It's out of the way when it's skillful, and it's good at talking about Hu pipa, because it's favored by relatives.". At that time, he Shikai flattered Gao Zhan: "Your Highness is not a man, but a emperor." Gao Zhan replied, "Qing is not the world, but the world God." After being emperor, Gao Zhan had to meet Shi Kai in a moment He Shikai admonishes Gao Zhan: "since ancient times, the emperor has been in the ashes. Yao, Shun, and Xianjun can make Zhou faint. What's the difference after his death! Your majesty should cherish the year of youth, play around and be happy with the enemy for thousands of years in a day. State affairs can command ministers as much as possible, why bother yourself! " Gaozhan Dayue, from then on, three or four days later, went up to the court and put on a pose, just signed a word, "a little wordless, just a moment before entering", and returned to the harem to continue playing. He Shikai "rapes and flatters the sun, dotes on milong, rewards before and after, and can't be remembered", and passes on the Hu family, the empress of Gaozhan.

  逼奸皇嫂,残害宗室

Forced to rape the emperor's wife and maim the clan

  高湛继位后,逼文宣帝皇后(时称昭信皇后)与之相奸并恐吓她:“如果你敢不从,我就杀你儿子。”李皇后因害怕而答应他,从此颇受宠爱。她怀孕时,儿子太原王高绍德到她的宫殿,她避不见面,高绍德怒言“您是因为肚子大了,所以才不见儿子吧”。李皇后羞愧不已,等到生下女儿后,竟亲手杀死。

After Gao Zhan succeeded, he forced empress Wenxuan (then known as empress Zhaoxin) to commit adultery with her and threatened her: "if you dare not, I will kill your son." Empress Li promised him for fear, and she has been loved since then. When she was pregnant, Gao Shaode, the king of Taiyuan, came to her palace. She didn't see her. Gao Shaode said angrily, "you don't see your son because you have a big stomach.". Empress Li was so ashamed that she killed her daughter by herself.

  高湛见女儿被害,怒不可遏,将高绍德捉到宫里,举刀怒喝:“你杀我的女儿,我就杀你的儿子!”高绍德惊慌求饶,高湛又骂高绍德:“想当年我被你父亲毒打,你也没来救过我!”当场用刀环击杀高绍德。又鞭打李皇后,将她装在绢袋里,就丢入渠道,任水漂流。李皇后苏醒后,用牛车送到妙胜寺出家为尼。

When Gao Zhan saw that his daughter had been killed, he was furious. He took Gao Shaode to the palace and raised his sword to drink angrily: "if you kill my daughter, I will kill your son!" Gaoshaode panicked and begged for mercy. Gaozhan scolded gaoshaode again: "I was beaten by your father, and you didn't come to save me!" Kill Gao Shaode with a knife ring on the spot. He whipped empress Li again, put her in a silk bag, and threw her into the channel and let the water drift. Empress Li woke up and sent it to Miaosheng temple to become a nun.

  的长子河南王高孝瑜因谏劝胡皇后不应该和做臣子的和士开握槊,又言赵郡王高叡之父高琛死于犯罪,不应太亲近他。和士开、高叡便对其加以谗毁。高湛大怒,在一次酒席上命高孝瑜饮酒三十七大杯,又让人在高孝瑜回家的路上毒杀他。高孝瑜烦热躁闷,难受至极,投水而死。

Gao Xiaoyu, the eldest son of the king of Henan Province, advised empress Hu not to write with his courtiers, and said that Gao Chen, the father of Gao Rui, the prince of Zhao, died of a crime and should not be too close to him. He Shikai and Gao Rui slandered them. Gao Zhan is furious. He orders Gao Xiaoyu to drink thirty-seven cups of wine at a banquet, and then he is poisoned on his way home. Gao Xiaoyu was bored with heat and impatience. He was extremely upset and drowned.

  高孝瑜的三弟河间王高孝琬是高澄嫡子,听说大哥被毒死,恨得扎草人射箭,以泄心中怨愤。和士开听说后,又对高湛说:“高孝琬把草人当成您来射!”高湛命人鞠讯,高孝琬一个失宠的姫妾又诬称:“孝琬画陛下图形夜哭切齿。”其实,那幅图象是河间王生父高澄,儿子忆父,每每对之流泪。高湛怒极,把高孝琬抓进宫中,派卫士用鞭把击打高孝琬。后来又亲自杀死高孝琬。

Gao Xiaowan, the third brother of Gao Xiaoyu, is the legitimate son of Gao Cheng. It's said that the eldest brother was poisoned, and he was so angry that he killed the grasshopper to shoot arrows to vent his anger. When he Shikai heard about it, he said to Gao Zhan, "Gao Xiaowan shoots the cursive man as you!" Gao Zhan orders Ju Xun, and Gao Xiaowan, a concubine who is out of favor, falsely says, "Xiao Wan draws his Majesty's figure and cries and gnaws his teeth at night." In fact, that image is Gao Cheng, the father of the king of Hejian, and his son's memory of his father, who often shed tears. Gao Zhan is furious. He grabs Gao Xiaowan into the palace and sends his guards to beat him with a whip. Later, he killed Gao Xiaowan himself.

  河清三年(564年)七月,由于出现“白虹贯日”、“赤星见”的天文星象,高湛认为不祥,想杀高演的太子、时为乐陵王的高百年以压制镇服灾祸。当时,有个叫贾德胄的博陵人教高百年书法,高百年曾描写过数个“敕”字,贾德胄秘密向高湛报告此事。因“敕”字有皇帝命令的意思,高湛抓住这个借口,传召侄子入宫,虐杀高百年。

In July of the third year of the Heqing Dynasty (564), due to the appearance of the astronomical images of "white hongguanri" and "Red Star", Gao Zhan thought it was ominous. He wanted to kill Gao Yan's Prince, who was king of Leling for a hundred years to suppress and subdue the disaster. At that time, there was a Boling man named Jia Debao who taught Gao Bainian calligraphy. Gao Bainian once described several words of "Chi". Jia Debao secretly reported this to Gao Zhan. Because the word "Chi" has the meaning of the emperor's order, Gao Zhan seized this excuse and summoned his nephew to enter the palace to kill Gao for 100 years.

  高湛四兄平阳王高淹于河清三年死于晋阳,有人认为也是被高湛毒死的。

Wang Gaoyan, the fourth brother of Gao Zhan, died in Jinyang in the third year of the Heqing Dynasty. Some people think that he was also poisoned by Gao Zhan.

  去世

Death

  河清四年(565年),高湛二十七岁时,有彗星出现,太史奏称是“除旧布新之象,当有易主”,即该有新皇帝出现。高湛为了应天象,就传位给自己的太子高纬,自称太上皇帝,军国大事咸以奏闻,

In the fourth year of Heqing Dynasty (565), when Gao Zhan was 27 years old, comets appeared. Taishizou called it "the image of removing the old and setting up a new cloth. When there is a change of ownership", there should be a new emperor. In order to respond to the sky, Gao Zhan passed on his throne to his prince, Gao Wei, who called himself the emperor of the Supreme Court,

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