北周孝闵帝宇文觉简介 废西魏恭帝后称帝建北周-看世界

北周孝闵帝宇文觉简介 废西魏恭帝后称帝建北周

  人物背景

  孝闵帝,名宇文觉(公元542-557年),字陀罗尼。第三子。宇文泰死后他袭职,后废西魏恭帝,称帝,史称北周。

Emperor Xiaomin, named yuwenjue (542-557 A.D.), has the character tuoroni. Third sons. After Yu Wentai's death, he inherited his post and later abolished Gong Di of the Western Wei Dynasty. He became the emperor of the Northern Zhou Dynasty.

  人物背景

Character background

  宇文觉(542年-557年),即北周太宗孝闵帝。字陀罗尼。代郡武川(今属内蒙古)人。鲜卑族。北周太祖宇文泰第三子,母亲为北魏孝武帝之妹冯翊公主。大统八年,生于同州。

Yuwenjue (542-557), Emperor Xiaomin, Emperor Taizong of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. The word tuoroni. People from Wuchuan (now Inner Mongolia), Daijun. Xianbei nationality. The third son of Yu Wentai, the founder of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, and his mother is Princess Feng Yi, the sister of emperor Xiaowu of the Northern Wei Dynasty. Datong was born in Tongzhou in the eighth year.

  人物经历

Character experience

  立帝

Emperor Li

  周孝闵帝宇文觉是西魏宰相、北周奠基者宇文泰第三子。魏恭帝三年(556年)三月,以嫡子被宇文泰立为世子;四月,拜为大将军。十月,宇文泰去世,宇文觉嗣位为太师、大冢宰。宇文泰的侄子开始扶持15岁的宇文觉承袭父位,由宇文护辅政。十二月,魏恭帝又下诏以岐阳之地封觉为。次年(557年)正月在其堂兄宇文护的扶持下,宇文护逼迫西魏恭帝拓跋廓把皇位禅让给宇文觉,宇文觉即位称帝受禅位,正式即位称天王,国号大周,史称北周,是为北周的开始。追尊宇文泰为文王,母元氏为王后。立妃元氏(魏文帝之女)为王后。

Yu wenjue, Emperor min of Zhou Xiao, is the third son of Yu Wentai, Prime Minister of the Western Wei Dynasty and founder of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. In the third year of emperor Wei Gong's reign (556), in March, his first son was established by Yuwen Tai as his son; in April, he was worshipped as a general. In October, Yu Wentai passed away. Yu wenjue's successor was the grand master and the great tomb. Yuwentai's nephew began to support the 15-year-old yuwenjue to inherit his father's throne, assisted by yuwenhu. In December, Emperor Wei Gong again issued an imperial edict to seal the place of Qiyang. In the first month of the following year (557), with the support of his cousin Yu Wenhu, Yu Wenhu forced emperor Gong of the Western Wei Dynasty to abdicate the throne to Yu wenjue. Yu wenjue became the emperor and accepted the throne. He formally became the king of heaven, the state name of the great Zhou, and the history of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, which was the beginning of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Yu Wentai is King Wen, and his mother Yuanshi is queen. She made the princess Yuanshi (the daughter of Emperor Wen of Wei) the queen.

  铲奸

Spoil

  闵帝称帝后,军政大权实际上全部掌握在他的堂兄大司马宇文护手中,宇文护专横跋扈,一部分元老大臣对他心生不服。太傅赵贵密谋刺杀宇文护,找太保独孤信商议,独孤信阻止了他,但也没有告发他。后来有人告发了这件事,宇文护立刻杀了赵贵,独孤信也被罢官,不久又被赐死。

After mindI became emperor, the military and political power was in the hands of his cousin, Ma Yuwen Hu. Yuwen Hu was domineering, and some of the senior ministers were not satisfied with him. Zhao GUI, Taifu, conspires to assassinate yuwenhu. He consults with Du Guxin, Taibao. Du Guxin stops him, but does not report him. Later, someone reported the incident. Yuwenhu killed Zhao GUI immediately. Duguxin was also dismissed from office, and was soon killed.

  宇文觉虽然尚未成年,但也想亲自执政,对宇文护的专政十分不满。公元557年四月,宇文觉联络李植、孙恒、乙弗凤等大臣,准备借宴请公卿的机会捕杀宇文护,被宇文护发觉,但宇文护这次没有大开杀戒,只是把为主的两人从宇文觉身边调离,贬到地方做官。

Although Yu wenjue is not yet an adult, he also wants to be in power personally and is very dissatisfied with the dictatorship of Yu Wenhu. In April 557 A.D., yuwenjue contacted Li Zhi, sun Heng, Yi Fufeng and other ministers to kill yuwenhu at the chance of entertaining Gongqing. Yuwenhu was protected by Yuwen. However, yuwenhu didn't kill him. He just transferred the two main people away from yuwenjue and demoted them to a local official.

  遭诛

Be punished

  侥幸留下来的乙弗凤却不死心,加紧谋划,准备由宇文觉设御宴招待群臣,乘机干掉宇文护。此事又被宇文护获知,这次宇文护不再心慈手软,立即召集心腹,将乙弗凤等人一一捕杀。然后逼迫宇文觉退位,废封他为略阳公。一个月后,宇文护又批派人暗杀了宇文觉。

Fortunately, Yi Fufeng did not give up. He stepped up his plan and prepared Yuwen Jue to set up a royal banquet to entertain the officials and take the opportunity to kill Yuwen. This matter was learned by yuwenhu again. This time, yuwenhu was no longer kind-hearted. He immediately summoned his confidants to kill yifufeng and others one by one. Then he forced yuwenjue to abdicate and dismissed him as Lueyang Gong. A month later, yuwenhu sent another group to assassinate yuwenjue.

  封谥

Posthumous title

  后来北周武帝诛杀宇文护,下令为宇文觉上谥号。于是派遣蜀国公尉迟迥在南郊上谥其为太宗孝闵,称其陵墓为静陵。

Later, Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty killed yuwenhu and ordered him to be the posthumous title of yuwenjue. Therefore, Yuchi Gong of Shu state was sent to the southern suburb to posthumous him as Taizong Xiaomin, and called his tomb jingling.

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