后梁末帝，子。朱温即帝位，封为均王，任左天兴军使、东京 马步军都指挥使。梁乾化二年(912)郢王朱友珪杀死其父朱温，即帝位，朱友贞为东京留守 、开封尹。次年，与赵岩等密谋推翻朱友珪 。凤历元年(913)即帝位。923年为后唐所迫自杀，时年36岁。
The late emperor of Houliang, son. Zhu Wen, the emperor, was appointed King Jun, the commander of Zuo Tianxing and Tokyo Mabu. In the second year of the reign of emperor Qianhua of Liang Dynasty (912), Zhu Youzhen, king of Ying, killed Zhu Wen, his father, who was the emperor. Zhu Youzhen stayed in Tokyo for Kaifeng Yin. The next year, he conspired with Zhao Yan to overthrow Zhu Youyan. The first year of Fengli (913) is the throne. In 923, he was forced to commit suicide by the later Tang Dynasty at the age of 36.
朱友贞(888年10月20日～923年11月18日) ，后梁末帝，朱温和张惠的嫡子，朱友珪弟。朱温即 帝位，封为均王，任左天兴军使、东京马步军都指挥使。梁乾化二年(912)郢王朱友珪杀死其父朱温，即帝位，朱友贞为东京留守、开封尹。次年，与赵岩等密谋推翻朱友珪，二月，打起了“除凶逆，复大仇”的旗号，联合魏博节度使杨师厚兴师问罪。发动洛阳禁军兵变，友珪自杀。凤历元年(913)即帝位。改名为锽，后再改名为瑱。复用乾化年号(913年2月-915年10月)、贞明(915年11月-921年4月)、龙德(921年5月-923年10月)，在位11年，被后唐李克用养子围困而自杀，36岁。葬于宣陵附近(今河南省洛阳市东南)。
Zhu Youzhen (October 20, 888-november 18, 923), the late emperor of the Later Liang Dynasty, the first son of Zhu Wen and Zhang Hui, Zhu Youzhen's younger brother. Zhu Wen, the emperor, was appointed King Jun, the commander of Zuo Tianxing and Tokyo Mabu. In the second year of the reign of emperor Qianhua of Liang Dynasty (912), Zhu Youzhen, king of Ying, killed Zhu Wen, his father, who was the emperor. Zhu Youzhen stayed in Tokyo for Kaifeng Yin. In the following year, he conspired with Zhao Yan and other officials to overthrow Zhu Youyan. In February, he launched the banner of "removing the fierce and rebellious, restoring the feud" and joined with the governor of Wei Bo, Yang Shihou, to challenge his teachers. He launched a mutiny of the Luoyang forbidden army and committed suicide. The first year of Fengli (913) is the throne. Change the name to "crash", and then change the name to "Yu". Reuse Qianhua (February 913 October 915), Zhenming (November 915 April 921) and Longde (may 921 October 923). After 11 years of reign, Li Ke was surrounded by his adopted son and committed suicide. He was 36 years old. It was buried near Xuanling (southeast of Luoyang City, Henan Province).
Stories of characters
After Zhu Youzhen ascended the throne, the later Tang Dynasty concentrated on attacking Houliang, and the two sides fought for years. Zhu Youzhen, because of his credit to Zhao Yan, his relatives Zhang handing and Zhang Hanjie, sent them to watch. Zhao Yan and others, who supported their power, betrayed officials and perverted the law, separated the generals, and the rewards and punishments were not clear, which led to the retreat of loyal officials, the separation of the upper and lower, and the killing of the generals on the front. Therefore, they were defeated repeatedly in the war with the later Tang Dynasty.
In October 923 ad, Li Ke of later Tang Dynasty led a large army to approach the capital city with his adopted son Li Siyuan. Zhu Youzhen's ministers fled one after another, and even the national seal was stolen by his subordinates. Many of the guards left. Many of them were rebellious, and the guards were thin, which made Zhu Youzhen helpless and crying day and night. On Wuyin day, he said to Huang Fulin, the commander beside him, "Li is our feud of Liang Dynasty. I can't surrender to them. Rather than wait for them to kill me, you should kill me first." Huangfulin hurriedly said, "I can only serve your majesty. How can I hurt your majesty with my hand?" Zhu Youzhen said, "are you going to sell me to Li if you don't want to kill me?" huangfulin pulled out his sword and tried to commit suicide to show his mind. "I will die with you," said Zhu Youzhen With that, he grasped the hilt of huangfulin's sword and waved the horizontal sword to his neck. The blood flowed and he fell to the ground and died. Huangfulin also wept and committed suicide. Hou Liang perished. Zhu Youzhen was called the last emperor in history.
Li Cunxu analyzed the overall situation, and thought that Houliang had just returned to the West because of Luzhou in the west, and his attention had been focused on the West. However, due to the lack of preparation and lax defense in the East, he could seize the opportunity to attack Yunzhou and shake its military heart. He sent Li Siyuan and 5000 elite soldiers to set out from Desheng, and hurried eastward along the North Bank of the Yellow River to Yang Liu. Under the cover of rainy night, he crossed the Yellow River secretly, and then directed his troops to Yunzhou city. Liang's army was unprepared and was defeated by the elite soldiers of the later Tang Dynasty. After Yunzhou was taken, the heart of Houliang was exposed. From Yunzhou to Daliang, there is no natural barrier to defend. It is only a matter of time before the end of Houliang.
Li Cunxu summons Kang Yanxiao
In August of the third year of Longde (923), Li Cunxu summoned Kang Yanxiao, the general of Houliang who had just returned. Kang Yanxiao analyzed the situation of Houliang for Li Cunxu: the region of Houliang was not narrow, and the military strength was not small, but Zhu Youzhen was weak and incompetent, which led to political corruption and bribery. The selection and use of talents were not based on the standards of talent and virtue and military achievements. The generals should also send close officials to watch them when they are on the March. The generals can't send their own troops. Therefore, the defeat situation of Houliang has been determined. In the end, Kang Yanxiao offered Li Cunxu the general plan to kill Liang: "when Liang soldiers gather, they will be in great force, but when they are divided, they will be in weak force. His majesty should now keep the best of the animals. After they are divided, he will choose a good opportunity to lead 5000 elite cavalry from Yunzhou to Daliang, and capture Zhu Youzhen alive. Ten days or half a month is bound to be a great success.". "
On the second day of October (November 12), Li Cunxu's elite entered the south of yangliuduhe river. On the third day of November (November 13), he entered Yunzhou city. After crossing Wenshui at midnight, he ordered Li Siyuan to attack and advance as a pioneer. In the morning of the fourth day of the lunar new year, he fought with Liang's army and won a great victory. He captured the central capital of Houliang (now Wenchang, Shandong Province). At this time, some generals believed that although it was said that bianzhou was empty, they did not know whether the information was true or false, and they advocated the safe use of troops, first attacking to the East, and then seeking opportunities. Kang Yanxiao strongly advocated the rapid deployment of troops in bianzhou, and Li Siyuan also advocated the day and night attack, taking advantage of the unknown internal situation of Liang army to seize bianzhou first. The morale of the Tang army was high. In the evening of the fourth day of the first lunar month, Li Siyuan was ordered to lead the army to attack quickly and advance quickly at night. The next day, Li Cunxu followed up. On the seventh day of the first lunar month (November 17), the cavalry of the Tang army besieged Caozhou (today's dingtaoxi, Shandong Province), and the guards of the Liang army were unprepared and had to surrender. After occupying Caozhou with bloodless weapons, the Tang army kept on galloping to the West and drove straight to bianzhou.
The fall of Caozhou
Zhu Youzhen got the news of the fall of Caozhou, panicked, and hurriedly called together the ministers to discuss the countermeasures. There was nothing for them to do. Zhu Youzhen wept day and night. He didn't know what to do. He called in his old minister, Jing Xiang, to ask about the strategy for retreating the enemy. After he had made some mistakes in his employment, Jing Xiang said that even if he was reborn, he would not be able to recover the defeat. He was determined to die for his country.
Zhu Youzhen's ministers fled one after another, and even the national seal was stolen by his subordinates. Many of the guards deserted and defected. Zhu Youzhen can't help but cry day and night. On the eighth day of the eighth lunar month (November 18), he said to Huang Fulin, the commander beside him, "Li is our feud of Liang Dynasty. I can't surrender to them. Rather than wait for them to kill me, you should kill me first. "Huangfulin hurriedly said," I can only serve your majesty. How can I hurt your majesty with my hand? "Zhu Youzhen said," are you going to sell me to Li if you don't want to kill me? "Huangfulin pulled out his sword and tried to commit suicide. Zhu Youzhen said, "I'll die with you!" he said, holding the hilt in huangfulin's hand and waving the horizontal sword to his neck. The blood flowed and he fell to the ground to die. Huangfulin also wept and committed suicide.
On the morning of the ninth day of the ninth lunar month (November 19), Li Siyuan's cavalry arrived at the foot of bianzhou City, and the garrison opened the door to surrender. On the same day, Li Cunxu also led his troops to the city, leading them from the west gate, and Hou Liang was destroyed.
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