雍正十二年才确立两广总督 这个岗位职责有哪些呢-看世界

雍正十二年才确立两广总督 这个岗位职责有哪些呢

  其实两广总督不只是清朝才有的,最早是在明代景泰年间就有设立,属于钦差大臣,只是应对叛乱临时设置的。到了清朝,总督一职就是正儿八经的封疆大吏,军政、行政一把抓,权利非常大。

  今天小编给大家准备了:两广总督的文章,感兴趣的小伙伴们快来看看吧!

Today, I have prepared the article for you: Governor General of Guangdong, Guangdong and Guangxi. Let's have a look at it quickly!

  其实两广总督不只是才有的,最早是在景泰年间就有设立,属于钦差大臣,只是应对叛乱临时设置的。到了清朝,总督一职就是正儿八经的封疆大吏,军政、行政一把抓,权利非常大。

In fact, the governors of Guangdong and Guangxi were not only established during the reign of Jingtai. They belonged to imperial ministers and were only set up temporarily to deal with the rebellion. In the Qing Dynasty, the post of governor was a serious feudal official with great power.

  所以今天着重来讲一下清代的两广总督。

So today I want to talk about the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi in the Qing Dynasty.

  确切的说是从雍正十二年开始确立了两广总督,正二品,统管广东、广西两省,特别说明一下,当时海南也隶属于广西省。

Specifically speaking, since the 12th year of Yongzheng, the governor of Guangdong, Guangxi and other provinces have been established. In particular, Hainan was also subordinate to Guangxi at that time.

  那么两广总督的岗位职责有哪些呢?

So what are the responsibilities of the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi?

  两广总督的全称是“总督两广等处地方、提督军务、粮饷、兼巡抚事”

The full name of the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi is "governor of Guangdong and other places, governor of military affairs, food and pay, and governor"

  我们知道巡抚就是管民政事务的,总督比巡抚要高一级,除了管民政,考评下属官吏,还要管军务,能够调动地方军队,相当于两个省的省长兼军区总司令。

We know that the governor is in charge of civil affairs. The governor is one level higher than the governor. In addition to the administration of civil affairs, the assessment of subordinate officials, he is also in charge of military affairs. He can mobilize the local army, which is equivalent to the governor and commander-in-chief of the two provinces.

  除了两广总督,清朝一共设有两江、两广、直隶、闽浙、湖广、四川、云贵、陕甘八个总督,总督的职权其实都差不多,不过直隶位于首都所在地,两江又最为富庶,地位靠前。清朝初期,只有广州一口通商,税收丰厚,所以两广总督的地位也很高,排在和两江总督的后面,为第三。显然胜任总督这个岗位的人必须要文武兼备,所以总督都是直接任命的,在选择上也很慎重,至少也得是皇帝信任的人。

In addition to the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, there were eight governors in the Qing Dynasty, namely, Liangjiang, Liangguang, Zhili, Fujian and Zhejiang, Huguang, Sichuan, Yungui, Shaanxi and Gansu. In fact, the governor's functions and powers were almost the same. However, Zhili was located in the capital, and the two rivers were the richest, ranking first. In the early Qing Dynasty, only Guangzhou had one port to do business, and the tax revenue was rich. Therefore, the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi had a very high position, ranking third behind the governor of the two rivers. Obviously, people who are competent for the post of governor must have both culture and martial arts, so the governor is appointed directly, and he is also very careful in his choice, at least he must be a person trusted by the emperor.

  有很多我们熟悉的人都出任过两广总督,比如林则徐、李鸿章、张之洞、曾国荃等。还有一些在鸦片战争期间比较难做的两广总督,比如主和的琦善,作为列强与清政府之间交涉的桥梁,列强提出的条件清政府很难接受,只能替清政府背锅,革职问罪。此前主战的林则徐也被革职问罪了。还有被清政府以“有碍和局”为理由撤职的黄宗汉,以及“不战、不和、不守,不死、不降、不走”的,广州城破后被俘,被带到印度,客死他乡。

Many people we know have served as governors of Guangdong and Guangxi, such as Lin Zexu, Li Hongzhang, Zhang Zhidong, Zeng Guoquan, etc. There were also some governors of Guangdong and Guangxi who were difficult to be governors during the Opium War, such as Qi Shan, the leader of the Communist Party of China and the Communist Party of China. As a bridge of negotiation between the powers and the Qing government, the conditions put forward by the powers were very difficult for the Qing government to accept, so the Qing government could only carry the pot for the Qing government and be dismissed for questioning. Lin Zexu, who had been fighting before, was also dismissed and charged. And Huang Zonghan, who was dismissed by the Qing government for the reason of "hindering the peace", and those who "did not fight, do not fight, do not defend, do not die, do not surrender, do not leave", were captured after Guangzhou city broke, taken to India, and died in other places.

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