明朝对后金一次压倒性的胜利都没有 女真人的战斗力真的有怎么强吗-看世界

明朝对后金一次压倒性的胜利都没有 女真人的战斗力真的有怎么强吗

  公元1618年,努尔哈赤统一东北后,宣读了对明朝的七大恨,明清之战拉开序幕。拥有数千万人口的大明朝,竟然不敌只有十几万人女真族。从萨尔浒之战一直到松锦大战,大明竟然连一次压倒性的胜利都没有过。女真人的战斗力果真有这么强吗?

  还不知道:女真人战斗力的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I don't know yet: readers of the combat effectiveness of the female reality, the following editor will give you a detailed introduction, and then read on~

  公元1618年,统一东北后,宣读了对的,明清之战拉开序幕。拥有数千万人口的大明朝,竟然不敌只有十几万人。从一直到,大明竟然连一次压倒性的胜利都没有过。女真人的战斗力果真有这么强吗?

In 1618, after the unification of Northeast China, the war of Ming and Qing Dynasty began. The Ming Dynasty, with a population of tens of millions, was defeated by only a hundred thousand people. From then on, Daming failed to win an overwhelming victory. Is the combat power of the real woman really so strong?

  女真人生活在长白山、黑龙江一带的深山里,以渔猎为生。因为生活环境恶劣,女真人练就了一副强壮的身体,而且,民风彪悍。

She lives in the deep mountains of Changbai Mountain and Heilongjiang Province and lives by fishing and hunting. Because of the bad living environment, the real woman has developed a strong body, and the people are strong.

  努尔哈赤统一女真三部后,建立了八旗制度。三百人为一牛录,设佐领;五牛录为一甲喇,设参领;五甲喇为一旗,设固山额真。旗丁战时为兵,农时为民,兵民合一。由东北女真大汉组成的军队军纪严明,悍不畏死。

Nurhachi established the Eight Banners system after unifying the three Nuzhen ministries. For three hundred people, one ox record shall be set as assistant leader; for five ox record, one carat shall be set as reference leader; for five carats, one flag shall be set as fixed mountain and forehead. In wartime, the flag and the people were soldiers, while in farming, the soldiers and the people were one. The army, which is composed of the Northeast Nvzhen big men, has a strict military discipline and is fearless of death.

  这种精神得益于八旗近乎残酷的军纪。若佐领战死,本牛录旗丁皆斩;参领战死,该甲喇旗丁皆斩。明朝天年间,满八旗便常常破关而入,掳掠汉人的金银、粮食和奴隶。满八旗以军功论英雄,所以旗丁们闻战则喜,人人敢死战。

This spirit benefits from the nearly cruel military discipline of the eight banners. If zuoling dies in the war, all the banners in Niulu will be cut off; if the leader dies in the war, all the banners in Jiala will be cut off. In the Tian years of Ming Dynasty, the Eight Banners often broke through the border and plundered the gold, silver, grain and slaves of the Han people. The eight banners of Manchu described their heroes as military achievements, so when they heard about the war, they were happy, and everyone dared to die.

  明朝崇祯年间,九边军饷不过每月三四两银子,而斩首一级就有高达三十两的赏银。即便如此,明军也极少能斩获满八旗首级,杀良冒功者比比皆是。就连著名的宁锦大捷,明军斩首二百余级,已经是前所未有的大捷了。

During the Chongzhen period of the Ming Dynasty, the military pay of the nine sides was no more than 34 Liang silver per month, while the beheading level had as much as 30 liang of silver. Even so, the Ming army was rarely able to capture the first level of the eight banners, and there were many people who killed the good and made great contributions. Even the famous Ningjin great victory, with the Ming army beheading more than 200 ranks, has been unprecedented.

  旗丁满十五岁的时候要进行考核,合格者为步甲,优秀者为马甲,然后再依据战场上斩级多少擢升,斩首一百级可穿红甲,再从红甲中选取骑射双绝者为巴牙喇,即白甲兵。白甲兵的数量非常稀少,可以说是千里挑一,一个甲喇中也只有三五十个,战力最强的两黄旗也不过只有二百余白甲兵。

At the age of 15, the flagmen should be assessed. The qualified ones are walking armour and the excellent ones are horse armour. Then they can be promoted according to the level of beheading on the battlefield. The red armour can be worn by beheading at level 100. Then they can select the two excellent ones from the red armour as bayala, that is, the white armour. The number of white armour soldiers is very rare. It can be said that there are only one out of a thousand miles. There are only 350 in a single armour, and the two yellow flags with the strongest combat power are only more than 200 white armour soldiers.

  满八旗中以白甲兵战斗力最强,他们内穿锁子甲,外披铁甲,中间还有一层棉甲。从天启年间明清大战开始,前后交战五十多年,都没有一个白甲兵被杀死。松锦大战时,率领五个白甲兵攻取一个山头,六人冲上山顶,与明军大战,全歼守军二百四十余名,己方竟然无一伤亡。

Among the eight Manchu banners, the white armour is the most powerful. They wear lock armour inside, iron armour outside, and a layer of cotton armour in the middle. Since the war of Ming and Qing Dynasties in Tianqi period, no white armour soldiers have been killed for more than 50 years. During the Song Jin war, he led five white armour soldiers to capture a mountain top. Six of them rushed to the top of the mountain and fought against the Ming army. They wiped out more than 240 defenders, but there was no casualties on their side.

  “女真不满万,满万不可敌”。女真战力虽强,但是人丁稀薄。大明只需要一场的大胜利,女真就会元气大伤,非十年以上不能恢复。然而自从贺在浑河覆灭后,大明再无强军,仅有的也沦为辽东军阀的私兵,以至于明军畏敌如虎,尚未交锋士气已失,一触即溃。大明连战连败,士气低迷,将领或贪生怕死,或投机倒把,纵然拥兵数十万也是徒然无功。

"When a woman is dissatisfied, she is invincible.". Although Nuzhen has strong fighting power, she has few people. Daming only needs one big victory, and Nuzhen will lose her vitality. She can't recover for more than ten years. However, since the collapse of he in Hunhe, Daming no longer had a strong army, and only became the private soldiers of the warlords of Liaodong. As a result, the Ming army was afraid of the enemy and had not yet lost the morale of fighting, which was about to collapse. In the Ming Dynasty, the army was defeated in a row. The morale was low. The generals were either greedy for life or afraid of death, or were speculators. Even if they supported hundreds of thousands of soldiers, it was futile.

  1644年,大明在内忧外患的双重打击下轰然倒塌。面对战无不胜的满八旗,南明抵抗势力与农民军残部联合起来,仍旧不敌满清这个军事贵族与地主集团的结合体。定都北京后,满八旗便养尊处优,不过短短数十年时间,便沦为少爷兵,强大的八旗兵从此不复辉煌。

In 1644, Daming collapsed under the double attack of internal and external troubles. In the face of the invincible Manchu eight banners, the Southern Ming resistance combined with the remnant of the peasant army, still invincible to the combination of the military aristocracy and the landlord group. After the capital of Beijing was established, the eight banners were well-off. However, in just a few decades, they became soldiers of the young master, and the powerful eight banners were no longer brilliant.

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