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Scholars and scholars at all times and in all over the world have said a lot about Qin Shihuang. In fact, burning books and pitching Confucians are two things, only later people put the two things together for short "burning books and pitching Confucians". So why did Qin Shihuang do it? Was it really beneficial to Qin Shihuang at that time? Let's take a look at this important historical event that later generations raised in time and felt sorry.
In 213 BC, something happened. Burning books, it's only a few years since the first emperor of Qin died. One day of the year, Emperor Qinshihuang held a grand banquet and invited more than 70 doctors to attend the banquet. At this time, seventy doctors toasted Qin Shihuang. Think about how spectacular the toast is. Great joy of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, an important figure appeared at this time. Chunyu, a doctor, held up his glass and made a speech to the first emperor of Qin Dynasty. The former state of Qin was only a small country, but now it has unified the six countries. The sun and the moon shine everywhere. The state of Qin must be passed on from generation to generation. This is to praise Qin Shihuang and flatter him! Qin Shihuang was very happy. At this time, another man appeared, he said to Qin Shihuang. Because they have a system of enfeoffment. If something goes wrong in the future, these vassals can protect the centralized power from coercion. In other words, he did not want the first emperor of Qin to monopolize power. It is hoped that the vassals will be divided and ministers will have some power.
So Qin Shihuang let the ministers solve the problem in the court. These two questions can be said to be tit for tat. One is to praise Qin Shihuang and the other is to criticize him. Therefore, ministers dare not say a word. Then a man came out, and he was. He made a suggestion to Qin Shihuang to abolish the school. Li Si then asked the first emperor of Qin to approve the destruction of all books except those written by the historian of Qin. All poems and books must be decapitated. At this time, the eldest son of the first emperor of Qin stood up and strongly opposed it. The first emperor of Qin was furious and demoted from the capital to be the overseer of the Great Wall army.
In fact, burning books did not solve the feudalism and county disputes. The disadvantages of counties are at present, and the disadvantages of feudalism are in the future. One is that centralization is too powerful, and no one will support it if something goes wrong. In the latter, after the succession of the throne, the consanguinity became more and more distant. The princes will start a war. Therefore, both political systems have their advantages and disadvantages.
What happened in the year after burning the books? We know that the first emperor of Qin devoted himself to the pursuit of elixir in his old age. He keeps sending people to ask for help, and if they don't, they kill them. Lu Sheng and his two alchemists once called together people to discuss Qin Shihuang's search for pills. They talked about Qin Shihuang's conduct and administration. Finally, I decided to run away, and I still ran away with a lot of money. These words eventually reached the ears of Qin Shihuang, who was furious. He became more angry when he learned that they had escaped. So he called together all the remaining priests and buried them alive. According to records, "pit warlocks" are so-called warlocks, not pure Confucians.
Why is it called "pitching Confucians"? It comes from the saying after the Western Jin Dynasty. According to Wei Hong of the Western Jin Dynasty, when the first emperor of Qin was unified in writing, he was afraid that the world's scholars would not follow. So he called them Lang. Ask them if they can produce watermelons in winter. In ancient times, there was no invention of greenhouse vegetables, melons and fruits. It was not easy to plant watermelon out of season. But Qin Shihuang planted watermelon by the hot spring near Lishan Mountain, relying on the ground temperature. Then they deceived those scholars to the Lishan Mountain for on-the-spot investigation, and later ordered people to push earth from above to bury the more than 700 scholars alive. This kind of saying is very popular.
There are some problems. We know that the first emperor of Qin was cruel. however
Can he deal with the Confucians in such a vicious way? I think the records in historical records are more reliable. It's the magicians who are the victims. In ancient times, a magician was a man of the Yin Yang and five elements school. Later, people said that it was more of a pitfall. Burning books and pitching Confucians has a great influence on later scholars, including many books described in the pre Qin period were destroyed in the event of burning books. For us today, those books are valuable spiritual culture and cultural treasures. And the people who overthrow Qin Dynasty are not those who read big words. Although they have read a little, comparatively speaking, the first emperor of Qin is a little ignorant. What do you think of Qin Shihuang's burning books and pitching Confucians? Do you feel sorry for this? You can comment more!
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