司马懿为什么要对曹氏宗亲赶尽杀绝?-看世界

司马懿为什么要对曹氏宗亲赶尽杀绝?

  士族这个词虽然是从司马懿之后的晋朝开始流行,但是其前身说白还是贵族与世家,在汉朝的时候世家就是所谓的士族,而到了秦秋战国时期就是贵族,再往前就是所谓的大小诸侯。

  “阁中帝子今何在,槛外长江空自流”,遥望历史的河流,感受历史的沧桑,和小编一起走进了解的故事。

"Where is the emperor in the pavilion now? The Yangtze River flows in the air outside the sill". Look at the historical river, feel the vicissitudes of history, and walk into the story of understanding with Xiaobian.

  士族这个词虽然是从司马懿之后的开始流行,但是其前身说白还是贵族与世家,在的时候世家就是所谓的士族,而到了秦秋战国时期就是贵族,再往前就是所谓的大小诸侯。

Although the word "Shi Zu" began to be popular after Sima Yi, its predecessor was the aristocrat and aristocratic family. At that time, the aristocratic family was the so-called Shi Zu, and at the Qin autumn and Warring States period, it was the aristocrat, and then it was the so-called big and small princes.

  从古代以前整个中国其实还是处于奴隶社会,而平民百姓就是依附在整个天下间大大小小的贵族之下讨生活,可以说当时的贵族几乎就是一方的小一般的存在。

Before ancient times, the whole China was still in a slave society, and the common people were dependent on the nobles of all sizes in the world to live. It can be said that the nobles at that time were almost one side's ordinary existence.

  而且贵族这样的势力几乎属于世袭,也就是说自己只要是贵族,自己的子孙就一直都是贵族,只要不出现太大的问题就可以无限的传承下去。

And the influence of aristocracy almost belongs to hereditary, that is to say, as long as they are aristocrats, their children will always be aristocrats, as long as there is no big problem, they can be inherited indefinitely.

  可是打破了这个传统,因为的变法,从而让秦国的奴隶有了拼搏的希望,于是奴隶的数量就这样开始发生了变化,可以说正是统一了六国,从而让奴隶这个职业从此消失在历史的长河之中。

However, this tradition was broken because of the change of law, which gave the slaves of the Qin State hope to fight hard. So the number of slaves began to change. It can be said that the six countries were unified, so that the slave profession disappeared in the long river of history.

  对士族的压制

Suppression of the gentry

  的集团其实就是士族与寒门子弟的结合体。

In fact, the group is the combination of the literati and the Hans.

  也正是这个原因,所以当时的荀家一直都不支持曹操自立为帝,说白了就是跟曹操之间的理念不合,毕竟曹操一心想要建立士族与寒门共存的局面。

That's why the Xunzi family at that time did not support Cao Cao's self-reliance as emperor. To put it bluntly, they did not agree with Cao Cao's idea. After all, Cao Cao wanted to establish the coexistence of the literati and the humble family.

  但是这个想法会极大的损害士族的利益,要知道这么多年来士族一直高高在上,享受着各种各样的特权,而曹操居然想要把士族跟寒门子弟列为,这让一向高高在上的士族之人怎么可能接受得了。

But this idea will do great harm to the interests of the literati. We should know that the literati have been high and enjoy all kinds of privileges for so many years, and Cao Cao wanted to list the literati and the children of the humble family, which made the literati who have always been high how could they accept it.

  也正是这个原因,所以曹操努力了一辈没有完成自己的帝王梦想,而跟为何会失败,其实跟曹操的原因大同小异,刘备可以说就由寒门组建而成,虽然寒门子弟的大量出现让蜀国出现了相当多数量的人才,但是这只是最基本的人才,跟那些传承几百年的世家相比,根本就无法相提并论。

It's just for this reason that Cao Cao's generation didn't fulfill his dream of emperor, but with the same reason as Cao Cao's, Liu Bei can be said to have been formed by Han men. Although a large number of Han men's children have brought about a considerable number of talents in Shu, they are just the most basic talents, and they are similar to those who have passed on for hundreds of years There is no comparison at all.

  而东吴孙权跟刘备的情况更是,这也是一直不想跟东吴开战的主要原因,大家都是同病相怜,何苦为难自己人。

And the situation of Sun Quan and Liu Bei in the eastern Wu is even more, which is also the main reason why they have not wanted to fight with the eastern Wu. We are all in the same boat. Why do we have to suffer.

  其实东吴也不能说全是由寒门子弟组成,大多数还是江东的士族为代表,只是东吴很好的处理了士族与寒门之间的关系,说实话孙权掌控东吴的那么多年一直处于防守状态,说白了就是在平衡士族与寒门之间的关系,不让他们出现大的矛盾,可以说把自己所有的精力全部浪费在了平息矛盾上面,也没有剩余的时候去。

In fact, it can't be said that the eastern Wu is made up of Han clan's children. Most of them are represented by the scholars in Jiangdong. But the relationship between the scholars and Han clan has been well handled in the eastern Wu. To be honest, Sun Quan has been in a defensive state for so many years since he took control of the eastern Wu. To put it bluntly, he is balancing the relationship between the scholars and Han clan, so that they don't have big conflicts. We can say that we have all of them All of our energy is wasted on settling conflicts, and there is no time left.

  士族的再次崛起

The rise of gentry again

  原本在平定天下之后,以为自己终于可以将士族跟寒门之间和平的相处在一起了,但是以司马懿为首的士族终于坐不住了。

After pacifying the world, I thought that I could finally get along with the scholars peacefully, but the scholars headed by Sima Yi couldn't sit down.

  这么多年因为要统一三国,所以士族一直都没有机会把属于自己的这些特权再次拿回来,而且曹操这个人相当有头脑,在战争当中借机不知道铲除了多少士族势力,比如说自作聪明的等人,都是曹操借机除掉的士族。

For so many years, because they wanted to unify the Three Kingdoms, the literati had never had the chance to take back their privileges again. Moreover, Cao Cao was quite intelligent. He had no idea how many literati forces had been eradicated during the war. For example, the intelligent people were all the literati who Cao took the opportunity to eliminate.

  可是这些都是小打小闹,因为士族不是单独一个人,哪怕曹操杀掉一百个杨修,依然不会让士族伤筋动骨,就像当时荀家的、等人一样,曹操明明恨的要死,但是却又不管对他们下手。

But these were all petty quarrels, because the literati were not alone. Even if Cao Cao killed a hundred Yang Xiu, he would not let the literati hurt their muscles and bones. Just like the Xunzi family and others at that time, Cao Cao hated them to death, but he did not care about them.

  这件事一直等到曹操感觉自己已经掌控住局面的时候,才真正的对他们下手,可是士族的势力可不单单一个荀家,虽然荀家在曹操的打压下已经无法再次走到士族的前排,但是司马家却在这次机会中偷偷走到了台前。

It was not until Cao Cao felt that he had taken control of the situation that he really started to deal with them. However, the influence of the literati was not just the Xunzi family. Although the Xunzi family could not go to the front row of the literati again under Cao Cao's pressure, the Sima family sneaked to the front of the stage in this opportunity.

  表面上看起来司马懿在自己的家里装病,并且还相当的低调,但是士族都知道这就是自己的希望,所以很多士族在私底下都是无条件支持司懿,就是在等机会。

On the surface, Sima Yi pretends to be ill in his own home, and he is quite low-key, but the scholars all know that this is their hope, so many scholars support Sima Yi unconditionally in private, that is, they are waiting for opportunities.

  而这个机会终于在在中实现在了,包括在内的5000宗亲几乎被一网打尽,这个时候不是曹家低一下头服一下弱就可以解决的。

And this opportunity is finally realized in, including 5000 family members were almost wiped out. At this time, Cao's family can't solve the problem with a low head and a weak head.

  要知道曹操一直都运用自己的智慧在众多士族当中游走,既打压了士族还提高了曹家的地位,可以说曹操就是当时最为出色的人才,就算是曹操已经死了,可是曹家的君主们一定得到了如何再次打压士族的传承,只要再次给曹家一个机会,说不定整个士族又会面临三国时期的那样,被曹操一步步打压到跟平民百起平坐的地步。

We should know that Cao Cao has been using his wisdom to wander among many scholars, which not only suppressed the scholars but also improved the status of the Cao family. It can be said that Cao Cao was the most outstanding talent at that time. Even if Cao Cao was dead, but the monarchs of the Cao family must have how to suppress the inheritance of the scholars again. As long as we give the Cao family another chance, maybe the whole family will again In the face of the Three Kingdoms period, he was beaten step by step by Cao Cao to the level of sitting with the civilians.

  可以说这一点是士族根本就无法容忍的,这些士族大多数都是传承了几百甚至千年以上的传承,其骨子里面的高傲早已让自己无法跟平民百姓平起平坐,因为这是对士族的侮辱。

It can be said that this is intolerable for the scholars. Most of these scholars have passed on for hundreds or even thousands of years. The pride in their bones has long prevented them from being equal to the common people, because it is an insult to the scholars.

  为了不让曹操打压士族的历史再次发生,司马懿只能被迫将整个曹氏宗亲5000余人全部斩草除根,其实我们也知道最初的时候曹爽会投降就是因为司马懿放话让他们当富家翁,所以曹爽等人才会表示当场投降,等待以后的机会,谁会想到这些士族根本就没有想过会放曹家一马,于是整整5000曹氏宗亲就此被清除的干干净净,从而断了曹家的传承。

In order to prevent the history of Cao Cao's suppression of the gentry from happening again, Sima Yi was forced to cut off all 5000 members of Cao's clan. In fact, we also know that at the beginning, Cao Shuang would surrender because Sima Yi told them to be rich, so Cao Shuang and others would surrender on the spot, waiting for the opportunity later. Who would have thought that these gentry did not think about it at all Cao's family will be released, so the whole 5000 Cao's clan will be cleaned up, thus breaking the inheritance of Cao's family.

  自从司马家族掌管了整个天下之后,士族可以说得到了最夸张的成长,尤其是实行了占田荫客制,也就是说士族可以在合理的条件下占有大量的土地跟人口,并且还在经济上给予了士族大量的特权,直接的后果就是让整个中原陷入了当中,也让北方的胡人看到了机会进入了中原,从此人民开始进入了水深火热之中,一直到的统一中国为止,才让士族的脚步停了下来,但是的争功近利让士族再次看到了机会重新出现在历史的舞台上,等以后才彻底将士族从根本上消除。

Since the Sima family took charge of the whole world, the literati had the most exaggerated growth, especially the implementation of the system of occupying land and shadow guest, which means that the literati can occupy a large number of land and population under reasonable conditions, and also give a large number of economic privileges to the literati. The direct result is that the whole Central Plains fell into the middle and the northern Hu people saw it The opportunity to enter the Central Plains, from then on, the people began to enter the hot water, until the reunification of China, only to stop the pace of the literati, but the struggle for quick benefits let the literati once again see the opportunity to reappear on the stage of history, and then completely eliminate the literati.

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