穆桂英是虚构的?历史上杨家将的结局究竟是好是坏?-看世界

穆桂英是虚构的?历史上杨家将的结局究竟是好是坏?

  穆桂英在国内,可以说是一位家喻户晓的巾帼英雄。穆桂英是杨门女将之一,曾率军征卫国,破西夏,立下显赫战功,五十三岁还能冲锋陷阵,其战力不输男将。不过穆桂英这个人物是出自明朝小说《北宋志传》,此后又被加入到各种文学还有影视剧中,才造就了穆桂英的知名度。而历史上是没有穆桂英这个人物的,杨家将中也有很多将领是虚构出来的,那他们的原型究竟是谁?一起来了解下吧。

  的真实结局是什么你知道吗?不知道没关系,小编告诉你。

Do you know what the real ending is? It doesn't matter if you don't know, Xiaobian told you.

  在国内,可以说是一位家喻户晓的。穆桂英是杨门女将之一,曾率军征,破,立下显赫战功,五十三岁还能冲锋陷阵,其战力不输男将。不过穆桂英这个人物是出自小说《北宋志传》,此后又被加入到各种文学还有影视剧中,才造就了穆桂英的知名度。而历史上是没有穆桂英这个人物的,杨家将中也有很多将领是虚构出来的,那他们的原型究竟是谁?一起来了解下吧。

In China, it can be said that he is a household name. Mu Guiying is one of the female generals of Yangmen. She once led the army to fight, broke and made outstanding achievements. At the age of fifty-three, she was able to fight, and her strength was not inferior to that of the male generals. However, Mu Guiying is a character from the novel biography of the Northern Song Dynasty, and later was added to various literature and film and television plays, which made Mu Guiying famous. There is no such character as Mu Guiying in history, and there are many generals of Yang family who are made up. Who are their prototypes? Let's get to know.

  杨家将是一部英雄传奇系列故事,以纪振伦 (秦淮墨客)校阅的《杨家府演义》、熊大木的《杨家将传》(又名《 北宋志传》、《杨家将演义》)等演义、话本 、

Yangjiajiang is a series of heroic and legendary stories, including the stories of yangjiafu reviewed by Ji Zhenlun (Mohist of Qinhuai), Yangjiajiang's biography (also known as the biography of Northern Song Dynasty and Yangjiajiang's biography) reviewed by Xiong Damu

戏剧

Theatre

等形式在中国民间广为流传。它对北宋前期、、杨文广等人的事迹加以演义,讲述了杨家四代人戍守北疆、的动人事迹。《薛家将》、《杨家将》、《呼家将》等构成了我国通俗小说史上著名的"三大家将小说"。

And other forms are widely spread among Chinese people. It narrates the moving deeds of the four generations of Yang family guarding the northern Xinjiang. Xue Jiajiang, Yang Jiajiang and Hu Jiajiang are the three famous novels in the history of popular novels in China.

  杨业原是,官至建雄军节度使,骁勇善战,国人号为“无敌”。北汉降宋,杨业得到信任,继续戍边防备契丹。他曾在雁门以奇兵数千骑大败契丹,自此令契丹望风而遁,但也受到上级猜忌。宋太宗雍熙三年(986年),宋军北伐,潘美一路,杨业副之,克云、应、寰、朔四州。军败绩,潘美、杨业所部护送四州民众内迁。途中遭遇契丹主力,潘美等强令杨业出战。杨业率部血战陈家谷,其子杨延玉战死,杨业为契丹所擒,绝食三日而死。

Yang Yeyuan was a military officer who was brave and good at fighting. He was called "invincible" by the Chinese people. When the northern Han Dynasty came to the Song Dynasty, Yang Ye gained trust and continued to defend the border against Qidan. He once defeated Qidan with thousands of strange soldiers in Yanmen, which made Qidan escape from the wind, but was also suspected by his superiors. In the third year of Yongxi reign of Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty (986), the army of the Song Dynasty made a northern expedition. Along the way of Panmei, Yang Ye was the deputy, and Keyun, Ying, Huan and Shuo were the four prefectures. When the army failed, pan Mei and Yang Ye escorted the people of the four states to move in. Encounter Qidan main force on the way, pan Mei and other forces Yang Ye to fight. Yang Ye led Chen Jiagu's blood battle, and his son Yang Yanyu died. Yang Ye was captured by Khitan and died on a hunger strike for three days.

  《宋史》对杨家着墨不多。杨业、杨延昭(杨业之长子)、杨文广(杨延昭三子)确实存在,其余如穆桂英及等皆是杜撰出来的,并不存在于《宋史》等史实中。

The history of the Song Dynasty has little influence on the Yang family. Yang Ye, Yang Yanzhao (the eldest son of Yang Ye) and Yang Wenguang (the third son of Yang Yanzhao) do exist. The rest, such as Mu Guiying and others, are all made up and do not exist in historical facts such as song history.

  穆桂英最早出现在小说《杨家府世代忠勇通俗演义》中:“有一女名木金花,又名木桂英……”其后,在明清民间文艺中,被演绎成穆桂英,成为家喻户晓的杨门女将。但北宋的杨业家族其实并无穆桂英。她是民间文人虚构出来的。

Mu Guiying first appeared in the novel "yangjiafu generation loyal and brave popular romance": "there is a woman named Mu Jinhua, also known as Mu Guiying..." Later, in the folk literature and art of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, she was interpreted as Mu Guiying and became a well-known female general of Yangmen. But Yang Ye family in Northern Song Dynasty didn't have mu Guiying. She was made up by folk literati.

  穆桂英的原型应该是世居北宋西北边境的鲜卑族大,原因有二:一、“不管是‘穆桂英’,还是‘木桂英’,其音之急读,与‘慕容’二字音相近”;二、历史上,杨业的后人曾与鲜卑联姻,《保德州志》载:“延昭子文广,娶慕容氏,善战。”这个慕容氏,当为穆桂英的历史原型。

The prototype of Mu Guiying should be the Xianbei nationality living in the northwest border of the Northern Song Dynasty. There are two reasons: first, whether it's "Mu Guiying" or "Mu Guiying", the urgent reading of its voice is similar to that of "Murong"; second, in history, the descendants of Yang Ye once married with Xianbei, and "baodezhou annals" contained: "yanzhaozi was a man of wide culture, married Murong, and was good at war." This Murong family should be the historical prototype of Mu Guiying.

  《宋史》记载的杨业七个儿子分别是:杨延朗(杨延昭)、杨延浦、杨延训、杨延环、杨延贵、杨延彬、杨延玉。其中杨延玉随乃父征战,于陈家谷口一战殉国,其余六子,后皆善终,延朗为崇仪副使,延浦、延训并为供奉官,延环、延贵、延彬并为殿直(官名)。正史并无战死、出家、流落番邦、身死奸臣之手一说。

The seven sons of Yang Ye recorded in Song history are Yang yanlang (Yang Yanzhao), Yang Yanpu, Yang Yanxun, Yang Yanhuan, Yang Yangui, Yang Yanbin and Yang Yanyu. Yang Yanyu followed his father in the battle and died in the first battle of chenjiagukou. The other six sons all ended well. Yanlang was the Deputy envoy of Chongyi, Yanpu and Yanxun were officials, Yanhuan, Yangui and Yanbin were Dianzhi (official name). In the official history, there was no saying that he died in war, became a monk, lived in exile and died as a traitor.

  在杨业的儿子中,以杨延昭最为出色,杨业说:“此儿类我。”杨延昭在边防二十余年,契丹颇为忌惮,目为杨六郎。景德元年(1004年),辽军深入宋境,杨延昭率部突入辽境,击破古城。

Among the sons of Yang Ye, Yang Yanzhao is the most outstanding. Yang Ye said, "this kind of son belongs to me." Yang Yanzhao has been on the frontier defense for more than 20 years, and Qidan is quite afraid of it. His purpose is Yang LIULANG. In the first year of Jingde (1004), the Liao army went deep into the territory of Song Dynasty, and Yang Yanzhao led his troops to break through the ancient city.

  戏曲小说中的杨延昭之子、穆桂英之夫是个虚构的人物,历史中的杨延昭之子,是杨文广。

The son of Yang Yanzhao and the husband of Mu Guiying in the drama novel are fictional characters. The son of Yang Yanzhao in the history is Yang Wenguang.

  杨延昭有三子,《宋史》仅载第三位杨将文广之事迹。延昭长子传永,次子德征,名字独见于《隆平集》。杨延昭的三子杨文广,字仲容,青年时代得到的赏识,置于麾下;曾从南征。杨文广在西边防御西夏,而不忘燕云。辽宋争代州地界,杨文广献上阵图及进取幽燕的方略,但不久就去世了。

Yang Yanzhao has three sons. The history of Song Dynasty only contains the third story of Yang Jiangwen Guang. Yanzhao's eldest son passed on forever, and his second son, Dezheng, was only named in longpingji. Yang Wenguang, the third son of Yang yanzhao, was under his command with the word Zhongrong. He was appreciated in his youth. He once marched from the south. Yang Wenguang defends Xixia in the west without forgetting Yanyun. Liao and Song Dynasties competed for the state boundary, Yang Wenguang presented the battle map and the strategy of enterprising Youyan, but he died soon.

  “杨家将”故事里的杨四郎,在宋辽“金沙滩之战”中被辽人俘获,萧见他长得,又有一身好武艺,爱才心切,便将琼娥公主(又有铁镜公主、桃花公主、明姬公主等说法)许配给他,招为驸马。十五年后,杨四郎过关探母,助宋破辽,与家团圆。这个故事,被京剧及众多地方戏编为《四郎探母》。

Yang Silang in the story of "Yang Jiajiang" was captured by the Liao people in the song and Liao "battle of the golden beach". Xiao saw that he was good at martial arts and loved talents. He betrothed Princess qionge (also known as Princess Tiejing, Princess Peach Blossom, Princess Mingji, etc.) to him and recruited him as his son-in-law. Fifteen years later, Yang Silang passed the customs to explore his mother and helped the Song Dynasty to break the Liao Dynasty and reunite with his family. This story was compiled by Peking Opera and many local operas as "four Lang probes into mother".

  这个杨四郎,也是虚构出来的,不过有人物原型,那就是景德元年为促成宋辽“”作出很大贡献的王继忠。王继忠原是将领,咸平六年,契丹数万骑南侵,王继忠领兵御敌,兵败被捕,辽国太后“知其贤,授户部使,以康默记族女女之”。景德初,契丹又发兵南侵,王继忠从中斡旋,促成宋辽订立和约。他的经历,与杨四郎故事有近似之处。

Yang Silang was also made up, but there was a character prototype, that is, Wang Jizhong, who made great contribution to the song and Liao dynasties in the first year of Jingde. Wang Jizhong was once a general. In the sixth year of Xianping, tens of thousands of Khitans rode south to invade. Wang Jizhong led the army to resist the enemy and was arrested after defeat. The Empress Dowager of Liao state "knew his talents and granted the Ministry of household envoy to remember the daughter of the tribe of kangmoji". In the early days of Jingde, Qidan sent troops to invade the south again, and Wang Jizhong mediated and facilitated the signing of a peace treaty between song and Liao. His experience is similar to the story of Yang sirang.

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