历史上的宋朝到底是什么样 它的实力真的很弱吗-看世界

历史上的宋朝到底是什么样 它的实力真的很弱吗

  960年,后周诸将发动陈桥兵变,拥立宋州归德军节度使赵匡胤为帝,建立宋朝。 赵匡胤为避免晚唐藩镇割据和宦官专权乱象,采取重文抑武方针,加强中央集权,并剥夺武将兵权。宋太宗继位后统一全国,宋真宗与辽国缔结 澶渊之盟后逐渐步入治世。1125年金国大举南侵,导致靖康之耻,北宋灭亡。康王赵构于南京应天府即位,建立了 南宋 。绍兴和议后与金国以秦岭-淮河为界,1234年联蒙灭金,1235年爆发宋元战争,1276年元朝攻占临安, 崖山海战后,南宋灭亡。

  小编知道读者都很感兴趣,今天给大家带来了相关内容,和大家一起分享。

Xiaobian knows that readers are very interested. Today, she brings you relevant content and shares it with you.

  960年,诸将发动,拥立宋州归德军节度使为帝,建立宋朝。 赵匡胤为避免晚唐和乱象,采取重文抑武方针,加强中央集权,并剥夺武将兵权。继位后统一全国,与辽国缔结

In 960, Zhujiang launched a campaign to establish Song Dynasty as emperor. In order to avoid the chaos in the late Tang Dynasty, Zhao Kuangyin adopted the policy of emphasizing culture and suppressing military affairs, strengthening centralized power and depriving military generals of military power. Unify the whole country after succeeding the throne and conclude with Liao state

后逐渐步入。1125年金国大举南侵,导致之耻,北宋灭亡。康王于南京即位,建立了

And then gradually. In 1125, the kingdom of Jin invaded the south, which led to the humiliation and the destruction of the Northern Song Dynasty. King Kang ascended the throne in Nanjing and established

。后与金国以秦岭-淮河为界,1234年联蒙灭金,1235年爆发,1276年攻占临安, 崖山海战后,南宋灭亡。

。 Later, it was bounded by Qinling Huaihe River. In 1234, it joined Mongolia to destroy Jin. In 1235, it broke out. In 1276, it occupied Lin'an. After the sea battle on the cliff, the Southern Song Dynasty was destroyed.

  宋朝大概是中国历史上最糟糕的王朝之一了,“弱宋”二字似乎是把这个统治中国300多年之久的朝代给盖棺定了论,两个作了俘虏,两次在大陆上待不住要跑到海上去。

Song Dynasty is probably one of the worst dynasties in China's history. The word "weak song" seems to define the dynasty that has ruled China for more than 300 years. Two of them were captives. They could not wait to go to the sea on the mainland twice.

  但在欧美、日本,人们对的评价要比它自己身后的国度要高得多。

But in Europe, America and Japan, people's evaluation is much higher than that of the country behind them.

  首先,宋代科学技术无疑居于当时世界的最前列。震惊世界的三大发明:火药、活字印刷和指南针,就诞生于这一时期。正如国内外许多著名史家指出的,这三大发明改变了整个世界文明的发展进程。北宋中期,杨忠辅制定《统天历》,以365.2425日为一年,这个数字与西方1582年颁布公历时的数据完全相同,比现代天文学所测数值只差26秒。由此可见,宋代天文学发展水平之高。

First of all, the science and technology of Song Dynasty was undoubtedly in the forefront of the world at that time. The three great inventions that shocked the world: gunpowder, movable type printing and compass were born in this period. As many famous historians at home and abroad have pointed out, these three inventions have changed the development process of the whole world civilization. In the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty, Yang Zhongfu formulated the unified calendar, taking 365.2425 as a year. This figure is exactly the same as that of the Western calendar when it was promulgated in 1582, only 26 seconds less than that measured by modern astronomy. It can be seen that the development level of astronomy in Song Dynasty is very high.

  在生物学和医学领域,宋代也是成就卓著。在经济文化全面发展的背景下,宋朝政府十分重视与广大民众卫生健康息息相关的医学事业,不仅政府出面编辑刻印了很多医学典籍,而且要求各州县加以推广应用。其中《太平圣惠方》100卷,收录中药处方16834个,《圣济录》200卷,是医学上的一部百科全书,收集了诊断、处方、审脉、用药、针灸等各方面的理论和实践成果。

In the field of biology and medicine, Song Dynasty also made outstanding achievements. Under the background of the overall development of economy and culture, the Song Dynasty government attached great importance to the medical cause closely related to the health of the general public, not only the government came out to edit and print a lot of medical classics, but also required states and counties to promote their application. Among them, there are 100 volumes of Taiping Shenghui prescription, including 16834 prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine, and 200 volumes of shengjilu. It is an encyclopedia in medicine, collecting theoretical and practical achievements in diagnosis, prescription, pulse examination, medication, acupuncture and other aspects.

  宋代还有两项重要成就:

There are also two important achievements in the Song Dynasty:

  其一,宋代的绘画艺术。末代北宋皇帝虽然做皇帝不行,但他对中国绘画艺术的巨大贡献却不可否认。首先,他是一位天赋极深,造诣很高的画家。其次,他又是宋代绘画领域的组织者和主要资助者。由于这一渊源,在宋代宫庭之内,集中了一大批杰出的画家。黄筌的花卉,李公麟的人物,米芾及子友仁的山水,徽宗本人的花鸟,皆卓绝于世。即使以现在的眼光审视他们的艺术水平,也可以说后无来者。

First, the painting art of Song Dynasty. Although the last Northern Song Dynasty emperor was not able to be an emperor, his great contribution to Chinese painting was undeniable. First of all, he is a painter with deep talent and high attainments. Secondly, he was the organizer and main sponsor of the field of painting in Song Dynasty. Because of this origin, a large number of outstanding painters were gathered in the palace of Song Dynasty. Huang's flowers, Li Gonglin's characters, Mi Fu's and Zi Youren's landscapes, and Huizong's own flowers and birds are all outstanding in the world. Even if we look at their art level from the perspective of the present, we can say that there is no future.

  其二,宋代还有一最辉煌的美术工艺,为历朝所不及者,就是磁器。功底深厚的宋代文化,统治者的自身的文化素养及价值取向,使凝聚在宋瓷上的文化艺术更是的。以宋官窑代表典型的供御用瓷,其釉色平淡含蓄,素雅之中表现着内心的意蕴。从美学角度,它的艺术格调是极其高雅的,特别受到西方人的倾赖。细密的冰片,隐约间闪烁着钻石的光芒,仿佛是宋代艺人无意间冰镐敲击的严冰穿过时空来到了我们面前、温润而细腻。后世把宋代五大明窑称为“”,是最精美艺术与精确工艺完美的结合。

Secondly, there is also one of the most brilliant arts and crafts in the Song Dynasty, which is the magnet. The profound culture of the Song Dynasty, the cultural accomplishment and value orientation of the rulers themselves, make the culture and art condensed in the song porcelain even more true. Song Guan kiln is a typical porcelain for the imperial use. Its glaze color is plain and implicit, and it shows the inner meaning in its simplicity and elegance. From the aesthetic point of view, its artistic style is extremely elegant, especially by Westerners. The fine flakes of ice gleam with the light of diamonds. It seems that Yan ice, hit by an ice pick by an artist in Song Dynasty, came to us through time and space, warm and delicate. Later generations called the five Ming kilns of the Song Dynasty "" the perfect combination of the most exquisite art and precise technology.

  有人认为宋代老百姓,恐怕很大程度上是受“传”的影响。姑且不提这里面虚构的成分,其实就是从“”里来看,那些被逼上梁山的好汉落草的主要原因或者是受人迫害,或者是犯了罪,或者是被擒被骗上梁山的,真正没有饭吃,活不下去上梁山的极少。宋朝在政治上“不以言论治罪”,经济占当时世界的60%,工商业极度繁华,学校教育异常发达,应该说,宋代在各方面所取得的成就非常卓著,很多领域都达到了古代文明的高峰,也给后代文化的发展带来了巨大而深远的影响。

Some people think that the common people in Song Dynasty were influenced by "Zhuan" to a great extent. Let's not mention the fictional elements. In fact, from the perspective of "", the main reason for those who are forced to go to Liangshan is that they are persecuted, or they have committed crimes, or they are caught and cheated to go to Liangshan. There are very few people who really have no food and can't live to go to Liangshan. In politics, Song Dynasty "does not punish crimes by speech". Its economy accounts for 60% of the world at that time. Its industry and commerce are extremely prosperous, and its school education is extremely developed. It should be said that Song Dynasty has made outstanding achievements in all aspects. Many fields have reached the peak of ancient civilization, which has also brought great and far-reaching influence on the development of future culture.

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