Do you know who it is? It doesn't matter if you don't know, Xiaobian told you.
During the reign of emperor Xianfeng, it is said that there were four girls in the harem who were the most favored. They were wulingchun, haitangchun, peony spring and apricot blossom spring, also known as the four spring girls. However, the story of the four spring girls comes from the romance of Qing Dynasty. Since it's not the official history with the two words of the romance, does the four spring girls really exist in the history? This time, I'd like to answer this question for you. According to the names of the four girls, Emperor Xianfeng almost regards them as his escorts. If you want to understand this story, let's have a look.
On April 11, Xianfeng's 9th year, the minister's office announced that Haitang, a woman in Changchun palace, was appointed as the senior lady, next to the senior lady.
As we all know, in the five thousand years of Chinese civilization, there is not only the spread of official history, but also the existence of unofficial hearsay, and the authenticity of it is uneven. Today, Shi Haijun takes a wild history rumor from Xianfeng Period of the late Qing Dynasty as an example to analyze its true degree.
Presumably for Xianfeng, the public will not be unfamiliar. And about Xianfeng Dynasty's popular "four spring Niang" one said, also certainly knows one or two. The most direct embodiment of this statement is in the unofficial history hearsay, so whether the four spring actually has a person in the official history? We may as well carry on the concrete analysis from the hearsay detailed content and the official history related record.
Ye Zai: Xianfeng is depressed and decadent, and all ministers are looking for four beauties to please Shengyi
Although there are many records about "four spring" in the field history, they are basically the same. In 1850 (30 years), the 69 year old Emperor Daoguang died in shendetang. According to the method of "secret construction of the crown prince", the fourth son of the emperor ascended the throne in the hall of Supreme Harmony and was scheduled to change to Xianfeng the next year.
A few years later, the situation faced by the late court was already in jeopardy, with constant internal and external troubles, and the situation would be in decline. In the face of such a crisis, Emperor Xianfeng didn't have the intention of encouraging himself. Instead, he knew that the general situation was gone, and he became depressed and decadent in psychology and action. His ambition and enterprising determination in the early stage of his succession had already disappeared, and he never recovered from that time on. He was greedy for enjoyment all the time, and "enjoyed wine and beauty". In order to please the emperor, the ministers also searched all over the world for beauties to accompany emperor Xianfeng.
Among them, the most outstanding ones are four, and Emperor Xianfeng also gave them nicknames, namely: Begonia spring, Wuling spring, apricot blossom spring and peony spring. In order to win the favor of the emperor, ministers are willing to call these four women "Sishun".
The above is the field history record of "four spring niangs". In the official history, there are no direct records of "four spring", such as the original records of Wenzong, the manuscripts of Qing Dynasty, the biographies of concubines and the real records of emperor Wenzong. Is there really no four people in the history?
In fact, although no words were found in the official history, there was such a record in the memorial of Xianfeng Dynasty. It was on April 11, 1859 (the ninth year of Xianfeng). The specific content was "honoring the official room and preaching the purpose: Haitang, a woman of Changchun palace, was awarded the title of" Xi GUI "in spring, followed by" Ji GUI ".
As we all know, although the status of the memorial to the internal affairs office is far lower than the official historical data, it is precisely because the records of the internal affairs office are closer to the life of the emperor's palace. According to this record, it is not difficult to see that Begonia spring has a real person in history. Moreover, according to the identity of the "palace woman", it can also reflect the reason why she was chosen into the palace purely by her appearance and beauty.
And there are just three people close to him. Two of them are from the same family background as Xigui people, while the other is not from the same family background. According to the family background and position, they are also similar to the three people. As for the background of four people, they are as follows:
1. The only Nanla surname who is not a "palace woman". Born on February 12, 1841 (the 21st year of Daoguang), his father was Nala, then the principal. Quanru was subordinate to Manchuria Zhengbai banner. In 1855 (the fifth year of Xianfeng), on the 10th day of February, he was granted the title of "imperial concubine" by Emperor Jin, who had just succeeded him, in October 1861 (the eleventh year of Xianfeng). In November 1874 (the 13th year of Tongzhi), he was honored as "imperial concubine" by Jin because of "the joy of smallpox". He died in April 21, 1895, aged 55. In August 10, 1897, he was buried in dingfeiyuan.
2. Chahara family with a clear record of "Begonia spring". His father was Zahara Chang Shun, then a cook in the Ministry of internal affairs. In the early years of Xianfeng, she entered the palace as a woman of Changchun palace, not named Begonia spring. In 1859 (Xianfeng nine years), April 11 was awarded the title of Xigui. In October 1861 (the 11th year of Xianfeng), he was granted the title of "emperor Kaoxi's concubine" by Tongzhi Jin Dynasty. In November 1874 (the 13th year of Tongzhi), he was honored as "Xi's concubine" by Jin Dynasty because of "the joy of Tongzhi smallpox". In 1877 (the third year of Guangxu), he died on May 16 and was buried in the imperial palace of Dingling on September 8.
3. Born in Changchun palace. Born on the first day of October in 1840 (the 20th year of Daoguang), it belongs to Zhengbai banner of the Han army. In the early years of Xianfeng, Tongxi imperial concubine was a woman in Changchun palace. In 1859, she was honored as "imperial concubine" in the early ninth Jin Dynasty. In October 1861, she was honored as "imperial concubine" in Tongzhi Jin Dynasty. In November 1874, she died on the third day of May 1885. She was 46 years old. In September 1889, she was buried in Dingfei garden.
4. The woman from Zhongcui palace was born. Born on the 10th day of June in 1840 (the 20th year of Daoguang), his father was Wang Qingyuan, a small gardener. In the early years of Xianfeng, she was a woman in Zhongxi palace, which was the Queen's (later) bedroom at that time. In 1858 (the eighth year of Xianfeng), he was granted the title of Ji Guiren by imperial edict on the 15th of May. Three years later (October 1861), he was honored as "imperial concubine" by Jin. In November 1874 (the 13th year of Tongzhi), he was granted the title of "Ji Taifei". In October 1905 (the 31st year of Guangxu), he died at the age of 66. In September 1907 (the 33rd year of Guangxu), he was buried in Dingfei garden.
After such a look, one person is indeed one of the "four spring", and the other three are all born in the same family background as Begonia spring and are always ranked together, so it is likely that the name of "four spring" is not groundless.
Shi Haijun said:
After the statement of the above field history records and the search of the official history records, it is not difficult to see that the chahara family of xifeifei did have the name of "Begonia spring", while the remaining three people are further inferences based on the extension of "Begonia spring" xifeifei, not all of which are confirmed to exist in history and have not formed a final conclusion.
As for the reason why the hearsay of "four spring" appeared, the first is that Princess Xi "Begonia spring" did exist, and the second is that it was determined by many practical factors, such as the atmosphere and situation of Xianfeng Dynasty at that time, as well as the personality of emperor Xianfeng himself. If this matter is put in, it must be that even if the hearsay appears, the credibility is almost zero. Therefore, from the perspective of rigorous historiography, only "Begonia spring" can be identified in "four spring niangs".
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