明朝的历史评价为何褒贬不一?大明王朝究竟是怎样的?-看世界

明朝的历史评价为何褒贬不一?大明王朝究竟是怎样的?

  之前读历史的时候,我们总是弄不清楚明朝和清朝之间的区别,因为从骨子里面来说,这两个王朝都是封建制度达到顶点的王朝,但可惜的是他们并没有完成自身的转变,一个被评价为历史最黑时代,一个被评价为历史最无能的时代。特别是大明王朝人们对于他的评价格外的怪异,往往都出现两极分化的局面,有的人把他捧的极高,有的人把他黑得极惨,例如易中天和高晓松他们对于明朝就有着极度不友好的态度。问题来了,我们该如何理解大明王朝?它到底是一个什么样的存在呢?

  跟着小编一起探寻历史上真实的。

Follow Xiaobian to explore the truth in history.

  之前读历史的时候,我们总是弄不清楚明朝和之间的区别,因为从骨子里面来说,这两个王朝都是封建制度达到顶点的王朝,但可惜的是他们并没有完成自身的转变,一个被评价为历史最黑时代,一个被评价为历史最无能的时代。特别是大明王朝人们对于他的评价格外的怪异,往往都出现两极分化的局面,有的人把他捧的极高,有的人把他黑得极惨,例如易中天和高晓松他们对于明朝就有着极度不友好的态度。问题来了,我们该如何理解大明王朝?它到底是一个什么样的存在呢?

Before we read history, we always couldn't figure out the difference between the Ming Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty, because in essence, the two dynasties were the dynasties with the highest feudal system, but unfortunately they didn't complete their own transformation, one was rated as the darkest era of history, the other as the most incompetent era of history. Especially in the Ming Dynasty, people's evaluation of him is particularly strange, and there are often polarizing situations. Some people hold him highly, some people turn him black, for example, Yi Zhongtian and Gao Xiaosong have extremely unfriendly attitude towards the Ming Dynasty. The question is, how do we understand the Ming Dynasty? What kind of existence is it?

  其实要理解中国历史上的一个王朝就必须要仔细的分析,它所属的时代,还有它曾经作出过的一系列的努力。当年的大明王朝正处在封建制度的一个成熟阶段,理论上来说它应该是一个盛世时期,因为他的各项制度已经完整,因为他的所有的一切都达到了极致,因此只要好好的运作,这个王朝必然会迎来盛世之后的回光返照。但可惜的是我们仔细看那个背景之下的明朝就会发现非常的尴尬,首先第一点就是,他的开国君主在封建制度已经这么成熟的状况之下,居然还废除了丞相制度,更为奇葩的是,他居然还恢复了最为原始的,无法律,无教条,单凭个人权威来胁迫天下的手段。当时明朝特别流行间谍制度,使得所有人内心中不再有了信任,并且他还兴奋绕开法律的一系列个人手段,使得整个国家失去了稳固性。

In fact, to understand a dynasty in Chinese history, we must carefully analyze its era and a series of efforts it has made. The Ming Dynasty was in a mature stage of feudal system. Theoretically speaking, it should be a prosperous period, because all his systems have been completed, because all of his systems have reached the acme, so as long as they operate well, the Dynasty will inevitably welcome the afterglow of the prosperous period. But it's a pity that we will find it very embarrassing when we look at the Ming Dynasty in that background. First of all, his founding monarch abolished the prime minister system even when the feudal system was so mature. What's more, he restored the most primitive means of coercing the world by his personal authority. At that time, the spy system was very popular in the Ming Dynasty, which made everyone no longer have trust in their hearts, and he was also excited to bypass a series of personal means of law, which made the whole country lose its stability.

  我们可以毫不客气地说,大明王朝的开局是一个极度恶劣的开局,它完全没有一个封建制度成熟阶段的表现,反倒是有一种刚刚建立封建制度的一系列的冲突,所以说明朝的前期让人。等到明朝的中后期,它的确出现了一系列的升级,例如社会阶层出现的新的人事变化,另外上层出现了皇权与大臣之间的分权的斗争,可以说这是一种友好的信号,似乎能够弥补之前开国所带来的一些不满的状况。但悲哀的是,即使是有中期的一系列变故,他也无法压抑那些所谓的传统,所带来的破坏性。

We can say without hesitation that the beginning of the Ming Dynasty was an extremely bad one. It did not have the performance of a mature stage of the feudal system at all. Instead, there was a series of conflicts that had just established the feudal system, so it was said that the early stage of the Ming Dynasty made people. In the middle and later period of Ming Dynasty, it did have a series of upgrades, such as the new personnel changes in the social class, and the separation of powers between the imperial power and the ministers appeared in the upper class. It can be said that this is a friendly signal, which seems to be able to make up for some dissatisfaction brought by the previous founding of the country. But sadly, even with a series of mid-term changes, he could not suppress the destructiveness of those so-called traditions.

  明代的皇帝似乎永远没有一种大局观念,他们要么选择什么都不干,要么选择不上朝,但是他们在不上朝的时候并没有把权力给让出去,反倒是不断的利用分权制衡的原则加强自己的权力,在那样一个关键的时代里面,内阁制度成为了皇帝的一个利用工具,而皇帝本人又不能很好的管理国家,于是就变成了个人集权和整个朝廷分权的现象不能共存的状况。因此从这一点来看当年的大明王朝,既没有满足成熟制度之下带来的美好的结果,同时也没有实现最成熟状况出现转机的可能性,因此大明王朝是一个极为奇怪又畸形的王朝。

The emperor of Ming Dynasty never seemed to have a general idea. They either chose not to do anything or not to go to the court, but they did not give up their power when they did not go to the court. Instead, they constantly used the principle of separation of powers and checks and balances to strengthen their power. In such a critical era, the cabinet system became a tool for the emperor The Emperor himself could not manage the country very well, so it became the situation that the phenomenon of individual centralization and the whole court decentralization could not coexist. Therefore, from this point of view, the Daming dynasty did not meet the good results brought by the mature system, and also did not realize the possibility of turning around in the most mature situation. Therefore, the Daming Dynasty is a very strange and abnormal Dynasty.

  不过说了这么多批判大明王朝的历史事件,我们还是要说一下,历史上每一个王朝都有两面性,当年大明王朝的开端不好,结局也不好,但是它中间的那些奋斗的过程却值得所有人敬佩,历代君王虽然并没有看清楚历史的局势,但是底下的大臣们却一直都在努力地想要打开一条出路,当年的下西洋,后来的改革,这些人都在帮助国家寻求生机,虽然失败了,但也展现出了这个时代所独有的那种救亡图存的意志。不过可惜的是他们的努力并没有改变国家,而当时大明王朝也没能彻底实现社会的转型,反倒是惊起了各种各样的波涛。但总的来说这是一个生错时代的王朝,他曾经做了很多愚蠢的事情,但是这又是一个让人比较敬佩的王朝,因为身处在复杂的时代里面,他们一直都有着改变一切的心思,从最开始的到最后的他们都在努力,但可惜的是努力的方向不对,结果导致国家越走越难。

However, when we talk about so many historical events criticizing the Ming Dynasty, we still have to say that every dynasty in history has two sides. The beginning of the Ming Dynasty was not good, and the end was not good, but the struggle process in the middle of it is worthy of everyone's admiration. Although the kings of all dynasties did not see the historical situation clearly, the ministers under it have been working hard Trying to open up a way out, these people were helping the country to seek vitality in the western countries and later reforms. Although they failed, they also showed the unique will to save the nation and the nation. However, it is a pity that their efforts did not change the country. At that time, the Ming Dynasty did not completely realize the transformation of society, but it started all kinds of waves. But generally speaking, this is a dynasty in a wrong era. He has done a lot of stupid things, but this is another dynasty that people admire. Because in a complex era, they always have the idea of changing everything. They are working hard from the beginning to the end, but unfortunately, the direction of their efforts is not right, which leads to the more difficult the country.

  不过真的要评价的话,明朝终究还是要比清朝好很多,因为明朝虽然没有真正做到稳固的向心力,但是他一直都在酝酿着某种可能性,他们都在尝试的过程中酝酿着可能,虽然这种可能性带来了很多的动荡和君臣关系的冲突,但也孕育着中华文明走向未来的机会。而清朝则彻底地斩断了其中的机会,因此明朝有很大的问题,但是比清朝还是要略好一点,不过他所处的时代埋没了它的光辉,使得它注定不能成为一个让大家真正敬佩的王朝。

However, if we really want to evaluate it, the Ming Dynasty is still much better than the Qing Dynasty, because although the Ming Dynasty did not really achieve a solid centripetal force, it has been brewing a certain possibility, they are brewing a possibility in the process of trying. Although this possibility brings a lot of turbulence and conflict between the monarch and the minister, it also breeds the opportunity for Chinese civilization to move towards the future Meeting. The Qing Dynasty completely cut off the opportunities, so the Ming Dynasty had a lot of problems, but it was a little better than the Qing Dynasty, but his era buried its glory, making it destined not to become a dynasty that we really admire.

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