古代大户人家的嫡女和庶女,地位差别有多大?-看世界

古代大户人家的嫡女和庶女,地位差别有多大?

  古代,在封建宗法制度之下,均实行一夫多妻制度,也可谓一夫一妻多妾制,其中正妻一人,姬妾数人,妾还分为良妾与贱妾等,其它如通房等多少不拘。正妻,也谓嫡妻,包括正妻早亡,或其它原因未生子女而另立妻妾的继室,她们所生子女为谓之嫡出,正宗之意。正妻所生女儿为嫡女,非正妻的侧室、偏房、妾所生的孩子叫庶出,所生的女儿为庶女,也叫旁支。

  一、何谓嫡女、庶女。

1. What is a legitimate daughter or a common daughter.

  古代,在封建之下,均实行度,也可谓一夫一妻多妾制,其中正妻一人,姬妾数人,妾还分为良妾与贱妾等,其它如通房等多少不拘。正妻,也谓嫡妻,包括正妻早亡,或其它原因未生子女而另立妻妾的继室,她们所生子女为谓之嫡出,正宗之意。正妻所生女儿为嫡女,非正妻的侧室、偏房、妾所生的孩子叫庶出,所生的女儿为庶女,也叫旁支。

In ancient times, under feudalism, the system of "degree" was practiced, which was also called "one husband, one wife, several concubines". Concubines were also divided into good concubines and low concubines. Others, such as the whole house, were not limited. A legitimate wife is also called a legitimate wife, including the stephouse of a wife or concubine who dies early or has no children for other reasons. Their children are called legitimate and authentic. The daughter born to the upright wife is the legitimate daughter. The children born to the non upright wife's side rooms, partial houses and concubines are called Shuchu. The daughter born to the upright wife is the common daughter, also called collateral branch.

  二、嫡女和庶女在地位上的区别。

Second, the difference in status between the legitimate daughter and the common daughter.

  在古代大户人家里,虽然表面上来说,庶女与嫡女都是主子的女儿,千金小姐,两者在上也无甚差别,但在地位、利益和心理层面,还是有很大的区别的:

In ancient large families, although on the surface, the common daughter and the legitimate daughter are the daughter of the master's son, Miss Qianjin, there is no significant difference between them, but there are still great differences in status, interests and psychological level:

  1、在古代大户人家,家里当家理事,往往是正妻,如在《》里,府上管事的实际是,只是他委托侄女管理而已,家里大事,最后都要请示他定夺的。正因为正妻的这个经济实权,对自己所生的嫡女高看一眼厚爱一层,这也是人之常情。于是,嫡女更受宠,便是十分自然的事了,而受宠,也标志着地位更高。

1. In the ancient big family, the director of the family was often the right wife. For example, in the book, the reality of the household management was that he only entrusted his niece to manage the family affairs. At last, he had to ask for his decision. Just because of the real economic power of zhengwife, it is also human nature to have a high look at her own daughter. As a result, it's very natural for the legitimate daughter to be more favored, which also marks a higher status.

  2、庶女与嫡女的区别还表现在谈婚论嫁上。在古代达官贵族之间谈婚论嫁的时候,男方挑选对象,一般也倾向于嫡女。同时,由于嫡女母亲一般都是大户人家的女儿(个案另当别论),嫁入夫家时,大都带来丰厚的嫁妆,这些嫁妆包括金银细软,都是归嫡女母亲私有的,她自己的嫡女出嫁,嫁妆自然丰厚些。而庶女母亲大多出身仆从,甚至有的还是从人贩子处买来的,嫁来时一般不会有多少嫁妆的,因此庶女出嫁,嫁妆上与嫡女当然会有较大区别。

2. The difference between common women and legitimate women also lies in marriage. In ancient times, when officials and nobles talked about marriage, the man chose the object, and generally tended to be the wife. At the same time, because the legitimate mother is generally the daughter of a large family (case in point), when she married into her husband's house, most of them brought rich dowries, including gold and silver, which are all owned by the legitimate mother. When her own legitimate daughter married, the dowries are naturally rich. However, most of the common women's mothers were born servants, and even some of them were bought from human traffickers. When they got married, they usually didn't have much dowry. Therefore, when the common women got married, there would be a big difference between the common women's dowry and the legitimate women's dowry.

  3、而最重要的区别在于心理层面。社会各阶层谈论女眷时,嫡与庶常常成为话题。而女孩自己,也常常因嫡出或庶出而内心的优越程度不一样。

3. The most important difference lies in the psychological level. When women's families are talked about by all social strata, the common people and the common people often become topics. And girls themselves, often because of the legitimate or commonplace and the degree of inner superiority is not the same.

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