如何减少雾霾对人的危害-看世界

如何减少雾霾对人的危害

如何减少雾霾对人的危害

How to reduce the harm of haze to people

1、补充维生素及微量元素

1. Supplement vitamins and microelements

许多维生素及微量元素对于防止空气污染及维护心肺健康有重要作用,包括维生素C,E,A,β-胡萝卜素,及微量元素硒、锌等。它们具有调节免疫的作用。富含上述维生素及微量元素的食物包括新鲜水果、蔬菜、谷物、肉类及海产品。

Many vitamins and microelements, including vitamin C, e, a, β - carotene, selenium and zinc, play an important role in preventing air pollution and maintaining heart and lung health. They have the function of regulating immunity. Foods rich in these vitamins and trace elements include fresh fruits, vegetables, grains, meat and seafood.

2、保证饮水

2. Ensure drinking water

充分饮水可及时补充体液,增加血液循环,促进新陈代谢。同时,保持充分饮水及体液平衡有助于皮肤形成完整的皮脂膜,对经皮肤接触进入的空气污染物有一定的抵抗作用。

Full drinking water can timely supplement body fluids, increase blood circulation and promote metabolism. At the same time, maintaining adequate drinking water and body fluid balance will help the skin to form a complete sebum membrane, which has a certain resistance to air pollutants entering through skin contact.

3、充足睡眠、适量运动

3. Get enough sleep and exercise

高质量的睡眠可以使免疫系统得到充足的修复和调整,有助于改善人体的免疫系统。在中午10点以后可适当运动,增强体质,提高机体免疫功能。

High quality sleep can make the immune system get enough repair and adjustment, and help to improve the immune system of human body. After 10 o'clock at noon, you can exercise properly, strengthen your constitution and improve your immune function.

4、提高自身免疫力

4. Improve self immunity

提高我们个人免疫力是防治雾霾伤害更稳妥强大的办法,免疫力是人体自身的防御机制,用来识别和消灭外来侵入的任何异物(病毒、细菌等),有识别和处理体内突变细胞和病毒感染细胞的能力。免疫功能好比保卫我们人体健康的卫士,只有免疫力提高了才能有效预防雾霾、辐射等对我们的伤害。

Improving our personal immunity is a more stable and powerful way to prevent and control haze damage. Immunity is the body's own defense mechanism, which is used to identify and eliminate any foreign body (virus, bacteria, etc.) that has the ability to recognize and deal with the mutant cells and virus infected cells in the body. Immune function is like a guardian of our health. Only when our immunity is improved can we effectively prevent the harm of haze, radiation and so on.

5、尽可能减少呼入有害气体

5. Try to reduce the harmful gas inhaled

雾霾天减少出门是减少雾霾伤害最直接的办法,尤其是有心脑血管、呼吸系统疾病的,更要尽量少出门。必须外出时记着戴口罩,不要开启车窗,减少对呼吸道的污染。在大雾天气升级的情况下尽量不要开窗,确实需要开窗透气的话,开窗时应尽量避开早晚雾霾高峰时段,可以将窗户打开一条缝通风,不让风直接吹进来,通风时间每次以半小时至一小时为宜。

Reducing going out in haze days is the most direct way to reduce haze damage, especially for those with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and respiratory system diseases, we should try to avoid going out as much as possible. When you have to go out, remember to wear a mask, do not open the window to reduce the pollution of the respiratory tract. Do not open the window as much as possible in case of heavy fog weather upgrading. If it is really necessary to open the window for ventilation, try to avoid the haze peak period in the morning and evening when opening the window. You can open the window with a seam for ventilation to prevent the wind from blowing in directly. The ventilation time should be half an hour to one hour at a time.

雾霾对人体的危害有哪些

What are the hazards of haze to human body

1、患癌症的风险增高

1. Increased risk of cancer

众所周知,吸烟的人患肺癌的几率比普通人高60%,而雾霾里含有的有害颗粒物更多,所以雾霾比吸烟更易致癌。

As we all know, smokers are 60% more likely to develop lung cancer than ordinary people, and haze contains more harmful particles, so haze is more likely to cause cancer than smoking.

2、引发各种细菌性疾病

2. Causing various bacterial diseases

因为雾霾天气阳光照射不到大地,或者阳光微弱。这样会使地表面的细菌病毒微生物快速繁殖,引起过敏等疾病。

Because the sun can't reach the earth in the haze weather, or the sun is weak. In this way, the bacteria, viruses and microorganisms on the surface of the ground will rapidly multiply, causing allergies and other diseases.

3、易发生交通事故

3. Prone to traffic accidents

雾霾天气会让可见度降低,严重的只能看清几米的距离。对道路上的行人、车辆都有很大的安全隐患,十分危险。

Haze weather will reduce the visibility, and only a few meters can be seen seriously. It is very dangerous for pedestrians and vehicles on the road.

4、伤血管

4. Blood vessel injury

浓雾天气压比较低,人会产生一种烦躁的感觉,血压自然会有所增高。另外,雾天往往气温较低,一些高血压、冠心病患者从温暖的室内突然走到寒冷的室外,血管热胀冷缩,也可使血压升高,导致中风、心肌梗死的发生。

Dense fog weather pressure is relatively low, people will have a feeling of irritability, blood pressure will naturally increase. In addition, the temperature is often low in foggy days. Some patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease suddenly go from warm indoor to cold outdoor. The blood vessels expand and contract with heat, which can also increase blood pressure, leading to stroke and myocardial infarction.

5、伤脑

5, hurt the brain

雾霾不仅伤害器官,更在无形之中影响着神经系统。专家曾介绍,美国第65届老年医学会年会有个结论,空气中PM2.5增加10微克/立方米,人的脑功能就会衰老3年。

Haze not only damages organs, but also affects the nervous system. Experts have introduced that there is a conclusion at the 65th annual meeting of the American Geriatric Society that if PM2.5 in the air is increased by 10 μ g / m3, the brain function of people will age for 3 years.

6、伤肺

6, lung injury

雾霾天对呼吸系统影响最大,这已成为多数人的共识。呼吸系统与外界环境接触最频繁,且接触面积较大,数百种大气颗粒物能直接进入并黏附在人体上下呼吸道和肺叶中,并且大部分会被人体吸入。美国调查了2.5万名有心脏病或心脏不太好的人,发现PM2.5增加10微克/立方米后,病人病死率会提高10%~27%。

Haze days have the greatest impact on the respiratory system, which has become the consensus of most people. The respiratory system has the most frequent contact with the external environment, and the contact area is large. Hundreds of atmospheric particles can directly enter and adhere to the upper and lower respiratory tract and lung lobes of the human body, and most of them will be inhaled by the human body. In the United States, 25000 people with heart disease or poor heart were investigated. It was found that the mortality of patients increased by 10% ~ 27% after PM2.5 increased by 10 μ g / m3.

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