露营生活远离烦嚣都市 野外露营注意事项-看世界

露营生活远离烦嚣都市 野外露营注意事项

你是否也想调整一下,那公式化的的上班生活,然后利用假日投入大自然呢?而投入大自然最简易的方式就是露营,何况露营生活,可以远离烦嚣的都市,还可以改变一下单调而乏味的休息生活,假曰之后,你将又有一股新生活的冲动。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

你是否也想调整一下,那公式化的的上班,然后利用假日投入大自然呢?而投入大自然最简易的方式就是露营,何况露营生活,可以远离烦嚣的都市,还可以改变一下单调而乏味的休息生活,假曰之后,你将又有一股新生活的冲动。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

Do you also want to adjust, that formula of work, and then use the holiday into nature? The easiest way to get involved in nature is camping. Besides, camping life can be far away from the noisy city, and it can also change the monotonous and boring rest life. After the holiday, you will have an impulse to live a new life. Now follow 360 common sense net to understand!

露营是指不依赖山屋、旅社等人工设备,而是用自己准备的道具,在山野中生活过夜。以往露营活动,最常见于童子军运动及军队活动上的名词,一般是指野外,大自然中,以停宿为中心的自由活动方式称为露营,但它仍有许多的形式与方法,非千篇一律,大如军队的夜宿,小至只有一人的露营,都可以广泛的被认定为露营。

Camping refers to living overnight in the mountains with props prepared by oneself instead of relying on artificial equipment such as houses and hotels. In the past, camping activities, most commonly used in scouting and military activities, generally refer to camping in the wild and in nature, which is a kind of free activity centered on staying, but it still has many forms and methods, which are not the same, such as the army's night stay, as small as one person's camping, can be widely recognized as camping.

露营很有趣,但安全是第一要素,以下几点是必须注意的:

Camping is fun, but safety is the first element, and the following points must be noted:

搭帐篷时应尽量选择在平坦、坚硬的地上搭帐篷。沙地、草地、或岩屑地等排水佳的都是理想的营地。入口要背风,尽量远离有滚石的山坡。不要在河岸和干涸的河床上扎营。帐篷四角要用大石头等重物压住。帐篷内要保持空气流通。如果要在帐篷内做饭的话,要防止着火。为了防止飞虫进入帐篷,可在帐篷周围撒一圈煤油。帐篷搭建时,最好超南或东南面,能够看到清晨阳光的地方。为了晚上不会太冷,可以选择在有凹槽的地方搭建。

When setting up a tent, try to build it on a flat and hard ground. Sand, grassland, or rock debris are ideal camps with good drainage. The entrance should be leeward and away from the hillside with rolling stones. Don't camp on the banks and dry river beds. The four corners of the tent should be pressed with heavy objects such as big stones. Keep the air in the tent. If you want to cook in the tent, you should prevent the fire. To prevent flying insects from entering the tent, sprinkle a circle of kerosene around the tent. When the tent is built, it is better to go south or southeast, where you can see the sunshine in the morning. In order not to be too cold at night, you can choose to build in places with grooves.

快速“安家”

Fast "settling in"

当我们选择好营地,准备宿营时,应首先搭建公用帐篷。在营地的下风处首先搭好炊事帐篷,建好炉灶,烧上一锅水,然后再依次向上风处搭建用于存放公用装备的仓库帐篷和平共处各自的宿营帐篷。当整个营地的帐篷搭建好时,烧的水已开锅,可以马上饮用并开始做饭。另外,千万别忘了,在下风处,远离水源的地方再搭上一个简易厕所,以免用时着急难堪。

When we choose the camp and prepare for the camping, we should first build a public tent. In the downwind of the camp, first set up a cooking tent, build a stove, burn a pot of water, and then successively build a warehouse tent for storing public equipment to live in peace with each other. When the tent of the whole camp is set up, the boiled water is ready to drink and start cooking. In addition, don't forget to build a simple toilet in the downwind, far away from the water source, so as not to use it in a hurry.

寻找水源

Finding water sources

寻找水源、收集水在户外运动中是非常重要的一项技能。首先,在山区寻找水源的首选之地是山谷底部地区,如果在高山地区寻水,应沿着岩石裂缝去找,干涸河床沙石地带往往会挖到泉眼。在海岸边,应在最高水线以上挖坑,很可能有一层厚约5厘米的沉滤水浮在密度较大的海水层上。但是在饮用凹地积水处的水时,必须做到先消毒、沉淀后煮沸饮用。切不可为了解一时口渴,而不消毒,直接引用。此外,收集雨水也是一个取水的有效方法。在地上挖个洞,铺上一层塑料,四周用粘土围住,可以收集到雨水。

Finding and collecting water is a very important skill in outdoor sports. First of all, the preferred place to find water sources in mountain areas is the valley bottom area. If you want to find water in mountain areas, you should look for it along the rock cracks. In the sand and stone areas of dry river beds, spring holes are often dug. On the coast, a pit should be dug above the highest water line, and there is likely to be a layer of filter water with a thickness of about 5cm floating on the dense sea water layer. However, when drinking the water in the ponding area, it must be disinfected, precipitated and boiled before drinking. Must not be to understand a thirst, and not disinfection, direct reference. In addition, collecting rainwater is also an effective way to get water. Dig a hole in the ground, spread a layer of plastic, and surround it with clay to collect rainwater.

在野外,如果发现动物、鸟类、昆虫、或人类的踪迹,可以顺着足迹找到水源。而许多植物中,例如竹类等中空植物的节间常存有水,藤本植物往往有可饮用的汁液,棕榈类、仙人掌类植物的果实和茎干都含有丰富的水分。

In the wild, if you find traces of animals, birds, insects, or humans, you can follow the footprints to find water. Many plants, such as bamboo and other hollow plants, often have water in their internode, rattan plants often have drinkable juice, palm and cactus plants have abundant water in their fruits and stems.

巧生火

Ingenious fire

火不仅可以将食物煮熟,还能释放热量产生暖意,会节省体内热量散失;可以烘干衣服;薰过的肉食可以较长时间保鲜;火可以吓跑危险的野兽;烟雾可以驱走害虫,另外还可锻烧金属打制工具,削尖木棍。因此必须学会在任何条件下、任何地方生火。

Fire can not only cook food, but also release heat to produce warmth, which will save heat loss in the body; it can dry clothes; smoked meat can be kept fresh for a long time; fire can scare away dangerous beasts; smoke can drive away pests; in addition, it can forge metal tools and sharpen sticks. So we must learn to make a fire under any conditions and anywhere.

正常情况下,打火机和火柴是最重要的点火工具。出发前在火柴上滴蜡,防止火柴变潮。火柴万一潮湿,将它放在头发里面磨擦一番,头发产生静电可使其干燥,另外,要记住:一只小蜡烛只损耗最小的能量就可以维持很长时间,而且蜡烛是良好的助燃剂。

Under normal circumstances, lighters and matches are the most important ignition tools. Drop wax on the match before departure to prevent it from becoming damp. In case the match is wet, rub it in the hair, and the hair will dry due to static electricity. In addition, remember that a small candle can last for a long time with the minimum energy loss, and the candle is a good combustion supporting agent.

在有强烈的阳光的情况下,可以通过凸镜聚集后可以产生足够的热量点燃火种。放大镜、望远镜或照相机凸镜都可以作为生火的工具。

In the case of strong sunlight, enough heat can be generated to ignite the fire after being gathered through convex mirror. A magnifying glass, telescope, or camera convex can be used as a means of making a fire.

另外一种方法可以用电池生火。用导线连接车辆、手电筒或收音机中电池的正负极时发出的火花可用来点火。

Another way to make a fire is to use batteries. The spark produced by connecting the positive and negative poles of the battery in the vehicle, flashlight or radio with wires can be used for ignition.

当然,也可以回归远古时代,利用钻木来取火。用一块坚硬的纺棰状木头在一块软木底座上磨擦钻孔,起初会落下细碎的木屑,尔后磨擦处会变热,为便于钻木,往往将硬的纺棰状木头缠在自制木弓上,加快转动速度,尽快引燃火种。

Of course, we can also go back to ancient times and make fire by drilling wood. A piece of hard spindly wood is used to rub and drill holes on a cork base. At first, fine sawdust will fall, and then the friction area will become hot. In order to facilitate drilling, hard spindly wood is often wrapped around a homemade bow to speed up the rotation speed and ignite the fire as soon as possible.

野外厕所

Field toilet

参加野外活动时,经常会在野外露营,当我们到达目的地搭建营地的同时,建一个简易的野外厕所是极为必要的。野外厕所应选择在营地的下风处,地点要比营地稍低一些,并应远离河流(至少二十米以外)。最好是挖一个宽三十厘米左右、长五十厘米左右、深约半米的长方形土坑,里面放些石块和杉树叶(消除臭味)。三面用塑料布或包装箱围住,固定好,开口一面应背风。在厕所内准备一些沙土和一把铁锹,另准备一块木板或纸板。便后用一些沙土将排泄物及卫生纸掩埋,并用木板或纸板将便坑盖住,以消除异味保持卫生。另外,在厕所外立一较明显的标志牌,使别人在较远处即可看到厕所是否有人正在使用。当露营结束时,用沙土将便坑掩埋好,并做好标记,告诉其他参加野外活动的人。

When we take part in field activities, we often camp in the field. When we arrive at the destination to build a camp, it is very necessary to build a simple field toilet. The field toilet should be located in the downwind of the camp, slightly lower than the camp, and away from the river (at least 20 meters away). It's better to dig a rectangular earth pit about 30cm wide, 50cm long and about half a meter deep, in which some stones and fir leaves (to eliminate odor) are put. Three sides shall be enclosed with plastic cloth or packing box, fixed well, and the opening side shall be leeward. Prepare some sand and a spade in the toilet, and another board or cardboard. After defecation, use some sand to bury the excrement and toilet paper, and cover the pit with wooden board or cardboard to eliminate the peculiar smell and maintain hygiene. In addition, a signboard shall be set up outside the toilet so that others can see whether someone is using the toilet at a distance. At the end of the camp, the pit will be buried in sand, marked and told to other participants in the field activities.

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论