无毛猫不是真的无毛 不能让猫毛过敏者实现养猫愿望-看世界

无毛猫不是真的无毛 不能让猫毛过敏者实现养猫愿望

猫一直是人类的好朋友,有“喵星人”之称的它们即便不务正业(不抓老鼠),也不会降低人们对它们的喜爱。但最近,却有人对这种萌宠下了狠手,为了用它们冒充无毛猫谋求高利润,一些狠心的商人剃光它们全身的毛,连胡须都不剩。那么,这些害得普通猫遭受厄运的无毛猫究竟是何方神圣?下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

猫一直是人类的好朋友,有“喵星人”之称的它们即便不务正业(不抓老鼠),也不会降低人们对它们的喜爱。但最近,却有人对这种萌宠下了狠手,为了用它们冒充无毛猫谋求高利润,一些狠心的商人剃光它们全身的毛,连胡须都不剩。那么,这些害得普通猫遭受厄运的无毛猫究竟是何方神圣?下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

Cats have always been good friends of human beings. Even if they don't do their jobs (don't catch mice), they won't reduce people's love for them. Recently, however, some people have been cruel to this cute pet. In order to use them as hairless cats for high profits, some ruthless businessmen shaved all their hair, even their beards. So, what's the sanctity of these hairless cats that cause common cats to suffer? Now follow 360 common sense net to understand!

无毛猫是一种生下来时身上就没有毛的猫,其皱皱巴巴的皮肤令它看起来更像一只沙皮狗。光秃秃的身体不仅毫无美感可言,和我们想象中的萌宠更是相距甚远。虽然外表丑陋,但对于以可爱著称的喵星人来说,想长成这样并不容易,因为无毛猫身上无毛是由基因决定的。

A hairless cat is a cat born without hair. Its wrinkled skin makes it look more like a sanddog. The naked body is not only without aesthetic feeling, but also far away from our imagination. Although ugly in appearance, it's not easy for meow star people, who are famous for their loveliness, to grow up like this, because hairless cats are genetically determined.

无毛猫真的不长毛吗?

Is a hairless cat really hairless?

想要生出一只无毛猫,首先,猫父母双方的身体里都要有无毛的隐性基因。其次,这种基因在遗传给后代时还要发生突变。只有同时满足上述两点,才能生出无毛猫。因为条件和苛刻,在自然界中,无毛猫的数量远远小于有毛猫。另外,人们还发现无毛猫之间无法繁育后代,只有将无毛猫与短毛猫杂交才能培育出屈指可数的无毛猫后代[注1]。因为数量稀少,无毛猫的身价要远高于普通的猫,这就是骗子们把普通猫伪装成无毛猫的坑人动机。

To produce a hairless cat, first of all, both parents of the cat should have the recessive gene of hairless. Second, the gene is mutated when it is passed on to offspring. Only when the above two points are met can hairless cats be born. Because of the harsh conditions, the number of hairless cats is far less than that of hairy cats in nature. In addition, it is also found that there is no way to breed offspring between hairless cats. Only by crossing hairless cats with short hairless cats can we breed a small number of hairless cat offspring. Because of the scarcity, the value of the hairless cat is much higher than that of the ordinary cat, which is the scammer's motive to disguise the ordinary cat as the hairless cat.

无毛猫双眼突出,两颊瘦削,耳朵外张,称之为“世上最丑的猫”也不为过,但又秃又丑的外表没有影响它们的名气,在英国,无毛猫的价格竟然达到上千英镑。无毛猫那么受欢迎,除了为满足人们猎奇的心理外,还因为猫毛过敏者想通过养无毛猫来体验养猫的乐趣。

The hairless cat has protruding eyes, thin cheeks and open ears. It can't be called "the ugliest cat in the world". However, its bald and ugly appearance doesn't affect its reputation. In Britain, the price of hairless cat has reached thousands of pounds. Hairless cats are so popular. In addition to satisfying people's curiosity, they also want to experience the fun of keeping cats by raising hairless cats.

但实际上,无毛猫也同样无法成为猫毛过敏者的宠物。一方面,无毛猫并不是真的全身无毛,它们的耳、口、鼻、尾等部位长有软软的胎毛[注2];另一方面,对猫毛过敏者并非对毛发本身过敏,引起过敏的是一种叫作“FEL D1”的蛋白质,这种蛋白质由猫的皮脂腺分泌,无毛猫的皮肤同样会分泌这种蛋白质。那么,无毛猫同样不能帮助猫毛过敏者实现养猫的愿望。

But in fact, the hairless cat can't be the pet of cat hair allergy. On the one hand, hairless cats are not really hairless. Their ears, mouth, nose, tail and other parts have soft lanugo [Note 2]; on the other hand, people who are allergic to cat hair are not allergic to hair itself. What causes the allergy is a protein called FEL D1, which is secreted by the sebaceous glands of cats. The skin of hairless cats also secretes this protein. So, the hairless cat can not help the cat hair allergy to achieve the wishes of cat.

所以,我们应该把无毛猫看成是普通猫的一种,不要对它产生过于强烈的渴望,这样也可以让更多的普通猫远离被刮毛的危险,还不会被骗子们坑。

Therefore, we should regard the hairless cat as a kind of ordinary cat, do not have too strong desire for it, so that more ordinary cats can stay away from the risk of being shaved, and will not be cheated.

无毛猫在很多时候爱舔身子自我清洁并且经常清理自己的毛。饭后它会用前爪擦擦胡子,小便后用舌头舔舔肛门,被人抱后用舌头舔舔毛。这是小无毛猫在除去身上的异味和脏物。无毛猫的舌头上有许多粗糙的小突起是除去脏东西的工具。无毛猫用舌头舔被毛,是为了刺激皮脂腺的分泌,使毛光亮润滑,不易被水打湿,并能舔食到少量的维生素D,促进骨骼的正常发育,还可使被毛蓬松,促进散热的功能。无毛猫一般常在进食和玩耍后,或追击猎物剧烈运动及在阳光下睡醒以后开始梳洗整理被毛。在炎热季节或剧烈运动之后,体内产生大量的热量,为了保持体温的恒定,必须将多余的热能排出体外。所以,无毛猫就利用舌头将唾液涂抹到被毛上,唾液里水分的蒸发可带走热量,起到降温解暑的作用。在脱毛时经常梳理,可促进新毛生长。另外,通过抓、咬,能防止被毛感染寄生虫病,如跳蚤、毛虱病等,保持身体健康。

The hairless cat likes to lick its body and clean its hair frequently. After dinner, it will wipe its beard with its front paw, lick its anus with its tongue after urinating, and lick its hair with its tongue after being held. This is a little hairless cat in the removal of body odor and dirt. There are many rough little protuberances on the tongue of a hairless cat, which are tools for removing dirt. Hairless cat licks the coat with its tongue to stimulate the secretion of sebaceous gland, make the hair bright and smooth, not easy to be wet by water, and can lick a small amount of vitamin D, promote the normal development of bone, also make the coat fluffy, and promote the function of heat dissipation. The hairless cat usually after eating and playing, or after chasing after the prey, and after waking up in the sun, it starts to comb and tidy up its coat. In the hot season or after vigorous exercise, the body produces a lot of heat. In order to keep the body temperature constant, excess heat must be discharged from the body. Therefore, the hairless cat will use its tongue to smear saliva on the coat. The evaporation of water in saliva can take away heat and play a role in cooling and relieving summer heat. Combing frequently during depilation can promote the growth of new hairs. In addition, by catching and biting, the coat can be prevented from infecting parasitic diseases, such as flea and louse disease, so as to keep healthy.

无毛猫掩盖粪便的行为完全是出于的本能,是由祖先遗传来的。无毛猫的祖先——野无毛猫,为了防止天敌从其粪便气味发现它、追踪它,于是就将粪便掩盖起来。现代无毛猫的这种行为已丝毫没有这方面的意义了,但却使无毛猫赢得了讲卫生的好声誉。

The behavior of the hairless cat to cover up feces is completely out of instinct and is inherited by ancestors. The ancestor of the hairless cat, the wild hairless cat, in order to prevent natural enemies from discovering and tracking it from its fecal smell, they cover up the feces. This kind of behavior of modern hairless cat has no significance in this respect, but it has won a good reputation of speaking hygiene.

凡是猫都有相当出色的日间与夜视能力,所以加拿大无毛猫也不例外。无毛猫至今仍然保持着肉食动物那种昼伏夜出的习性,很多活动(如捕鼠、求偶交配)常常是在夜间进行。无毛猫每天最活跃的时刻是在黎明或傍晚,而白天的大部分时间都在懒洋洋地休息或睡觉。在亮处,无毛猫会将瞳孔缩得如线般狭小,以减少对视网膜的伤害,但会限制视野的广阔性。无毛猫的网膜背面有一层蓝绿色像荧光一般的薄膜(叫作tapetum lucidum)可增加在暗处的视力,在闪光中,无毛猫眼能呈现各式各样颜色。如同多数食肉动物,它们眼睛都在脸上朝正前方,赋予其辽阔的视野。无毛猫对三原色的辨识力很差。如果加拿大无毛猫在这儿只有微弱光线,它们会使用胡须来改善行动力与感知能力。胡须可感受到非常微弱的风,以在看不太见的情况下辨识阻碍的位置。无毛猫有三眼皮,当无毛猫眼睑张开时,扎眼眼皮会从旁稍微遮盖住眼睛。如果无毛猫病了,或是睡眠、笑着,此眼皮会缩回一部分。如果有无毛猫长时间地崭露第三眼皮是生病的表现。

All cats have excellent day and night vision, so the Canadian hairless cat is no exception. The hairless cat still keeps the habit of nocturnal emergence in the daytime, and many activities (such as rat hunting, courtship and mating) are often carried out at night. The most active time of the day is in the dawn or evening, and most of the day is in the lazy rest or sleep. In the bright spot, the hairless cat will shrink the pupil as narrow as a line to reduce the damage to the retina, but will limit the wide field of vision. There is a layer of blue-green fluorescent film (called tapetum lucidum) on the back of the mesh of the hairless cat, which can increase the vision in the dark. In the flash, the hairless cat's eyes can present various colors. Like most carnivores, they have eyes straight in front of their faces, giving them a wide field of vision. The ability of hairless cat to recognize three primary colors is very poor. If Canada's hairless cats have only a small amount of light here, they will use beards to improve their mobility and perception. A very weak wind can be felt in the beard to identify the location of the obstruction when it is not visible. The hairless cat has three eyelids. When the eyelids of the hairless cat open, the blindfold will slightly cover the eyes from the side. If the hairless cat is ill, sleeping or laughing, the eyelid will retract part of it. If there is a hairless cat for a long time to show the third eyelid is a manifestation of illness.

几乎所有的无毛猫平时耳朵是朝上的,不同于狗,耳折下的无毛猫是非常稀有的,苏格兰折耳无毛猫就是个基因突变的例子。在生气或受惊时,无毛猫耳会垂下,并伴随着发出咆哮声。聆听事物时,无毛猫会因此而转动耳朵,如此无毛猫耳可以听到来自多方的声音。

Almost all the hairless cats usually have ears facing up. Unlike dogs, the hairless cats with ears folded down are very rare. The Scottish hairless cat with ears folded is an example of gene mutation. When angry or frightened, the hairless cat's ears droop, accompanied by a growl. When listening to things, the hairless cat will turn its ears, so that the hairless cat's ears can hear sounds from many sources.

和别的猫相比多汗,体温也比一般猫要高出 4 ℃ ,因而要不断进食才能维持其新陈代谢。这是一种对阳光十分敏感的猫。因为无毛,对外界温度调节能力差,既怕冷、又怕热,因为白色部位易晒黑。当室温保持在25~30度之间,会让该种猫感觉非常舒适,温度低于20度,它就会感觉到冷,而如果室内温度低于10度,无毛猫就会被冻死。这种猫适合公寓饲养。在夏天,主人需要给它们涂抹防晒霜以免晒伤;在冬天则需要给它们添加衣物来遮体保暖。

Compared with other cats, they are sweaty and have a body temperature of 4 ℃ higher than the average cat, so they need to eat constantly to maintain their metabolism. This is a cat that is very sensitive to sunlight. Because there is no hair, the ability to adjust the outside temperature is poor, afraid of cold and heat, because the white part is easy to tan. When the room temperature is kept between 25 and 30 degrees, the cat will feel very comfortable. When the temperature is lower than 20 degrees, it will feel cold. If the indoor temperature is lower than 10 degrees, the hairless cat will be frozen to death. This kind of cat is suitable for apartment keeping. In summer, the owners need to put sunscreen on them to avoid sunburn; in winter, they need to add clothes to keep them warm.

此外,斯芬克斯猫性情老实,忍耐力极强,脾气很好,而且在某些方面它们更像狗,容易与人亲近而且对主人忠诚。

In addition, the Sphinx cats are honest, endurable and good-natured, and in some ways they are more like dogs, close to people and loyal to their owners.

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