在家想养花就选这3种 开花长达100天-看世界

在家想养花就选这3种 开花长达100天

虽说现在气温比较低,但是还是有很多朋友按捺不住自己那一颗想要养花的心,得了空就想去花卉市场转几圈,看看有没有合适的,买了搬回家养着,没准冬天还能看到花开的景象呢!如果你觉得现在就是应该买几盆花卉植株来养一养,360常识网有3种推荐花卉给你,要知道它们可都是能在冬日里开花的,而且开花时间都能长达一百天。

虽说现在气温比较低,但是还是有很多朋友按捺不住自己那一颗想要养花的心,得了空就想去花卉市场转几圈,看看有没有合适的,买了搬回家养着,没准冬天还能看到花开的景象呢!如果你觉得现在就是应该买几盆花卉植株来养一养,360常识网有3种推荐花卉给你,要知道它们可都是能在冬日里开花的,而且开花时间都能长达一百天。

Although the temperature is relatively low now, many friends can't help but feel the desire to raise flowers. When they have time, they want to go to the flower market for a few rounds to see if there are suitable ones. If they have bought them and moved them home, they may still see the blooming flowers in winter! If you think it's time to buy a few pots of flowers and plants to raise them, 360 common sense has three kinds of recommended flowers for you. You need to know that they can bloom in winter, and the flowering time can be as long as 100 days.

一、长寿

I. longevity flower

说起冬天能坚守在岗位上开花的花卉,长寿花要算一个。长寿花的开花时间就如同它的名字一般,而且开花的数量很多,颜色也各种各样,能够满足不同人对家居装饰效果的需求。

When it comes to flowers that can bloom in winter, longevity flowers are one. The flowering time of Changshou flower is just like its name, and there are a lot of flowers and various colors, which can meet the needs of different people for home decoration effect.

长寿花养护方法:

Maintenance method of longevity flower:

1、长寿花原产非洲,性喜较暖和气温,生长适宜温度以白天不超过30度,晚间温度不低于18度为宜。温度太高,太低会影响其正常生长。长寿花耐干旱,中午前浇水完毕,入夜之前叶片一定要保持干燥。

1. Changshou flower is native to Africa and prefers warm temperature. The suitable temperature for its growth is no more than 30 ℃ in the daytime and no less than 18 ℃ in the evening. Too high temperature, too low will affect its normal growth. Changshou flower is drought resistant. After watering before noon, leaves must be dry before nightfall.

2、长寿花喜阳光充足,家庭培养一年四季都应放在有阳光直射的地方。但夏季中午前后宜适当遮阳,可移放至室内,否则光照太强,易使叶色发黄。反之,若光照不足,不仅枝条瘦弱细长,叶面薄而株形不美,而且开花数量减少,花色不鲜艳,并会引起叶片大量脱落,失去观赏价值。而且长寿花为短日照植物,对光周期反应比较敏感。生长发育好的植株,给予短日照(每天光照8~9小时)处理3~4周即可出现花蕾开花。长寿花具有向光性,因此生长期间应注意调换花盆的方向,调整光照,使植株受光均匀,促使枝条向四周各方匀称生长。

2. Longevity flowers like to be sunny, and family cultivation should be put in a place with direct sunlight all year round. However, the sun should be properly shaded around noon in summer, and it can be moved indoors, otherwise, the light is too strong, and the leaves are prone to turn yellow. On the contrary, if the light is insufficient, not only the branches are thin and slender, the leaf surface is thin and the plant shape is not beautiful, but also the flowering quantity is reduced and the flower color is not bright, which will cause a large number of leaves to fall off and lose the ornamental value. Moreover, longevity flower is short sunshine plant, which is sensitive to photoperiod. For the plants with good growth and development, the flower buds can bloom after 3-4 weeks of short sunshine (8-9 hours per day). Longevity flower has phototropism, so we should change the direction of flowerpot, adjust the light, make the plant receive the light evenly, and promote the branches to grow evenly around.

3、长寿花对土壤要求不严,长寿花适合排水好的土壤,以泥炭为主加上蛭石、珍珠岩的人工培养土最佳。培养土的ph值最好为5、8~6、2。

3. Changshou flower does not have strict requirements on soil. Changshou flower is suitable for the soil with good drainage, and the artificial culture soil mainly composed of peat and vermiculite and perlite is the best. The pH value of culture soil is 5, 8 ~ 6, 2.

二、蟹爪兰

II. Crab claw orchid

蟹爪兰在家庭花卉中是很常见的,它的叶片很有特色是呈锯齿形状的,就像是一个个小蟹钳。花苞开放的时候挂满整个枝头,那场景真是非常耐看,而且蟹爪兰在冬天也很好养,能够轻松度过寒冬!

The crab claw orchid is very common in the family flower, its leaf blade very has the characteristic is assumes the sawtooth shape, is like one by one small crab pliers. When the flower bud is open, it hangs all over the branches. The scene is really endurable. Moreover, the crab claw orchid is very well raised in winter and can easily spend the cold winter!

蟹爪兰养护方法:

Curing method of crab claw orchid:

蟹爪兰很容易因为浇水过多或者排水不畅造成烂根,因此,最好用干净疏松的粗砂混合泥炭、腐烂树叶的土壤栽种。

Crab claw orchid is easy to rot because of too much water or poor drainage. Therefore, it's best to plant it with clean loose coarse sand mixed with peat and rotten leaves.

施肥过多、肥料浓度太大等,容易造成蟹爪兰出现烂根,导致茎节萎蔫、花朵半开即脱落。施肥原则为少施,勤施。

Too much fertilizer and too much fertilizer concentration are easy to cause rotten roots of crab claw orchid, resulting in wilting of stem nodes and falling off of flowers when they are half open. The principle of fertilization is less and more frequently.

夏季,很多人会认为植物花卉要多喝水,就浇水过多,其实,蟹爪兰在夏季光照特别强烈的时候就进入了半休眠状态,浇水次数要比春秋季节有所减少,要绝对避免花盆内存水,否则就会造成根系腐烂。

In summer, many people think that plants and flowers need to drink more water, so they need to water too much. In fact, crab claw orchid enters a semi dormancy state when the light is particularly strong in summer. The number of times of watering is less than that in spring and autumn. It is absolutely necessary to avoid water in the flowerpot, otherwise it will cause root rot.

夏季烈日炎炎的时候,最好遮阴50%。要把蟹爪兰移到荫凉背阳的地方。室内光照完全可以满足蟹爪兰的正常生长。最好遮阴50%。

In summer, when the sun is hot, it's better to shade 50%. Move the crab claw orchid to a shady place. Indoor light can meet the normal growth of crabmail completely. It's best to shade 50%.

春秋稍温暖时,要看花盆中土壤快干时再浇水。浇水的原则是“间干间湿,干要干透,不干不浇,浇就浇透”。冬春季节温度下降,天气较冷,一般7-10天浇一次水。

When spring and autumn is a little warm, it depends on watering when the soil in the flowerpot dries quickly. The principle of watering is "between dry and wet, dry thoroughly, do not dry and do not pour, pour thoroughly". In winter and spring, the temperature drops and the weather is cold. Generally, water once every 7-10 days.

阳光不好,或天气寒冷的时候,要把蟹爪兰移至阳台等光线好的地方。而且每一两个月,要搬到室外养护十天半月,否则叶片会长得不饱满、发黄。

When the sun is not good or the weather is cold, move the crab claw orchid to the balcony and other places with good light. And every one or two months, to move to the outdoor maintenance for ten and a half days, or the leaves will not be full and yellow.

蟹爪兰生长期适宜温度为18到23摄氏度。开花时温度以15摄氏度左右最好,不宜超过25度,低于10℃。

The suitable temperature for the growth of crabmail is 18-23 ℃. When flowering, 15 ℃ is the best temperature, not more than 25 ℃, less than 10 ℃.

秋季蟹爪兰进入花期,为避免昼夜温差大损伤花蕾,这时要将蟹爪兰移入室内光线较好的地方,同时要修剪花形,剪除过于密集的弱小花蕾。

In autumn, crab claw orchid enters the flowering stage. In order to avoid the large temperature difference between day and night damaging the flower bud, it is necessary to move the crab claw orchid into a place with good indoor light, at the same time, it is necessary to trim the flower shape and cut off the weak and small flower buds that are too dense.

由于家中自来水经过净化,长期用来浇花对花卉生长会有不好影响,因此,建议大家用购置少量硫酸亚铁,勾兑比例大致为水:硫酸亚铁=300:3,充分溶解后浇花。每6个月进行一次。

As the tap water in the home is purified, it will have a bad effect on the growth of flowers if it is used for a long time. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase a small amount of ferrous sulfate, the mixing ratio is approximately water: ferrous sulfate = 300:3, and water the flowers after it is fully dissolved. Every six months.

在蟹爪兰的培育中,有时一个节片的顶端会长出4个至5个新枝,为保持通风和光合作用,要剪去1个至2个。

In the cultivation of crab claw orchid, sometimes there are four to five new branches growing on the top of an internode. In order to maintain ventilation and photosynthesis, one to two branches should be cut off.

介壳虫危害严重时,叶片被害部位会呈现黄白色。可用竹片刮除,或用农药喷杀。

When the damage of scale insects is serious, the damaged parts of leaves will appear yellow and white. It can be scraped off with bamboo chips or killed with pesticides.

长到很大的蟹爪兰,要用竹竿等插入土中,上部扎成2层至3层圆形支架,将节枝捆扎于圆环上,让蟹爪兰枝叶容易固定。

When the crab claw orchid grows to a large size, it needs to be inserted into the soil with a bamboo pole. The upper part is tied into two to three layers of circular supports, and the knots are tied on the ring, so that the branches and leaves of the crab claw orchid can be fixed easily.

三、君子兰

III. Clivia

君子兰是一种让人又爱又恨的植株,爱它的油绿叶片和鲜艳花朵,恨它为什么会这么不好养。君子兰的花期也是集中在冬天,很多花友从现在开始都在好好养护,只为了能在今年年底看到君子兰开花的场景。

Clivia is a kind of plant that people love and hate. They love its green leaves and bright flowers. They hate why it is so difficult to keep. The flowering period of Clivia is also concentrated in winter. Many flower friends are doing a good job of maintenance from now on, just to see the scene of Clivia blooming at the end of this year.

君子兰养护方法:

Maintenance method of Clivia:

用土:君子兰的原生地是非洲南部高海拔地区森林的大树下,根系扎在多年堆积的腐叶层上。君子兰侍养应采用疏松肥沃的中性或弱酸性腐殖质土,栽培用土可按腐殖质土65%、净沙20%、细炉灰15%混合而成。土壤的相对湿度宜在40%左右。若土壤板结,排水不畅,会导致烂根。春天换土,最好购买君子兰专用土栽植。君子兰专用土是腐叶土,极适合君子兰的生长。

Soil use: the original place of Clivia is under the forest trees in the high altitude area of Southern Africa, and its roots are rooted in the rotten leaf layer accumulated for many years. The cultivation soil of Clivia should be composed of 65% humus soil, 20% clean sand and 15% fine ash. The relative humidity of soil should be about 40%. If the soil is hardened and the drainage is not smooth, it will lead to rotten roots. In spring, it's better to buy the Clivia special soil for planting. The special soil for Clivia is rotten leaf soil, which is very suitable for the growth of Clivia.

施肥: 对君子兰要冬施一次固体肥料,少施氮肥,多施磷肥、钾肥。蛋壳粉与沤熟的鱼腥水就是很好的磷肥,糠灰、烟灰是易得的钾肥。也可施氮、磷、钾复合肥,以促其萌发更多的新生株、叶。施肥一定要适量,切忌施入浓肥和未经发酵腐熟的生肥,否则,易引起叶尖枯焦或腐烂。冬季若新叶出现斑点、根系发黄,说明施肥过多,而新叶窄、薄且颜色特别浅则是缺肥的表现。

Fertilization: for Clivia, solid fertilizer should be applied once in winter, less nitrogen, more phosphorus and potassium. Eggshell powder and fishy water are good phosphate fertilizer, and bran ash and soot are easy to get potash fertilizer. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can also be applied to promote the germination of more new plants and leaves. Fertilization must be appropriate. Do not apply concentrated fertilizer or raw fertilizer that has not been fermented and ripened. Otherwise, it will easily cause leaf tip scorch or rot. If there are spots on new leaves and yellow roots in winter, it means that there is too much fertilization, while the new leaves are narrow, thin and light in color.

浇水:土壤不宜过干或过湿,每次浇水一定要浇透,现蕾后还要多浇一些。可每隔20天左右,结合浇水施一次发酵的豆饼水、淡鱼腥水和马蹄水等,把浇水和施肥结合起来。室温低时要控制浇水,防止盆土过湿,盆土过湿会引起植株烂根死亡,但也不能使盆土过干。

Watering: the soil should not be too dry or too wet. Every time you water it, you must water it thoroughly. After the bud is in place, you need to water more. Every 20 days or so, the fermented bean cake water, light fishy water and horseshoe water can be watered and applied together. When the room temperature is low, the watering should be controlled to prevent the basin soil from being too wet, which will cause the rotten roots of plants to die, but also can not make the basin soil too dry.

保温:君子兰在冬季的生长适宜温度是15-20℃,最好不要低于10℃。窜箭后温度应保持在18℃左右,昼夜温差最好在10℃左右,否则花箭长不到适当高度就开花,易形成“夹箭”。夜间室外温度低于10℃时就要将君子兰移入室内。室内温度低于10℃时,除在盆土表面覆盖一层1厘米厚的木炭粉保温外,还要将花盆放置在室内向阳保暖处。室内温度特别低时,可在花盆上罩薄膜以升温,但罩内温度不能超过25℃,如果超过,则要及时通风降温。

Heat preservation: the suitable temperature for the growth of Clivia in winter is 15-20 ℃, and it is better not to be lower than 10 ℃. After darting, the temperature should be kept at about 18 ℃, and the temperature difference between day and night should be about 10 ℃, otherwise, the flower arrow will blossom when it is not long enough, and it is easy to form "clip arrow". At night, when the outdoor temperature is lower than 10 ℃, the Clivia should be moved into the room. When the indoor temperature is lower than 10 ℃, in addition to covering a layer of 1cm thick charcoal powder on the surface of basin soil for heat preservation, the flowerpot shall also be placed at the indoor sunny heat preservation place. When the indoor temperature is particularly low, the film can be covered on the flowerpot to raise the temperature, but the temperature in the cover cannot exceed 25 ℃. If it exceeds 25 ℃, ventilation and cooling shall be carried out in time.

光照:君子兰在短日照条件下易开花。烈日暴晒,夏季阳光直照会得日灼病,抑制生长。每年5~9月应在阴棚下或无阳光直接照射的半阴环境中培育。但冬季阳光照射时间越长越好。开花时弱光能延长花期。它喜温暖凉爽,忌严寒酷暑,一般在18-20℃温度中长势良好,5℃以下停止生长。君子兰入室后,光照受到了限制,需人工移动花盆进行调节。在通常情况下,白天要将花盆摆放在室内向阳处,以使阳光能照射到植株。在开花前,晚上还应将花盆放置于日光灯下补充光照。由于君子兰的两列叶片是对生的,如光照长期处于一个位置,会使叶片生长错落不齐,影响观赏效果。因此,调节光照时应注意叶片的方向,每隔10天左右就要调换一次向阳面。花盆在室内的摆法有两种:一种是将叶片平行于向阳窗,另一种是将叶片垂直于向阳窗,后一种效果好于前一种。

Light: Clivia is easy to bloom in short sunlight. Sun exposure, direct note of the summer sun scorching disease, inhibit growth. From May to September every year, it should be cultivated in the shade shed or semi shade environment without direct sunlight. But the longer the winter sunshine, the better. Weak light can prolong the flowering period. It likes to be warm and cool. It should not be cold and hot. It generally grows well at 18-20 ℃ and stops growing below 5 ℃. After the monarch orchid enters the room, the light is limited, so it needs to move the flowerpot to adjust. In general, the flowerpot should be placed indoors in the sunny place during the day so that the sunlight can reach the plant. Before flowering, the flowerpot should be placed under the fluorescent lamp at night to supplement the light. Because the two rows of leaves of Clivia are opposite, if the light is in a position for a long time, the leaves will grow irregularly, which will affect the ornamental effect. Therefore, attention should be paid to the direction of the leaves when adjusting the light, and the sunny side should be changed every 10 days or so. There are two ways to arrange the flowerpot indoors: one is to make the leaves parallel to the sunward window, the other is to make the leaves perpendicular to the sunward window. The effect of the latter is better than the former.

延长花期:君子兰的花期大多为12月至翌年3月。延长花期的方法是在花将要开放时将其放置于避光处,适当控制浇水,并使温度保持在8-12℃。这样,花期可延长10-20天。

Extended flowering period: most of the flowering period of Clivia is from December to march of the next year. The method of prolonging the flowering period is to place the flowers in the dark place when they are about to open, control the watering properly, and keep the temperature at 8-12 ℃. In this way, the flowering period can be extended by 10-20 days.

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