Although the temperature is relatively low now, many friends can't help but feel the desire to raise flowers. When they have time, they want to go to the flower market for a few rounds to see if there are suitable ones. If they have bought them and moved them home, they may still see the blooming flowers in winter! If you think it's time to buy a few pots of flowers and plants to raise them, 360 common sense has three kinds of recommended flowers for you. You need to know that they can bloom in winter, and the flowering time can be as long as 100 days.
I. longevity flower
When it comes to flowers that can bloom in winter, longevity flowers are one. The flowering time of Changshou flower is just like its name, and there are a lot of flowers and various colors, which can meet the needs of different people for home decoration effect.
Maintenance method of longevity flower:
1. Changshou flower is native to Africa and prefers warm temperature. The suitable temperature for its growth is no more than 30 ℃ in the daytime and no less than 18 ℃ in the evening. Too high temperature, too low will affect its normal growth. Changshou flower is drought resistant. After watering before noon, leaves must be dry before nightfall.
2. Longevity flowers like to be sunny, and family cultivation should be put in a place with direct sunlight all year round. However, the sun should be properly shaded around noon in summer, and it can be moved indoors, otherwise, the light is too strong, and the leaves are prone to turn yellow. On the contrary, if the light is insufficient, not only the branches are thin and slender, the leaf surface is thin and the plant shape is not beautiful, but also the flowering quantity is reduced and the flower color is not bright, which will cause a large number of leaves to fall off and lose the ornamental value. Moreover, longevity flower is short sunshine plant, which is sensitive to photoperiod. For the plants with good growth and development, the flower buds can bloom after 3-4 weeks of short sunshine (8-9 hours per day). Longevity flower has phototropism, so we should change the direction of flowerpot, adjust the light, make the plant receive the light evenly, and promote the branches to grow evenly around.
3. Changshou flower does not have strict requirements on soil. Changshou flower is suitable for the soil with good drainage, and the artificial culture soil mainly composed of peat and vermiculite and perlite is the best. The pH value of culture soil is 5, 8 ~ 6, 2.
II. Crab claw orchid
The crab claw orchid is very common in the family flower, its leaf blade very has the characteristic is assumes the sawtooth shape, is like one by one small crab pliers. When the flower bud is open, it hangs all over the branches. The scene is really endurable. Moreover, the crab claw orchid is very well raised in winter and can easily spend the cold winter!
Curing method of crab claw orchid:
Crab claw orchid is easy to rot because of too much water or poor drainage. Therefore, it's best to plant it with clean loose coarse sand mixed with peat and rotten leaves.
Too much fertilizer and too much fertilizer concentration are easy to cause rotten roots of crab claw orchid, resulting in wilting of stem nodes and falling off of flowers when they are half open. The principle of fertilization is less and more frequently.
In summer, many people think that plants and flowers need to drink more water, so they need to water too much. In fact, crab claw orchid enters a semi dormancy state when the light is particularly strong in summer. The number of times of watering is less than that in spring and autumn. It is absolutely necessary to avoid water in the flowerpot, otherwise it will cause root rot.
In summer, when the sun is hot, it's better to shade 50%. Move the crab claw orchid to a shady place. Indoor light can meet the normal growth of crabmail completely. It's best to shade 50%.
When spring and autumn is a little warm, it depends on watering when the soil in the flowerpot dries quickly. The principle of watering is "between dry and wet, dry thoroughly, do not dry and do not pour, pour thoroughly". In winter and spring, the temperature drops and the weather is cold. Generally, water once every 7-10 days.
When the sun is not good or the weather is cold, move the crab claw orchid to the balcony and other places with good light. And every one or two months, to move to the outdoor maintenance for ten and a half days, or the leaves will not be full and yellow.
The suitable temperature for the growth of crabmail is 18-23 ℃. When flowering, 15 ℃ is the best temperature, not more than 25 ℃, less than 10 ℃.
In autumn, crab claw orchid enters the flowering stage. In order to avoid the large temperature difference between day and night damaging the flower bud, it is necessary to move the crab claw orchid into a place with good indoor light, at the same time, it is necessary to trim the flower shape and cut off the weak and small flower buds that are too dense.
As the tap water in the home is purified, it will have a bad effect on the growth of flowers if it is used for a long time. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase a small amount of ferrous sulfate, the mixing ratio is approximately water: ferrous sulfate = 300:3, and water the flowers after it is fully dissolved. Every six months.
In the cultivation of crab claw orchid, sometimes there are four to five new branches growing on the top of an internode. In order to maintain ventilation and photosynthesis, one to two branches should be cut off.
When the damage of scale insects is serious, the damaged parts of leaves will appear yellow and white. It can be scraped off with bamboo chips or killed with pesticides.
When the crab claw orchid grows to a large size, it needs to be inserted into the soil with a bamboo pole. The upper part is tied into two to three layers of circular supports, and the knots are tied on the ring, so that the branches and leaves of the crab claw orchid can be fixed easily.
Clivia is a kind of plant that people love and hate. They love its green leaves and bright flowers. They hate why it is so difficult to keep. The flowering period of Clivia is also concentrated in winter. Many flower friends are doing a good job of maintenance from now on, just to see the scene of Clivia blooming at the end of this year.
Maintenance method of Clivia:
Soil use: the original place of Clivia is under the forest trees in the high altitude area of Southern Africa, and its roots are rooted in the rotten leaf layer accumulated for many years. The cultivation soil of Clivia should be composed of 65% humus soil, 20% clean sand and 15% fine ash. The relative humidity of soil should be about 40%. If the soil is hardened and the drainage is not smooth, it will lead to rotten roots. In spring, it's better to buy the Clivia special soil for planting. The special soil for Clivia is rotten leaf soil, which is very suitable for the growth of Clivia.
Fertilization: for Clivia, solid fertilizer should be applied once in winter, less nitrogen, more phosphorus and potassium. Eggshell powder and fishy water are good phosphate fertilizer, and bran ash and soot are easy to get potash fertilizer. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can also be applied to promote the germination of more new plants and leaves. Fertilization must be appropriate. Do not apply concentrated fertilizer or raw fertilizer that has not been fermented and ripened. Otherwise, it will easily cause leaf tip scorch or rot. If there are spots on new leaves and yellow roots in winter, it means that there is too much fertilization, while the new leaves are narrow, thin and light in color.
Watering: the soil should not be too dry or too wet. Every time you water it, you must water it thoroughly. After the bud is in place, you need to water more. Every 20 days or so, the fermented bean cake water, light fishy water and horseshoe water can be watered and applied together. When the room temperature is low, the watering should be controlled to prevent the basin soil from being too wet, which will cause the rotten roots of plants to die, but also can not make the basin soil too dry.
Heat preservation: the suitable temperature for the growth of Clivia in winter is 15-20 ℃, and it is better not to be lower than 10 ℃. After darting, the temperature should be kept at about 18 ℃, and the temperature difference between day and night should be about 10 ℃, otherwise, the flower arrow will blossom when it is not long enough, and it is easy to form "clip arrow". At night, when the outdoor temperature is lower than 10 ℃, the Clivia should be moved into the room. When the indoor temperature is lower than 10 ℃, in addition to covering a layer of 1cm thick charcoal powder on the surface of basin soil for heat preservation, the flowerpot shall also be placed at the indoor sunny heat preservation place. When the indoor temperature is particularly low, the film can be covered on the flowerpot to raise the temperature, but the temperature in the cover cannot exceed 25 ℃. If it exceeds 25 ℃, ventilation and cooling shall be carried out in time.
Light: Clivia is easy to bloom in short sunlight. Sun exposure, direct note of the summer sun scorching disease, inhibit growth. From May to September every year, it should be cultivated in the shade shed or semi shade environment without direct sunlight. But the longer the winter sunshine, the better. Weak light can prolong the flowering period. It likes to be warm and cool. It should not be cold and hot. It generally grows well at 18-20 ℃ and stops growing below 5 ℃. After the monarch orchid enters the room, the light is limited, so it needs to move the flowerpot to adjust. In general, the flowerpot should be placed indoors in the sunny place during the day so that the sunlight can reach the plant. Before flowering, the flowerpot should be placed under the fluorescent lamp at night to supplement the light. Because the two rows of leaves of Clivia are opposite, if the light is in a position for a long time, the leaves will grow irregularly, which will affect the ornamental effect. Therefore, attention should be paid to the direction of the leaves when adjusting the light, and the sunny side should be changed every 10 days or so. There are two ways to arrange the flowerpot indoors: one is to make the leaves parallel to the sunward window, the other is to make the leaves perpendicular to the sunward window. The effect of the latter is better than the former.
Extended flowering period: most of the flowering period of Clivia is from December to march of the next year. The method of prolonging the flowering period is to place the flowers in the dark place when they are about to open, control the watering properly, and keep the temperature at 8-12 ℃. In this way, the flowering period can be extended by 10-20 days.