污染越来越严重，一些在家的人习惯于把窗户关得严严的，显然是不希望室外被污染的空气侵入室内。然而，科学家发现，即使在交通拥挤的大 ，室外的空气也比室内的空气干净，这是为什么呢？一个原因就是绿色植物不停地净化着室外的空气。 所以，那些经常呆在家中或办公室的人应该给室内添置一些植物，但市场上的花草种类实在太多了，似乎所有植物都打着“净化空气”的旗号，到底该选哪一种呢？今天360常识网我们再单独的将几种植物给单独的拎出来说一说，这些植物可能不太起眼，但是非常的受朋友们的喜爱，赶紧来看看都有哪些植物吧！
Urban pollution is becoming more and more serious. Some people at home are used to closing the windows tightly. Obviously, they don't want the polluted air outside to enter the room. However, scientists found that even in big cities with heavy traffic, the outdoor air is cleaner than the indoor air. Why? One reason is that green plants constantly purify the air outside. Therefore, those who often stay at home or in the office should add some plants to the room, but there are so many kinds of flowers and plants on the market. It seems that all plants are under the banner of "clean air". Which one should they choose? Today, we will bring out several kinds of plants separately. They may not be very impressive, but they are very popular with friends. Let's see what plants they have!
1. Tiger tail orchid
A natural sweeper can remove harmful substances from the air. A basin of tiger tail orchid can absorb more than 80% of various harmful gases in a room of about 10 square meters.
虎尾兰为多年生草本植物，变种有金边虎尾兰、银脉虎尾兰。花从根茎单生抽出，总状花序，花淡白、浅绿色， 3 朵至 5 朵一束，着生在花序轴上。花香较浓郁，如不习惯可移至远处。
Tiger tailed orchid is a perennial herb with varieties of golden edge and silver vein. The flowers are single from the rhizome, raceme, pale white and light green, with 3 to 5 flowers in a bunch, growing on the inflorescence axis. The fragrance of flowers is rich. If you are not used to it, you can move to a distance.
It is native to the West and south of Africa. Sex likes warm sunny environment. Resistant to half shade, afraid of sun exposure. Drought resistance, avoid water. The soil is not restricted, and the cohesive soil can also grow, which is suitable for sandy soil with good drainage.
2, aloe vera
Aloe vera can beautify and purify the air. Evergreen Aloe Vera has a certain function of absorbing peculiar smell, with a long time.
Originated in Mediterranean and Africa, it is a perennial herb of monodaceae. The leaves are clustered, in the shape of seat or at the top of stem, usually lanceolate or short and wide, with sharp toothed spines on the edge. The inflorescence is umbrella shaped, racemose, spicate, conical, etc., with red, yellow or red spots, six petals and six pistils.
Aloe likes to grow in loose soil with good drainage performance and not easy to harden. The general soil can be mixed with some gravel ash, for example, it is better to add rotten leaf ash.
The leaves and roots of c.verticillata can absorb xylene, toluene, trichloroethylene, benzene and formaldehyde, and decompose them into non-toxic substances.
Helianthus, also known as Ficus tenuifolia, is an evergreen tree of the genus Ficus in the mulberry family. Air root, bark, leaf bud and fruit can be used for clearing away heat and detoxification, expelling wind, cooling blood, etc.
In China, it is only found in Yunnan (Jinping, Honghe, Xishuangbanna, Gengma), etc. Nepal, northeast India, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea also have. It is a kind of heat-resistant, drought resistant, humidity resistant, wind resistant, shade resistant, pollution resistant, shear resistant and easy to transplant. Positive, high temperature and wet climate.
Milan is known as a natural scavenger, which can remove harmful substances from the air. Light fragrance, elegant full.
Milan is an evergreen shrub or small tree. Native to southern Asia. It is widely planted all over the tropics of the world. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan and Yunnan are distributed in China. There are also many potted plants in the north.
Milan likes warm, humid and sunny environment. It is not cold resistant and slightly shade resistant. Loose and fertile slightly acid soil is the best, and the temperature in winter is not less than 10 ℃. Milan likes to be wet. During the growing period, water should be appropriate.
5. Millennium wood
The leaves and roots of millennia wood can absorb xylene, toluene, trichloroethylene, benzene and formaldehyde, and decompose them into non-toxic substances. Qiannianmu, also known as Zhu Jiao, is a shrub plant of Agave family. Zhu Jiao is also a medicinal plant. Its flowers, leaves and roots can be used as medicine. Guangxi Folk used to treat hemoptysis, uremia, bacillary dysentery and other diseases. The main stem is tall and straight, the stem is 1-3 meters high, unbranched or less branched. The flowers are reddish to mauve with yellowish hues. It is distributed in the tropics of South China. More than garden cultivation, for foliage plants. The plant shape of banana is beautiful, the color is gorgeous and elegant, and it has better ornamental.
Zhu Jiao, a semi shade plant, likes high temperature and wet climate. It can't stand the sun exposure in the north. Its leaves are easy to turn yellow and cold. Except in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places, it's only suitable to be potted in warm room for viewing. It's required to have acid soil rich in humus and well drained, and avoid alkaline soil.
6. Phyllostachys pubescens
Bamboo is a natural sweeper, which can remove harmful substances in the air.
Phyllostachys pubescens is an evergreen vine. The evergreen climbing foliage plant of Araceae has brown air roots on its stems, which are shaped like electric wires. Therefore, it is called "electric wire grass". Its leaves are oval, and there are many oblong holes and deep cracks scattered in the shape of tortoise shells between the feathery veins. Its shape is like tortoise shells, and its stems have nodes like bamboo stems, so it is called "tortoiseshell bamboo".
It is native to the tropical rainforest of Mexico. It likes warm and humid environment. It is not allowed to be exposed to direct sunlight and cold. It is used as indoor potted plant in the north of China.
7, green Luo
Pineapple is native to the plateau of Mexico. Because it can purify benzene, trichloroethylene and formaldehyde in the air at the same time, it is very suitable to be placed in the newly decorated room. The new flooring is just one of the sources of harmful substances.
Large evergreen vines. Growing in the tropics, it often climbs and grows on the rocks and trunks of rainforests, and can grow into huge lianas. It has strong twining and developed air roots. It can not only be attached to the column made of brown, but also be placed in the hall and hotel. It can also be cultivated into a hanging shape and placed in the study and windowsill. It is a kind of flower suitable for indoor placement.
8. Golden heart Chlorophytum
Golden Heart Chlorophytum can remove harmful substances in the air and purify the air.
Cymbidium aureum is an evergreen perennial herb, with rhizomes in the underground, long and thin leaves, linear lanceolate, yellow and white longitudinal stripes in the center, holding stems at the base, bright green. The country of origin is South Africa, which likes to be warm and humid, likes to be half shaded, and avoids the hot sun in summer. The soil is required to be loose and fertile. When the room temperature is 20 ℃, the stem and leaf grow rapidly, and the temperature in winter is required to be no less than 5 ℃.
9, Jin Hu
It can absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen day and night.
Jinhu is a representative of the cactus, which is native to the dry and hot desert area from San Luis Potosi to Hidalgo in central Mexico. Wild golden succins are extremely endangered rare plants. This kind of cactus is the most attractive plant. It has a round green sphere and steel hard golden yellow hard thorns. The diameter of the sphere can reach about 1 meter, and the top of the sphere is densely covered with a circle of golden fluff.
Strong habits. It is fond of calcareous soil, dry, warm and sunny. It is required to have sufficient sunlight, be afraid of cold and humidity, and be good in calcareous sandy soil.
Chlorophytum has a very strong function of absorbing toxic gases, which is known as green purifier. No choice of soil, light requirements are not strict.
11. Brazil Railway
Brazilian iron, also known as dragon blood tree, can remove harmful substances in the air.
Its scientific name is xianglongxue tree, which is also known as Brazilian iron tree, Brazilian Millennium tree and golden edge xianglongxue tree. It is an evergreen tree in Liliaceae.
It is a little shade resistant and likes high temperature. When it is lower than 13 ℃, it enters into dormancy and stops growing. It likes loose and well drained soil. When it is potted, it likes rotten leaf soil or peat soil.
Its green palm leaf has a very effective purification effect on xylene and formaldehyde.
The leaf of sunflower is one of the main leaf materials in the whole leaf cutting field. It is in short supply in the market every year, and the price in winter is not cheap.
Also known as yellow coconut, it is a cluster of evergreen shrubs or small trees. It likes a warm, humid, semi overcast and well ventilated environment, with the lowest temperature over 10 ℃ in winter.