家里有异味 养这些不太起眼还能净化空气的绿色植物-看世界

家里有异味 养这些不太起眼还能净化空气的绿色植物

城市污染越来越严重,一些在家的人习惯于把窗户关得严严的,显然是不希望室外被污染的空气侵入室内。然而,科学家发现,即使在交通拥挤的大城市,室外的空气也比室内的空气干净,这是为什么呢?一个原因就是绿色植物不停地净化着室外的空气。   所以,那些经常呆在家中或办公室的人应该给室内添置一些植物,但市场上的花草种类实在太多了,似乎所有植物都打着“净化空气”的旗号,到底该选哪一种呢?今天360常识网我们再单独的将几种植物给单独的拎出来说一说,这些植物可能不太起眼,但是非常的受朋友们的喜爱,赶紧来看看都有哪些植物吧!

城市污染越来越严重,一些在家的人习惯于把窗户关得严严的,显然是不希望室外被污染的空气侵入室内。然而,科学家发现,即使在交通拥挤的大城市,室外的空气也比室内的空气干净,这是为什么呢?一个原因就是绿色植物不停地净化着室外的空气。   所以,那些经常呆在家中或办公室的人应该给室内添置一些植物,但市场上的花草种类实在太多了,似乎所有植物都打着“净化空气”的旗号,到底该选哪一种呢?今天360常识网我们再单独的将几种植物给单独的拎出来说一说,这些植物可能不太起眼,但是非常的受朋友们的喜爱,赶紧来看看都有哪些植物吧!

Urban pollution is becoming more and more serious. Some people at home are used to closing the windows tightly. Obviously, they don't want the polluted air outside to enter the room. However, scientists found that even in big cities with heavy traffic, the outdoor air is cleaner than the indoor air. Why? One reason is that green plants constantly purify the air outside. Therefore, those who often stay at home or in the office should add some plants to the room, but there are so many kinds of flowers and plants on the market. It seems that all plants are under the banner of "clean air". Which one should they choose? Today, we will bring out several kinds of plants separately. They may not be very impressive, but they are very popular with friends. Let's see what plants they have!

1、虎尾兰

1. Tiger tail orchid

天然的清道夫,可以清除空气中的有害物质。一盆虎尾兰可吸收10平方米左右房间内80%以上多种有害气体。

A natural sweeper can remove harmful substances from the air. A basin of tiger tail orchid can absorb more than 80% of various harmful gases in a room of about 10 square meters.

虎尾兰为多年生草本植物,变种有金边虎尾兰、银脉虎尾兰。花从根茎单生抽出,总状花序,花淡白、浅绿色, 3 朵至 5 朵一束,着生在花序轴上。花香较浓郁,如不习惯可移至远处。

Tiger tailed orchid is a perennial herb with varieties of golden edge and silver vein. The flowers are single from the rhizome, raceme, pale white and light green, with 3 to 5 flowers in a bunch, growing on the inflorescence axis. The fragrance of flowers is rich. If you are not used to it, you can move to a distance.

原产于非洲西部和南部。性喜温暖向阳环境。耐半阴,怕阳光暴晒。耐干旱,忌积水。土壤不拘,粘重土亦能生长,以排水良好的沙质土壤为宜。

It is native to the West and south of Africa. Sex likes warm sunny environment. Resistant to half shade, afraid of sun exposure. Drought resistance, avoid water. The soil is not restricted, and the cohesive soil can also grow, which is suitable for sandy soil with good drainage.

2、芦荟

2, aloe vera

芦荟可以美容,净化空气,常绿芦荟有一定的吸收异味作用,作用时间较长。

Aloe vera can beautify and purify the air. Evergreen Aloe Vera has a certain function of absorbing peculiar smell, with a long time.

原产于地中海、非洲,为独尾草科多年生草本植物。叶簇生,呈座状或生于茎顶,叶常披针形或叶短宽,边缘有尖齿状刺。花序为伞形、总状、穗状、圆锥形等,色呈红、黄或具赤色斑点,花瓣六片、雌蕊六枚。

Originated in Mediterranean and Africa, it is a perennial herb of monodaceae. The leaves are clustered, in the shape of seat or at the top of stem, usually lanceolate or short and wide, with sharp toothed spines on the edge. The inflorescence is umbrella shaped, racemose, spicate, conical, etc., with red, yellow or red spots, six petals and six pistils.

芦荟喜欢生长在排水性能良好,不易板结的疏松土质中。一般的土壤中可掺些沙砾灰渣,如能加入腐叶草灰等更好。

Aloe likes to grow in loose soil with good drainage performance and not easy to harden. The general soil can be mixed with some gravel ash, for example, it is better to add rotten leaf ash.

3、垂叶榕

3. Banyan

垂叶蓉的叶片与根部能吸收二甲苯、甲苯、三氯乙烯、苯和甲醛,并将其分解为无毒物质。

The leaves and roots of c.verticillata can absorb xylene, toluene, trichloroethylene, benzene and formaldehyde, and decompose them into non-toxic substances.

垂叶蓉又叫细叶榕,是桑科榕属的常绿乔木。气根、树皮、叶芽、果实可用于清热解毒,祛风,凉血等。

Helianthus, also known as Ficus tenuifolia, is an evergreen tree of the genus Ficus in the mulberry family. Air root, bark, leaf bud and fruit can be used for clearing away heat and detoxification, expelling wind, cooling blood, etc.

在中国仅见于云南(金平、红河、西双版纳、耿马)等地。尼泊尔、印度东北部、越南、泰国、菲律宾、巴布亚新几内亚也有。是一种耐热、耐旱、耐湿、耐风、耐阴、抗污染、耐剪、易移植。阳性,喜高温多湿气候。

In China, it is only found in Yunnan (Jinping, Honghe, Xishuangbanna, Gengma), etc. Nepal, northeast India, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea also have. It is a kind of heat-resistant, drought resistant, humidity resistant, wind resistant, shade resistant, pollution resistant, shear resistant and easy to transplant. Positive, high temperature and wet climate.

4、米兰

4, Milan

米兰有天然的清道夫之称,可以清除空气中的有害物质。淡淡的清香,雅气十足。

Milan is known as a natural scavenger, which can remove harmful substances from the air. Light fragrance, elegant full.

米兰为常绿灌木或小乔木。原产亚洲南部。广泛种植于世界热带各地。中国福建、广东、广西、四川、云南有分布。北方也多盆栽。

Milan is an evergreen shrub or small tree. Native to southern Asia. It is widely planted all over the tropics of the world. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan and Yunnan are distributed in China. There are also many potted plants in the north.

米兰喜温暖湿润和阳光充足环境,不耐寒,稍耐阴,土壤以疏松、肥沃的微酸性土壤为最好,冬季温度不低于10℃。米兰喜湿润,生长期间浇水要适量。

Milan likes warm, humid and sunny environment. It is not cold resistant and slightly shade resistant. Loose and fertile slightly acid soil is the best, and the temperature in winter is not less than 10 ℃. Milan likes to be wet. During the growing period, water should be appropriate.

5、千年木

5. Millennium wood

千年木的叶片与根部能吸收二甲苯、甲苯、三氯乙烯、苯和甲醛,并将其分解为无毒物质。  千年木又名朱蕉,为龙舌兰科灌木植物,朱蕉也是药用植物,其花、叶、根均可入药,我国广西民间曾用来治咯血、尿血、菌痢等症。主茎挺拔,茎高1-3米,不分枝或少分枝。花淡红色至青紫色,间有淡黄。分布于我国南部热带地区。多于庭园栽培,为观叶植物。朱蕉株形美观,色彩华丽高雅,具有较好的观赏性。

The leaves and roots of millennia wood can absorb xylene, toluene, trichloroethylene, benzene and formaldehyde, and decompose them into non-toxic substances. Qiannianmu, also known as Zhu Jiao, is a shrub plant of Agave family. Zhu Jiao is also a medicinal plant. Its flowers, leaves and roots can be used as medicine. Guangxi Folk used to treat hemoptysis, uremia, bacillary dysentery and other diseases. The main stem is tall and straight, the stem is 1-3 meters high, unbranched or less branched. The flowers are reddish to mauve with yellowish hues. It is distributed in the tropics of South China. More than garden cultivation, for foliage plants. The plant shape of banana is beautiful, the color is gorgeous and elegant, and it has better ornamental.

朱蕉性喜高温多湿气候,属半荫植物,既不能忍受北方地区烈日曝晒,完全蔽荫处叶片又易发黄,不耐寒,除广东、广西、福建等地外,均只宜置于温室内盆栽观赏,要求富含腐殖质和排水良好的酸性土壤,忌碱土。

Zhu Jiao, a semi shade plant, likes high temperature and wet climate. It can't stand the sun exposure in the north. Its leaves are easy to turn yellow and cold. Except in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places, it's only suitable to be potted in warm room for viewing. It's required to have acid soil rich in humus and well drained, and avoid alkaline soil.

6、龟背竹

6. Phyllostachys pubescens

龟背竹是天然的清道夫,可以清除空气中的有害物质。

Bamboo is a natural sweeper, which can remove harmful substances in the air.

龟背竹为常绿藤本植物。天南星科常绿攀援观叶植物,茎干上着生有褐色的气根,形如电线,故名“电线草”叶卵圆形,在羽状的叶脉间呈龟甲形散布许多长圆形的孔洞和深裂,其形状似龟甲图案,茎有节似竹干,故名“龟背竹”。

Phyllostachys pubescens is an evergreen vine. The evergreen climbing foliage plant of Araceae has brown air roots on its stems, which are shaped like electric wires. Therefore, it is called "electric wire grass". Its leaves are oval, and there are many oblong holes and deep cracks scattered in the shape of tortoise shells between the feathery veins. Its shape is like tortoise shells, and its stems have nodes like bamboo stems, so it is called "tortoiseshell bamboo".

原产墨西哥热带雨林中,性喜温暖、湿润环境,忌阳光直射,不耐寒,我国北方均作室内盆栽。

It is native to the tropical rainforest of Mexico. It likes warm and humid environment. It is not allowed to be exposed to direct sunlight and cold. It is used as indoor potted plant in the north of China.

7、绿萝

7, green Luo

绿萝原产为墨西哥高原。由于它能同时净化空气中的苯、三氯乙烯和甲醛,因此非常适合摆放在新装修好的居室中。新铺的地板只是滋生有害物质的源头之一。

Pineapple is native to the plateau of Mexico. Because it can purify benzene, trichloroethylene and formaldehyde in the air at the same time, it is very suitable to be placed in the newly decorated room. The new flooring is just one of the sources of harmful substances.

大型常绿藤本植物。生长于热带地区常攀援生长在雨林的岩石和树干上,可长成巨大的藤本植物。其缠绕性强,气根发达,既可让其攀附于用棕扎成的圆柱上,摆于门厅、宾馆,也可培养成悬垂状置于书房、窗台,是一种较适合室内摆放的花卉。

Large evergreen vines. Growing in the tropics, it often climbs and grows on the rocks and trunks of rainforests, and can grow into huge lianas. It has strong twining and developed air roots. It can not only be attached to the column made of brown, but also be placed in the hall and hotel. It can also be cultivated into a hanging shape and placed in the study and windowsill. It is a kind of flower suitable for indoor placement.

8、金心吊兰

8. Golden heart Chlorophytum

金心吊兰可以清除空气中的有害物质,净化空气。

Golden Heart Chlorophytum can remove harmful substances in the air and purify the air.

金心吊兰为常绿多年生草本植物,地下部有根茎,叶细长,线状披针形,中心具黄白色纵条纹,基部抱茎,鲜绿色。  原产地为南非,喜温暖湿润,喜半荫,夏季忌烈日,土壤要求疏松肥沃,室温20℃时,茎叶生长迅速,冬季温度要求不低于5℃。

Cymbidium aureum is an evergreen perennial herb, with rhizomes in the underground, long and thin leaves, linear lanceolate, yellow and white longitudinal stripes in the center, holding stems at the base, bright green. The country of origin is South Africa, which likes to be warm and humid, likes to be half shaded, and avoids the hot sun in summer. The soil is required to be loose and fertile. When the room temperature is 20 ℃, the stem and leaf grow rapidly, and the temperature in winter is required to be no less than 5 ℃.

9、金琥

9, Jin Hu

金琥可以昼夜吸收二氧化碳释放氧气。

It can absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen day and night.

金琥为强刺球类仙人掌的代表,原产墨西哥中部圣路易波托西至伊达尔戈干燥炎热的沙漠地带。野生的金琥是极度濒危的稀有植物。本种是仙人掌类中最具魅力的一类植物。它拥有浑圆碧绿的球体及钢硬的金黄色硬刺。球体的直径可达1米左右,球体顶部密生一圈金黄色的绒毛。

Jinhu is a representative of the cactus, which is native to the dry and hot desert area from San Luis Potosi to Hidalgo in central Mexico. Wild golden succins are extremely endangered rare plants. This kind of cactus is the most attractive plant. It has a round green sphere and steel hard golden yellow hard thorns. The diameter of the sphere can reach about 1 meter, and the top of the sphere is densely covered with a circle of golden fluff.

习性强健。喜石灰质土壤,喜干燥,喜暖,喜阳,要求阳光充足,畏寒、忌湿、好生于含石灰的沙质土。

Strong habits. It is fond of calcareous soil, dry, warm and sunny. It is required to have sufficient sunlight, be afraid of cold and humidity, and be good in calcareous sandy soil.

10、绿叶吊兰

10. Chlorophytum

绿叶吊兰有极强的吸收有毒气体的功能有绿色净化器之美称。不择土壤,对光线要求不严。

Chlorophytum has a very strong function of absorbing toxic gases, which is known as green purifier. No choice of soil, light requirements are not strict.

11、巴西铁

11. Brazil Railway

巴西铁又称香龙血树,可以清除空气中的有害物质。

Brazilian iron, also known as dragon blood tree, can remove harmful substances in the air.

学名香龙血树,别名巴西铁树、巴西千年木、金边香龙血树,为百合科龙血树属常绿乔木。

Its scientific name is xianglongxue tree, which is also known as Brazilian iron tree, Brazilian Millennium tree and golden edge xianglongxue tree. It is an evergreen tree in Liliaceae.

稍耐阴,喜高温,低于13℃则进入休眠,停止生长,喜疏松、排水良好的土壤,盆栽时喜腐叶土或泥炭土。

It is a little shade resistant and likes high temperature. When it is lower than 13 ℃, it enters into dormancy and stops growing. It likes loose and well drained soil. When it is potted, it likes rotten leaf soil or peat soil.

12、散尾葵

12. Anemone

散尾葵它绿色的棕榈叶对二甲苯和甲醛有十分有效的净化作用。

Its green palm leaf has a very effective purification effect on xylene and formaldehyde.

散尾葵的叶片在整个切叶领域里是主要的叶材之一,每年在市场上都供不应求, 冬季价格更是不菲。

The leaf of sunflower is one of the main leaf materials in the whole leaf cutting field. It is in short supply in the market every year, and the price in winter is not cheap.

又名黄椰子,为丛生常绿灌木或小乔木。  性喜温暖湿润、半阴且通风良好的环境,越冬最低温要在10℃以上。

Also known as yellow coconut, it is a cluster of evergreen shrubs or small trees. It likes a warm, humid, semi overcast and well ventilated environment, with the lowest temperature over 10 ℃ in winter.

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