室内养君子兰七八月讲究多 养殖君子兰注意事项-看世界

室内养君子兰七八月讲究多 养殖君子兰注意事项

说到君子兰,好多花友感觉它比较难养,尤其是夏天,动不动就黄叶子、烂根,而实际上它并没有多么难养,只是到了夏天有几件事是不能做的!下面和360常识网一起来看看。

说到君子兰,好多花友感觉它比较难养,尤其是夏天,动不动就黄叶子、烂根,而实际上它并没有多么难养,只是到了夏天有几件事是不能做的!下面和360常识网一起来看看。

When it comes to monarch orchid, many flower friends feel that it is difficult to raise, especially in summer, when it can't move, it will have yellow leaves and rotten roots. In fact, it's not so hard to raise, but there are several things that can't be done in summer! Let's take a look at it with 360 common sense.

君子兰(学名:Clivia miniata),别名剑叶石蒜、大叶石蒜,是石蒜科君子兰属的观赏花卉。原产于南非南部。是多年生草本植物,花期长达30-50天,以冬春为主,元旦至春节前后也开花,忌强光,为半阴性植物,喜凉爽,忌高温。生长适温为15-25℃,低于5℃则停止生长。喜肥厚、排水性良好的土壤和湿润的土壤,忌干燥环境。君子兰具有很高的观赏价值,中国常在温室盆栽供观赏。分株或种子繁殖。功效相同的尚有垂笑君子兰(C. nobilis),各地温室栽培,花色多样。君子兰的寿命达几十年或更长。君子兰是长春市的市花。

Clivia miniata (scientific name: Clivia miniata) is an ornamental flower of Clivia in Lycoris family. It is native to the south of South Africa. It is a perennial herb, with a flowering period of 30-50 days, mainly in winter and spring. It also blooms from New Year's day to Spring Festival. It is semi negative, likes to be cool and avoid high temperature. The suitable temperature for growth is 15-25 ℃, and the growth will stop below 5 ℃. Like the fat, good drainage soil and wet soil, avoid dry environment. Clivia is of high ornamental value, and it is often planted in Greenhouse in China. To reproduce in ramets or seeds. C. nobilis, which has the same effect, is cultivated in greenhouses with various colors. Clivia has a life span of decades or more. Clivia is the city flower of Changchun.

君子兰根肉质纤维状,为乳白色,十分粗壮。根系粗大,很有肉质感。君子兰茎基部宿存的叶基部扩大互抱成假鳞茎状。叶片从根部短缩的茎上呈二列叠出,排列整齐,宽阔呈带形,顶端圆润,质地硬而厚实,并有光泽及脉纹。基生叶质厚,叶形似剑,叶片革质,深绿色,具光泽,带状,长30-50厘米,最长可达85厘米,宽3-5厘米,下部渐狭,互生排列,全缘。[1]

The root of Junzi orchid is fleshy and fibrous, milky white and very thick. The root system is thick and fleshy. At the base of stem, the persistent leaf base of Clivia expanded and embraced each other into pseudobulbous shape. The leaves are arranged in two rows from the short stem of the root. They are arranged in order, wide and banded, with round top, hard and thick texture, glossy and veined. The basic leaves are thick, sword like, leathery, dark green, glossy, banded, 30-50cm long, up to 85CM long, 3-5cm wide, gradually narrowed at the bottom, arranged in alternate, entire. [1]

花葶自叶腋中抽出,若从种子开始养护,一般要达到15片叶时开花。花茎宽约2厘米;小花有柄,在花顶端呈伞形排列,花漏斗状,直立,黄或橘黄色、橙红色。伞形花序顶生,花直立,有数枚覆瓦状排列的苞片,每个花序有小花7-30朵,多的可达40朵以上。花被裂片6,合生。垂笑君子兰则花稍垂,花被狭漏斗状。[2]花梗长2.5-5厘米;花直立向上,花被宽漏斗形,鲜红色,内面略带黄色;花被管长约5毫米,外轮花被裂片顶端有微凸头,内轮顶端微凹,略长于雄蕊;花柱长,稍伸出于花被外。

Scapes are drawn from axils of leaves. If they are cured from seeds, they usually bloom when they reach 15 leaves. The flower stem is about 2 cm wide; the small flowers have handles, arranged in an umbrella shape at the top of the flower, funnel-shaped, upright, yellow or orange, orange red. The umbel is terminal, the flower is erect, several bracts are arranged in tile like arrangement, each inflorescence has 7-30 florets, many of which can reach more than 40. Perianth lobes 6, connate. The flower is slightly drooping, and the perianth is narrow and funnel-shaped. [2] pedicel is 2.5-5cm long; flowers are upright and upward, perianth is wide funnel-shaped, bright red, with yellow inside; perianth tube is about 5mm long, and there is a slight convex head at the top of perianth lobes of outer ring, and the top of inner ring is slightly concave, slightly longer than stamens; style is long, slightly extended out of perianth.

浆果紫红色,宽卵形。盛花期自元旦至春节,以春夏季为主,可全年开花,有时冬季也可开花,也有在夏季6-7月间开花的。果实成熟期10月左右,属浆果,紫红色。花、叶并美。

The berries are purplish red, broadly ovate. The flowering period is from New Year's day to Spring Festival, mainly in spring and summer. It can bloom all year round, sometimes in winter, or in June to July in summer. The ripening period of the fruit is about 10 months. It belongs to berry, purplish red. Flowers and leaves are beautiful.

一、不暴晒

I. no exposure

君子兰作为开花植物,虽然它也喜欢光,但却特别怕暴晒,在春秋冬季光线不强的时候,你给它晒一晒太阳,既有利于它开花,还有利于它长叶!

As a flowering plant, Clivia is also fond of light, but it is especially afraid of exposure to the sun. When the light is not strong in spring and autumn and winter, you can give it a sun exposure, which is not only conducive to its flowering, but also to its leaf growth!

而到了夏天可千万别晒,夏天光线太强,你一晒,这个叶子就会一块一块的发黄发干,看起来非常的难看,最关键的是一旦晒伤之后,再想让它恢复到那种厚绿油亮的状态,可谓是难上加难!

And don't sun it in summer. The light is too strong in summer. Once you sun it, the leaves will turn yellow and dry one by one. It looks very ugly. The most important thing is that once you get sunburned, it's hard to make it return to the thick green and shiny state!

二、不喷水

II. No water spray

夏季天气闷热,好多花友为了降温或增湿,会给君子兰叶子上来喷一喷水,但这个小习惯可不好,不管养什么花,闷热的季节向叶子上喷水都是大忌,因为喷水后如果通风状况不佳,水分在叶子上停留时间过长,很容易长虫!

Summer weather is sultry. Many flower friends spray water on the leaves of Clivia for cooling or humidifying, but this little habit is not good. No matter what flowers are raised, spraying water on the leaves in sultry season is a big taboo, because if the ventilation condition is not good after spraying, the water will stay on the leaves for a long time, and it is easy to grow insects!

三、不浇大水、不施肥

III. no watering or fertilization

君子兰本身不耐热,夏季温度过高以后,它就会生长很慢,甚至是停止生长,这个阶段水一定要控制,一定要等盆土干了再浇水,而且浇水最好是晚上,这样浇完以后经过一晚上的蒸发,也能蒸发掉20%,第二天即便温度高,盆土也不会太闷热!

Clivia itself is not heat-resistant. When the temperature is too high in summer, it will grow very slowly, or even stop growing. At this stage, water must be controlled. Water the pot soil after it is dried. And the best watering is at night. After one night's evaporation, it can also steam 20%. Even if the temperature is high, the pot soil will not be too hot!

由于夏季它生长很慢,甚至是停止了生长,这个阶段它对肥没有什么需求,所以肥就不要施了,等天气凉快了,它开始生长了,再给它施肥!

Because it grows very slowly in summer, or even stops growing. At this stage, it has no need for fertilizer, so don't apply fertilizer. When the weather is cool, it begins to grow, and then fertilize it!

四、不翻盆

IV. do not turn basin

刚才咱们讲了,君子兰夏季会处于一个生长很慢的阶段,这个阶段只要它不出现大的状况,切记不要给它翻盆换土,因为天气热、生长慢,一翻盆的话会服盆很慢,长时间扎不了根,就容易烂根!

As we said just now, Clivia will be in a very slow growth stage in summer. As long as it doesn't have a big situation in this stage, don't turn over the basin to change the soil. Because the weather is hot and the growth is slow, if you turn over the basin, you will take the basin very slowly. If you can't root for a long time, you will easily rot!

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