要节能省钱 选择节能耐用更省钱的LED灯-看世界

要节能省钱 选择节能耐用更省钱的LED灯

一般家居中,除了空调、电冰箱之外,耗电量最多的就是电灯了!要节能省钱,选择更节能的灯泡很重要。今天360常识网就来聊聊新型的节能LED灯。

一般家居中,除了空调、电冰箱之外,耗电量最多的就是电灯了!要节能省钱,选择更节能的灯泡很重要。今天360常识网就来聊聊新型的节能LED灯。

General household, in addition to air conditioning, refrigerator, the most power consumption is the light! To save energy and money, it's important to choose a more energy-efficient light bulb. Today, 360 common sense will talk about the new energy-saving LED lights.

一、认识LED灯

I. understanding LED lights

在说LED灯如何能节能省钱之前,首先要了解什幺是LED灯?

Before we talk about how LED lights can save energy and money, we should first understand what led lights are?

LED灯借由半导体材料发光,由于它的发光面积小,所输出能量也较低,因此过去LED灯是不适合做为照明用途。

LED lights are made of semiconductor materials. Because of its small luminous area and low output energy, LED lights are not suitable for lighting in the past.

但经过不断研发和改良,LED灯的发光面积扩大,其效率还强过于一般的日光灯或荧光灯,而能作为照明用途。

However, after continuous research and development and improvement, the luminous area of LED lamp is expanded, and its efficiency is also better than that of general fluorescent lamp or fluorescent lamp, which can be used for lighting purposes.

采用LED灯的优点是,它没有电热灯丝,也不必透过气体放电,一点就亮,是目前效率最高的光源。但,缺点是它的售价相对较贵,而且光源体积愈小,投射面积上的光强度(即辉度)高,所以LED灯的眩光也比较强。

The advantage of using LED light is that it has no electric heating filament and does not need to discharge through gas. It is the most efficient light source at present. However, the disadvantage is that its price is relatively expensive, and the smaller the light source volume, the higher the light intensity (i.e. brightness) on the projection area, so the glare of the LED lamp is also relatively strong.

二、价格较贵但更耐用

II. More expensive but more durable

相对于普通白炽灯泡或灯管,LED灯更节能和耐用!据计算,LED灯能省电高达85%。尽管如此,它的照明度不逊于普通电灯,例如13瓦特的LED灯泡,其亮度就相等于100瓦特的普通白炽灯,而其寿命也比普通白炽灯长达15倍,即约15年。

Compared with ordinary incandescent bulb or tube, LED lamp is more energy-saving and durable! According to calculation, LED lamps can save up to 85% of electricity. Nevertheless, its illumination is no less than that of ordinary electric lamps, such as 13 watt LED bulb, whose brightness is equal to that of 100 watt ordinary incandescent lamp, and its service life is 15 times longer than that of ordinary incandescent lamp, i.e. about 15 years.

LED灯与白炽灯相比,价格稍微昂贵,但从长远来看却能更省钱,因为它的寿命很长!

Compared with incandescent lamp, LED lamp is a little more expensive, but it can save money in the long run, because it has a long life!

为了鼓励国人节能,以LED灯取代普通白炽灯,根据国家环境局网站显示,从2012年起,LED灯的价格已比2009年的价格来得经济实惠,一般消费者也负担得起。

In order to encourage Chinese people to save energy and replace ordinary incandescent lamps with LED lamps, according to the website of the national environment administration, since 2012, the price of LED lamps has been more affordable than that of 2009, and the average consumer can afford it.

三、使用LED灯好处

III. advantages of using LED light

使用LED灯不但能节能省钱,同时也有以下几大特点:

The use of LED lights can not only save energy and money, but also have the following characteristics:

1、灯管可替换日光灯,灯泡可替换白炽灯,省电高达85%以上,非常环保,无须经常更换。

1. The lamp tube can replace the fluorescent lamp, and the bulb can replace the incandescent lamp, which can save more than 85% of the electricity. It is very environmentally friendly and does not need to be replaced frequently.

2、寿命长达15年以上,节省了经常换灯和维修的费用。半导体芯片发光,无灯丝,无玻璃泡,不怕震动,不易破碎,使用寿命可达五万小时(普通白炽灯使用寿命仅有一千小时,普通节能灯使用寿命也只有八千小时)。

2. The service life is more than 15 years, saving the cost of frequent lamp replacement and maintenance. Semiconductor chip is light-emitting, no filament, no glass bubble, not afraid of vibration, not easy to break, and its service life can reach 50000 hours (the service life of ordinary incandescent lamp is only 1000 hours, and the service life of ordinary energy-saving lamp is only 8000 hours).

3、不含汞、铅等有害物质,无紫外线、红外线等。绿色光源,光线柔和。

3. No harmful substances such as mercury and lead, no ultraviolet, infrared, etc. Green light source, soft light.

4、LED灯产生的热能比灯管低,能降低室内的温度。

4. The heat energy produced by LED lamp is lower than that of lamp tube, which can reduce the indoor temperature.

5、没有频闪的不良效应,没有噪声干扰。

5. There is no adverse effect of stroboscopic, no noise interference.

6、 高效节能:以相同亮度比较,3W的LED节能灯333小时耗1度电,而普通60W白炽灯17小时耗1度电,普通5W节能灯200小时耗1度电。

6. High efficiency and energy saving: compared with the same brightness, the 3W LED energy-saving lamp consumes 1 kwh in 333 hours, while the ordinary 60W incandescent lamp consumes 1 kwh in 17 hours, and the ordinary 5W energy-saving lamp consumes 1 kwh in 200 hours.

7、健康:光线健康光线中含紫外线和红外线少,产生辐射少(普通灯光线中含有紫外线和红外线)。

7. Health: the healthy light contains less ultraviolet and infrared rays and produces less radiation (the ordinary light contains ultraviolet and infrared rays).

8、绿色环保:不含汞和氙等有害元素,利于回收,普通灯管中含有汞和铅等元素。

8. Green and environmental protection: it is free of harmful elements such as mercury and xenon, which is conducive to recycling. Common lamps contain elements such as mercury and lead.

9、保护视力:直流驱动,无频闪(普通灯都是交流驱动,就必然产生频闪)。

9. Vision protection: DC driven, no stroboscopic (ordinary lamps are AC driven, so stroboscopic is inevitable).

四、LED灯的正确使用方法

IV. correct use of LED lamp

1、经常开关灯小心会减低灯的寿命。如果只离开5分钟就回来,没必要特别关灯,但如果离开一段时间,就必须随手将灯关掉,那会比较节能省钱。

1. The lamp life will be reduced if the lamp is turned on and off frequently. It's unnecessary to turn off the light when you come back after only 5 minutes, but if you leave for a while, you have to turn off the light at will, which will save energy and money.

2、采用调制器,尤其看电视说,可将电灯亮度调低,这样可以节省电力,也可减少从电视荧光屏幕显示出刺眼的亮度。

2. Using modulator, especially watching TV, can reduce the brightness of electric light, which can save power and reduce the dazzling brightness displayed from the TV fluorescent screen.

3、定期清洁,用干布抹掉罩在灯泡上的灰尘,这样灯泡不会因被灰尘盖住而亮度不够,而必须调高亮度,浪费电力。

3. Clean regularly, and wipe off the dust on the bulb with a dry cloth, so that the bulb will not be covered by dust and the brightness is not enough, and the brightness must be increased to waste power.

4、不要以为灯愈少愈省电。在有需要的空间安置电灯,随时能照明,反而会省下许多不必要的电费,例如储藏室要有盏小灯,那就不必要老是为了照亮一个小小的空间,而把整个较大空间的灯给开了。

4. Don't think that the less light, the less power. Placing electric lights in the space where there is a need to be able to light up at any time will save a lot of unnecessary electricity charges. For example, if there is a small light in the storage room, it is not necessary to always turn on the lights in the whole larger space in order to light up a small space.

五、LED节能灯选购

V. selection of LED energy saving lamp

1、LED亮度(MCD)不同,价格不同。用于LED灯具的LED应符合雷射等级Ⅰ类标准。

1. Different LED brightness (MCD) and different price. LED used for LED lamps shall conform to class I standard of laser grade.

2、抗静电能力。抗静电能力强的LED,寿命长,因而价格高。通常抗静电大于700V的LED才能用于LED灯饰。

2. Antistatic capacity. Led with strong anti-static ability has long service life and high price. Generally, led with anti-static voltage greater than 700V can be used for LED lighting.

3、波长一致的LED,颜色一致,如要求颜色一致,则价格高。没有LED分光分色仪的生产商很难生产色彩纯正的产品。

3. The LED with the same wavelength has the same color. If the color is required to be the same, the price is high. It is difficult for manufacturers to produce pure color products without led spectrophotometer.

4、漏电流LED是单向导电的发光体,如果有反向电流,则称为漏电,漏电流大的LED,寿命短,价格低。

4. The leakage current LED is a unidirectional conductive luminous body. If there is reverse current, it is called leakage current. The LED with large leakage current has short service life and low price.

5、发光角度用途不同的LED其发光角度不一样。特殊的

5. The luminous angle of LEDs with different purposes is different. Especial

发光角度,价格较高。如全漫射角,价格较高。

Light angle, high price. Such as the total diffuse angle, the price is higher.

6、寿命不同。品质的关键是寿命,寿命由光衰决定。光衰小、寿命长;寿命长,价格高。

6. Different life span. The key to quality is life, which is determined by light decay. Small light decay, long life; long life, high price.

7、晶片LED的发光体为晶片,不同的晶片,价格差异很大。日本、美国的晶片较贵,一般台湾及国产的晶片价格低于日、美。

7. The LED light-emitting body of the chip is a chip. Different chips have different prices. Chips in Japan and the United States are more expensive. Generally, the prices of chips in Taiwan and China are lower than those in Japan and the United States.

8、晶片大小晶片的大小以边长表示,大晶片LED的品质比小晶片的要好。价格同晶片大小成正比。

8. The size of chip is indicated by the side length, and the quality of large chip LED is better than that of small chip. The price is directly proportional to the chip size.

9、胶体普通的LED的胶体一般为环氧树脂,加有抗紫外线及防火剂的LED价格较贵,高品质的户外LED灯饰应抗紫外线及防火。每一种产品都会有不同的设计,不同的设计适用于不同的用途,LED灯饰的可靠性设计方面包含:电气安全、防火安全、适用环境安全、机械安全、健康安全、安全使用时间等因素。从电气安全角度看,应符合相关的国际、国家标准。

9. The gel of ordinary LED is generally epoxy resin, and the price of LED with anti ultraviolet and fire retardant is expensive. High quality outdoor LED lighting should be anti ultraviolet and fire retardant. Each product will have different designs, different designs are suitable for different purposes. The reliability design of LED lighting includes: electrical safety, fire safety, applicable environmental safety, mechanical safety, health and safety, safe use time and other factors. From the perspective of electrical safety, it should conform to relevant international and national standards.

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