关于人像摄影你要规避的状况 想拍美需把握好的技巧-看世界

关于人像摄影你要规避的状况 想拍美需把握好的技巧

怎么拍好人像?人像题材一直都是比较热门的一个领域,也是一个十分有挑战性的摄影题材,人像拍摄需要长时间的练习来提高拍摄质量,才得以掌握人像摄影的精髓,拍出有灵气的作品。在此,总结5个人像摄影在初学者出现的问题,若能一一克服,不仅能拍出更出色的作品,也能让摄影功力大增。下面和360常识网一起来看看。

怎么拍好人像?人像题材一直都是比较热门的一个领域,也是一个十分有挑战性的摄影题材,人像拍摄需要长时间的练习来提高拍摄质量,才得以掌握人像摄影的精髓,拍出有灵气的作品。在此,总结5个人像摄影在初学者出现的问题,若能一一克服,不仅能拍出更出色的作品,也能让摄影功力大增。下面和360常识网一起来看看。

How to make good people look like? Portrait theme has always been a hot field, but also a very challenging photography theme. Portrait shooting needs a long time of practice to improve the quality of shooting, so that we can grasp the essence of portrait photography and shoot works with spirit. In this paper, we summarize the problems of 5 personal image photography in beginners. If we can overcome them one by one, we can not only shoot better works, but also greatly improve our photography skills. Let's take a look at it with 360 common sense.

人像一直是摄影题材中较热门的主题,同时也十分具有挑战性,需要长时间练习来提高拍摄技术,才得以掌握人像摄影的精髓,拍出有灵气的作品。在此小小总结人像摄影初学者在创作时可能出现的5个问题,若能一一克服,不仅能拍出更出色的作品,也能让摄影功力大增。

Portrait has always been a hot topic in photography, but it is also very challenging. It takes a long time to practice to improve the shooting technology, so as to grasp the essence of portrait photography and take a smart work. This paper summarizes five problems that may arise in the creation of portrait photography beginners. If we can overcome them one by one, we can not only shoot better works, but also greatly increase our photography skills.

① 被摄者的眼睛没对到焦

① the subject's eyes are not focused

俗话说:“眼睛是心灵的窗户”。眼睛无疑是人之灵魂所在,而想拍出这样的有灵魂的人像作品,首先要保证“心灵之窗”拍的清晰锐利。在拍摄人像时,建议以人眼作为对焦重点,使用入门机的新手可以选择中央对焦,采用先对焦后构图的方式拍摄。如果对焦不准可尝试手动对焦的方式解决问题。此外,进行手动对焦时,如果相机有实时取景功能,可搭配使用,以增加手动对焦的成功率。

As the saying goes, "the eye is the window of the heart.". There is no doubt that the eyes are the soul of human beings. In order to make such a soul portrait work, first of all, we must ensure the clarity and sharpness of the "window of the soul" shot. When shooting portraits, it is recommended to focus on the human eye. Novice users of the entry-level machine can choose to focus on the center and take pictures by focusing first and then composition. If the focus is not correct, try to focus manually to solve the problem. In addition, when focusing manually, if the camera has real-time viewfinder function, it can be used together to increase the success rate of manual focusing.

眼神是人像的创作重点,对于被摄者还是拍摄者来说都是十分重要!

Eyes are the focus of portrait creation, which is very important for the subject or the photographer!

② 红眼现象

② red eye phenomenon

现在不少相机都有防红眼功能,可以在正式的拍摄时预闪一下灯光,让被摄者的瞳孔能预先缩小,减缓红眼现象的发生。在必须使用内置闪光灯时,也可以在拍摄前请被摄者先看着光源2秒钟,让瞳孔收缩后再进行拍摄。如果外接的闪光灯能调节角度,采用跳闪的方式补光亦可。此外,使用离机闪光灯使其与相机镜头保持距离,也能减少红眼产生的可能。红眼现象也可以通过后期进行修正。

Now many cameras have the function of anti red eye, which can pre flash the light during the official shooting, so that the pupil of the subject can be pre shrunk to slow down the occurrence of red eye phenomenon. When you have to use the built-in flash, you can also ask the subject to look at the light source for 2 seconds before shooting, and let the pupil contract before shooting. If the external flash can adjust the angle, it is also OK to use the way of flashing to make up the light. In addition, using the off camera flash to keep it away from the camera lens can also reduce the possibility of red eye. Red eye phenomenon can also be corrected by later stage.

③ 广角人像变形

③ wide angle portrait deformation

尽管大家常说人像拍摄的最佳焦段在75-105mm左右,但利用广角镜头进行创作也能获得不同的效果。就新手朋友常用的APS-C画幅机身搭配套装变焦镜头来说,广角端焦段多落在24-28mm范围,既是学习风景构图的入门焦段,亦是练习广角人像拍摄的一个起点。在利用广角镜头拍人时,要注意各焦段人像创作的特点,就以24-28mm来说,适合人景合一的创作,若能把握好角度和构图,能充分呈现场景的透视感,使画面更具张力。若没有抓好广角的拍摄特点,也可能因广角镜头的变形问题而拍出惨不忍睹的影像。

Although it is often said that the best focal length of portrait shooting is about 75-105mm, different effects can be achieved by using wide-angle lens. As for the APS-C frame frame matching suit zoom lens commonly used by novice friends, the wide-angle end focus section is mostly in the range of 24-28mm, which is not only the starting point for learning landscape composition, but also for practicing wide-angle portrait shooting. When using wide-angle lens to shoot people, we should pay attention to the characteristics of the creation of human images in each focal section. For 24-28mm, it is suitable for the creation of the unity of human and scene. If we can grasp the angle and composition, we can fully present the perspective of the scene and make the picture more tensile. If we don't grasp the characteristics of wide-angle shooting, we may also take a terrible image due to the deformation of the wide-angle lens.

④ 拍摄主体不清

④ unclear shooting subject

在人像拍摄时,要注意适当凸显人物主体,否则容易造成画面混乱,让人搞不清这画面的重点到底是人、是背后的花、还是旁边的车子。克服这样的问题,除了应从构图上着手外,也可适当制造浅景深的效果,以凸显被摄者。当觉得被摄者快要和背景融为一体时,不妨请他靠近镜头以“走出背景”,或利用大光圈制造浅景深效果,使背景模糊化,让主体更加明确。

When photographing portraits, we should pay attention to highlighting the main body of the characters properly, otherwise it is easy to cause picture confusion and make people not clear whether the focus of the picture is people, flowers behind or cars beside. To overcome this problem, we should not only start from the composition, but also make the effect of shallow depth of field to highlight the subject. When you feel that the subject is about to merge with the background, you may as well ask him to approach the lens to "get out of the background", or use a large aperture to create a shallow depth of field effect, so that the background is blurred and the subject is more clear.

适当的制造浅景深,可强调拍摄主体的效果。

A suitable shallow depth of field can emphasize the effect of the subject.

⑤ 不自然的光影

⑤ unnatural light and shadow

适当的光影呈现与人像创作可以制造不同风格的氛围,但若用不好也能让作品毁于一旦。一般对于新手来说,柔和的光线比较容易拍摄,如阴天时的散射光,不会在被摄者脸上留下太生硬的光影,而晴朗正午时的日光过于强烈,容易造成被摄者脸部明暗的反差,可搭配柔光板使用,以减缓部分过曝及曝光不足的情况。如果在室内拍摄用到闪光灯的话,亦可搭配柔光罩使用,让光线变得柔和。

Appropriate light and shadow presentation and portrait creation can create different styles of atmosphere, but if not well used, the work can be destroyed. Generally for novices, soft light is easier to shoot, such as the scattered light in cloudy days, which will not leave too hard light and shadow on the face of the subject, while the sunlight in sunny noon is too strong, which is easy to cause the contrast between the light and shade on the face of the subject. It can be used with a soft light plate to slow down some overexposure and underexposure. If the flashlight is used for indoor shooting, it can also be used with a soft light cover to soften the light.

人像摄影需要把握好的5件事

Five things to grasp in portrait photography

1. 瞬间

1. moments

捕捉人物表情或动作的某个决定性的瞬间。决定性的瞬间不代表偶然,你可以预期它在某种条件下会出现,然后你准备好其他一切,并在引发它出现的同时按下快门。

Capture a decisive moment in a character's expression or action. A decisive moment doesn't mean an accident. You can expect it to appear under certain conditions. Then you are ready for everything else and press the shutter while triggering it to appear.

2. 眼神

2. eyes

眼神是人像摄影中不可忽视的一环。眼神起到跟观众的交流的作用,眼神光则是更细微的细节。

Eyes are an important part of portrait photography. The eyes play a role in communicating with the audience, and the eye light is a more subtle detail.

能够拍摄到人物眼神穿过镜头另一端的照片是最理想的。如果使用 50mm 的焦段拍摄中的场景,还有可能会增添既视感。

It's ideal to be able to take a picture of a person's eyes passing through the other end of the lens. If you use a 50 mm focal length to shoot the scene, you may also increase the visual sense.

3. 色彩

3. color

一张照片所要传达的氛围会被色彩所影响。如果你想拍摄欢乐气氛的照片,鲜艳、缤纷、暖色就会比低饱和、单调、偏冷色更直接有效。

The atmosphere of a picture is influenced by color. If you want to take photos of happy atmosphere, bright, colorful and warm colors will be more direct and effective than low saturation, monotonous and cold colors.

当你计划好画面中应该出现哪些颜色之后,到拍摄现场就要避开甚至排除所有造成干扰、多余的色彩对象。

When you plan which colors should appear in the picture, you should avoid or even eliminate all the interfering and redundant color objects when you arrive at the shooting site.

这也是为什么有些照片看起来有质感,有些看起来有点俗。如果想要让别人开始称赞你的照片,先从了解色彩入手是个直接有效的选择。

That's why some of the photos seem to have texture, some of them seem a little vulgar. If you want people to start praising your photos, it is a direct and effective choice to start with understanding the color.

4. 光线

4. light

同一个地点,同一个人物,可以顺光拍也可以逆光拍,但感觉是完全不同的。

The same place, the same character, can be smooth shot or backlight shot, but the feeling is completely different.

我更偏向逆光拍摄,一来人物皮肤的细节可以得到修饰,二来画面会因为镜头耀光而在人物与照片之间“多了一层”若即若离的感觉。有人把这形容为“空气感”。

I prefer to shoot against the light. First, the details of the character's skin can be modified. Second, the picture will be "a layer more" between the character and the photo due to the lens's flash. Some people describe it as "a sense of air.".

顺光拍没什么不好,善加利用可以增加画面的立体感。但要注意如果光线打在靠近镜头的那一侧脸,就会让人显胖,想要修饰脸型就要特别留心并让被摄者转换角度。

There is nothing wrong with smooth shooting. Good use can increase the stereoscopic sense of the picture. But notice that if the light hits the side near the camera, it will make people fat. If you want to decorate your face, you need to pay special attention and let the subject change the angle.

5. 情景

5. scenario

大多时候都没有必要刻意摆出模特的姿势。毕竟我们目的在于拍摄人物本身,而非强调某种商品。如果我们不是为了展示某种商品,其实可以把拍摄重点更集中在被摄者身上。

Most of the time, there is no need to pose as a model. After all, we aim to shoot the characters themselves, not to emphasize a commodity. If we don't want to show something, we can actually focus on the subject.

假如你花了两三个小时拍摄一个人,拍完却对对方一无所知的话,照片就很难更深入发掘人物的神韵。

If you spend two or three hours photographing a person, but you don't know anything about the other person, it's difficult for you to explore the verve of the person more deeply.

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