How to make good people look like? Portrait theme has always been a hot field, but also a very challenging photography theme. Portrait shooting needs a long time of practice to improve the quality of shooting, so that we can grasp the essence of portrait photography and shoot works with spirit. In this paper, we summarize the problems of 5 personal image photography in beginners. If we can overcome them one by one, we can not only shoot better works, but also greatly improve our photography skills. Let's take a look at it with 360 common sense.
Portrait has always been a hot topic in photography, but it is also very challenging. It takes a long time to practice to improve the shooting technology, so as to grasp the essence of portrait photography and take a smart work. This paper summarizes five problems that may arise in the creation of portrait photography beginners. If we can overcome them one by one, we can not only shoot better works, but also greatly increase our photography skills.
① the subject's eyes are not focused
As the saying goes, "the eye is the window of the heart.". There is no doubt that the eyes are the soul of human beings. In order to make such a soul portrait work, first of all, we must ensure the clarity and sharpness of the "window of the soul" shot. When shooting portraits, it is recommended to focus on the human eye. Novice users of the entry-level machine can choose to focus on the center and take pictures by focusing first and then composition. If the focus is not correct, try to focus manually to solve the problem. In addition, when focusing manually, if the camera has real-time viewfinder function, it can be used together to increase the success rate of manual focusing.
Eyes are the focus of portrait creation, which is very important for the subject or the photographer!
② red eye phenomenon
Now many cameras have the function of anti red eye, which can pre flash the light during the official shooting, so that the pupil of the subject can be pre shrunk to slow down the occurrence of red eye phenomenon. When you have to use the built-in flash, you can also ask the subject to look at the light source for 2 seconds before shooting, and let the pupil contract before shooting. If the external flash can adjust the angle, it is also OK to use the way of flashing to make up the light. In addition, using the off camera flash to keep it away from the camera lens can also reduce the possibility of red eye. Red eye phenomenon can also be corrected by later stage.
③ wide angle portrait deformation
Although it is often said that the best focal length of portrait shooting is about 75-105mm, different effects can be achieved by using wide-angle lens. As for the APS-C frame frame matching suit zoom lens commonly used by novice friends, the wide-angle end focus section is mostly in the range of 24-28mm, which is not only the starting point for learning landscape composition, but also for practicing wide-angle portrait shooting. When using wide-angle lens to shoot people, we should pay attention to the characteristics of the creation of human images in each focal section. For 24-28mm, it is suitable for the creation of the unity of human and scene. If we can grasp the angle and composition, we can fully present the perspective of the scene and make the picture more tensile. If we don't grasp the characteristics of wide-angle shooting, we may also take a terrible image due to the deformation of the wide-angle lens.
④ unclear shooting subject
When photographing portraits, we should pay attention to highlighting the main body of the characters properly, otherwise it is easy to cause picture confusion and make people not clear whether the focus of the picture is people, flowers behind or cars beside. To overcome this problem, we should not only start from the composition, but also make the effect of shallow depth of field to highlight the subject. When you feel that the subject is about to merge with the background, you may as well ask him to approach the lens to "get out of the background", or use a large aperture to create a shallow depth of field effect, so that the background is blurred and the subject is more clear.
A suitable shallow depth of field can emphasize the effect of the subject.
⑤ unnatural light and shadow
Appropriate light and shadow presentation and portrait creation can create different styles of atmosphere, but if not well used, the work can be destroyed. Generally for novices, soft light is easier to shoot, such as the scattered light in cloudy days, which will not leave too hard light and shadow on the face of the subject, while the sunlight in sunny noon is too strong, which is easy to cause the contrast between the light and shade on the face of the subject. It can be used with a soft light plate to slow down some overexposure and underexposure. If the flashlight is used for indoor shooting, it can also be used with a soft light cover to soften the light.
Five things to grasp in portrait photography
Capture a decisive moment in a character's expression or action. A decisive moment doesn't mean an accident. You can expect it to appear under certain conditions. Then you are ready for everything else and press the shutter while triggering it to appear.
Eyes are an important part of portrait photography. The eyes play a role in communicating with the audience, and the eye light is a more subtle detail.
能够拍摄到人物眼神穿过镜头另一端的照片是最理想的。如果使用 50mm 的焦段拍摄中的场景，还有可能会增添既视感。
It's ideal to be able to take a picture of a person's eyes passing through the other end of the lens. If you use a 50 mm focal length to shoot the scene, you may also increase the visual sense.
The atmosphere of a picture is influenced by color. If you want to take photos of happy atmosphere, bright, colorful and warm colors will be more direct and effective than low saturation, monotonous and cold colors.
When you plan which colors should appear in the picture, you should avoid or even eliminate all the interfering and redundant color objects when you arrive at the shooting site.
That's why some of the photos seem to have texture, some of them seem a little vulgar. If you want people to start praising your photos, it is a direct and effective choice to start with understanding the color.
The same place, the same character, can be smooth shot or backlight shot, but the feeling is completely different.
I prefer to shoot against the light. First, the details of the character's skin can be modified. Second, the picture will be "a layer more" between the character and the photo due to the lens's flash. Some people describe it as "a sense of air.".
There is nothing wrong with smooth shooting. Good use can increase the stereoscopic sense of the picture. But notice that if the light hits the side near the camera, it will make people fat. If you want to decorate your face, you need to pay special attention and let the subject change the angle.
Most of the time, there is no need to pose as a model. After all, we aim to shoot the characters themselves, not to emphasize a commodity. If we don't want to show something, we can actually focus on the subject.
If you spend two or three hours photographing a person, but you don't know anything about the other person, it's difficult for you to explore the verve of the person more deeply.