食物垃圾会产生温室气体 减少食物浪费的好点子-看世界

食物垃圾会产生温室气体 减少食物浪费的好点子

食物垃圾会产生温室气体,如二氧化碳和甲烷,也会增加塑料废物。如果我们少扔掉一些食物,那么,对碳排放产生的影响,也将如同路上少了四分之一的汽车一样,有助于环保。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

食物垃圾会产生温室气体,如二氧化碳和甲烷,也会增加塑料废物。如果我们少扔掉一些食物,那么,对碳排放产生的影响,也将如同路上少了四分之一的汽车一样,有助于环保。下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

Food waste can produce greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, and also increase plastic waste. If we throw away less food, the impact on carbon emissions will be just as beneficial to the environment as a quarter less cars on the road. Now follow 360 common sense net to understand!

以下是食物处理指南:

Here are the food handling guidelines:

1、面包--英国每年浪费2、4亿片

1. Bread: 200-400 million pieces are wasted in the UK every year

食品标准局(FSA)建议人们,不要食用发霉的面包。然而,如果你的面包只是干了但还没发霉,仍然有很多方法可以烹饪它,比如做黄油布丁等。

The Food Standards Agency (FSA) advises people not to eat moldy bread. However, if your bread is dry but not moldy, there are still many ways to cook it, such as making butter pudding.

2、米饭和面食

2. Rice and pasta

剩饭仍然可以使用,不过建议只能再重新加热一次。而煮熟后的剩面食,再次食用是有助于减肥的。因为煮熟后冷却的面食,其淀粉结构已经改善,能让你摄入更少的卡路里。所以,剩下的面食不要浪费,重新加热或拌酱,都是很好的选择。

The leftovers can still be used, but it is recommended to reheat them only once more. And cooked leftover pasta, eat again is helpful to lose weight. Because cooked and cooled pasta, its starch structure has improved, allowing you to eat fewer calories. So, don't waste the rest of pasta. Reheating or mixing sauce is a good choice.

3、沙拉--40%的袋装沙拉被扔掉

3. Salad - 40% of bagged salad is thrown away

将蔫儿了的沙拉叶子炒熟,能避免浪费。

Fry wilted salad leaves to avoid waste.

4、西红柿--英国家庭每年浪费4、6万吨

4. Tomatoes -- 40000 or 60000 tons wasted by British families every year

不要吃发霉的西红柿。不过,如果西红柿只是软化,仍然可以用来做汤或酱汁。

Don't eat moldy tomatoes. However, if the tomato just softens, it can still be used to make soup or sauce.

5、牛奶--每年近600万杯牛奶在英国境内被倒掉

5. Milk - nearly 6 million cups of milk are dumped in the UK every year

如果牛奶在冰箱内正常存放,即使过了保质期,只要没酸,也可以喝。但如果酸了,就不能喝了。

If the milk is normally stored in the refrigerator, it can be drunk as long as there is no acid even after the shelf life. But if it's sour, you can't drink it.

6、奶酪--英国每年浪费310万片

6. Cheese - 3.1 million pieces are wasted every year in the UK

美国农业部表示,霉菌一般不能深入硬质奶酪。因此,越硬的奶酪,切断霉菌后,仍然可以吃剩余部分。为了增加其存储寿命,你可以将吃不掉的硬奶酪冷冻。解冻之后,则要尽快食用。

The U.S. Department of Agriculture says molds generally don't penetrate hard cheese. Therefore, the harder the cheese, cut off the mold, you can still eat the rest. To increase its storage life, you can freeze hard cheese that you can't eat. After thawing, eat as soon as possible.

软奶酪则建议发霉后不要再食用,也不能冷冻。

Soft cheese is not recommended to eat after moldy, nor frozen.

7、土豆--英国每年浪费580万镑

7. Potatoes - 5.8 million pounds a year wasted in Britain

马铃薯是英国第二大最常丢弃的食物。如果它们变软、呈糊状、表皮出现褶皱、破裂、发绿或发霉,那就别吃了。但是如果它才刚刚开始发出小芽,不用担心,可以将小芽切掉,并在熟透后食用。

Potatoes are the second most commonly discarded food in Britain. If they become soft, mushy, wrinkled, cracked, greenish or moldy, stop eating them. But if it's just starting to sprout, don't worry, you can cut it off and eat it when it's done.

8、根茎类蔬菜

8. Root vegetables

英国每年扔掉近10万吨胡萝卜。其实,恢复胡萝卜的生机有窍门可循:将胡萝卜放入一杯水中,再放入冰箱,就不会那么萎缩了。即使看起来不够完美,但不影响再次食用。

Britain throws away nearly 100000 tons of carrots a year. In fact, there is a trick to restore the vitality of carrots: put carrots in a glass of water, and then put them in the refrigerator, they won't shrink so much. Even if it doesn't look perfect, it doesn't affect eating again.

9、新鲜草本调料和香料

9. Fresh herbs and spices

切碎的香料、调料很难保存,容易变得干瘪。不过,你可以将用不完的冷冻,如辣椒和生姜等,要用的时候解冻即可。

Minced spices and condiments are difficult to preserve and tend to dry out. However, you can use the endless freezing, such as pepper and ginger, when you need to defrost.

不过,FSA还是建议人们,不要食用明显腐烂或含霉菌的食物。这一建议对弱势群体如儿童、老人、孕妇等尤其重要。去除霉菌和霉菌周边的部分,可能会去除看不见的毒素,但这样做并不能保证可以把毒素全部清除掉。

However, the FSA advises people not to eat food that is obviously rotten or moldy. This proposal is particularly important for vulnerable groups such as children, the elderly and pregnant women. Removing mold and the surrounding parts of mold may remove the invisible toxin, but this does not guarantee that the toxin can be completely removed.

减少食物浪费的好点子

A good idea to reduce food waste

履行社会责任。餐饮企业要自觉将厉行节约纳入餐饮生产、加工、服务的全过程,全程节约,减少餐厨垃圾;餐饮服务员要遵守职业道德,提醒消费者适量点餐。

Fulfill social responsibility. Catering enterprises should consciously incorporate strict economy into the whole process of catering production, processing and service, save the whole process and reduce kitchen waste; catering waiters should abide by professional ethics and remind consumers to order properly.

养成节约习惯。向广大消费者宣传节约光荣、浪费可耻的消费理念,摒弃好面子、讲排场的陋习,减少宴席、自助餐浪费。

Form the habit of saving. We should publicize the consumption concept of saving glory and wasting shame to consumers, abandon the bad habit of good face and showing off, and reduce the waste of banquet and buffet.

科学文明就餐。合理调整菜品数量、分量,推广分餐制,主动提供小份菜、半份菜,引导消费者主动打包,用以倡导“光盘行动”。

Scientific and civilized dining. Reasonably adjust the quantity and quantity of dishes, promote the separate meal system, actively provide small dishes and half dishes, guide consumers to take the initiative to pack, so as to advocate "CD-ROM action".

树立行业新风。将厉行节约作为餐饮业常态化发展的重要任务,使“珍惜食品、剩余打包、杜绝浪费”的消费理念深入人心。

Set up the new trend of the industry. As an important task for the normal development of the catering industry, we will make the consumption concept of "cherish food, pack surplus and eliminate waste" deeply rooted in the people's mind.

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