冰箱是家中的耗电大户 冰箱节能省电妙招-看世界

冰箱是家中的耗电大户 冰箱节能省电妙招

冰箱长期不间断工作,是家中的耗电大户!今天360常识网就来告诉大家如何选购节能效益高的冰箱,以及如何使冰箱更节能省电。

冰箱长期不间断工作,是家中的耗电大户!今天360常识网就来告诉大家如何选购节能效益高的冰箱,以及如何使冰箱更节能省电。

Refrigerator works continuously for a long time. It is a big power consumer at home! Today's 360 common sense website will tell you how to choose a refrigerator with high energy efficiency and how to make it more energy-saving.

节能冰箱选购秘诀:

Tips for purchasing energy-saving refrigerators:

1、能耗越低越节能。冰箱的能源标签,是根据其能量效率来评定,能耗越低表示节能效益越高,就越省钱。

1. The lower the energy consumption, the more energy saving. The energy label of refrigerator is based on its energy efficiency. The lower the energy consumption is, the higher the energy efficiency is, the more money is saved.

2、购买适合的冰箱。选购适合自己需要的冰箱,如小家庭只需要一个小冰箱就可以了。因为小冰箱的售价较低,同时也较省电源。此外,可以从能源标签上了解冰箱的耗电量,千瓦时(kWh)的数目越低,表示冰箱的运行成本越经济。

2. Purchase a suitable refrigerator. Choose a refrigerator that suits your needs. For example, a small family needs only one refrigerator. Because the price of the small refrigerator is lower, and it also saves power. In addition, you can know the power consumption of refrigerators from the energy label. The lower the number of kilowatt hours (KWH), the more economical the operation cost of refrigerators.

3、冷藏与冷冻室的门分开,以及较小型的冷冻室,都会较省电。市面上有许多不同款式的单门至多门冰箱,可根据自己的习惯、住家面积等考量。

3. The door of refrigeration and freezer is separated, and the smaller freezer will save electricity. There are many different types of single door to multi door refrigerators on the market, which can be considered according to their own habits, living area, etc.

冰箱使用秘诀:

Tips for using refrigerator:

1、适当地储存食物

1. Properly store food

保持冰箱“常满”的状态,减少空气来制冷,从而提高节能的效益。但冰箱内塞满超量食物,却会阻碍空气流通,造成冰箱不制冷。反之,存放的食品太少也不行。由于热容量变小,压缩机开停时间缩短,造成冰箱累计耗电量增加。

Keep the refrigerator "always full" and reduce the air to cool, so as to improve the efficiency of energy saving. However, if the refrigerator is full of excessive food, it will block the air circulation, resulting in the refrigerator not to refrigerate. On the contrary, it is not good to store too little food. As the heat capacity becomes smaller, the start-up and stop time of the compressor is shortened, resulting in an increase in the cumulative power consumption of the refrigerator.

存放的食物之间要留有空隙,以便冷气对流、温度均匀,采用小包装可以减少冷透的时间,又省电,存取也方便。

There should be a gap between the stored food so that the air-conditioning convection and the temperature are uniform. The use of small packaging can reduce the cooling time, save power, and facilitate access.

冰箱里的液体食物如汤水或饮料必需上盖,食物也需用保鲜盒或保鲜纸封好,这不但可以保存食物不会因为水分的流失而干燥难吃,同时水分的散发,也会导致冰箱的压缩机加重工作。

The liquid food in the refrigerator, such as soup or drink, must be covered, and the food also needs to be sealed with a fresh-keeping box or paper, which can not only keep the food from drying and eating due to the loss of water, but also cause the moisture emission, which will also cause the compressor of the refrigerator to work harder.

2、放置物品有学问

2. Knowledge of placing objects

刚买回来的肉、鱼类,因为温度较高,若直接放入冷冻格会影响冰箱内原来的温度,增加冰箱压缩机的负荷,因此可以先放入冷藏格降温,之后再放入冷冻格。

Just bought meat and fish, because the temperature is high, if directly put into the freezer will affect the original temperature in the refrigerator, increase the load of the refrigerator compressor, so you can first put into the freezer to cool down, and then put into the freezer.

冷冻格内的食品可用塑料袋或保鲜膜封装,一方面避免发干,另一方面可避免湿气成霜。若冷冻格的挂霜太厚时,制冷效果会减弱,也就会耗电。

The food in the freezer can be packed in plastic bags or plastic film to avoid dryness on the one hand and frost formation on the other hand. If the frost on the freezer is too thick, the cooling effect will be weakened and the power will be consumed.

制作冰块和冷饮最好安排在晚间。因为晚间气温较低,有利于冷凝器散热,而且夜间较少开冷冻格存取食物,压缩机工作时间较短,节约电能。

Ice and cold drinks are best made in the evening. Because the temperature at night is low, which is conducive to the heat dissipation of the condenser, and there is less open freezer at night to store and store food, the working time of the compressor is shorter, and the electric energy is saved.

有余热的锅子,若马上放入冰箱,也会影响冰箱内原来的温度,增加压缩机运转的次数。建议先把有热度的锅子,放入装水的水槽中先降到室温,然后再放入冰箱。

If the pot with residual heat is put into the refrigerator immediately, it will also affect the original temperature in the refrigerator and increase the number of compressor operation. It is suggested to put the hot pot into the water tank first, then put it into the refrigerator.

要注意冰箱内的容量,放置的东西最好不要超过八分满,而且最重要的是,摆放时不要挡住冰箱内的出风口,这样才不会消耗不必要的电力。此外,方形包装的食品更是不能摆满,要确保食品相互之间应留有一定间隙,以利于冷空气在冰箱内流通。

Pay attention to the capacity of the refrigerator. It is better not to place more than 80% of the contents. And most importantly, do not block the air outlet of the refrigerator when placing, so as not to consume unnecessary power. In addition, the square packaging of food is not to be filled, to ensure that food should leave a certain gap between each other, in order to facilitate the circulation of cold air in the refrigerator.

3、适当保养冰箱

3. Proper maintenance of refrigerator

适当保养可延长冰箱的寿命。

Proper maintenance can extend the life of the refrigerator.

-定期清理冰箱背面的通风栅灰尘,通风栅干净,空气流通,压缩机操作就顺畅。

- regularly clean the dust on the ventilation grid at the back of the refrigerator. The ventilation grid is clean and the air is circulating, so the compressor can operate smoothly.

-定期除霜。冷冻室结霜的厚度如果超过4至6毫米,会降低节能的效益,导致浪费金钱。无智能化霜功能的冰箱,由于霜层传热比金属慢,会阻碍蒸发器的制冷效果,从而增加耗电。因此不具备自动除霜的冰箱在蒸发器上结霜厚度超过4至6毫米时应及时的人工除霜。

- regular defrosting. If the thickness of frost in the freezer is more than 4 to 6 mm, it will reduce the efficiency of energy saving and lead to waste of money. For refrigerators without intelligent frost function, because the heat transfer of frost layer is slower than that of metal, it will hinder the refrigeration effect of evaporator and increase the power consumption. Therefore, the refrigerator without automatic defrosting should be defrosted manually in time when the frost thickness on the evaporator exceeds 4 to 6 mm.

-确保冰箱不会从门的缝隙中“漏气”。如果冷空气从冰箱散发出来,压缩机要加倍工作制冷。如何知道冰箱“漏气”呢?只需将一张钞票夹在门与冰箱缝隙之间,如果钞票很快掉下来,就表示冰箱门的胶带松了,需要更换新的。

- make sure the refrigerator doesn't "leak" through the door. If cold air is emitted from the refrigerator, the compressor should double its work. How to know "air leakage" of refrigerator? Just clip a bill between the door and the refrigerator gap. If the bill falls off quickly, it means that the adhesive tape of the refrigerator door is loose and needs to be replaced.

4、冰箱的正确温度

4. Correct temperature of refrigerator

冰箱与冷冻室的温度,不应设置太冷,冰箱的温度应该维持在摄氏2.7至4.5之间、冷冻室则应该在摄氏零下15。

The temperature of the refrigerator and freezer should not be too cold. The temperature of the refrigerator should be kept between 2.7 and 4.5 ℃, and that of the freezer should be - 15 ℃.

冷冻食物在食用之前应提前放入冷藏室内融化,这样即可降低冷藏室的温度,又能节省电能。热食则应冷却到室温后再放进电冰箱内,以免冰箱内温度快速上升,还会增加蒸发器表面结霜厚度,导致压缩机工作时间增长,增加耗电量。

Before eating, frozen food should be put into the freezer in advance to melt, so as to reduce the temperature of the freezer and save electric energy. Hot food should be cooled to room temperature before being put into the refrigerator, so as to avoid the rapid rise of temperature in the refrigerator, and increase the frosting thickness on the surface of the evaporator, resulting in the increase of compressor working time and power consumption.

此外,平时在存取食物时,尽量减少开门次数和开门时间。因为开一次门冷空气散开,压缩机就要多运转数十分钟,才能恢复冷藏温度。

In addition, when storing and storing food, try to reduce the number and time of opening the door. Because the cold air disperses after opening the primary door, the compressor will have to run for dozens of minutes more to recover the refrigeration temperature.

5、放冰箱的正确位置

5. The right place to put the refrigerator

摆放冰箱的地方,往往受电插头与水管所限。必需确保安置的地方,是空气流通,才能更有效地操作。如果冰箱是安置在橱柜之间,需确保所在位置的空气流通无阻碍。

The place where the refrigerator is placed is often limited by the electric plug and water pipe. In order to operate more effectively, it is necessary to ensure that the place to be installed is air circulation. If the refrigerator is placed between cabinets, make sure that the air flow in the location is unobstructed.

冰箱最好是不要安置在靠近窗户、炉灶或电炉等热源的地方。太阳的直射、炉灶等的热度,都会造成冰箱需要消耗更多的能源来制冷。最好是放置在厨房“最冷”的角落。

Refrigerators should not be placed near windows, stoves or electric stoves. The direct sunlight and the heat of the stove will cause the refrigerator to consume more energy to cool. It's best to put it in the "coldest" corner of the kitchen.

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