拍摄时利用对比构图手法 可以增强照片画面的视觉-看世界

拍摄时利用对比构图手法 可以增强照片画面的视觉

怎样拍出好照片?最近这几天,从确定主题、陪体的作用、主体与环境的关系、留白等几个方面持续跟大家分享:构图与画面的经营。今天跟大家分享怎样利用对比手法来经营画面,让我们的照片感染力更强。和360常识网一起来看看吧。

怎样拍出好照片?最近这几天,从确定主题、陪体的作用、主体与环境的关系、留白等几个方面持续跟大家分享:构图与画面的经营。今天跟大家分享怎样利用对比手法来经营画面,让我们的照片感染力更强。和360常识网一起来看看吧。

How to take good pictures? In recent days, I have continued to share with you from several aspects, such as the determination of theme, the role of accompaniment, the relationship between subject and environment, and blank space: composition and picture management. Today, I'd like to share with you how to use the comparison method to manage the pictures, so that our photos are more appealing. Take a look with 360 common sense.

拍摄,是用摄影机﹑录像机把人﹑物的形象记录下来。不同的场景有不同的拍摄技巧,有夜景拍摄、雨景拍摄、建筑物拍摄、人像拍摄等,电影动态艺术拍摄同样是拍摄的一类,但都要遵循一定的原则。随着科技的进步,拍摄也变得越来越简单,越来越符合大众化。

Shooting is to record the images of people and objects with cameras and video recorders. Different scenes have different shooting techniques, such as night shot, rain shot, building shot, portrait shot, etc. movie dynamic art shooting is also a kind of shooting, but it should follow certain principles. With the development of science and technology, shooting becomes more and more simple and popular.

总体原则

General principle

1.要突出主体

1. Highlight the main body

人像摄影当然主要是拍人啦,因此重点是表现人,即使景物再美也是陪衬。你要把MM拍得和绿豆那么大,回去就等着跪主板吧。

Portrait photography, of course, is mainly about people, so the focus is on people, even if the scenery is beautiful, it is also a foil. If you want mm to be as big as mung bean, go back and wait for kneeling motherboard.

2."一白遮三丑"

2. "One white covers three ugly"

所有MM都希望皮肤白净细腻,因此拍摄时尽量让脸部受光充分,并可以通过曝光补偿增加1/3到1级曝光,这样可弱化瑕疵,嫩白皮肤。

All mm want the skin to be white and delicate, so when shooting, try to let the face receive enough light, and can increase 1 / 3 to 1 level of exposure through exposure compensation, so as to weaken the defects and whiten the skin.

3.灵活处理角度

3. Flexible handling angle

每个人都有自己好看的一面,稍微胖一点的MM可以尝试俯视拍,正脸不太好看就拍侧面。学会观察分析,你的作品一定会得到MM的赞赏。

Everyone has their own good-looking side, a little fat mm can try to look down on the shoot, the front face is not very good-looking on the side. Learn to observe and analyze, your work will definitely be appreciated by mm.

对比

Contrast

对比是非常有效的构图手法,通过景物之间的大小、明暗、虚实、动静及疏密等各种对比,可以强调景别之间的差异,增强照片画面的视觉冲击力和艺术感染力,让欣赏者一眼就能爱上你的摄影作品。对比构图的重点在于观察,摄影师要善于发现景别之间的差异,并在构图时表现出来。下面我们将介绍最为经典和常见的6种对比构图技巧。

Contrast is a very effective way of composition. By comparing the size, light and shade, virtual reality, motion and density between scenes, we can emphasize the differences between scenes, enhance the visual impact and artistic appeal of the picture, and let the viewer fall in love with your photography at a glance. The focus of comparative composition is observation. Photographers should be good at discovering the differences between different scenes and showing them in composition. Next we will introduce the most classic and common six kinds of contrast composition techniques.

1、大小对比

1. Size comparison

一些简单的被摄体,如果没有特别出彩的造型,那直接拍摄是很难出彩的,这时就可以通过调整取景角度,或是调节镜头焦距,让被摄体表现出一些大小的差异,那画面就会更有吸引力。也就是说,面对同样的对象,我们通过大小对比来强化了画面的形式感,使画面变得更有意思,这就是大小对比构图。需要注意的是,大小对比对比的景物最好是同一种。当然,这也并不是绝对的,有时我们也会用一些高大的山体、建筑物等来与人物进行大小的对比,但这些拍摄对象最好是在同一个平面上。

Some simple subjects, if there is no special shape, it is difficult to shoot directly. At this time, you can adjust the angle of view or the focal length of the lens to make the subjects show some size differences, and the picture will be more attractive. In other words, in the face of the same object, we strengthen the formal sense of the picture through the size contrast, making the picture more interesting. This is the size contrast composition. It should be noted that the contrast of the size of the scene is better to be the same. Of course, this is not absolute. Sometimes we will use some tall mountains, buildings, etc. to compare the size with the characters, but these subjects are better to be on the same plane.

上图中,万物在阳光的映照下,都彰显出独特的气质。画面构图简洁,色调对比强烈,细节质感表现较为细腻。

In the above picture, all things show their unique temperament in the sunlight. The composition of the picture is simple, the color contrast is strong, and the detail texture is delicate.

2、虚实对比

2. Comparison between the real and the false

虚实对比是一种非常常见的对比构图形式,它是以虚衬托清晰(实),突出主体,强化画面的主题。需要注意的是,这种虚实对比一定要确保主体部分是清晰的,另外,也不能让虚化的区域过度虚化,不保留一点轮廓,否则就起不到虚实对比的作用了。

Contrast between the real and the virtual is a very common form of contrast composition. It is a clear (real) contrast with the virtual, highlighting the main body and strengthening the theme of the picture. It should be noted that this kind of virtual reality contrast must ensure that the main part is clear. In addition, it is not allowed to over virtualize the virtualized area without retaining a little outline, otherwise it will not play the role of virtual reality contrast.

上图中,大光圈虚化背景,使前景中的无题质感和细节得以很好的表现,营造出一种藕断丝连的画面效果。

In the picture above, the large light circle virtualizes the background, so that the untitled texture and details in the foreground can be well displayed, creating a disconnected image effect.

3、动静对比

3. Dynamic and static comparison

动静对比构图,是利用了速度差来营造出的效果。我们以相对较慢的快门速度拍摄,那么较快的运动对象相对于快门速度来说就太快了,相机无法捕捉它瞬间清晰的画面,产生了运动模糊,而运动速度较慢或静止的对象,就被清晰记录下来,这样,画面中就同时记录下不同景别被摄对象动静不同的状态。

Dynamic and static contrast composition, is the use of the speed difference to create the effect. We shoot at a relatively slow shutter speed, so the faster moving object is too fast compared with the shutter speed. The camera can't capture its instant clear picture, resulting in motion blur, while the slower moving or static object is recorded clearly. In this way, the dynamic and static states of the subjects in different scenes are recorded at the same time.

当然,在场景中一些静态的雕塑、人物,与行走中的人物也会形成动静的对比,这在拍摄一些简单、干净的场景时比较有效,如果场景杂乱,那就很难让人注意到这种对比了。

Of course, some static sculptures and figures in the scene will also form a dynamic and static contrast with the walking figures, which is more effective when shooting some simple and clean scenes. If the scene is messy, it is difficult to notice this contrast.

静置的佛像和雨中行走的行人,一动一静的画面氛围,颇有韵味。

The static Buddha statue and the pedestrian walking in the rain, the moving and static picture atmosphere, has the charm.

4、疏密对比

4. Density comparison

摄影不是平面设计,我们面对的真实场景是有疏有密,富有变化的,而表现出这种疏密分布自然又有对比的照片画面,才会让欣赏者感到真实,感到松弛有度,感到舒适。

Photography is not graphic design. The real scene we are facing is sparse and dense, full of changes. Only when we show this kind of dense, naturally distributed and contrasting picture, can we make the audience feel real, relaxed and comfortable.

上图中,看似普通的一个场景,却暗含着许多构图元素。前景大面积堆积的大蒜,巧妙的形成了三角形的构图,画面疏密有致,稳定有序。同时,大面积白色大蒜与背景形成明显的色彩明亮对比,使画面主体更加突出。

In the picture above, a seemingly ordinary scene implies many composition elements. Garlic piled up in a large area in the foreground skillfully forms a triangle composition, with dense and orderly pictures. At the same time, a large area of white garlic and the background form a bright color contrast, making the main picture more prominent.

5、形状对比

5. Shape comparison

在画面当中图案和形状比较丰富时,我们关注的焦点可能就在于形状与形状之间的对比和区别。我们很想看清不同形状之间的差别是什么,分别代表什么意义。这种形状的对比,只要引起了欣赏者的好奇心,那就成功了。

When there are many patterns and shapes in the picture, we may focus on the contrast and difference between shapes. We'd like to see what the differences between different shapes are and what they mean. This kind of shape contrast, as long as it arouses the curiosity of the appreciator, will succeed.

上图中,建筑中彩色的贴纸在阳光的映衬下形成了丰富的色块,广角镜头的使用,使建筑物显得宽广有序,不得不感叹作者的锐利眼光。

In the above picture, the colorful stickers in the building form a rich color block against the sun. The use of wide-angle lens makes the building appear broad and orderly, which cannot help but exclaim the sharp vision of the author.

6、明暗对比

6. Contrast of light and shade

一般情况下,明暗对比构图强调的是受光处的对象。这种构图形式有两个好处,其中最大优势是能够增强画面的视觉冲击力,使亮处的重点景物显得非常醒目和直观;另外,借助阴影的力量,可以隐藏一些杂乱的干扰元素。

In general, the contrast composition of light and shade emphasizes the object at the receiving place. There are two advantages of this composition form, the biggest one is to enhance the visual impact of the picture, so that the key scenery in the bright place is very eye-catching and intuitive; in addition, with the help of the power of shadow, you can hide some messy interference elements.

上图中,运用光线的明暗对比关系,弱化了前景中的,突出主体,前景人物形态与建筑物的形体呼应,画面简洁、响亮。

In the above figure, the contrast between light and shade is used to weaken the foreground and highlight the main body. The figure shape in the foreground echoes the shape of the building. The picture is simple and loud.

7、灵活运用参照物

7. Flexible use of references

很多实际物体的模型拍摄出来后,可能达到以假乱真的目的,比如说我们靠近一些玩具汽车拍摄,可能会将其拍得很大,如果没有其他参照物与其对比,那我们无法知道这种拍摄对象到底是真还是玩具。也就是说,没有参照物,欣赏者可能就没有办法判断被摄体的大小。

After many models of real objects are photographed, they may achieve the purpose of falsehood and falsehood. For example, when we shoot near some toy cars, we may shoot them very big. If there is no other reference object to compare with, we can't know whether this kind of shooting object is really a toy or not. In other words, without a reference, the viewer may not be able to determine the size of the subject.

实际应用当中,我们既可以利用参照物让欣赏者知道被摄体的实际大小,也可以灵活变换取景角度,反其道而行,借助于一些参照物来衬托被摄体高大或是渺小的程度。例如,当需要夸大某个被摄体的形体时,可以使用超广角镜头,靠近这个对象,那远处的参照物会显得很小,就将镜头前的对象衬托的很大,这也是大小对比的一种。

In practical application, we can not only use the reference to let the viewer know the actual size of the subject, but also flexibly change the angle of view, and walk in the opposite direction, with the help of some references to set off the degree of the subject's height or smallness. For example, when you need to exaggerate the shape of an object, you can use a super wide-angle lens. Close to this object, the reference object in the distance will appear very small, which sets off the object in front of the lens very much, which is also a kind of size contrast.

上图中,画面给人强烈的视觉冲击力,广角镜头配以近大远小的效果,使右边的号角被夸大表现,增强了画面的空间感和立体空间。

In the picture above, the picture gives a strong visual impact. The wide-angle lens is equipped with near, far and small effects, which exaggerates the horn on the right and enhances the space sense and three-dimensional space of the picture.

免责声明:文章来自互联网,不代表本站的观点,如有侵权或不实言论,请第一时间联系删除,谢谢!!

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论