拍摄时利用对比构图手法 可以增强照片画面的视觉-看世界

拍摄时利用对比构图手法 可以增强照片画面的视觉



How to take good pictures? In recent days, I have continued to share with you from several aspects, such as the determination of theme, the role of accompaniment, the relationship between subject and environment, and blank space: composition and picture management. Today, I'd like to share with you how to use the comparison method to manage the pictures, so that our photos are more appealing. Take a look with 360 common sense.


Shooting is to record the images of people and objects with cameras and video recorders. Different scenes have different shooting techniques, such as night shot, rain shot, building shot, portrait shot, etc. movie dynamic art shooting is also a kind of shooting, but it should follow certain principles. With the development of science and technology, shooting becomes more and more simple and popular.


General principle


1. Highlight the main body


Portrait photography, of course, is mainly about people, so the focus is on people, even if the scenery is beautiful, it is also a foil. If you want mm to be as big as mung bean, go back and wait for kneeling motherboard.


2. "One white covers three ugly"


All mm want the skin to be white and delicate, so when shooting, try to let the face receive enough light, and can increase 1 / 3 to 1 level of exposure through exposure compensation, so as to weaken the defects and whiten the skin.


3. Flexible handling angle


Everyone has their own good-looking side, a little fat mm can try to look down on the shoot, the front face is not very good-looking on the side. Learn to observe and analyze, your work will definitely be appreciated by mm.




Contrast is a very effective way of composition. By comparing the size, light and shade, virtual reality, motion and density between scenes, we can emphasize the differences between scenes, enhance the visual impact and artistic appeal of the picture, and let the viewer fall in love with your photography at a glance. The focus of comparative composition is observation. Photographers should be good at discovering the differences between different scenes and showing them in composition. Next we will introduce the most classic and common six kinds of contrast composition techniques.


1. Size comparison


Some simple subjects, if there is no special shape, it is difficult to shoot directly. At this time, you can adjust the angle of view or the focal length of the lens to make the subjects show some size differences, and the picture will be more attractive. In other words, in the face of the same object, we strengthen the formal sense of the picture through the size contrast, making the picture more interesting. This is the size contrast composition. It should be noted that the contrast of the size of the scene is better to be the same. Of course, this is not absolute. Sometimes we will use some tall mountains, buildings, etc. to compare the size with the characters, but these subjects are better to be on the same plane.


In the above picture, all things show their unique temperament in the sunlight. The composition of the picture is simple, the color contrast is strong, and the detail texture is delicate.


2. Comparison between the real and the false


Contrast between the real and the virtual is a very common form of contrast composition. It is a clear (real) contrast with the virtual, highlighting the main body and strengthening the theme of the picture. It should be noted that this kind of virtual reality contrast must ensure that the main part is clear. In addition, it is not allowed to over virtualize the virtualized area without retaining a little outline, otherwise it will not play the role of virtual reality contrast.


In the picture above, the large light circle virtualizes the background, so that the untitled texture and details in the foreground can be well displayed, creating a disconnected image effect.


3. Dynamic and static comparison


Dynamic and static contrast composition, is the use of the speed difference to create the effect. We shoot at a relatively slow shutter speed, so the faster moving object is too fast compared with the shutter speed. The camera can't capture its instant clear picture, resulting in motion blur, while the slower moving or static object is recorded clearly. In this way, the dynamic and static states of the subjects in different scenes are recorded at the same time.


Of course, some static sculptures and figures in the scene will also form a dynamic and static contrast with the walking figures, which is more effective when shooting some simple and clean scenes. If the scene is messy, it is difficult to notice this contrast.


The static Buddha statue and the pedestrian walking in the rain, the moving and static picture atmosphere, has the charm.


4. Density comparison


Photography is not graphic design. The real scene we are facing is sparse and dense, full of changes. Only when we show this kind of dense, naturally distributed and contrasting picture, can we make the audience feel real, relaxed and comfortable.


In the picture above, a seemingly ordinary scene implies many composition elements. Garlic piled up in a large area in the foreground skillfully forms a triangle composition, with dense and orderly pictures. At the same time, a large area of white garlic and the background form a bright color contrast, making the main picture more prominent.


5. Shape comparison


When there are many patterns and shapes in the picture, we may focus on the contrast and difference between shapes. We'd like to see what the differences between different shapes are and what they mean. This kind of shape contrast, as long as it arouses the curiosity of the appreciator, will succeed.


In the above picture, the colorful stickers in the building form a rich color block against the sun. The use of wide-angle lens makes the building appear broad and orderly, which cannot help but exclaim the sharp vision of the author.


6. Contrast of light and shade


In general, the contrast composition of light and shade emphasizes the object at the receiving place. There are two advantages of this composition form, the biggest one is to enhance the visual impact of the picture, so that the key scenery in the bright place is very eye-catching and intuitive; in addition, with the help of the power of shadow, you can hide some messy interference elements.


In the above figure, the contrast between light and shade is used to weaken the foreground and highlight the main body. The figure shape in the foreground echoes the shape of the building. The picture is simple and loud.


7. Flexible use of references


After many models of real objects are photographed, they may achieve the purpose of falsehood and falsehood. For example, when we shoot near some toy cars, we may shoot them very big. If there is no other reference object to compare with, we can't know whether this kind of shooting object is really a toy or not. In other words, without a reference, the viewer may not be able to determine the size of the subject.


In practical application, we can not only use the reference to let the viewer know the actual size of the subject, but also flexibly change the angle of view, and walk in the opposite direction, with the help of some references to set off the degree of the subject's height or smallness. For example, when you need to exaggerate the shape of an object, you can use a super wide-angle lens. Close to this object, the reference object in the distance will appear very small, which sets off the object in front of the lens very much, which is also a kind of size contrast.


In the picture above, the picture gives a strong visual impact. The wide-angle lens is equipped with near, far and small effects, which exaggerates the horn on the right and enhances the space sense and three-dimensional space of the picture.


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