Zhao Kuan, Emperor ningzong of Song Dynasty (November 18, 1168 to September 18, 1224) was the 13th and fourth emperor of China (July 24, 1194 to September 18, 1224). At that time, he was named king Jia and King Pingyang. After taking the throne, Zhao was made Prince. In the fifth year of Shaoxi (1194), Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty was forced to abdicate and was succeeded by Zhao Guangzong. In the second year, he was renamed Qingyuan. Song ningzong reigned for 30 years, aged 55. During its reign, the Song Dynasty was relatively stable, the people were relatively rich, and also restored the status of Neo Confucianism. After his death, his posthumous title was Emperor Ruigong, the sage of martial arts.
Zhao Kuan, the 13th emperor of Song Dynasty, the second son of Guangzong and empress Li, was born on October 19, the fifth year of Qiandao. Bingwu (November 19, 1168) was born in Prince Gong's Mansion (ningzong designated this day as "Tianyou Festival" and later changed it to "Ruiqing Festival"). He is a phase mouse. Originally, empress Li dreamed of a big sun falling into the courtyard, carrying it by hand, so that she was pregnant and pregnant; until the night of Ning Zong's birth, Xiangguang circled the room. Ningzong was in power for 31 years from July 5, 2015 (July 24, 1194) to August 3, 2017 (September 17, 1224), with the year number of Qingyuan: January 1, Qingyuan (February 12, 1195) - January 1, Jiatai (February 5, 1201), Jiatai: January 1, Jiatai (February 5, 1201) - January 1, Kaixi (January 22, 1205) Day), Kaixi: the first day of the first month of Kaixi year (January 22, 1205) - the first day of Jiading year (January 19, 1208), Jiading: the first day of Jiading year (January 19, 1208) - the third leap August of Jiading year 17 (September 17, 1224), the year number is used for 30 years. Ding you (September 17, 1224) died in Funing hall on August 3, the 17th leap year of Jiading. He was 57 years old. In the first year of Baoqing (1225), he was ugly on the 28th day of the first month. His temple was named ningzong and his posthumous title was Renwen, Zhe, Wu, gongxiao emperor. On March 13, Guiyou was buried in yongmaoling (today's Baoshan in the southeast of Shaoxing, Zhejiang). In September of the third year of Baoqing (1228), the posthumous title of emperor Ruigong was added.
Song ningzong was born in the fourth year of Qiandao (1168) in October Bingwu. In the fifth year (1169), he was named Zhao Kuai. In the fifth year of Chunxi (1178), he became the Duke of England in October, the prince of Pingyang in March of the 12th year (1185), and the king of Jia in March of the 16th year (1189). Shaoxi five years (1194) for the prince, soon succeeded. When song ningzong succeeded to the throne, his father, song Guangzong, was still in power and changed to the supreme emperor. In fact, Zhao Ruyu, Zhao Yanyu, Ye Shi, Xu Yi and other courtiers, for the reason that song Guangzong could not hold the funeral, contacted Han Yuzhou, a relative, to obtain the palace coup caused by the support of Empress Wu of Gaozong and forced song Guangzong to abdicate.
After song ningzong succeeded to the throne, Zhao Ruyu, the Prime Minister of the clan, and Han Yuzhou, his relatives, were at loggerheads with each other. In the end, Han Yuzhou used the patriarchal system of "no clan can be held for slaughter", which made song ningzong dismiss Zhao Ruyu, and called the Neo Confucianism he advocated as pseudo Confucianism, which hit the Neo Confucianism and caused the party ban in Qingyuan. This policy lasted until 1202, when Han Yuzhou regretted and Ye Shi proposed to lift the ban. From then on, South Korea became an important figure in the Southern Song Dynasty. His position and power are far higher than that of the prime minister.
In the early period of Southern Song Dynasty, due to the role of Han Yuzhou, ningzong of Song Dynasty held a confrontational attitude towards the Jin Dynasty. He pursued the king of Hubei and deprived all his posts. In 1206, after Han Yuzhou's defeat in the northern expedition, song ningzong changed his policy. In November 1207, his Empress Yang and Shi Miyuan secretly planned to kill Han Yuzhou by taking advantage of his defeat, and sent his head to the Jin Dynasty to thank him. In 1208, under the control of Shi Miyuan, song ningzong reached a peace agreement with the Jin Dynasty. He called Bo, nephew and gold and silver. After Han Yuzhou's death, Shi Miyuan became the prime minister and emissary of song ningzong, and took charge of the great government. At the same time, Shi Miyuan restored Qin Hui's crown prince and official position.
Song ningzong had nine sons in succession, but he died when he was a minor. In the future, the issue of heirs had been intervened and manipulated by Shi Miyuan. Zhao Xun, the adopted son, was the prince, but he died early (from 1207 to 1220). Later, Zhao Hong, the adopted son, was appointed Prince (from 1221 to 1224). However, because Zhao Hong was not satisfied with the dictatorship of Shi Miyuan, Shi Miyuan deposed Zhao Hong after the death of song ningzong, and Zhao Yun was also appointed emperor.
Song ningzong died in Funing hall on the third day of the 18th leap August (September 17, 1224), and was buried in yongmaoling in March of the next year.
The evaluation of the official revision of the history of the Song Dynasty is: "the fourth Zen in the Song Dynasty is the Zen of ningzong. It is a good place to be able to do things alone without disrespect. At the beginning of the year, with the help of the old school tutoring, he called on the old Confucians to lead out the good ones. For a while, he kept the culture and succeeded in the politics. However, Ye was considerable. Zhonggengzhou used things, kept traitors inside, corrected people's evils, made learning false, picked strong neighbors outside, and poisoned Huaidian. The defeat at the age of five was the head of the Han Dynasty, which was made in gold. The state was in deficit. Even though Miyuan was good at power, he was lucky that the emperor had been in famine for a long time. As for the crown prince, Guotong, taking advantage of the opportunity to serve others, he could also abolish his private interests. Although, as for Renzong in the east of Song Dynasty, it's no coincidence that Shao Yong, who lived for a hundred years in four biographies, was not in the past generation. When he arrived at ningzong in the south, he also lived for eight years in four biographies. When we cherish the gift of the artifact, we should pay more attention to the benevolence and the elitism of peace and reason. Although the signs are the same, the emotions are far away. "
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