Brief introduction to Zhao Yun, Emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty-看世界

Brief introduction to Zhao Yun, Emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty

  宋理宗(1205年出生,1264年逝世于临安),原名赵与莒,1222年立为宁宗弟沂王嗣子,赐名贵诚,1224年立为宁宗皇子,赐名昀,是南宋的第五位皇帝,他在位时间是从1224年到1264年。

  赵昀,宋理宗是的第十四位(1224年9月17日—1264年11月16日在位),在位40年,享年60岁。赵昀,绍兴府人,宋皇室宗戚,之子赵德昭的九世孙。原名赵与莒,1222年被立为宁宗弟沂王嗣子,赐名贵诚,1224年立为宁宗皇子,赐名昀。驾崩后,赵昀被权臣史弥远拥立为帝,史称“宋理宗”。

  宋理宗(1205年出生,1264年逝世于临安),原名赵与莒,1222年立为宁宗弟沂王嗣子,赐名贵诚,1224年立为宁宗皇子,赐名昀,是的第五位皇帝,他在位时间是从1224年到1264年。

  宋理宗早期很少理会政事,登基后将所有国家事物都交给史弥远,自己对政务完全不过问,一直到1233年史死后,理宗才开始亲政。1234年南宋联蒙古国灭金。理宗崇拜理学[1],对政治不感兴趣,将国家大事交给他的丞相处理,先后有吴潜、丁大全、贾似道等。

  1259年,蒙古攻鄂州,右丞相贾似道以宋理宗名向蒙古称臣,并将长江以北的土地完全割让给蒙古。1264年逝世于临安。

  宋理宗本不是皇子,而只是宋朝皇家的一个亲戚,他是赵匡胤之子赵德昭的九世孙。他的前任宋宁宗死后,宰相史弥远矫诏废太子赵弘,立贵诚,即为宋理宗。

  宋理宗继位的前十年都是在权相史弥远挟制之下,自己对政务完全不过问,一直到1233年史死后宋理宗才开始亲政,亲政之初立志中兴,采取了罢黜史党、亲擢台谏、澄清吏治、整顿财政等等改革措施,史称“端平更化”。执政后期,朝政相继落入丁大全、贾似道等奸相之手,国势急衰。1234年南宋联蒙古国灭金。1259年,蒙古攻鄂州,宰相贾似道以宋理宗名义向蒙古称臣,并将长江以北的土地完全割让给蒙古。

  理宗死后的谥号是建道备德大功复兴烈文仁武圣明安孝皇帝,庙号理宗。庙号定为理宗,原因就在于他对程朱理学的推崇,他是理学官学化进程中最为重要的一位君主,其庙号可谓实至名归。

  理宗病重时,曾下诏,征求全国名医为自己治病,但无人应征。理宗病逝,死后葬于会稽附近的永穆陵。他死后不过十五年,其陵墓,包括南宋其他几位帝王和后妃的陵墓,被一个叫杨琏真珈的僧人盗发,理宗的尸体因为入殓时被水银浸泡,所以还未腐烂,盗墓者便将其尸体从陵墓中脱出,倒悬于陵前树林中以沥取水银。随后将理宗头颅割下,送交北京大都统治者,其躯干则被焚毁。这是宋理宗生前万万没有料到的。理宗的头颅直到攻占大都后,才在元大都的皇宫中被找到,朱元璋命人将理宗颅骨重新安葬于宋陵遗址,并对被毁坏的陵墓进行了修复。

  宋理宗无子,立他的侄子赵禥为太子,是为。

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Zhao Yun and song LiZong are the fourteenth (from September 17, 1224 to November 16, 1264), who have been in power for 40 years and have lived at the age of 60. Zhao Yun, born in Shaoxing, is the ninth grandson of Zhao Dezhao, the son of emperor zongqi of Song Dynasty. It was originally named Zhao and Ju. In 1222, it was established as the heir of King Yi, the younger brother of ningzong. It was granted with the name of mingguicheng. In 1224, it was established as the prince of ningzong and given the name of Yun. After his death, Zhao Yun was established as emperor by Shi Miyuan, the Minister of power, who called him "emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty".

Li Zong of Song Dynasty (born in 1205 and died in Lin'an in 1264), formerly known as Zhao and Ju, was appointed the heir of King Yi, the younger brother of Ning Zong in 1222. He was granted the title of the fifth emperor in 1224. He reigned from 1224 to 1264.

In the early days of emperor li Zong of Song Dynasty, he paid little attention to political affairs. After he ascended the throne, he handed over all national affairs to Shi Miyuan. He did not care about government affairs at all until his death in 1233. In 1234, the Southern Song Dynasty United Mongolia to destroy the gold. Li Zong worships Neo Confucianism [1]. He is not interested in politics. He entrusted state affairs to his prime minister, including Wu Qian, Ding Daquan, Jia Sidao, etc.

In 1259, when Mongolia attacked Ezhou, Jia Sidao, the right prime minister, became minister to Mongolia in the name of emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty, and completely ceded the land north of the Yangtze River to Mongolia. Died in Lin'an in 1264.

The emperor li of Song Dynasty was not a prince, but a relative of the royal family of Song Dynasty. He was the ninth grandson of Zhao Dezhao, the son of Zhao Kuangyin. After the death of his predecessor, song ningzong, Shi Miyuan, the prime minister, ordered Zhao Hong, the crown prince, to be abolished and Li Guicheng, the emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty, to be appointed.

In the first ten years of emperor LiZong's succession, he was under the control of Shi Miyuan, the Minister of power. He didn't care about government affairs until after his death in 1233. At the beginning of the reign, he set his mind to prosper. He took such reform measures as dismissing the historical party, promoting the platform, clarifying the official administration, and rectifying the finance, which was called "leveling up". In the later period of the reign, the government fell into the hands of the traitors, such as Ding Daquan and Jia Sidao. In 1234, the Southern Song Dynasty United Mongolia to destroy the gold. In 1259, when Mongolia attacked Ezhou, Jia Sidao, the prime minister, became minister to Mongolia in the name of emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty, and completely ceded the land to the north of the Yangtze River to Mongolia.

Li Zong's posthumous title after his death was Emperor jiandaobei's great virtue and rejuvenation, Wen Renwu, Sheng Mingan and Xiao, and his temple name was Li Zong. The reason why the temple name was established as LiZong lies in his esteem for Neo Confucianism of Cheng and Zhu. He is the most important monarch in the process of Official Learning of Neo Confucianism, and his temple name is worthy of his name.

When LiZong was seriously ill, he issued an imperial edict to ask famous doctors from all over the country to treat his own diseases, but no one answered. Li Zong died of illness and was buried in yongmuling near Kuaiji. Fifteen years after his death, his mausoleum, including the mausoleums of several other emperors and concubines in the Southern Song Dynasty, was stolen by a monk named Yanglian Zhenjia. The body of LiZong was soaked in mercury when it was buried, so it was not rotten yet. The tomb robbers took the body out of the mausoleum and hung it upside down in the forest before the mausoleum to drain mercury. Later, LiZong's head was cut off and sent to Beijing's rulers, whose trunk was burned. This is something that emperor LiZong did not expect before his death. The skull of LiZong was not found in the imperial palace of Dadu until it was conquered. Zhu Yuanzhang ordered people to bury the skull of LiZong in the site of song mausoleum again, and repaired the destroyed mausoleum.

Emperor LiZong of Song Dynasty had no son. He made Zhao Peng his nephew prince.

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