Zhao Xi, Emperor Gongdi of Song Dynasty (1271-1323), was the seventh son (1274-1276). He was born as Zhao Shi's younger brother and the elder brother of the emperor at the end of the Song Dynasty. Before he became the emperor, he was granted the title of general Jia Guogong and general Zuo weishang.
In 1274, Emperor duzong of Song Dynasty died of excessive drinking and lust. Zhao Xi, four years old, became emperor with the support of his treacherous minister Jia Sidao. He was Emperor song Gongdi, with the title of Deyou. His grandmother, Emperor Xie, and his mother, the empress dowager, were in charge. But the military power is still in Jia's hands.
At that time, the army of Mongolia had acquired the control of Xiangfan City, the most important channel in the south, and crossed the Yangtze River to march to Lin'an (now Hangzhou), the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty. On the one hand, the Empress Dowager Xie ordered "King Qin" throughout the country, and on the other hand, she begged for peace from the yuan army. The yuan army was breaking through the defense lines and subdued the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. In 1275, the 30000 army led by Jia Sidao was defeated in the battle between Wuhu and the yuan army. Soon, empress Xie and song Gongdi had to kill Jia Sidao under the oppression of the whole nation. However, it was too late to die. The situation of death was inevitable. In the middle of the same year, the yuan army occupied most of Jiangdong (today's Jiangsu Province). On January 18, 1276, the yuan army led by Boyan came to Lin'an. The court of the Southern Song Dynasty failed to make peace, so it had to surrender to the yuan army. In the same year, Empress Dowager Xie took Zhao Xi, the five-year-old emperor song Gong, out of the city and surrendered to the yuan army. Later, the remaining forces of the Southern Song Dynasty fought against the Yuan Dynasty in Fujian and Guangdong. Finally, in 1279, Zhao Min, the eight year old little emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty, was forced into a desperate situation by the yuan army and had to jump into the sea to die. The Southern Song Dynasty finally died.
After Song Gong was captured, he was granted the title of Yingguo by Yuan Dynasty. In 1289, Kublai Khan, the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, suddenly gave Zhao Xi, 19, a lot of money to become a monk in Tibet. So song Gong, the little emperor of that year, became an eminent monk and made a lot of contributions to Buddhism and translated many Buddhist scriptures.
Later, in 1323, Zhao Xi knew his former identity and wrote:
How many times does the plum blossom bloom?
The golden stage guests should not come back.
This poem fully expresses his yearning for the Southern Song Dynasty, and expresses Zhao's condemnation of the Yuan Dynasty's unjustifiable attack on the Southern Song Dynasty. Later, Zhao Xi was found angry and ordered to die at the age of 53.
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