A brief introduction to Zhao Si, the duanzong of Song Dynasty-看世界

A brief introduction to Zhao Si, the duanzong of Song Dynasty

  人物简介

  宋端宗赵昰(公元1269-1278年),第八位,庙号端宗,谥号裕文昭武愍孝皇帝,又有史称宋帝昰。

  人物简介

  宋端宗赵昰(1269年7月10日-1278年5月8日,昰:音同“夏”古代人名用字),第十七位皇帝(1276年6月14日—1278年5月8日在位),在位2年,享年11岁,庙号端宗,谥号裕文昭武愍孝皇帝或孝恭仁裕慈圣睿文英武勤政皇帝,又有史称宋帝昰。他是的庶长子,的长兄,曾被封为建国公、吉王、益王等。

  宋恭帝德祐二年正月十八日(1276年2月4日)元军攻克临安时,5岁的宋恭帝和谢太皇相继被俘。赵昰和母亲杨淑妃和弟弟由国舅杨亮节等护卫,出逃福建,定行都於福州濂浦平山福地,改年号景炎,行宫为平山阁(当时时值战乱,哀鸿遍野,宋军撤离此地时,曾开仓济民,当地人民甚感其恩,元军占领福州时,当地人民遂将平山阁改名为泰山宫,祭祀南及入闽的益、广二王。左右列的是文臣武将:、陆秀夫、陈宜中、张世杰。当地泰山宫便塑这些神像,实是回避元代的查禁,以泰山宫作掩护,泰山宫现存完好)。

  赵昰登基前被封为「天下兵马都元帅」。1276年6月14日即位,改元景炎,时年只有7岁。虽然朝臣陆秀夫等坚持抗元,力图恢复宋朝,但在元军的紧紧追击下,端宗只能由大将张世杰护卫登船入海,东逃西避,疲於奔命。他曾逃到南澳岛上,在岛上海滩上开挖的宋井至今仍存,之後又逃到香港的九龙城一带,现存的宋王台和侯王庙都是为纪念宋端宗而建。

  景炎三年(1278年)3月,端宗为躲避元将刘深的追逐,上船避入广州对开海面,「龙舟」倾覆,端宗遇溺被左右救起,因此染病。因元军追兵逼近,又不得不浮海逃往碙洲(今香港大屿山)。不到10岁的小皇帝屡受颠簸,又惊病交加,於几个月後(1278年5月8日)在碙洲去世,葬於永福陵(今香港大屿山)。

  据宋王台公园《九龙宋皇台遗址碑记》记载,昰、昺二帝南逃期间,「有金夫人墓,相传为杨太后女,晋国公主,先溺於水,至是铸金身以葬者」,葬於今九龙城区,人称「金夫人墓」,後来在该址兴建了圣三一堂,「金夫人墓」也随之湮没。

免责声明:以上内容源自网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原创版权请告知,我们将尽快删除相关内容。


Zhao Si, Emperor duanzong of Song Dynasty (1269-1278 A.D.), the eighth, temple duanzong, posthumous title: Yuwen, Zhaowu, Xiaoxiao emperor, also known as Song Emperor in history.

Profile

Zhao Si, Emperor duanzong of Song Dynasty (from July 10, 1269 to May 8, 1278, Si: pronunciation is the same as that of "Xia" ancient people), the 17th Emperor (from June 14, 1276 to May 8, 1278), reigned for 2 years, aged 11 years, temple name duanzong, posthumous title: Yu Wen Zhao Wu Xiao emperor or Xiao Gong Ren Yu Ci Sheng Rui Wen Yingwu diligent emperor, also known as Song Emperor. He is the eldest son and elder brother of his, who was once named Jianguo Gong, Jiwang, Yiwang, etc.

When the yuan army conquered Lin'an on the 18th day of the first month of the second year (February 4, 1276), song Gongdi and Xie Taihuang, five years old, were captured one after another. Zhao Shi, his mother Yang Shufei and his younger brother, were escorted by his uncle Yang Liangjie. They fled to Fujian. They decided to travel in Pingshan, Fuzhou. They changed their name to Jingyan, and the palace was Pingshan Pavilion (it was a place of war and sorrow and prosperity at that time. When the song army left, they opened a warehouse to help the people. The local people felt very grateful. When the yuan army occupied Fuzhou, the local people changed the name of Pingshan pavilion to Taishan palace, offering sacrifices to the South and entering The second king of Yi and Guang in Fujian. On the left and right are Wenchen and Wujiang, Lu Xiufu, Chen Yizhong and Zhang Shijie. The local Taishan palace made these statues, which actually avoided the investigation and prohibition of the Yuan Dynasty and protected by the Taishan palace. The Taishan palace is in good condition.

Zhao Si was named "marshal of the army and horse capital of the world" before he ascended the throne. On June 14, 1276, he became king Yan of the Yuan Dynasty. At that time, he was only seven years old. Although the courtier Lu Xiufu and other officials insisted on fighting against the Yuan Dynasty and trying to recover the Song Dynasty, under the close pursuit of the yuan army, duanzong could only enter the sea with the guard of General Zhang Shijie, and escape from the east to the West. He was tired of running for his life. He once fled to Nan'ao Island, and the song well excavated on the island's Shanghai beach still exists today. Later, he fled to the area of Kowloon City in Hong Kong. The existing song Wangtai and Houwang temple were built to commemorate song duanzong.

In March of the third year of Jingyan (1278), in order to avoid the pursuit of Liu Shen by Yuan Dynasty, duanzong boarded the boat and hid in the open sea of Guangzhou. The dragon boat capsized and duanzong was rescued from drowning, so he became ill. As the yuan army approached, they had to flee to qiaozhou (now Lantau, Hong Kong) in the sea. The little emperor, who was less than 10 years old, suffered many setbacks and was shocked by illness. He died in qiaozhou a few months later (May 8, 1278) and was buried in yongfuling (now Lantau, Hong Kong).

According to the inscription on the ruins of the Song Dynasty in the Wangtai Park of the Song Dynasty, during the period of emperor Shi and Min's escape to the south, "there was the tomb of the golden lady. It was said that she was the Empress Dowager Yang and the princess of the Jin State. She drowned first, and then she was the one who cast the gold body for burial." she was buried in the present Kowloon City, known as "the tomb of the golden lady". Later, the Holy Trinity hall was built at the site, and the tomb of the golden lady was also annihilated.

Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

本文由 看世界 作者:小小 发表,其版权均为 看世界 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 看世界 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。

发表评论