Sui Wendi (July 27, 541 - August 13, 604) reigned for 24 years from March 4, 581 to August 13, 604. The Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ended the state of separation and separatism from the late Western Jin Dynasty to nearly 300 years before the unification of Sui Dynasty. He realized another unification of China since the arrival of Yiguan in the south, made the north more Han oriented and the South more economic developed, and won the praise of "no country is as rich as Sui", which laid the foundation for the emergence of the ancient society of Sui and Tang Dynasties. Since Emperor Wu destroyed Buddhism, the vitality of Buddhism has been greatly damaged. After Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ascended the throne, Buddhism flourished, and Buddhism flourished in Sui and Tang Dynasties, known as the golden age in history.
About Emperor Wen
Yang Jian, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty (541-604), was founded on March 4, 581-august 13, 604. Han nationality, born in Huayin County, Hongnong county (now Huayin County, Shaanxi Province), Xianbei is granted the surname of Pu Liuru, with the small character of naloyan. When the Sui Dynasty was founded, his father Yang Zhong was a military aristocrat of the Western Wei and Northern Zhou dynasties. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, he was the general of the state of Zhu. Yang Jian was appointed the Duke of suiguo and inherited his father. Yang Jian established the Sui Dynasty and unified China. He was the capital of the founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty, Chang'an (Daxing city), and created a glorious "golden age of opening the emperor". For the first time, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty realized the multi-ethnic unity in a wide range of China; for the first time, he implemented the system of three provinces and six ministries that has been followed; he created and formulated the most advanced law at that time, kaihuang law, which influenced the basic legislation of later generations. Not only that, he also opened the door of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and realized the "kaihuang rule" which has been sung for thousands of years.
Yang Jian was in power for 23 years, died in Dabao hall in 604, at the age of 64, and was buried in tailing (5 kilometers west of Yangling District, Shaanxi Province today)
Life of Emperor Wen
On the Jiazi day of February 581, Emperor Jing of the Northern Zhou Dynasty announced abdication with Yang Jian's expectation. Yang Jian ascended the throne to become emperor, and established the name of the country as the great Sui Dynasty. He changed his name to kaihuang and announced an amnesty to the whole world.
After Yang Jian became emperor, he destroyed Houliang in the seventh year of emperor kaihuang's reign (587 AD), and one year later he issued an imperial edict to destroy Chen. In the ninth year of kaihuang's reign (589 AD), Nanchen was exterminated and China was unified, ending the nearly 300 years of division since the end of the Western Jin Dynasty. In the same year, the Ryukyu Islands returned to the Sui Dynasty. Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ended the long-term chaos in China and made China return to the era of peace.
After the establishment of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty managed it meticulously, and the Sui Dynasty prospered rapidly. He not only accomplished the great task of unifying China, but also made Sui Dynasty become a powerful country with stable political power, stable society, long registered permanent residence, rapid increase of cultivated land, abundant savings, cultural development, elite armour soldiers and powerful customs, known as "kaihuangzhi". A series of reforms have been carried out in the political and economic systems. In the central government, the system of three provinces and six departments was implemented, and the local three-level system of state, county and county was changed into two-level system of state and county. The local officials were all appointed and removed by the central government, thus consolidating the centralization of power. As a result of Sui Wendi's efforts and development of production, he was regarded as one of the greatest emperors in Chinese history by foreigners.
Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty ordered the construction of Daxing City, the capital of Xijing (the prototype of Chang'an City in the Tang Dynasty). The design and layout of Daxing city had a profound impact on the urban construction of later generations and Japan and Korea. In 584 ad, Emperor Wen of Sui ordered Yu Wenkai to lead the people to open the canal. From the northwest of Daxing city to the east of the old canal of the Han Dynasty, the Weihe River flows to Tongguan, which is more than 150 kilometers long and is known as Guangtong canal. This is the beginning of the Grand Canal, which connects two civilizations. So that the Yellow River Basin and the Yangtze River basin gradually become one.
In a short period of time, he put China under the governance of a new regime. He controlled the powerful enemies such as Turks and Khitans from the outside, and made the people live in peace and quiet from the inside. His great achievements did not fully restore the land area of the Sui Dynasty even in the later prosperous Tang Dynasty. Emperor Wen died of illness in Dabao hall in 604, at the age of 64, and was buried in tailing (5 kilometers west of Yangling District, Shaanxi Province).
Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.