Brief introduction of Yang Jian, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty-看世界

Brief introduction of Yang Jian, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty

  文帝简介

  隋文帝(541年7月27日—604年8月13日)581年3月4日—604年8月13日,在位24年。隋文帝结束了自西晋末年到隋统一前近300年的分裂割据状态,实现了自衣冠南渡以来中国又一次统一,使北方重汉化,南方经济发展,使隋代获得了“国计之富者莫如隋”的赞誉,为中国古代社会隋唐盛世的出现奠定了基础。自从武帝灭佛后,佛教元气大伤,隋文帝登基后,大兴佛教,隋唐佛教之盛,历史上称为黄金时代。

  文帝简介

  隋文帝杨坚(541年-604年),建立者,581年3月4日-604年8月13日在位。汉族,弘农郡华阴(今陕西省华阴县)人,鲜卑赐姓是普六茹,小字那罗延。隋朝开国,其父杨忠是西魏和北周的军事贵族,北周武帝时官至柱国大将军,封为随国公,杨坚承袭父爵。杨坚建立了隋朝,统一中国,是隋朝的开国皇帝定都长安(大兴城),开创了辉煌的“开皇盛世”。隋文帝第一次实现了中国大范围内的多民族的统一;他首次实行了一直沿袭到的三省六部制;他开创了,制定了当时最为先进并影响后世基本立法的律法《开皇律》。不仅如此,他还开启了隋唐盛世之门,实现了千古传颂的“开皇之治”。

  杨坚在位23年,604年病逝于大宝殿,终年64岁,葬于泰陵(今天陕西省杨陵(凌)区城西5公里处)

  文帝生平

  西元581年二月甲子日,北周的静帝以杨坚众望有归下诏宣布禅让。杨坚登基称帝,定国号为大隋,改元开皇,宣布大赦天下。

  杨坚称帝后,于开皇七年(西元587年)灭后梁,一年后下诏伐陈。开皇九年(西元589年)灭南陈,统一了中国,结束了西晋末年以来近三百年的分裂局面。同年琉球群岛归降隋朝。隋文帝结束了中国长期混乱的局面,使中国又回到了和平年代。

  隋朝建立以后,隋文帝精心治理,隋朝迅速强大繁荣起来。他不仅完成统一中国的大业,还使隋朝成为政权稳固,社会安定,户口锐长,垦田速增,积蓄充盈,文化发展,甲兵精锐,威动殊俗的强盛国家,史称“开皇之治”。在政治、经济等制度方面进行了一系列的改革。在中央实行三省六部制,将地方的州、郡、县三级制改为州、县两级制,地方官吏概由中央任免,由此巩固了中央集权。由于隋文帝的励精图治,发展生产,他被外国人看做中国历史上最伟大的皇帝之一。

  隋文帝下令修建首都西京大兴城(即后来唐长安城原形),大兴城的设计和布局思想,对后世都市建设及日本、朝鲜都市建设都有深刻的影响。隋文帝于西元584年命宇文恺率众开漕渠。自大兴城西北引渭水,略循汉代漕渠故道而东,至潼关入黄河,长150多公里,名广通渠。这是修建大运河的开始,大运河连接了两个文明。使黄河流域长江流域逐渐成为一体。

  他在不长的时间内将中国重新置于一个政权治理下,外御强敌突厥、契丹,内令人民安宁生息,功业之伟大,连后世盛唐也没有完全恢复隋朝的国土面积。文帝在位23年,604年病逝于大宝殿,终年64岁,葬于泰陵(今天陕西省杨陵(凌)区城西5公里处)。

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Sui Wendi (July 27, 541 - August 13, 604) reigned for 24 years from March 4, 581 to August 13, 604. The Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ended the state of separation and separatism from the late Western Jin Dynasty to nearly 300 years before the unification of Sui Dynasty. He realized another unification of China since the arrival of Yiguan in the south, made the north more Han oriented and the South more economic developed, and won the praise of "no country is as rich as Sui", which laid the foundation for the emergence of the ancient society of Sui and Tang Dynasties. Since Emperor Wu destroyed Buddhism, the vitality of Buddhism has been greatly damaged. After Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ascended the throne, Buddhism flourished, and Buddhism flourished in Sui and Tang Dynasties, known as the golden age in history.

About Emperor Wen

Yang Jian, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty (541-604), was founded on March 4, 581-august 13, 604. Han nationality, born in Huayin County, Hongnong county (now Huayin County, Shaanxi Province), Xianbei is granted the surname of Pu Liuru, with the small character of naloyan. When the Sui Dynasty was founded, his father Yang Zhong was a military aristocrat of the Western Wei and Northern Zhou dynasties. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, he was the general of the state of Zhu. Yang Jian was appointed the Duke of suiguo and inherited his father. Yang Jian established the Sui Dynasty and unified China. He was the capital of the founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty, Chang'an (Daxing city), and created a glorious "golden age of opening the emperor". For the first time, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty realized the multi-ethnic unity in a wide range of China; for the first time, he implemented the system of three provinces and six ministries that has been followed; he created and formulated the most advanced law at that time, kaihuang law, which influenced the basic legislation of later generations. Not only that, he also opened the door of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and realized the "kaihuang rule" which has been sung for thousands of years.

Yang Jian was in power for 23 years, died in Dabao hall in 604, at the age of 64, and was buried in tailing (5 kilometers west of Yangling District, Shaanxi Province today)

Life of Emperor Wen

On the Jiazi day of February 581, Emperor Jing of the Northern Zhou Dynasty announced abdication with Yang Jian's expectation. Yang Jian ascended the throne to become emperor, and established the name of the country as the great Sui Dynasty. He changed his name to kaihuang and announced an amnesty to the whole world.

After Yang Jian became emperor, he destroyed Houliang in the seventh year of emperor kaihuang's reign (587 AD), and one year later he issued an imperial edict to destroy Chen. In the ninth year of kaihuang's reign (589 AD), Nanchen was exterminated and China was unified, ending the nearly 300 years of division since the end of the Western Jin Dynasty. In the same year, the Ryukyu Islands returned to the Sui Dynasty. Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty ended the long-term chaos in China and made China return to the era of peace.

After the establishment of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty managed it meticulously, and the Sui Dynasty prospered rapidly. He not only accomplished the great task of unifying China, but also made Sui Dynasty become a powerful country with stable political power, stable society, long registered permanent residence, rapid increase of cultivated land, abundant savings, cultural development, elite armour soldiers and powerful customs, known as "kaihuangzhi". A series of reforms have been carried out in the political and economic systems. In the central government, the system of three provinces and six departments was implemented, and the local three-level system of state, county and county was changed into two-level system of state and county. The local officials were all appointed and removed by the central government, thus consolidating the centralization of power. As a result of Sui Wendi's efforts and development of production, he was regarded as one of the greatest emperors in Chinese history by foreigners.

Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty ordered the construction of Daxing City, the capital of Xijing (the prototype of Chang'an City in the Tang Dynasty). The design and layout of Daxing city had a profound impact on the urban construction of later generations and Japan and Korea. In 584 ad, Emperor Wen of Sui ordered Yu Wenkai to lead the people to open the canal. From the northwest of Daxing city to the east of the old canal of the Han Dynasty, the Weihe River flows to Tongguan, which is more than 150 kilometers long and is known as Guangtong canal. This is the beginning of the Grand Canal, which connects two civilizations. So that the Yellow River Basin and the Yangtze River basin gradually become one.

In a short period of time, he put China under the governance of a new regime. He controlled the powerful enemies such as Turks and Khitans from the outside, and made the people live in peace and quiet from the inside. His great achievements did not fully restore the land area of the Sui Dynasty even in the later prosperous Tang Dynasty. Emperor Wen died of illness in Dabao hall in 604, at the age of 64, and was buried in tailing (5 kilometers west of Yangling District, Shaanxi Province).

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