Zhao Xu, the sage of Song Dynasty, is the most short-lived emperor in the Northern Song Dynasty-看世界

Zhao Xu, the sage of Song Dynasty, is the most short-lived emperor in the Northern Song Dynasty

  人物简介

  宋哲宗赵煦(1076年1月4日-1100年2月23日),北宋第七位(1085年—1100年在位),是前任皇帝第六子,原名佣,曾被封为延安郡王。神宗病危时立他为太子,元丰八年,神宗死,赵煦登基为皇帝,是为宋哲宗,改元“元祐”。在位15年,享年24岁。谥号宪元继道显德定功钦文睿武齐圣昭孝皇帝,葬于今天河南巩县的永泰陵。

  人物简介

  宋哲宗赵煦生于熙宁九年(公元1076年)阴历十二月初七(阳历1077年1月4日),9岁时哲宗登基,由高执政。高太后执政后,任用顽固派大官司马光为宰相。司马光一上台,就把神宗时的“变法”(熙宁变法)全部废止。宋哲宗对于司马光与高太后的执政与压制感到不满。到了元祐八年(公元1093年),高太后死,哲宗亲政。哲宗亲政后表明绍述,追贬司马光,并贬谪、等旧党党人于岭南(今广西、广东一带),接着重用革新派如章惇、曾布等,恢复王安石变法中的保甲法、免役法、青苗法等,减轻农民负担,使国势有所起色。次年改元“绍圣”,并停止与西夏谈判,多次出兵讨伐西夏,迫使西夏向乞和。元符三年(公元1100年)阴历一月十二日(阳历1100年1月23日)病逝于汴梁(今河南开封)。

  哲宗是北宋较有作为的皇帝。

  但是,由于在新党与旧党之间的党争不但没有获得解决,反而在宋哲宗当政期间激化,种下了北宋灭亡的远因。宋哲宗的悲剧,在于他的理想与他的实际能力距离太大,他更多地像一个纸上谈兵的人物,理论上有许多想法,但在实际运用上却缺少变通和从权的能力,难以处理诸种复杂和关系。

  宣仁高太后对宋哲宗从策立之初,到临终嘱托,都可以说是相当尽心尽责,努力爱护和教育着这个小皇帝。但哲宗却因这种过分周到的呵护而感到窒息和束缚,所以高太后一死,宋哲宗便要急不可待地改弦易辙,去实行他所崇敬的父皇宋神宗的变法之政策。宋哲宗虽仰慕其父的敢作敢为,却比其父的经验和素质都要差,结果急功近利,适得其反。其事业心和实绩,其理想和现实能力,真的反差太大,陷入悲剧而不能自拔。

      生平

  宋哲宗赵煦(一○七六~一一○○),神宗第六子。元丰五年(一○八二)封延安郡王。八年,立为太子,同年三月即位,太皇太后高氏听政。元佑八年(一○九三),太后去世,亲政。在位十六年,建元元佑、绍圣、元符。元符三年卒,年二十五。庙号哲宗,葬永泰陵。事见《宋史》卷一七、一八《哲宗纪》。

  哲宗登基时,只有10岁,由高太后执政。高太后执政后,任用顽固派大官司马光为宰相。司马光一上台,就把神宗时的“王安石变法”(熙宁变法)全部废止。宋哲宗对于司马光与高太后的执政与压制感到不满。到了元佑八年(1093年),高太后死,哲宗亲政。哲宗亲政后表明绍述,追贬司马光,并贬谪苏轼、苏辙等旧党党人于岭南(今广西一带),接着重用革新派如章敦、曾布等,恢复王安石变法中的保甲法、免役法、青苗法等,减轻农民负担,使国势有所起色。次年改元“绍圣”,并停止与西夏谈判,多次出兵讨伐西夏,迫使西夏向宋朝乞和。元符三年(1100年)1月病逝于汴京(今河南开封)。

  哲宗是北宋较有作为的皇帝。但是由于在新党与旧党之间的党争不但没有获得解决,反而在宋哲宗当政期间激化,种下了北宋灭亡的远因。

      宋哲宗虽然少有大志,但寿命不长,年仅25岁就病逝了,是北宋寿命最短的皇帝,也是葬在巩义陵区的最后一个北宋皇帝。

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Zhao Xu, the philosopher of the Song Dynasty (January 4, 1076-february 23, 1100), the seventh son of the Northern Song Dynasty (reigned in 1085-1100), was the sixth son of the former Emperor, formerly called servant, and was once granted the title of Prince Yan'an. In the eighth year of Yuanfeng, when Shenzong was in critical condition, he was appointed prince. In the eighth year of Yuanfeng, Shenzong died, and Zhao Xu became emperor. He was the philosopher of Song Dynasty and changed to Yuanyou. He has been in office for 15 years, at the age of 24. His posthumous title was Xian yuan, succeeding Dao Xian, De Ding, Qin Wen ruiwu, Qi shengzhao and Xiao emperor, and was buried in Yongtai mausoleum in Gongxian County, Henan Province today.

Profile

Zhao Xu, the philosopher of Song Dynasty, was born in the ninth year of Xining (1076 A.D.) on the seventh day of the twelfth month of the lunar calendar (January 4, 1077 A.D.), when he was nine years old, he ascended the throne and was ruled by Gao. After the Empress Dowager Gao was in power, she appointed Sima Guang, a senior official of the die hards, as prime minister. As soon as Sima Guang came to power, he abolished the "reform" (Xining reform) of Shenzong. He was dissatisfied with the governance and suppression of Sima Guang and Empress Dowager Gao. In the eighth year of Yuanyou (A.D. 1093), the Empress Dowager Gao died and the emperor zhe was in charge. After the close administration of zhe Zong, it was shown that Shao stated that he pursued and demoted Sima Guang and other old party members in Lingnan (today's Guangxi and Guangdong areas), and then reused the innovators such as Zhang Dun and Zeng Bu to restore the Baojia method, the exemption method and the Qingmiao method in Wang Anshi's reform, so as to lighten the burden on the farmers and make the country better. In the following year, Shao Sheng was changed and negotiations with Xixia were stopped. Many soldiers were sent to fight against Xixia, forcing Xixia to beg for peace. Yuan Fu three years (1100 A.D.) lunar January 12 (January 23, 1100 A.D.) died in Bianliang (now Kaifeng, Henan).

Zhe Zong was a more effective emperor in the Northern Song Dynasty.

However, the party dispute between the new party and the old party was not solved, but intensified during the reign of the Song Dynasty philosopher, planting the long-term cause of the demise of the Northern Song Dynasty. The tragedy of song zhezong lies in the distance between his ideal and his practical ability. He is more like a man who talks about military affairs on paper. He has many ideas in theory, but in practice, he lacks the ability of flexibility and obedience to power, and it is difficult to deal with all kinds of complex and relations.

The Empress Dowager xuanren Gao devoted herself to the emperor from the beginning of his policy to the end of his life. However, zhe Zong was suffocated and bound by this kind of over thoughtful care. As soon as empress dowager Gao died, Song Zhe Zong had to urgently change his tune and carry out the reform policy of his revered father, song Shenzong. Although he admired his father's courage, he was worse than his father's experience and quality. As a result, he was eager for quick success and instant profits, which was counterproductive. His ambition and achievements, his ideal and practical ability, are really in great contrast, and he can't extricate himself from the tragedy.

Life

Zhao Xu (176-11000), the sixth son of Shenzong. In the fifth year of Yuanfeng reign (1082), the prince of Yan'an was granted. Eight years later, he became prince. In March of the same year, he ascended the throne. Empress dowager Gao was in charge. In the eighth year of Yuanyou's reign (1903), the Empress Dowager died and became a prince. During his sixteen years in office, he established Yuanyou, Shaosheng and Yuanfu. Yuan Fu died in three years and was twenty-five years old. The temple is called zhe Zong and is buried in Yongtai mausoleum. See the history of the Song Dynasty, volumes 17 and 18, the history of zhe Zong.

At the time of emperor zhe Zong's accession, he was only 10 years old and was ruled by Empress Dowager Gao. After the Empress Dowager Gao was in power, she appointed Sima Guang, a senior official of the die hards, as prime minister. As soon as Sima Guang came to power, he abolished the "Wang Anshi reform" (Xining reform) of Shenzong. He was dissatisfied with the governance and suppression of Sima Guang and Empress Dowager Gao. In the eighth year of Yuanyou (1093), Empress Dowager Gao died, and the prince of zhe ruled. After the close administration of zhe Zong, it was shown that Shaoshu, simaguang, sushi, Suzhe and other old party members were relegated to Lingnan (today's Guangxi area), and then innovators such as zhangdun and Zengbu were reused to restore the Baojia method, the exemption method and the Qingmiao method in Wang Anshi's reform, so as to lighten the burden of farmers and improve the national situation. In the following year, Shao Sheng was changed to Shao Sheng, and negotiations with Xixia were stopped. Many soldiers were sent to fight against Xixia, forcing Xixia to beg for peace from the Song Dynasty. In January of the third year of Yuanfu (1100), he died in Bianjing (now Kaifeng, Henan).

Zhe Zong was a more effective emperor in the Northern Song Dynasty. However, the party dispute between the new party and the old party was not solved, but intensified during the reign of the Song Dynasty philosopher, planting the long-term cause of the demise of the Northern Song Dynasty.

Although he had little ambition, he didn't live long. He died at the age of 25. He was the shortest lived emperor in the Northern Song Dynasty and the last emperor buried in Gongyi mausoleum.

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