Zhao Dun, Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty (1147-1200), was the 12th and third Emperor (1190-1194). The temple was called Guangzong. He reigned for 5 years. He was 54 years old. After his death, his posthumous title was Emperor Xun Dao Xian Ren Ming, Gong Mao De, Wen Wen Shun, Wu Sheng, zhe CI Xiao.
Zhao Dun, Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty, the third son of emperor Xiaozong and empress Guo, Yichou (September 30, 1147), born in Fandi Palace on September 4, Ding Mao's 17th year of Shaoxing (Guangzong designated this day as Chongming Festival), is a relative rabbit. Guangzong was in power for 6 years from February 2, 2016 (February 18, 1189) to July 5, 2015 (July 24, 1194), with the year number of 5 years. On October 3, the second year of Qingyuan, Emperor Shengan Shouren was honored. On August 8, Qingyuan (September 17, 1200), Guangzong died in Shoukang Palace at the age of 54. Later, Guangzong was buried in yongchongling. On November 14, Bingyin temple was named Guangzong, posthumous emperor Xianren, Shengzhe and cixiao, Renshen on November 8, the third year of Jiatai (1203), and posthumous emperor Xun Dao, xianrenming, gongmaode, wenwenshun, wusheng, zhetixiao.
Stories of characters
Zhao Dun, the third son of emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty, was born to Guo family. Guo was born into a famous family and was the sixth grandson of empress Guo's family. Guo died before emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty took office, and was later renamed queen. The fourth son of Guo's symbiosis: Zhao Li, the eldest son, was granted the title of King Deng; Zhao Kai, the second son, was granted the title of King Qing; Zhao Dun, the third son, began to be granted the title of King Gong, later the emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty; the fourth son died early. Song Xiaozong first made Zhao Li, the eldest son, the prince, but Zhao Li died soon after. In order, the crown prince's turn should be Zhao Kai, the second son. However, song Xiaozong preferred Zhao Dun, the third son, and thought that Zhao Dun was "a hero of his own kind", while Zhao Kai, the second son, was too lenient and kind, in fact, he thought Zhao Kai was weak, and Zhao Dun was lucky to be the prince in this context.
When Zhao Dun became prince, he began to be respectful to song Xiaozong, but he didn't really be respectful to his father and emperor, but he was forced to make superficial articles in order to keep the throne of the emperor. This kind of superficial article has been done for a long time, it is inevitable to get bored. After forty years of age, Zhao Dun, who had been Prince for more than ten years, began to suggest, consciously or unconsciously, that song Xiaozong should pass on his throne as soon as possible. One day, Zhao Dun deliberately said to song Xiaozong, "my beard has begun to turn white. Someone specially sent me the medicine to dye it, but I didn't use it." The implication is that your son has a white beard. It's time to be an emperor. Song Xiaozong naturally understood his son's mind, but pretended not to understand. He replied seriously, "what's wrong with a white beard? Just to show the world your maturity. "
After hitting a nail, Zhao Dun did not dare to publicly test again. Instead, he flattered the Empress Wu (empress) and tried to win the throne by the power of the Empress Dowager. The Empress Dowager Wu also understood Zhao Dun's mind and once hinted to song Xiaozong, but song Xiaozong said that the prince still needed experience. This series of events left a heavy shadow in Zhao Dun's heart, which directly led him to be afraid of his own father.
Until February of the 16th Chunxi reign (1189), Emperor Xiaozong of song had to mourn for Emperor Gaozong of song, so he took the initiative to abdicate to crown prince Zhao dun. At the age of forty-three, Zhao Dun finally aspired to the throne that he always wanted. The irony is that he can't wait to be emperor, but he doesn't do anything after he ascends the throne. Not only that, his previous grudges against his father began to be induced by various external factors, which led to the "palace crossing event" for several years.
At the beginning of emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty, he led his concubines to visit jujingyuan. It was not a big deal, but it was criticized for not inviting the emperor. All the officials wrote in succession, pointing out that when Emperor Gaozong was alive, Emperor Xiaozong of song invited him to travel with him every time, while emperor Guangzong of song only paid attention to his own travel. The implication is to accuse song Guangzong of being unfilial. Song Guangzong is naturally unhappy after reading the memorial. Just at this time, the eunuch of song Xiaozong sent jade cup to song Guangzong. Song Guangzong didn't hold on for a while and broke the jade cup. When the eunuch returned to Chonghua palace, he reported to Emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty and said deliberately, "when the official family saw that the jade cup was awarded by the emperor, they were very angry and broke it." Song Xiaozong was very unhappy. The gap between father and son grew gradually, but it was further aggravated by the instigation of empress Guangzong of Song Dynasty.
Li fengniang, a native of Anyang, is Li daonv, the governor of Qingyuan military Festival. It is said that when she was born, a black phoenix gathered on the stone in front of Li Dao's camp, which is amazing. So Li Dao named her new daughter fengniang. When Li Dao left Hubei, he heard that Huang Futan, a local Taoist, was good at showing his face to others, so he asked him to show his daughter. When Huang Futan saw Li fengniang, he was shocked and said: "this woman is the mother of the world, please be sure to properly raise." Later, Huang Futan got the favor of Emperor Gaozong of Song Dynasty and accidentally talked about Li fengniang. At that time, Zhao Dun, King Gong, was not married, so Emperor Gaozong of song appointed Li fengniang as Princess Gong. After Zhao Dun granted the crown prince, Li fengniang also became the crown princess.
Li fengniang's face is beautiful, but her temperament is arrogant and insidious, better than men. When she became the crown princess, she constantly gossiped among the three palaces of song Gaozong, song Xiaozong and crown prince Zhao dun. Emperor Gaozong of Song Dynasty was very dissatisfied with it. He once said to Empress Wu, "it's a woman who will breed. I was wronged by Huangfu." It means being deceived by the Taoist huangfutan. Song Xiaozong was also dissatisfied with the actions of his daughter-in-law. He severely scolded and said, "you should learn from the Empress Dowager's Empress Wu. If you interfere in the prince's affairs again, I will kill you!" Li fengniang had a grudge against song Xiaozong.
When Emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty was preparing for the Zen position, he summoned the ministers in power of the Privy Council of three provinces to inform him of his intention to practice inner Zen. The ministers all agreed with each other. Only when they knew that the Privy Council was silent about Huang Qiao, song Xiaozong thought it strange and asked for his opinions. Huang Qiao replied, "the prince can take on a great responsibility, but the Li family (Li fengniang) is not enough to show his mother the world. I hope your majesty will think twice." It is rather embarrassing for song Xiaozong to acquiesce and ask him to admit his dissatisfaction with his daughter-in-law. Huang Qia knew that and said: "Your Majesty asked me, I dare not not not not answer. I'm afraid that when his majesty thinks of his words, he will never have a chance to see him again. " So he asked to resign.
Song Xiaozong didn't take it seriously either. Unexpectedly, he was really talked about by Huang Chai later. When Li fengniang became Queen, her strong desire for power burst out day by day, and even wanted to be superior to the emperor.
Once, Xie, the empress of emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty, despised Li fengniang's insolence, so she said that she should pay attention to the empress's identity and be polite. Li fengniang not only did not listen, but sneered on the spot and said, "I am the married couple of the official family!" Xie was originally the maid of Wu, the empress of Gaozong of Song Dynasty. Later, she was awarded to song Xiaozong. Because she was able to write big characters and was good at riding and shooting, she was favored by song Xiaozong and became the empress. Li fengniang's remark undoubtedly satirizes Xie's humble status. In a rage, Xie told song Xiaozong about it. Song Xiaozong decided to depose Li fengniang and summon Shi Hao, an old minister, to discuss the affairs of the empress. However, Shi Hao thought that song Guangzong had just ascended the throne, if the empress was abolished immediately, it would cause people's discussion all over the world, which is not conducive to the overall situation, and firmly disagreed with the matter of abolishing the empress. At this time, Emperor Xiaozong of song had abdicated as the supreme emperor, without the support of his ministers, so he had to give up the post of abolition. However, Li fengniang learned that she hated song Xiaozong and was determined to instigate the father son relationship between Song Xiaozong and song Guangzong so that she could control song Guangzong herself.
The most puzzling thing is that song Guangzong loved and feared Li fengniang, the original wife. The emperor came to the world with supreme authority, but he was afraid of his wife at home, which is rare in Chinese history. The most typical example is the fear of his wife by the former Emperor Hui of Jin Dynasty. The situation of emperor Guangzong in Song Dynasty is better than that of emperor Huidi in Jin Dynasty. According to Li fengniang, Emperor Guangzong in Song Dynasty can only follow orders. But he is the emperor after all, subject to his wife, unavoidably unwilling to change this situation. The empress lived in the inner palace, unable to contact with the outside world, and could only rely on eunuchs. Song Guangzong wanted to kill all the eunuchs of Li fengniang, but he was cowardly and hesitated. After the eunuchs knew the plan of emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty, they began to gossip between emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty and Li fengniang. Therefore, whenever emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty said that he hated eunuchs, Li fengniang protected them. The fear of his wife and the suspicion of his father made him suffer from mental and physical agony. He was under great psychological pressure and suffered from a kind of serious anxiety.
When Emperor Xiaozong heard that his son was ill, his blood was thicker than water. He was still in love with his son, so he called the royal doctor to ask him and prepared a prescription. He planned to give the medicine to his son for trial when Emperor Guangzong came to ask him about peace. However, the eunuch took the opportunity to stir up trouble and stir up Li fengniang and said, "the imperial family (song Xiaozong) wanted to wait for the emperor to say hello, and then ordered to drink. If there is something unexpected, will it not cause the concern of the clan? " It means that song Xiaozong had ulterior motives.
Before this, Emperor Guangzong of song wanted to establish his only son, Zhao, son of Li fengniang, to be the prince, but emperor Xiaozong of song disagreed. Song Xiaozong preferred Zhao Jiao, the son of Zhao Kai, the elder brother of song Guangzong. Zhao Kai was the one who was more qualified to be the prince. At that time, song Guangzong replaced Zhao Kai, the elder brother, to be the prince. Now, song Xiaozong wants to make the elder brother's son the prince, which undoubtedly makes song Guangzong feel greatly suspicious. Therefore, he no longer went to Chonghua palace regularly to say hello, which gave Li fengniang a chance to take advantage of. Li fengniang believed the eunuch's words and thought that song Xiaozong wanted to poison her husband.
After a few days, song Xiaozong called song Guangzong for a family feast. Li fengniang didn't let song Guangzong know, and went to Chonghua palace alone. When facing song Xiaozong, she proposed to set up her son Zhao as a reserve. Song Xiaozong did not answer. Li fengniang couldn't help but ask the Duke, "the ancients said," I'm hired by Liuli and Zhao expander is my own son. Why can't I be the prince? " Because song Xiaozong was not the son of song Gaozong. Li fengniang's words provoked song Xiaozong's wrath and immediately left. After Li fengniang went back, she not only cried to song Guangzong, but also told him about the combination of drugs, believing that song Xiaozong had the intention of abolishing song Guangzong. Song Guangzong believed that it was true. For more than a year, he never went to Chonghua palace to say hello to his father.
Li fengniang not only has a strong desire for power, but also has a jealous nature. She is a famous jealous woman in history. Emperor Guangzong of Song Dynasty doted on another imperial concubine, Huang. Li fengniang was very jealous, so she took advantage of emperor Guangzong's sacrifice to kill concubine Huang, and then lied about "violent death". Song Guangzong knew there was fraud, but he had no choice. Once, when song Guangzong washed his hands, he saw that the hands of the palace maids who were waiting on him were as white as jade. He was very fond of them and couldn't help saying "good". After a few days, Li fengniang sent someone to bring the food box to song Guangzong, and opened it, but it was the hands of the palace maid. Song Guangzong was too frightened to speak out, and his inner sadness could not be relieved. This series of events directly led to the aggravation of song Guangzong's illness.
Once, Emperor Guangzong of song suddenly fell ill. After hearing about it, Emperor Xiaozong of song rushed to visit him in person. Song Guangzong was unconscious and could not recognize his father. Song Xiaozong was full of anger and had no place to vent, so he scolded Li fengniang and said: "it's all you