Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty-看世界

Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty

  人物简介

Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty (939-997), was the second. His original name is Zhao Kuangyi. Later, he changed his name to Zhao Guangyi because of avoiding his brother Taizu's taboo. After taking the throne, he changed his name. After Taizu died, Zhao Guangyi, 38, became emperor. After assuming the throne, political pressure forced Qian Chu, the king of Wu and Yue, and Chen Hong, who was the separatist of Zhangzhou and Quanzhou, to accept the land and attach it in 978. In the following year, he personally conquered Taiyuan and the northern Han Dynasty, ending the separatist situation. The two attacks on Liao Dynasty failed in their attempts to recover them, so they took defensive measures against Liao Dynasty. And further strengthen the centralization of power, during the reign, change the end of the Tang Dynasty, the heavy military light cultural bad habits. The Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty, 59 years old, died in the third year of Daoism. His temple was named Taizong, and his posthumous title was zhirenyingdao, the holy virtue, culture, martial arts, and sagacious emperor Guangxiao of Ming Dynasty. He was buried in yongxiling.

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Zhao Guangyi (939-997 A.D.): Zhao Xuan, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty, was originally named Zhao Kuang Yi. In the first year of Jianlong, it was changed to Zhao Guangyi, the second emperor of Song Dynasty.

He was the third son of Zhao Hongyin and Du, the younger brother of emperor Taizu. Jiachen (November 20, 939), born in Chongde square, Junyi County, Kaifeng, was the official building of protecting the holy camp. In the ninth year of Kaibao (976), Emperor Taizong designated this day as "Qianming Festival"; in the first year of Chunhua (990), it was also changed to "Shouning Festival". Animal sign is pig. At first, Empress Dowager Du, the mother of Emperor Taizong, dreamed that the immortal held the sun to grant her a pregnancy. Until the night when Emperor Taizong was born, the red light rose like fire and the streets were full of strange fragrance.

Song Taizong was intelligent and unsociable when he was young. He was afraid to play with other children. When Taizong was 22 years old, he took part in the establishment of his brother Zhao Kuangyin as the emperor and the king of Jin. He once participated in the grand cause of Taizu's unification. Emperor Taizong has made great achievements in governing politics and is not good at martial arts.

After Taizong's accession to the throne, he continued to carry out the unified cause, encouraged the reclamation of wasteland, developed agricultural production, expanded the scale of personnel acquisition, compiled large-scale books, set up examination and examination institutions, strengthened the investigation and selection of officials, further restricted the power of economization, and tried to change the situation of the administration of the armed men, and established civil politics. These measures conformed to the historical trend and made an important contribution to the stability of the Song Dynasty. However, due to his eagerness for success and profits, he was frustrated in several northern expeditions. In the fourth year of Taiping's rejuvenation (979), Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty, moved to Youzhou to try to recover ten Yanyun prefectures at one stroke, and launched a fierce battle in Gaoliang River (now outside Xizhimen, Beijing). The army of Song Dynasty was defeated. Song Taizong was shot and wounded by brother Yelv Hugh and escaped by donkey cart. He twice failed in the Liao Dynasty, which led to the uprising of Wang Xiaobo and Li Shun in Sichuan Province. Therefore, Taizong turned to the policy of keeping the internal and the external. In his later years, the political policy was in accordance with the rules and regulations, which gradually formed the situation of "poverty and weakness" in the Song Dynasty, and also brought adverse effects on the social development of the Song Dynasty. The ruling measures should start with his succession. According to the system of inheriting the eldest son of the feudal dynasty, Zhao Guangyi had nothing to do with the throne of the Song Dynasty, but at last he inherited his brother's legacy. This special inheritance result had a very important influence on the politics of the great Song Dynasty, which was even reflected in Taizong's personal character and life.

Taizong reigned for 22 years from October 21, Kaibao (November 15, 976) to March 29, daosan (May 8, 997).

On March 29, the third year of Daoism, Guisi (May 8, 997), Emperor Taizong died in the hall of longevity. He was buried in the west stage of the hall. The temple was named Taizong. The ministers had posthumous posthumous titles of emperor Shengde, Wenwu. On October 18, the Emperor Taizong was buried in yongxiling (the northeast of Hutuo village, Xicun Town, Gongyi, Henan Province).

In November of the third year of Taiping's rejuvenation (978), the title of the emperor should be emperor tianshengming. In the sixth year of Taiping's rejuvenation (981), it was renamed emperor Guangxiao of Ming Dynasty. On the first day of August in the first year of Dazhong Xiangfu's reign (1008), the emperor Guangxiao was granted the posthumous title of Zhiren yingdao. In the fifth year of Zhongda Xiangfu reign (1012), on October 11, Yihai was added as the posthumous title of Zhiren yingdao, the holy virtue, culture and martial arts, and the brilliant emperor Guangxiao in the Ming Dynasty.

Historical evaluation

Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty had great achievements in governing politics and was not good at martial arts. In 978, Wu and Yue were forced to accept the land, and then the last separatist regime of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, the northern Han Dynasty, was destroyed. The next year (979) Zhao Guangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty, moved to Youzhou to try to recover sixteen Yanyun prefectures in one fell swoop, and launched a fierce battle in Gaoliang River (now outside Xizhimen, Beijing). The army of Song Dynasty was defeated. Brother Yelv Hugh shot Song Taizong and escaped by donkey car. He failed in two times of Liao Dynasty's expedition. In 980, he tried to unify Jiaozhi again, but he failed miserably, which made Jiaozhi (Vietnam) finally maintain its independent status. Wang Xiaobo and Li Shun's peasant uprising broke out during their term of office.

The evaluation of the official revision of the history of the Song Dynasty is: "the emperor shenmou is determined and has the ambition to level the world. That is to say, Chen Hongjin and Qian Chu successively accepted the land. Only a few days later, I took Taiyuan and vakhitan, followed by the battle of Jiaozhou and Xixia. There is no end to fighting, no way to deal with natural disasters. When the day comes, the people do not know the soldiers. When the water and drought borers and locusts are all over the world, the people do not think about chaos. Why? The emperor took benevolence and frugality as his treasure, dressed in the clothes of washing and washing, destroyed the ingenious tools, but offered the women's music, and realized the difference of traveling. Jueyuan things, yifurui, minnongshi, research and governance. He preached in order to hear more, not to offend and disobey, to admonish the scholars, to mourn and pity, to encourage himself frequently, and to forget to eat in the daytime. As for those who want to burn themselves in order to repay heaven's punishment, and those who want to do away with the world's endowments to relieve the people's strength, there are five soldiers who don't try and those who are recommended to board. It's the old people of Qing and Qi who are willing to lead their children to rule the way and invite them to ascend Buddhism. The gentleman said, "it's up to the people of the hills to be the son of heaven." what is the meaning of the emperor? Therefore, the merit and virtue of the emperor, binghuan history, known as the emperor. If the collapse of Fu Taizu does not exceed years and changes yuan, the demotion of the Duke of Fuling County, the suicide of the king of martial arts, and the failure of the posterity of Song Dynasty, then the posterity cannot be without discussion. "

Mao Zedong read Tuotuo's "the book of Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty" and said: "emperor shenmou has a strong decision and is willing to level the world." After that, he wrote "but incompetent." To Song Taizong, who was defeated repeatedly in the war with Qidan people, Mao Zedong commented: "this person does not know the soldiers, and is not an opponent of Qidan. After that, he was defeated many times. Qidan used the method of luring the enemy in-depth, gathering and annihilating. The people of Song Dynasty did not save. "

In the book of Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty, Zhao Kuangyi argued that he wanted to burn himself in order to answer the curse of heaven, and to do away with the world's endowments in order to relieve the people's power. So people all over the world came one after another and asked him to ascend the throne of Zen. "Therefore, the merit and virtue of the emperor, Bing Huan, is known as the sage king. If the collapse of Fu Taizu does not exceed years and changes yuan, the demotion of the Duke of Fuling County, the suicide of the king of martial arts, and the failure of the posterity of Song Dynasty, then the posterity cannot be without comment. " Mao Zedong sharply and mercilessly criticized this kind of Defense: "no matter what means, he is eager to stand on the stage."

According to the chronicle of Song Dynasty, on the way back to the palace, the people all cheered and cheered for the "young emperor". The emperor was very unhappy and summoned the prime minister to say: "the heart of the people suddenly belongs to the prince, where do you want to buy me?" Kou Zhun congratulated him and said, "this is a blessing for the country." He turned to be angry and asked Kou Zhun to drink. "I'll be drunk." Mao Zedong criticized him: "Zhao Kuangyi's villain's words."

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